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Beyond Safety Training: Embedding Safety in Professional Skills

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Safety Management ISSN: 2191-5318 ISBN: 9783319655260 9783319655277 Year: Pages: 159 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-65527-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 10:15:15
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This book investigates why, despite more and more resources devoted to safety training, expectations are not entirely met, particularly in the industrial sectors that have already achieved a high safety level. It not only reflects the most precious viewpoints of experts from different disciplines, different countries, with experiences in various industrial fields at the cutting edge of theories and practices in terms of safety, professionalization and their relationships. It also consolidates the positioning of the Foundation for an Industrial Safety Culture, highlighting what is currently considered at stake in terms of safety training, taking into account the system of constraints the different stakeholders are submitted to. It reports some success stories as well as elements which could explain the observed plateau in terms of outcome. It identifies some levers for evolution for at-risk industry and outlines a possible research agenda to go further with experimental solutions.

Think Big, Start Small: StreetScooter die e-mobile erfolgsstory: Innovationsprozesse radikal effizienter

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783662549810 9783662549971 Year: Pages: 213 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-54997-1 Language: German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 17:00:45
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Ideen werden am Anfang gerne in Frage gestellt. Die Macher des StreetScooter sind anders herangegangen, sie haben den Status quo, der sich ihnen bot, in Frage gestellt. Der herkömmliche Innovationsprozess bei der Entwicklung neuer, nachhaltiger Produkte war in ihren Augen viel zu aufwendig und zu teuer. In der Automobilindustrie dauert er viele Jahre und verschlingt Milliarden. Wie ein radikal anderes Innovationsdenken zu bezahlbarer Funktionalität führt, zeigt die rasante Entwicklung eines ungewöhnlichen Unternehmens, das aus der Rheinisch-Westfälisch-Technischen Hochschule Aachen hervorgegangen ist und heute der Deutschen Post DHL gehört. Es ist eine e-mobile Erfolgsstory über ein Fahrzeug, das kundenspezifisch, wirtschaftlich, ökologisch, flexibel, sicher und zuverlässig ist.People love to challenge ideas at the start. The makers of StreetScooter approached things differently: they challenged the status quo they were presented with instead. In their view, the conventional process of innovation in developing new, sustainable products was much too complicated and too expensive. In the automobile industry, this takes many years and costs billions. The rapid development of an unusual company emerging from the RWTH Aachen University and now part of Deutsche Post DHL demonstrates how a radically different innovative thinking leads to affordable functionality, It is an e-mobile success story about a vehicle that is customized, economic, ecological, flexible, safe, and reliable.

The Illusion of Risk Control: What Does it Take to Live With Uncertainty?

Authors: ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISSN: 2191-530X / 2191-5318 ISBN: 9783319329383 9783319329390 Year: Pages: 112 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32939-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 16:25:37
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This book explores the implications of acknowledging uncertainty and black swans for regulation of high-hazard technologies, for stakeholder acceptability of potentially hazardous activities and for risk governance. The conventional approach to risk assessment, which combines the likelihood of an event and the severity of its consequences, is poorly suited to situations where uncertainty and ambiguity are prominent features of the risk landscape. The new definition of risk used by ISO, “the effect of uncertainty on [achievement of] one’s objectives”, recognizes this paradigm change. What lessons can we draw from the management of fire hazards in Edo-era Japan? Are there situations in which increasing uncertainty allows more effective safety management? How should society address the risk of potentially planet-destroying scientific experiments?This book presents insights from leading scholars in different disciplines to challenge current risk governance and safety management practice.

Grassland-Invertebrate Interactions: Plant Productivity; Resilience and Community Dynamics

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452903 Year: Pages: 254 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-290-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Botany --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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Natural and anthropogenic grasslands such as prairies, meadows, rangelands, and pastures cover more than 40% of the planet’s surface and provide a wealth of ecological services. Grasslands alone store one third of the global carbon stocks and grass roots, through their specific architectures, ensure water cycling and prevent the erosion of fertile topsoil. In addition, grasslands are of vital importance for human food production as vast areas of rangelands and pastures provide feed for livestock. Pastoral legumes mobilize atmospheric nitrogen and improve fertility of arable soils. Not least, grasslands are an essential genetic resource. The three major crop species that feed half of the global population have been bred from wild grasses. Ancestors of our contemporary turf cultivars, common components of urban landscapes and recreation spaces, originated from wild grasslands. Although natural and managed grasslands represent pivotal ecosystems, many aspects of how they function are poorly understood. To date, most attention has focused on grassland primary producers (i.e. forage plants) and mammalian grazers but invertebrates are likely to play an equally, if not more important role in grassland ecosystem functioning. In Australian pastures, for example, the biomass of root-feeding scarab beetles can often exceed that of sheep and plant damage caused by invertebrates is sometimes equivalent to an average dairy cow’s grass consumption. Indeed, grasslands are one of the most densely populated ecosystems with invertebrates being probably the most important engineers that shape both plant communities and the grassland as a whole. In a rapidly changing world with increasing anthropogenic pressure on grasslands, this Research Topic focuses on: 1. How grassland habitats shape invertebrate biodiversity2. Impacts of climate change on grassland-invertebrate interactions3. Plant and invertebrate pest monitoring and management4. Plant-mediated multitrophic interactions and biological control in grasslands5. Land use and grassland invertebrates6. Plant resistance to invertebrate pests Given the increasing demand for food and land for human habitation, unprecedented threats to grasslands are anticipated. Resilient to some extent, these key ecosystems need to be better comprehended to guarantee their sustainable management and ecosystem services.

