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Crossroads between contrastive linguistics, translation studies and machine translation

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Book Series: Translation and Multilingual Natural Language Processing ISBN: 9783946234265 9783946234982 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1019701 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-16 11:02:00
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Contrastive Linguistics (CL), Translation Studies (TS) and Machine Translation (MT) have common grounds: They all work at the crossroad where two or more languages meet. Despite their inherent relatedness, methodological exchange between the three disciplines is rare. This special issue touches upon areas where the three fields converge. It results directly from a workshop at the 2011 German Association for Language Technology and Computational Linguistics (GSCL) conference in Hamburg where researchers from the three fields presented and discussed their interdisciplinary work. While the studies contained in this volume draw from a wide variety of objectives and methods, and various areas of overlaps between CL, TS and MT are addressed, the volume is by no means exhaustive with regard to this topic. Further cross-fertilisation is not only desirable, but almost mandatory in order to tackle future tasks and endeavours, and this volume is committed to bringing these three fields even closer together.

Reflexive Translation Studies

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ISBN: 9781787352513 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787352513 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:02
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In the past decades, translation studies have increasingly focused on the ethical dimension of translational activity, with an emphasis on reflexivity to assert the role of the researcher in highlighting issues of visibility, creativity and ethics. In Reflexive Translation Studies, Silvia Kadiu investigates the viability of theories that seek to empower translation by making visible its transformative dimension; for example, by championing the visibility of the translating subject, the translator’s right to creativity, the supremacy of human translation or an autonomous study of translation.&#xD;&#xD;Inspired by Derrida’s deconstructive thinking, Kadiu presents practical ways of challenging theories that argue reflexivity is the only way of developing an ethical translation. She questions the capacity of reflexivity to counteract the power relations at play in translation (between minor and dominant languages, for example) and problematises affirmative claims about (self-)knowledge by using translation itself as a process of critical reflection.&#xD;

“Colonised by Wankers”

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ISBN: 9783946198284 9783946198314 9783946198291 9783946198307 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.16994/baj Language: English
Publisher: Modern Academic Publishing
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-09 11:01:56
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"Has Scotland suffered from colonial oppression by England for the last 300 years? While historiography may give an answer in the negative,&#xD;this study reveals that the contemporary Scottish novel is&#xD;haunted by strong feelings, marked by perceptions of abjection and&#xD;inferiorisation in response to constructing the English as dominating.&#xD;Drawing from an unprecedented corpus of contemporary Scottish&#xD;novels, this study explores the postcolonial in Scottish fiction in&#xD;order to investigate the underlying discursive power relations that&#xD;shape the Scottish literary imagination. The study consequently&#xD;demonstrates that the analysis of Scottish national identity profits&#xD;from this new angle of interpretation of the Scottish novel as postcolonial.&#xD;The analysis of discourses such as those of gender, class,&#xD;space and place, and race reveals how the construction of the Scottish&#xD;as marginalised permeates the width of the contemporary Scottish&#xD;novel, by referring to diverse examples, such as James Kelman’s&#xD;How late it was, how late or genre fiction such as Ian Rankin’s Set in&#xD;Darkness. Thus, this study provides an insightful reading in the wake&#xD;of current political developments such as the Scottish independence&#xD;referendum."

Suburban Urbanities

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ISBN: 9781910634172 9781910634141 9781910634134 9781910634158 Year: Pages: 374 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781910634134 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-12 11:01:12
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Suburban space has traditionally been understood as a formless remnant of physical city expansion, without a dynamic or logic of its own. Suburban Urbanities challenges this view by defining the suburb as a temporally evolving feature of urban growth. Anchored in the architectural research discipline of space syntax, this book offers a comprehensive understanding of urban change, touching on the history of the suburb as well as its current development challenges, with a particular focus on suburban centres. Studies of the high street as a centre for social, economic and cultural exchange provide evidence for its critical role in sustaining local centres over time. Contributors from the architecture, urban design, geography, history and anthropology disciplines examine cases spanning Europe and around the Mediterranean. &#xD;By linking large-scale city mapping, urban design scale expositions of high street activity and local-scale ethnographies, the book underscores the need to consider suburban space on its own terms as a specific and complex field of social practice.

Memory

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ISBN: 9780823232598 9780823232611 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626982 Language: English
Publisher: Fordham University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100617
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-07 11:01:34
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The volume reconstructs the work of the great philosophical and literary figures of the last two centuries who recast the concept of memory and brought it into the forefront of the modernist and postmodernist imagination—among them, Bergson, Halbwachs, Freud, Proust, Benjamin, Adorno, Derrida, and Deleuze. Drawing on recent advances in the sciences and in the humanities, the contributors address the question of how memory works, highlighting transactions between the interiority of subjective memory and the larger fields of public or collective memory.

