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Citizen Science

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ISBN: 9781787352339 Year: Pages: 580 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787352339 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:00
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Citizen science, the active participation of the public in scientific research projects, is a rapidly expanding field in open science and open innovation. It provides an integrated model of public knowledge production and engagement with science. As a growing worldwide phenomenon, it is invigorated by evolving new technologies that connect people easily and effectively with the scientific community. Catalysed by citizens’ wishes to be actively involved in scientific processes, as a result of recent societal trends, it also offers contributions to the rise in tertiary education. In addition, citizen science provides a valuable tool for citizens to play a more active role in sustainable development. This book identifies and explains the role of citizen science within innovation in science and society, and as a vibrant and productive science-policy interface. The scope of this volume is global, geared towards identifying solutions and lessons to be applied across science, practice and policy. The chapters consider the role of citizen science in the context of the wider agenda of open science and open innovation, and discuss progress towards responsible research and innovation, two of the most critical aspects of science today.

Data-Driven Policy Impact Evaluation

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319784618 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-78461-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science --- Economics --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:03
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In the light of better and more detailed administrative databases, this open access book provides statistical tools for evaluating the effects of public policies advocated by governments and public institutions. Experts from academia, national statistics offices and various research centers present modern econometric methods for an efficient data-driven policy evaluation and monitoring, assess the causal effects of policy measures and report on best practices of successful data management and usage. Topics include data confidentiality, data linkage, and national practices in policy areas such as public health, education and employment. It offers scholars as well as practitioners from public administrations, consultancy firms and nongovernmental organizations insights into counterfactual impact evaluation methods and the potential of data-based policy and program evaluation. ; Open Access Demonstrates the potential of data-based policy evaluation Introduces counterfactual impact evaluation methods Includes case studies on policy areas such as public health, education and employment

Taking the EU to Court

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in European Union Politics ISBN: 9783030216290 Year: Pages: 239 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-21629-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:07
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This open access book provides an exhaustive picture of the role that annulment conflicts play in the EU multilevel system. Based on a rich dataset of annulment actions since the 1960s and a number of in-depth case studies, it explores the political dimension of annulment litigation, which has become an increasingly relevant judicial tool in the struggle over policy content and decision-making competences. The book covers the motivations of actors to turn policy conflicts into annulment actions, the emergence of multilevel actors’ litigant configurations, the impact of actors’ constellations on success in court, as well as the impact of annulment actions on the multilevel policy conflicts they originate from.

Pathways and Consequences of Legal Irregularity

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783030120887 Year: Pages: 215 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-12088-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Migration --- Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:08
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This open access book provides a unique study of the complexities and consequences of irregular legal status of Senegalese migrants in Europe. It employs sophisticated quantitative methods to analyze unique life-history data to produce policy-relevant conclusions. Using the MAFE dataset as empirical evidence, the book focuses on the legal paths of Senegalese migrants in three different European countries. It shows how multiple contexts of reception produce pathways into irregular legal status and how the resulting complex configurations of irregular status shape migrants’ economic integration into their host societies as well as their ongoing participation in the development of their sending societies. The book thereby increases our understanding of the functioning of African migration systems and the corresponding inclusion patterns in Europe. As such this book will be of interest to scholars working in migration studies, policy makers, and legal professionals.

Between Mobility and Migration

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783319779911 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-77991-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Migration --- Political Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:09
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This open access book offers a critical perspective on intra-European mobility and migration by using new empirical data and theoretical discussions. It develops a theoretical and empirical analysis of the consequences of intra-European movement for sending and receiving urban regions in The Netherlands, Sweden, Austria, Turkey, Poland and Czech Republic. The book conceptualizes Central and Eastern European (CEE) migration by distinguishing between different types of CEE migrants and consequences. This involves a mapping of migration corridors within Europe, a unique empirical analysis of consequences for urban regions, and an analysis of governance responses. Next to the European and country perspectives on this phenomenon, the book focuses on the local perspective of urban regions where most mobile citizens settle (either permanently or temporarily). This way the book puts the analysis of intra-European movement in the perspective of broader theoretical debates in migration studies and beyond.

