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Il Governo del Sistema Integrato Città-Trasporti-Energia

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Book Series: Smart City, Urban Planning for a Sustainable Future ISSN: 2611-6103 ISBN: 9788868870133 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 151 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-6887-013-3 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-12 15:48:09
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Abstract

heories about the origins and developments of modern cities seem to agree, without exception, to a point: the city is the place of maximum concentration of exchange. Activities, in fact, are located into urban and metropolitan agglomerations to minimize the resources needed to meet the growing need for relationships and exchanges with other activities. In recent years, the concentration and specialization of these activities have led to an extraordinary increase in intensity and quality of exchange needs, with the obvious consequence of congestion in most metropolitan areas with predictable consequences on the sustainability of urban areas, on the quality of life of its inhabitants and on the energy consumption associated with the growing demand for mobility. As a result, in recent years, several authors have argued for greater integration between urban planning policies, mobility management and energy efficiency. In this context, this volume aims to provide a contribution in this direction and presents the results of a research project aimed at the development of an integrated city-mobility-energy governance model.In particular, the first part of this work give an overview of the complex relationships between mobility, energy consumption and built environment through a meta-analysis of the recent literature. Specifically, in this section, the two main sources of energy consumption in urban areas (energy consumption in the residential sector and energy consumption of transport) are considered. These sectors represent, according to the latest estimates, respectively 32% and 35% of the final energy consumption. The section introduces several characteristics of the built environment such as density, functional mix or accessibility and described as such factors affect energy consumption in the transport and residential sectors. Understanding these relationships is of crucial importance for the development of a coordinated mix of actions aimed at reducing energy consumption in urban areas. Subsequently, the main models present in the literature for estimating residential energy consumption and urban transport energy consumption are presented, paying particular attention to the strengths and weaknesses of each model, the complexity and the related technical and operational aspects related to the implementation of such models.In the second part of this work, the focus is on the techniques for the representation and classification of energy consumption in urban areas through an application to the case study of Naples. Particularly, this section places particular emphasis on the new opportunities offered by the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and by the increasing availability of new data sources. The work integrates the use of "traditional" data sources such as census surveys, new data sources (in particular open and large data) with spatial analyzes developed ad hoc to provide exhaustive knowledge of energy consumption patterns within the city of Naples. The proposed methodology is validated by comparing the results obtained with the previously available data for the study area and by the implementation of spatial statistical analyzes in a GIS environment. The proposed methodology is a useful tool for public decision-makers and policy makers aimed at defining integrated government strategies for the reducing and optimizing of public and private energy consumption. In particular, the methodology described in this work is useful for classifying and representing energy consumption on an urban scale, for the identification of critical areas in terms of consumption, and for ex post evaluation of interventions on the urban system.

The Impact of Migration on Poland

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781787350687 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787350687 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Political Science --- Ethnology --- Sociology --- History --- Migration --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:10
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How has the international mobility of Polish citizens intertwined with other influences to shape society, culture, politics and economics in contemporary Poland? The Impact of Migration on Poland offers a new approach for understanding how migration affects sending countries, and provides a wide-ranging analysis of how Poland has changed, and continues to change, since EU accession in 2004. The authors explore an array of social trends and their causes before using in-depth interview data to illustrate how migration contributes to those causes. They address fundamental questions about whether and how Polish society is becoming more equal and more cosmopolitan, arguing that for particular segments of society migration does make a difference, and can be seen as both leveller and eye-opener. While the book focuses mainly on stayers in Poland, and their multiple contacts with Poles in other countries, Chapter 9 analyses ‘Polish society abroad’, a more accurate concept than ‘community’ in countries like the UK, and Chapter 10 considers impacts of immigration to Poland. The book is written in a lively and accessible style, and will be important reading for anyone interested in the influence of migration on society, as well as students and scholars researching EU mobility, migration theory and methodology, and issues facing contemporary Europe.