Knowledge and Networks

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Knowledge and Space ISSN: 1877-9220 ISBN: 9783319450223 9783319450230 Year: Volume: 11 Pages: 386 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45023-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Ecology --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-14 13:08:10
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This book discusses a core question in many fields of the social sciences, namely how to create, share and adopt new knowledge. It creates an original space for conversation between two lines of research that have developed largely in parallel for a long time: social network theory and the geography of knowledge. This book considers that relational thinking has become increasingly important for scholars to capture societal outcomes by studying social relations and networks, whereas the role of place, space and spatial scales has been somewhat neglected outside an emergent geography of knowledge.The individual contributions help integrate network arguments of connectivity, geographical arguments of contiguity and contextuality into a more comprehensive understanding of the ways in which people and organizations are constrained by and make use of space and networks for learning and innovation. Experts in the fields of geography, sociology, economics, political science, psychology, management and organizational studies develop conceptual models and propose empirical research that illustrates the ways in which networks and geography play together in processes of innovation, learning, leadership, and power.

Paris Climate Agreement: Beacon of Hope

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Springer Climate ISSN: 2352-0698 ISBN: 9783319469386 9783319469393 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-46939-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Biotechnology --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Environmental Sciences --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-14 13:15:09
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This volume presents an Empirical Model of Global Climate developed by the authors and uses that model to show that global warming will likely remain below 2ºC, relative to preindustrial, throughout this century provided: a) both the unconditional and conditional Paris INDC commitments are followed; b) the emission reductions needed to achieve the Paris INDCs are carried forward to 2060 and beyond.The first section of the book provides a short overview of Earth’s climate system, describing and contrasting climatic changes throughout the planet’s history and anthropogenic changes post-Industrial Revolution. The second section describes the climate model developed by the authors (Canty et al., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2013) and contrasts the model with climate models used in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2013 Report. Chapter 3 examines both the unconditional (i.e., firm commitments) and conditional Paris INDCs (commitments contingent on financial flow and/or technology transfer) through the lens of their climate model and concludes that if all of the Paris INDCs are followed, then they are indeed a beacon of hope for Earth’s climate. The fourth part of the book offers a perspective of energy needs and subsequent emissions reductions required to meet the Paris temperature goals, illuminating challenges faced both in the developing world and the developed world.Throughout the book, easy-to-understand charts and graphics illustrate concepts. The scientific basis of Chapters 2 and 3 was first presented in a keynote session of the 96th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society in January, 2016.

Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming: 18th International Conference, XP 2017, Cologne, Germany, May 22-26, 2017, Proceedings

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing ISSN: 1865-1348 ISBN: 9783319576329 9783319576336 Year: Pages: 306 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-57633-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-26 17:48:43
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The volume constitutes the proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP 2017, held in Cologne, Germany, in May 2017.The 14 full and 6 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 46 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: improving agile processes; agile in organization; and safety critical software. In addition, the volume contains 3 doctoral symposium papers (from 4 papers submitted).

Scaling a Software Business: The Digitalization Journey

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783319531151 9783319531168 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-53116-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 15:53:19
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Software has changed the rules of the game. The world talks about the digitalization in industry and society – how the focus has shifted from producing tangible things towards software and services. This trend started many years ago, but is now affecting every company, whether it’s a software company or not. There are many companies that have already made a digitalization journey – and many are about to embark on this journey – like you.How do you transform your organization when software is becoming a critical part of your business?This book presents the Scaling Management Framework, a model based on collected experiences from companies that have already made the journey to give software a central role within the organization. The model is unique because it suggests a holistic method to analyze and plan your journey. It simply means that you can’t just focus solely on your products or services. You also have to look closely at your processes and your organization, the way you make decisions and get things done. Inevitably, these will have to change.This book comes with a map, a compass, and suggested journeys along with selected travel stories comprising best practices and lessons learned from past digitalization journeys. Use the map to find your way in the digitalization landscape, and use the compass to find the direction of your journey.

Principles of Hip Arthroscopy

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452507 Year: Pages: 89 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-250-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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The field of arthroscopy, originating from Denmark in 1912, has rapidly evolved to diagnose and treat a wide range of musculoskeletal pathologies. Although around for sometime, arthroscopy in the field of orthopedics has traditionally focused on the knee, shoulder, or elbow, as arthroscopy of the hip is technically challenging; the deep structures of the hip, including neurovascular bundles, require specialized training and equipment to access. However, with advances in surgical techniques, hip arthroscopy has become increasingly popular given its ability to treat pathologies with previously poor prognoses such as labral tears, hip arthritis and femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). When indicated, hip arthroscopy results in shorter recovery times, low complication rates, and excellent outcomes in quality of life and pain regardless of age, gender or activity level. The purpose of this e-book is to shed light on this expanding field by delving into the common hip pathology femoroacetabular impingement, its clinical relevance, and to explore various surgical techniques and postoperative rehabilitation. It is our hope that this textbook provides valuable knowledge to advance the field of hip arthroscopy, enhance surgical techniques, and ultimately increase the quality of patient care.

Biological Hazards in Food

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451135 Year: Pages: 277 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-113-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Microbiology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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The ingestion of food containing pathogenic microorganisms (i.e. bacteria and their toxins, fungi, viruses) and parasites can cause food-borne diseases in humans. A growing number of emerging pathogens, changes of virulence of known pathogens and appearance of antibiotic resistance has recently exposed consumers to a major risk of illness. Also infected people and the environment can spread microorganisms on raw or processed food. Outbreaks of food-borne diseases are often unrecognized, unreported, or not investigated and particularly in developing countries their agents and sources are mostly unknown. Surveillance and analytical methods aiming at their detection are to be hoped, as well as good strategies to struggle against these threats. This E-book is subdivided in chapters regarding to pathogenic and spoiling microorganisms, chemical hazards produced by biological agents and food safety management systems.

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