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History of the Opium Problem

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ISBN: 9789004221581 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101511
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-31 11:01:04
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This is the first scholarly study in which the production, trade and political effects of opium and its derivatives are shown over many centuries, and in many countries (China, India, Indonesia, Japan, all Southeast Asian countries and some in Europe and the Americas). Starting in the 16th century, slavery and opium became the two means with which the bodies and souls of men and women in the tropics were exploited in western imperialism and colonialism. The first waned with the abolition movement in the 19th century, but opium production and trade continued to spread, with the associated serious social and political effects. Around 1670 the Dutch introduced opium as a cash crop for mass production and distribution in India and Indonesia. China became the main target in the 19th century, and only succeeded in getting rid of the opium problem around 1950. Then it had already been transformed from an “Eastern” into a “Western” problem.

Keywords

History --- History --- colonialism --- opium

Ceramics and the Spanish Conquest

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Book Series: Early Americas: History and Culture ISBN: 9789004204409 9789004217454 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: xvi, 252 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_402000 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: History --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:21:38
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The Spanish colonization dramatically interrupted the autonomous development of ancient Mesoamerican culture. Nevertheless, indigenous societies learnt to live with the conquest. It was not only a time of crisis, but also an extraordinarily creative time period in which material culture reflected indigenous peoples’ varied responses and adaptations to the changing circumstances. This work presents insights into the process of cultural continuity and change in the indigenous world by focusing on pottery technology in the Nahua (Aztec) region of Central Mexico. The late pre-colonial, early colonial and present-day characteristics of this industry are explored in order to come to a renewed understanding of its long-term development.

Colonial Systems of Control

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Book Series: Alternative Perspectives in Criminology ISBN: 9780776606668 9780776617497 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627412 Language: English
Publisher: Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100671
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-05 11:01:53
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A pioneering book on prisons in West Africa, Colonial Systems of Control: Criminal Justice in Nigeria is the first comprehensive presentation of life inside a West African prison. Chapters by prisoners inside Kirikiri maximum security prison in Lagos, Nigeria are published alongside chapters by scholars and activists. While prisoners document the daily realities and struggles of life inside a Nigerian prison, scholar and human rights activist Viviane Saleh-Hanna provides historical, political, and academic contexts and analyses of the penal system in Nigeria. The European penal models and institutions imported to Nigeria during colonialism are exposed as intrinsically incoherent with the community-based conflict-resolution principles of most African social structures and justice models. This book presents the realities of imprisonment in Nigeria while contextualizing the colonial legacies that have resulted in the inhumane brutalities that are endured on a daily basis.

Imperial Muslims

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ISBN: 9780748697656 9780748697663 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100960
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:47
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A great deal has been written about the webs, nodes and networks created by Britain’s Indian Ocean Empire during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Much of the focus has been on the political, legal or economic consequences of empire; this book redresses the balance, devoting its attention to the personal and social. Using the British Settlement of Aden, it examines the development of a local Muslim community within the spaces created by imperial rule from the mid-nineteenth through mid-twentieth century. It explores how individuals from widely disparate backgrounds brought together by the networks of empire created a cohesive community utilizing the one commonality at their disposal: their faith. Specifically, it examines how religious institutions and spiritual ideas served as parameters for the creation of community and the kinds of symbolic and cultural capital an individual needed to attain communal membership and influence within the confines of imperial rule.

The Hajj and Europe in the Age of Empire

Author:
Book Series: Leiden Studies in Islam and Society ISBN: 9789004323346 9789004323353 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.1163/9789004323353 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 336608
Subject: Sociology --- Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-11 11:02:07
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"Killed the pilgrims and persecuted them with all kinds of cruelties": Portuguese Estado da India's encounters with the hajj in the sixteenth century / Mahmood Kooria -- "The infidel piloting the true believer": Thomas Cook and the business of the colonial hajj / Michael Christopher Low -- British colonial knowledge and the hajj in the Age of Empire / John Slight -- French policy and the hajj in late-nineteenth-century Algeria: Governor Cambon's reform attempts and Jules Gervais-Courtellemont's pilgrimage to Mecca / Aldo d'aAostini -- Heinrich Freiherr von Maltzan's "My pilgrimage to Mecca": a critical investigation / Ulrike Freitag -- Polish connections to the hajj in the nineteenth century: mystical and imaginary travels to Mecca and the Polish cultural tradition / Boguslaw R. Zagorski -- On his donkey to the mountain of 'Arafat: Dr. Van der Hoog and his hajj journey to Mecca / Umar Ryad -- "I have to disguise myself": orientalism, Gyula Germanus, and pilgrimage as cultural capital, 1935-1965 / Adam

The Emergence of Modern Hinduism

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ISBN: 9780520973749 9780520307056 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.75 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-20 11:21:03
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The Emergence of Modern Hinduism argues for the importance of regional, vernacular innovation in processes of Hindu modernization. Scholars usually trace the emergence of modern Hinduism to cosmopolitan reform movements, highlighting the centrality of elite religion and the influence of Western ideas and models. This book proposes, instead, that important projects of modernity were pursued on the colonial margins, by actors deeply embedded in tradition and deploying all its resources as the key means for change, using texts and languages not associated with centralized power or national or global discourses. It focuses on one such figure, the Tamil Shaiva poet and mystic Ramalinga Swami (1823–1874). Ramalinga emphasized the continuities of tradition, new revelation, the possibility of the miraculous, and an ethics of inclusion that challenged caste and class boundaries. His vision provided a counterpoint to reform Hinduism, yet his projects were no less modern than their cosmopolitan counterparts. By including Ramalinga, and figures like him, in historical accounts of religious modernization, we can develop new ways of thinking about modern Hinduism that more accurately reflect its diverse ways of being modern. The book thus effects a fundamental shift in the way we conceptualize the emergence of modern religion, as well as the concept of the “modern” itself, in South Asia and beyond.

Muslims in Interwar Europe: A Transcultural Historical Perspective

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Muslim Minorities ISBN: 9789004301979 9789004287839 Year: Volume: 17 Pages: 200 DOI: 10.1163/9789004301979 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 336608
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 09:19:18
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Muslims in Interwar Europe provides a comprehensive overview of the history of Muslims in interwar Europe. Based on personal and official archives, memoirs, press writings and correspondences, the contributors analyse the multiple aspects of the global Muslim religious, political and intellectual affiliations in interwar Europe. They argue that Muslims in interwar Europe were neither simply visitors nor colonial victims, but that they constituted a group of engaged actors in the European and international space. Contributors are Ali Al Tuma, Egdūnas Račius, Gerdien Jonker, Klaas Stutje, Naomi Davidson, Pieter Sjoerd van Koningsveld, Umar Ryad, Zaur Gasimov and Wiebke Bachmann.

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