Keywords

Poland --- Migration --- EU Mobility --- Europe

Charge Carrier Dynamics in Organometal Halide Perovskite Probed by Time-Resolved Electrical Measurements (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9789535122456 Year: DOI: 10.5772/61631 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 226136
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:48:00
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This chapter presents the fate of the charge carriers from the moment of its photogeneration in the perovskite to injection and transport into electrodes. Time-resolved electrical measurement techniques, terahertz (THz) spectroscopy and microwave (MW) conductivity, are primarily used to deconvolute ultrafast processes and to directly access behavior of charged species from the ps to µs timescales. Transient absorption and photoluminescence spectroscopy were also utilized to gain insight on carrier population dynamics and radiatively recombining charges. Photogenerated charged species were converted into highly mobile charges (µe = 12.5 cm2V-1s-1 and µh = 7.5 cm2V-1s-1) almost instantaneously (< 0.2 ps), while the remaining loosely bounded excitons dissociate into mobile charges after 2-3 ps. This high mobility is maintained for at least 1 ns as obtained by THz spectroscopy, while its lifetime is at least few tens of µs as measured by the MW conductivity technique. Lowering the temperature increases carrier mobilities with T-1.6.Dependence and a 75 meV barrier energy is required for temperature-activated recombination. Finally, injection of hole from MAPbI3 to Spiro-OMeTAD was found to be ultrafast and the state and population of dark holes dictate its recombination.

Wheeled Mobility Biomechanics

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199389 Year: Pages: 91 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-938-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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For the manual wheelchair (MWC) user, loss of lower extremity function often places the burden for mobility and activities of daily living on the upper extremities. This e-book on Wheeled Mobility Biomechanics contains current research that provides insights into the mechanical demands and performance techniques during tasks associated with MWC. Our intent was to contribute to advancing the knowledge regarding the variables that promote or hinder an individual’s capacity to handle the daily manual wheeled mobility demands and gain greater insights into upper extremity loading consequences, predictors of pain onset and injury, and ultimately identify strategies for preserving health and functional mobility for the MWC user.

Böhmische Juden auf Wanderschaft über Prag nach Wien

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ISBN: 9783205209775 Year: Pages: 302 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 654
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-20 11:21:02
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The volume presents a Jewish family history written by Charlotte Weisl in 1931/32, dating back to the 17th century. The journey begins in small Bohemian rural communities and district towns and finally leads via Prague to Vienna, where the meeting with Zionism personified by Theodor Herzl begins a new phase. The First World War and the already emerging entry into the "age of Hitler" are the further drastic political events.

The Role of Play in Children’s Health and Development

ISBN: 9783038421818 9783038421825 Year: Volume: 1st Pages: 200 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-12 11:40:05
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Highly-Skilled Migration: Between Settlement and Mobility

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783030422042 Year: Pages: 108 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-42204-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Economics --- Political Science --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:52
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This open access short reader discusses the emerging patterns of sedentary migration versus mobility of the highly-skilled thereby providing a comprehensive overview of the recent literature on highly-skilled migration. Highly-skilled migrations are arguably the only non-controversial migrant category in political and public discourse. The common perception is that highly-skilled migrants are high-earners with top educational skills and that they are easy to integrate. These perceptions make them a “wanted” migrant. There seems to be however a big divide between the popular perceptions of this migration and its realities uncovered in social research. This publication closes this divide by delving deeper in the variety of experiences, discourses and realities of highly skilled migrants, thereby uncovering the inherent divides between the highly skilled migrants from the North and the South. The reader shows that these divides are constructed realities, shaped by the state policies and underpinned by social imaginary. Written in an accessible language this reader is a perfect read for academics, students and policy makers and all those unfamiliar with the topic.

The Future of Transport Between Digitalization and Decarbonization

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Energy ISBN: 9783030379667 Year: Pages: 112 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-37966-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:29:50
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Energy systems are rapidly transitioning towards decarbonization, thanks in part to innovative digital technologies and changing mobility demands. This open access book examines the decarbonization and digitalization transformation in the transport sector, with a particular focus on energy consumption. By studying historical trends and outlining future scenarios, the authors illustrate the evolution of energy consumption in the transport sector, compare alternative decarbonization strategies, and analyze digitalization trends and their effects on energy consumption. The book addresses a broad readership of both academics and professionals working in the energy and transport industries, as well as readers interested in the ongoing debate over energy, mobility and climate change.

Baustelle Elektromobilität

Authors: ---
Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783839451656 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.14361/9783839451656 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Freie Universität Berlin - [grantnumber unknown]||[grantnumber unknown]
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-08-04 23:59:44
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