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Chapter Three Defining Difference (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580465946 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:12
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Ovariotomy provides a useful way of unpacking not just the process of surgical innovation but also the usefulness of innovation as an analytical category in the history of medicine. How might we pin down the meaning of “innovation”—let alone “alternative innovation”—in surgery when these innovations themselves are unstable, changing entities that are difficult to define? Through the example of ovariotomy I show that alternative innovation need not necessarily imply competition between diverse innovations, but that such a framework might also be used to consider how different versions of the “same” operation arise.

Capital Punishment and the Criminal Corpse in Scotland, 1740–1834

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Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9783319620176 9783319620183 Year: Pages: 243 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-62018-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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This book provides the most in-depth study of capital punishment in Scotland between the mid-eighteenth and early nineteenth century to date. Based upon an extensive gathering and analysis of previously untapped resources, it takes the reader on a journey from the courtrooms of Scotland to the theatre of the gallows. It introduces them to several of the malefactors who faced the hangman’s noose and explores the traditional hallmarks of the spectacle of the scaffold. It demonstrates that the period between 1740 and 1834 was one of discussion, debate and fundamental change in the use of the death sentence and how it was staged in practice. In addition, the study provides an innovative investigation of the post-mortem punishment of the criminal corpse. It offers the reader an insight into the scene at the foot of the gibbets from which criminal bodies were displayed, and around the dissection tables of Scotland’s main universities where criminal bodies were used as cadavers for anatomical demonstration. In doing so it reveals an intermediate stage in the long-term disappearance of public bodily punishment.&#xD;&#xD;

Boiled Milk

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ISBN: 9781862181816 Year: Pages: 32 Language: English
Publisher: University of Huddersfield Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-30 00:04:18
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This book is a special collectors’ edition of a forthcoming chapter from Walking the Invisible: The Brontës’ Lives and Landscapes, Then and Now, which will be published by HarperCollins in hardback in July 2021. A limited number of 200 copies have been published, signed and numbered, to celebrate 200 years since the birth of Anne Brontë.

Verdi in Victorian London

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ISBN: 9781783742158 Year: Pages: 360 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0090 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Music
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-22 11:01:03
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"Now a byword for beauty, Verdi’s operas were far from universally acclaimed when they reached London in the second half of the nineteenth century. Why did some critics react so harshly? Who were they and what biases and prejudices animated them? When did their antagonistic attitude change? And why did opera managers continue to produce Verdi’s operas, in spite of their alleged worthlessness? Massimo Zicari’s Verdi in Victorian London reconstructs the reception of Verdi’s operas in London from 1844, when a first critical account was published in the pages of The Athenaeum, to 1901, when Verdi’s death received extensive tribute in The Musical Times. In the 1840s, certain London journalists were positively hostile towards the most talked-about representative of Italian opera, only to change their tune in the years to come. The supercilious critic of The Athenaeum, Henry Fothergill Chorley, declared that Verdi’s melodies were worn, hackneyed and meaningless, his harmonies and progressions crude, his orchestration noisy. The scribes of The Times, The Musical World, The Illustrated London News, and The Musical Times all contributed to the critical hubbub. Yet by the 1850s, Victorian critics, however grudging, could neither deny nor ignore the popularity of Verdi’s operas. Over the final three decades of the nineteenth century, moreover, London’s musical milieu underwent changes of great magnitude, shifting the manner in which Verdi was conceptualized and making room for the powerful influence of Wagner. Nostalgic commentators began to lament the sad state of the Land of Song, referring to the now departed ""palmy days of Italian opera."" Zicari charts this entire cultural constellation. Verdi in Victorian London is required reading for both academics and opera aficionados. Music specialists will value a historical reconstruction that stems from a large body of first-hand source material, while Verdi lovers and Italian opera addicts will enjoy vivid analysis free from technical jargon. For students, scholars and plain readers alike, this book is an illuminating addition to the study of music reception."

Beerhouses, brothels and bobbies

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ISBN: 9781862181397 9781862181403 Year: Pages: 301 DOI: 10.1353/book.66681 Language: English
Publisher: University of Huddersfield Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-14 11:01:57
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Professor David Taylor has established a fine reputation for his books and articles on the history of policing in England. This new book on Huddersfield policing looks at the mid-nineteenth century and issues facing the local area in relation to policing a centre of West Riding textile production.