Feminism and the Politics of Childhood – Friends or Foes?

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ISBN: 9781787350632 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787350632 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Education --- Anthropology --- Sociology --- Gender Studies --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 11:01:48
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Feminism and the Politics of Childhood offers an innovative and critical exploration of perceived commonalities and conflicts between women and children and, more broadly, between various forms of feminism and the politics of childhood. This unique collection of 18 chapters brings into dialogue authors from a range of geographical contexts, social science disciplines, activist organisations, and theoretical perspectives. The wide variety of subjects include refugee camps, care labour, domestic violence and childcare and education. Chapter authors focus on local contexts as well as their global interconnections, and draw on diverse theoretical traditions such as poststructuralism, psychoanalysis, posthumanism, postcolonialism, political economy, and the ethics of care. &#xD;&#xD;Together the contributions offer new ways to conceptualise relations between women and children, and to address injustices faced by both groups.

Mother on Mothers

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ISBN: 9783034318266 9783035307917 Year: DOI: 10.3726/978-3-0353-0791-7 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103674
Subject: Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-15 08:31:14
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From Supernanny to Gilmore Girls, from Katie Price to Holly Willoughby, a wide range of examples of mothers and motherhood appear on television today. Drawing on questionnaires completed by mothers across the UK, this book sheds new light on the diverse ways in which mothers make sense of popular representations of motherhood on television.

Issues in Open Research Data

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ISBN: 9781909188303 9781909188310 9781909188327 9781909188419 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.5334/ban Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-19 12:02:13
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In 2010 the Panton Principles for Open Data in Science were published. These principles were founded upon the idea that 'Science is based on building on, reusing and openly criticising the published body of scientific knowledge’ (http://pantonprinciples.org) and they provide a succinct list of the fundamentals to observe when making your data open. Intended for a broad audience of academics, publishers and librarians, Issues in Research Data explores the implications of the Panton Principles through a number of perspectives on open research data in the sciences and beyond. The book features chapters by open data experts in a range of academic disciplines, covering practical information on licensing, ethics, and advice for data curators, alongside more theoretical issues surrounding the adoption of open data. As the book is open access, each chapter can stand alone from the main volume so that communities can host, distribute, build upon and remix the content that is relevant to them. Readers can access the online version via the QR code or DOI link at the front of the book.&#xD;(DOI: http://dx.doi.org//10.5334/ban)

Basal ganglia: physiological, behavioral, and computational studies

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193882 Year: Pages: 494 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-388-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-03 13:02:24
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The basal ganglia has received much attention over the last two decades, as it has been implicated in many neurological and psychiatric disorders. Most of this research - in both animals and humans - attempt to understand the neural and biochemical substrates of basic motor and learning processes, and how these are affected in human patients as well as animal models of brain disorders. The current volume contains research articles and reviews describing basic, pre-clinical and clinical neuroscience research of the basal ganglia written by attendees of the 11th Triennial Meeting of the International Basal Ganglia Society (IBAGS) that was held March 3-7th, 2013 at the Princess Hotel, Eilat, Israel and by researchers of the basal ganglia. Specifically, articles in this volume include research reports on the biochemistry, computational theory, anatomy and physiology of single neurons and functional circuitry of the basal ganglia networks as well as the latest data on animal models of basal ganglia dysfunction and clinical studies in human patients.

Chapter 9: 'Crowd Spatial Patterns at Bus Stops: Security Implications and Effects of Warning Messages' from book: Safety and Security in Transit Environments: An Interdisciplinary Approach

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ISBN: 9781137556363 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.1057/9781137457653_9 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-18 11:42:04
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This is a chapter from Safety and Security in Transit Environments: An Interdisciplinary Approach edited by Vania Ceccato and Andrew Newton. This chapter is available open access under a CC BY license. As other chapters in Safety and Security in Transit Environments assert, crimes such as pickpocketing can concentrate near bus stops, and crowding and congestion is a factor that heightens this risk. But to target interventions effectively, it is useful to determine what local-level interactions characterise this crowding behaviour. This paper aims to provide a first step to using data collected from laboratory experiments to address questions from crime and transport research. The experiment considered differences in interpersonal distances to further analyse crowding behaviour to attain further insight that could narrow the focus of possible interventions. Audio warnings are examined as a possible solution, and findings show that crowding peaks when passengers board the bus, and audio messages may be one approach for addressing this. To conclude, implications of identifying boarding as a problem area, and the effectiveness of warning messages as a situational crime prevention tool are discussed.

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