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A relação conclusiva na língua portuguesa: funções resumo, conclusão e consequência

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788579836992 Year: Pages: 117 DOI: 10.7476/9788579836992 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-06 12:10:17
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A obra analisa a relação conclusiva expressa por meio das conjunções então e portanto, em dados do português falado nos países lusófonos. Para tanto, utiliza o aparato teórico da Gramática Discursivo-Funcional, modelo que privilegia a intenção comunicativa do falante ao fazer uso do sistema linguístico em situação de interação. A análise revela a existência de três diferentes tipos de relação conclusiva: a Função Resumo (que ocorre entre porções textuais maiores, para sintetizar uma explanação anterior), a Função Conclusão (que relaciona indiretamente duas orações por meio de uma premissa) e a Função Consequência (que relaciona diretamente duas orações, à semelhança de causa-consequência).

Funcionalismo e cognitismo na sintaxe do português: uma proposta de descrição e análise de orações subordinadas substantivas para o ensino

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ISBN: 9788568334454 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.7476/9788568334454 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-12 16:28:47
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A obra nasce no bojo das discussões e problemas relacionados (ou associados) ao ensino de gramática, tanto no âmbito acadêmico quanto no profissional. Em tal contexto, Ana Carolina Sperança-Criscuolo busca demonstrar a adequação pedagógica da proposta de descrição e análise de orações subordinadas substantivas sob uma perspectiva funcionalista-cognitivista.A autora escolhe o domínio da sintaxe pela importância desse nível de organização da língua na arquitetura do texto. Além disso, o processo de subordinação substantiva, foco da pesquisa, figura como recurso bastante recorrente e produtivo no português. O estudo dos aspectos pragmático-discursivos ligados a tal processo pode, assim, proporcionar melhor entendimento e maior domínio dessas construções e, consequentemente, dos textos.O livro organiza-se em cinco capítulos. Neles, a autora apresenta um breve histórico sobre o desenvolvimento dos estudos linguísticos, discute os princípios teóricos que nortearam a pesquisa, trata da perspectiva cognitivista no estudo da língua, aborda o tratamento tradicional do período composto por subordinação. Partindo de usos autênticos das orações, ela ainda analisa aspectos pragmáticos e discursivos associados a sua organização e, finalmente, promove uma discussão sobre elementos que possibilitam refletir sobre a língua como um sistema complexo e dinâmico.

Dos sons às palavras: nas trilas da Língua Portuguesa

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9788523211851 Year: Pages: 345 DOI: 10.7476/9788523211851 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - EDUFBA
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-01 11:41:35
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Este livro é uma homenagem a Jacyra Andrade Mota, renomada ex-professora do Instituto de Letras da UFBA. Seu conteúdo traz depoimentos dos colegas dessa eminente educadora, provenientes de diferentes universidades brasileiras. Integram o livro 15 capítulos, que estão apresentados em ordem alfabética dos nomes de seus autores.

Xenotropic Murine Leukemia Virus-Related Virus as a Case Study: Using a Precautionary Risk Management Approach for Emerging Blood-Borne Pathogens in Canada (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9809533075827 Year: DOI: 10.5772/38572 Language: English
Publisher: Intech Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 228064
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:47:58
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In October 2009 it was reported that 68 of 101 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in the United States, when tested, were infected with a novel gamma retrovirus, xenotropic&#xD;&#xD;murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) (Lombardi et al., 2009). XMRV is a recently&#xD;&#xD;discovered human gammaretrovirus first described in prostate cancers that shares&#xD;&#xD;significant homology with murine leukemia virus (MLV) (Ursiman et al., 2006). It is known&#xD;&#xD;that XMRV can cause leukemias and sarcomas in several rodent, feline, and primate species&#xD;&#xD;but has not been shown to cause disease in humans. XMRV was detectable in the peripheral&#xD;&#xD;blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and plasma of individuals diagnosed with CFS&#xD;&#xD;(Lombardi et al., 2009). After this report was published there was a great deal of uncertainty&#xD;&#xD;surrounding this emergent virus and its involvement in the etiology of CFS. The uncertainty&#xD;&#xD;was, in part, due to CFS being a complex, poorly understood multi-system disorder with&#xD;&#xD;different disease criteria used for its diagnosis. CFS, also known as Myalgic&#xD;&#xD;Encephalomyelitis (ME), is a debilitating disease of unknown origin that is estimated to&#xD;&#xD;affect 17 million people worldwide. The initial report connecting XMRV to prostate cancers&#xD;&#xD;and CFS garnered significant media and scientific interest since it provided a potential&#xD;&#xD;&#xD;&#xD;Susie ElSaadany2**, Tamer Oraby1&#xD;&#xD;*&#xD;&#xD;Daniel Krewski1, 4 and Peter R. Ganz5&#xD;&#xD;1McLaughlin Centre for Population Health Risk Assessment, Institute of Population Health, University of&#xD;&#xD;Ottawa, Ontario, Canada&#xD;&#xD;2Blood Safety Surveillance and Health Care Acquired Infections Division, Centre for Communicable Diseases and&#xD;&#xD;Infection Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada&#xD;&#xD;3Aspinall and Associates, Cleveland House, High Street, and Earth Sciences, Bristol University, Bristol, United&#xD;&#xD;Kingdom&#xD;&#xD;4Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa,&#xD;&#xD;Ontario, Canada&#xD;&#xD;5Health Canada, Director’s Office, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada&#xD;&#xD;** Corresponding Author&#xD;&#xD;, Marian Laderoute2&#xD;&#xD;, Jun Wu2&#xD;&#xD;, Willy Aspinall3&#xD;&#xD;,&#xD;&#xD;www.intechopen.com&#xD;&#xD;32 The Continuum of Health Risk Assessments&#xD;&#xD;explanation for the disease but also an avenue for possible therapeutic treatments since&#xD;&#xD;XMRV is known to be susceptible to some anti-retroviral drugs (Cohen, 2011).