Il Sito Reale di Capodimonte: Il primo bosco, parco e palazzo dei Borbone di Napoli

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Book Series: UrbsHistoriaeImago: Storia e immagine dei territori, dei centri urbani e delle architetture ISSN: 2611-5468 ISBN: 9788868870119 Year: Volume: 2 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-6887-011-9 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-11 16:28:49
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Capodimonte was the first Palace of Neapolitan Dinasty “Borbone”, but it was neglected due to the rise of Portici and Caserta’s Royal Palaces, therefore, it was built very slowly. It was completed only a century after the laying of the foundation stone (1738). After so long times, which saw the succession of several architects aiming the leadership to the royal site, some of them were quite famous among the most representative figures of Architecture and Art History in Naples, across Eighteenth and Nineteenth centuries.The Royal Site was originally meant as Hunting reserve nearby the Capital and significant place of rest for the young Carlo di Borbone (Charles of Bourbon), who two years later decided to build a Royal Palace too. That decision was intended to amend the territorial aspects of Neapolitan northern hill, also to influence the urban layout before the unification of Italy. This study, based on a careful documentary and iconographic research, highlights the complex development of the palace and its park which are still paying a high price for the most controversial aspects of the project and its execution, emerged since the beginnings.

The Cost of Insanity in Nineteenth-Century Ireland

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Book Series: Mental Health in Historical Perspective ISBN: 9783319652436 9783319652443 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-65244-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Psychiatry --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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This open access book is the first comparative study of public, voluntary and private asylums in nineteenth-century Ireland. Examining nine institutions, it explores whether concepts of social class and status and the emergence of a strong middle class informed interactions between gender, religion, identity and insanity. It questions whether medical and lay explanations of mental illness and its causes, and patient experiences, were influenced by these concepts. The strong emphasis on land and its interconnectedness with notions of class identity and respectability in Ireland lends a particularly interesting dimension. The book interrogates the popular notion that relatives were routinely locked away to be deprived of land or inheritance, querying how often “land grabbing” Irish families really abused the asylum system for their personal economic gain. The book will be of interest to scholars of nineteenth-century Ireland and the history of psychiatry and medicine in Britain and Ireland.&#xD;&#xD;

From Darkness to Light

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ISBN: 9781783745517 Year: Pages: 392 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0151 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-18 11:21:04
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"From Darkness to Light explores from a variety of angles the subject of museum lighting in exhibition spaces in America, Japan, and Western Europe throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Written by an array of international experts, these collected essays gather perspectives from a diverse range of cultural sensibilities. From sensitive discussions of Tintoretto’s unique approach to the play of light and darkness as exhibited in the Scuola Grande di San Rocco in Venice, to the development of museum lighting as part of Japanese artistic self-fashioning, via the story of an epic American painting on tour, museum illumination in the work of Henry James, and lighting alterations at Chatsworth (to name only a few topics) this book is a treasure trove of illuminating contributions. The collection is at once a refreshing insight for the enthusiastic museum-goer, who is brought to an awareness of the exhibit in its immediate environment, and a wide-ranging scholarly compendium for the professional who seeks to proceed in their academic or curatorial work with a more enlightened sense of the lighted space. "

From Darkness to Light: Writers in Museums 1798-1898

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ISBN: 9781783745494 Year: Pages: 394 DOI: 9781783745517 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-08 14:10:28
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Erudizione e cultura storica nella Sicilia del XIX secolo: Il carteggio tra Michele Amari e Raffaele Starrabba (1866-1900)

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Book Series: Scuola delle Scienze Umane e Sociali. Quaderni ISSN: 2499-4774 ISBN: 9788868870331 Year: Volume: 9 Pages: 304 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-6887-033-1 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-15 11:46:23
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Through the correspondence between Michele Amari (1806-1889) and Raffaele Starrabba (1834-1906), the volume provides a glimpse of the historiographical panorama of the Italian nineteenth century in the crucial period that followed the birth of the Nation. The correspondence also illuminates the figure of Baron Starrabba, who played a fundamental role in the local archival administration and was the founder, with Isidoro Carini, of the Sicilian Society for the History and of its periodical, the "Archivio Storico Siciliano".

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