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Oeffentlich-private Finanzierung von Infrastruktur in Entwicklungslaendern und deren Beitrag zur Armutsreduktion

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631583197 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3726/b13963 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:22
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Die Dissertation ist an der Schnittstelle von Betriebswirtschaftslehre und Entwicklungsökonomie angesiedelt. Basierend auf einem Multimethodenansatz werden jeweils zwei Fallstudien in Vietnam und auf den Philippinen aus beiden Perspektiven dargestellt. Der entwicklungsökonomische Teil der Arbeit umfasst die Darstellung von Good Governance und Global Governance. Anschließend werden die Auswirkungen von ausländischen Direktinvestitionen und von Energie- und Straßeninfrastruktur auf Wirtschaftswachstum und Armutsreduktion diskutiert. Ein weiterer Schwerpunkt liegt auf der Darstellung von Public Private Partnerships. Keine Fallstudie liefert einen direkten langfristigen Beitrag zur Armutsreduktion, aber sie tragen zum Wirtschaftswachstum bei. Zusammenfassend kann festgehalten werden, dass die positiven Auswirkungen von privat finanzierter Infrastruktur auf die Armutsreduktion überschätzt werden.

Multi-dimensional Approaches Towards New Technology

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ISBN: 9789811312328 Year: Pages: 337 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-1232-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Law --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:25
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This open access edited book captures the complexities and conflicts arising at the interface of intellectual property rights (IPR) and competition law. To do so, it discusses four specific themes: (a) policies governing functioning of standard setting organizations (SSOs), transparency and incentivising future innovation; (b) issue of royalties for standard essential patents (SEPs) and related disputes; (c) due process principles, procedural fairness and best practices in competition law; and (d) coherence of patent policies and consonance with competition law to support innovation in new technologies. Many countries have formulated policies and re-oriented their economies to foster technological innovation as it is seen as a major source of economic growth. At the same time, there have been tensions between patent laws and competition laws, despite the fact that both are intended to enhance consumer welfare. In this regard, licensing of SEPs has been debated extensively, although in most instances, innovators and implementers successfully negotiate licensing of SEPs. However, there have been instances where disagreements on royalty base and royalty rates, terms of licensing, bundling of patents in licenses, pooling of licenses have arisen, and this has resulted in a surge of litigation in various jurisdictions and also drawn the attention of competition/anti-trust regulators. Further, a lingering lack of consensus among scholars, industry experts and regulators regarding solutions and techniques that are apposite in these matters across jurisdictions has added to the confusion. This book looks at the processes adopted by the competition/anti-trust regulators to apply the principles of due process and procedural fairness in investigating abuse of dominance cases against innovators.

Versorgungsstrukturen und Finanzierungsoptionen auf dem Pruefstand

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Book Series: Allokation im marktwirtschaftlichen System ISBN: 9783631549049 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.3726/b14111 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:15
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In diesem Band der Bad Orber Gespräche 2004 diskutieren prominente Vertreter der gesetzlichen und privaten Krankenversicherung, der Krankenhausträger und der Politik, wie sie mit wettbewerblichen Mitteln die effiziente Versorgung durch Strukturverbesserungen erreichen und gleichzeitig die eigentliche Ursache der mangelnden Effizienz des Gesundheitswesens, nämlich die nicht angemessene Indikationsstellung ärztlichen Handelns, in den Griff bekommen können. Der Sammelband enthält die erweiterten Referate eines interdisziplinären Workshops zu Versorgungsstrukturen und Finanzierungsoptionen auf dem Prüfstand. Behandelt wurden die beiden Themenkreise integrierte Versorgung und Disease-Management-Programme sowie Finanzierungsoptionen.

Agency Theory: Methodology, Analysis

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631529737 Year: Pages: 241 DOI: 10.3726/b13920 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:25
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Designing a contract is often more of an economic than a legal problem. A good contract protects parties against opportunistic behavior while providing motivation to cooperate. This is where economics and, especially contract theory, may prove helpful by enhancing our understanding of incentive issues. The purpose of this book is to provide specific tools which will help to write better contracts in real world environments. Concentrating on moral hazard literature, this book derives a tentative checklist for drafting contracts. As an economic contribution to a field traditionally considered an art rather than a science, this treatment also gives much attention to methodological issues.

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2018 (4)