Keywords

case study --- virus

Data-Based Radiation Oncology - Design of Clinical Trials

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454389 Year: Pages: 109 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-438-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Oncology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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In radiation oncology as in many other specialties clinical trials are essential to investigate new therapy approaches. Usually, preparation for a prospective clinical trial is extremely time consuming until ethics approval is obtained. To test a new treatment usually many years pass before it can be implemented in the routine care. During that time, already new interventions emerge, new drugs appear on the market, technical & physical innovations are being implemented, novel biology driven concepts are translated into clinical approaches while we are still investigating the ones from years ago. Another problem is associated with molecular diagnostics and the growing amount of tumor specific biomarkers which allows for a better stratification of patient subgroups. On the other side, this may result in a much longer time for patient recruiting and consequently in larger multicenter trials. Moreover, all of the relevant data must be readily available for treatment decision making, treatment as well as follow-up, and ultimately for trial evaluation. This challenges even more for agreed standards in data acquisition, quality and management. How could we change the way currently clinical trials are performed in a way they are safe and ethically justifiable and speed up the initiation process, so we can provide new and better treatments faster for our patients?Further, while we rely on various quantitative information handling distributed, large heterogeneous amounts of data efficiently is very important. Thus data management becomes a strong focus. A good infrastructure helps to plan, tailor and conduct clinical trials in a way they are easy and quickly analyzable.In this research topic we want to discuss new ideas for intelligent trial designs and concepts for data management.

Chapter: 'Does Taking a MOOC as a Complement for Remedial Courses Have an Effect on My Learning Outcomes? A Pilot Study on Calculus' from book: Adaptive and Adaptable Learning: 11th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2016, Lyon, France, September 13-16, 2016, Proceedings (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 0302-9743 / 1611-3349 ISBN: 9783319451527 9783319451534 Year: Pages: 12 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45153-4_17 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-27 16:03:42
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This paper presents the results of a pilot study about students’ adoption and learning outcomes of 4 MOOCs proposed as a complementary resource for traditional remedial courses on calculus. While the MOOCs were not mandatory, traditional remedial courses were required for those freshmen failing a diagnostic exam. The effects on 589 freshmen students were investigated. The data analysis shows that up to 16 % of the students were active in the MOOCs under study, mostly during the days before taking the diagnostic exam that preceded the traditional face-to-face remedial courses. Trace data about learner actions within the platform were collected as well as the students’ scores. According to a statistical comparison of the students’ exam scores and their interaction behavior with the MOOCs, we observe that active students had more chances of passing the diagnostic exam and skipping the required remedial courses. However, we found no significant differences on the remedial course exam scores between the students that were active in the MOOCs and those that were not. These findings suggest that MOOCs are a good solution to strengthening skills and reviewing concepts, but that more guidance is needed when used as a complement to traditional f2f courses.

Born in 1953

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ISBN: 9789176350843 9789176350874 9789176350850 9789176350867 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.16993/bav Language: English
Publisher: Stockholm University Press
Subject: Philosophy --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:11
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"At the beginning of the 1960s, Swedish researchers started a sociological study of all children born in Stockholm in 1953, Project Metropolitan. This book describes the project’s at times dramatic history, where issues of personal integrity and the role of social sciences were heavily debated. These discussions were fueled by the rapid and far-reaching digitalization in society at large and also within social sciences. As such, Project Metropolitan came to symbolize the benefits and potential risks related to an expanding body of research based on large groups of individuals and multiple register data sources.&#xD;At the outset, the project’s founders sought to answer the following question: “Why do some get on better in life than others?” One of the main aims of the project was to study the long-term impact of conditions in childhood. The book therefore also includes an updated presentation of the main findings, as they have been conveyed in over 160 publications to date. These publications cover a wide array of topics and phenomena such as social mobility and education, substance abuse and crime, health and ill-health, peer influences and family relations, and adult lives of adopted children.&#xD;Today Project Metropolitan is known as the “Stockholm Birth Cohort Multigenerational Study (SBC Multigen)” and is still in full vigor. From its original group of 15,000 children, the study has become multi-generational by adding data about their parents, siblings, children, nieces and nephews. As they approach their late 60s, it will also be possible to follow these “children” into retirement and old-age.&#xD;In the concluding chapter the author discusses some of the challenges contemporary social research is facing. What are the current threats to academic freedom and what opportunities do the unique data registers in countries like Sweden provide?"&#xD;