Datenreport Zivilgesellschaft

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Book Series: Bürgergesellschaft und Demokratie ISBN: 9783658229580 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-22958-0 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:22
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Als Open Access Publikation bietet der Datenreport Zivilgesellschaft erstmals einen Überblick über Stand und Entwicklung von Zivilgesellschaft und bürgerschaftlichem Engagement in Deutschland auf verbindender Grundlage der ganzen Bandbreite vorliegender Erhebungsdaten. Aus der Verbindung der Erhebungen entsteht eine einmalige datenbasierte Gesamtschau, die sich an Zivilgesellschaft, Politik und Wissenschaft richtet. Der Datenreport wurde erstellt im Rahmen des Projektes „Forum Zivilgesellschaftsdaten“, in dem verschiedene datenerhebende Institutionen und Akteure mitgewirkt haben. Der Inhalt · Summary: Zivilgesellschaft im Überblick · Organisierte Zivilgesellschaft · Zivilgesellschaftliches Engagement · Zivilgesellschaft als Arbeitsmarkt · Finanzierung der Zivilgesellschaft · Politische und gesellschaftliche Einstellungen: soziokulturelle Grundlagen von Selbstorganisation · Weiterführende Informationen: Datensätze in Steckbriefen; Forschungsdatenzentren und weitere Datenzugänge · Synopse zu Längsschnitt-Datenerhebungen mit Zivilgesellschaftsbezug Der Herausgeber Dr. Holger Krimmer ist Geschäftsführer von ZiviZ im Stifterverband, Mitglied der Geschäftsleitung des Stifterverbandes und Sprecher der AG Zivilgesellschaftsforschung des Bundesnetzwerkes Bürgerschaftliches Engagement. Sofern nicht anderweitig angegeben, wird dieses Buch unter einer Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International Lizenz veröffentlicht. Weitere Details zur Lizenz entnehmen Sie bitte der Lizenzinformation auf http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.de.

Thinking Beyond Sectors for Sustainable Development

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781909188426 9781909188433 9781909188440 9781909188457 Year: Pages: 110 DOI: 10.5334/bao Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press Grant: University College London
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-05 11:01:17
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"This book brings together a series of working papers, produced by interdisciplinary groups of academics within the project, on progress made under the Millennium Development Goals and introduces current debates surrounding the Sustainable Development Goals and the post-2015 agenda. Originating from an interdisciplinary, multi-institution research collaboration, Thinking Beyond Sectors for Sustainable Development, funded by UCL Grand Challenges. The project brought together over thirty academics from UCL, SOAS, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Birkbeck, Institute of Education, and the Royal Veterinary College, and was coordinated by the London International Development Centre (LIDC). The book explores potential interactions between sustainable development goals in the post-2015 development agenda. Introduced and edited by Prof Jeff Waage (LIDC) and Christopher Yap (LIDC), chapters are dedicated to the topics of Biodiversity and Ecosystems, Human Health, Urban Poverty, Climate and Climate Change, Population Growth, Food and Agriculture, Information, Education and Knowledge, and Governance. Each chapter reflects on the three principle questions of 1) What is the historical process by which goal setting in this sector has developed?, 2) What progress has been achieved with this sector through MDGs and other processes? and 3) What is the current debate about future goal setting?"

Wellbeing, Freedom and Social Justice: The Capability Approach Re-Examined

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ISBN: 9781783744237 9781783744213 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 266 DOI: http://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0130 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-08 13:37:09
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How do we evaluate ambiguous concepts such as wellbeing, freedom, and social justice? How do we develop policies that offer everyone the best chance to achieve what they want from life? The capability approach, a theoretical framework pioneered by the philosopher and economist Amartya Sen in the 1980s, has become an increasingly influential way to think about these issues.Wellbeing, Freedom and Social Justice: The Capability Approach Re-Examined is both an introduction to the capability approach and a thorough evaluation of the challenges and disputes that have engrossed the scholars who have developed it. Ingrid Robeyns offers her own illuminating and rigorously interdisciplinary interpretation, arguing that by appreciating the distinction between the general capability approach and more specific capability theories or applications we can create a powerful and flexible tool for use in a variety of academic disciplines and fields of policymaking.This book provides an original and comprehensive account that will appeal to scholars of the capability approach, new readers looking for an interdisciplinary introduction, and those interested in theories of justice, human rights, basic needs, and the human development approach.

Wellbeing Economics

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Wellbeing in Politics and Policy ISBN: 9783319931944 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93194-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:06
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Economists have long sought to maximise economic growth, believing this to be their best contribution to improving human welfare. That approach is not sustainable in the face of ongoing issues such as global climate change, environmental damage, rising inequality and enduring poverty. Alternatives must be found. This open access book addresses that challenge. It sets out a wellbeing economics framework that directly addresses fundamental issues affecting wellbeing outcomes. Drawing inspiration from the capabilities approach of Nobel Prize winner Amartya Sen, the book demonstrates how persons can enhance prosperity through their own actions and through collaboration with others. The book examines national public policy, but its analysis also focuses on choices made by individuals, households, families, civil society, local government and the global community. It therefore offers important insights for anyone concerned with improving personal wellbeing and community prosperity.

Politics of (Dis)Integration

Authors: ---
Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783030250898 Year: Pages: 217 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-25089-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Migration --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:07
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This open access book explores how contemporary integration policies and practices are not just about migrants and minority groups becoming part of society but often also reflect deliberate attempts to undermine their inclusion or participation. This affects individual lives as well as social cohesion. The book highlights the variety of ways in which integration and disintegration are related to, and often depend on each other. By analysing how (dis)integration works within a wide range of legal and institutional settings, this book contributes to the literature on integration by considering (dis)integration as a highly stratified process. Through featuring a fertile combination of comparative policy analyses and ethnographic research based on original material from six European and two non-European countries, this book will be a great resource for students, academics and policy makers in migration and integration studies.

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