Keywords

Sociology --- Cohort study --- Longitudinal --- Sweden --- Post-war --- Welfare

The Foundation of Precision Medicine: Integration of Electronic Health Records with Nenomics Through Basic, Clinical, and Translational Research

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198726 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-872-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Genetics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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This eBook contains the 19 articles that were part of a Special Topic in Frontiers in Genetics entitled “Genetics Research in Electronic Health Records Linked to DNA Biobanks”. The Special Issue was published on-line in 2014-2015 and contained papers representing the diverse research ongoing in the integration of electronic health records (EHR) with genomics through basic, clinical, and translational research. We have divided the eBook into four Chapters. Chapter 1 describes the Electronic Medical Records and Genomics (eMERGE) network and its contri-bution to genomics. It highlights methodological questions related to large data sets such as imputation and population stratification. Chapter 2 describes the results of genetic studies on different diseases for which all the phenotypic information was extracted from the EHR with highly specific ePhenotyping algorithms. Chapter 3 focuses on more complex analyses of the genome including copy number variants (CNV), pleiotropy com-bined with phenome-wide association studies (PheWAS), and epistasis (gene-gene interactions). Chapter 4 discusses the use of genetic data together with EHR-derived clinical data in clinical settings, and how to return genetic results to patients and providers. It also contains a comprehensive review on genetic risk scores. We have included mostly Original Research Articles in the eBook, but also Reviews and Methods papers on the relevant topics of analyzing and integrating genomic data. The release of this eBook is timely, since several countries are launching Precision Medicine initiatives. Precision Medicine is a new concept in patient care taking into account individual variability in genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors, when treating diseases or trying to prevent them from developing. It has become an important focus for biomedical, clinical and translational informatics. The papers presented in this eBook are well positioned to educate the readers about Precision Medicine and to demonstrate the potential study designs, methods, strategies, and applications where this type of research can be performed successfully. The ultimate goal is to improve diagnostics and provide better, more targeted care to the patient.

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in functional research of prefrontal cortex

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199440 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-944-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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This e-book includes the latest outcomes produced by a broad range of fNIRS research with activation of prefrontal cortex, from methodological one to clinical one, providing a forum for scientists planning functional studies of prefrontal brain activation. Reading this book, one will find the possibility that fNIRS could replace fMRI in the near future, and realize that even our aesthetic feeling is measurable. This will serve as a reference repository of knowledge from these fields as well as a conduit of information from leading researchers. In addition it offers an extensive cross-referencing system that will facilitate search and retrieval of information about NIRS measurements in activation studies. Researchers interested in fNIRS would benefit from an overview about its potential utilities for future research directions.

Advances in the Prevention and Treatment of Inflammation-Associated Preterm Birth

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199686 Year: Pages: 101 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-968-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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After decades of intensive research and over 10,000 publications, preterm birth remains a major global obstetric healthcare problem. Each year, early birth is responsible for the deaths of more than one million infants worldwide and is a major cause of life-long disability. Preterm birth places an enormous financial burden on our healthcare systems, resulting in long-term adverse health outcomes and lost productivity for many people. Preterm birth is a syndrome, associated with several different aetiologies; hence, potential treatment strategies need to be matched to pathophysiology in order to be effective. There is now unequivocal evidence that inflammation is causally involved in a majority of spontaneous preterm deliveries. However, the triggers of inflammation, and the strategies by which it can be safely and effectively prevented and treated, remain the subject of ongoing investigation and debate. While intraamniotic infection is an important cause of inflammation-associated preterm birth, particularly in very preterm deliveries, ‘sterile’ inflammation is actually a more common finding associated with preterm birth. It is likely that the nature, localisation, timing and extent of the inflammatory insult all determine the obstetric outcome and degree of risk to the fetus. These factors will also influence the success of approaches that might be employed to achieve better pregnancy outcomes. Despite our increased understanding of the causes and significance of intrauterine inflammation, we have yet to translate this knowledge into effective therapeutic strategies for preventing prematurity and mitigating its consequences for the neonate. In this Research Topic we review recent progress in treating and preventing inflammation-associated preterm birth, approaching the topic from both the causal and therapeutic perspectives. With global attention increasingly focused on the need to translate knowledge discovery into clinical translation, we hope this EBook will provide a stimulating and timely discussion that will focus research and lead to improved healthcare outcomes for women and children.

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