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Jews and Christians in Medieval Europe

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Religion in Law in Medieval Christian and Muslim Societies ISBN: 9782503565166 9782503565590 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.1484/M.RELMIN-EB.5.108025 Language: English|French
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion --- Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-07 11:01:48
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The name of Bernhard Blumenkranz is well known to all those who study the history of European Jews in the Middle Ages and in particular the history of Jewish-Christian relations. Blumenkranz was born in Vienna in 1913; he left for Switzerland during the war and obtained a doctorate at the University of Basel on the portrayal of Jews in the works of Augustine. He subsequently moved to France where his numerous publications revived and renovated the field of Jewish studies. The international group of scholars who wrote the fifteen essays in this volume, beyond paying homage to Blumenkranz’s work, trace the trajectories of various lines of inquiry that he initiated: Christian theology of Judaism, problems of conversion and proselytism, geography and topography of Medieval Jewish communities, the representation of Jews in Christian art. These essays provide both an assessment of Blumenkranz’s intellectual legacy and a snapshot of the evolution of the field over the last sixty years.&#xD;&#xD;print Share/Save/Bookmark&#xD;The name of Bernhard Blumenkranz is well known to all those who study the history of European Jews in the Middle Ages and in particular the history of Jewish-Christian relations. Blumenkranz was born in Vienna in 1913; he left for Switzerland during the war and obtained a doctorate at the University of Basel on the portrayal of Jews in the works of Augustine. He subsequently moved to France where his numerous publications revived and renovated the field of Jewish studies. The international group of scholars who wrote the fifteen essays in this volume, beyond paying homage to Blumenkranz’s work, trace the trajectories of various lines of inquiry that he initiated: Christian theology of Judaism, problems of conversion and proselytism, geography and topography of Medieval Jewish communities, the representation of Jews in Christian art. These essays provide both an assessment of Blumenkranz’s intellectual legacy and a snapshot of the evolution of the field over the last sixty years.

Keywords

jews --- medieval europe --- christians

New Multicultural Identities in Europe

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ISBN: 9789058679819 Year: DOI: 10.11116/NMIE_CII Language: English
Publisher: Leuven University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102270
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-01 12:31:57
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How to understand Europe’s post-migrant Islam on the one hand and indigenous, anti-Islamic movements on the other? What impact will religion have on the European secular world and its regulation? How do social and economic transitions on a transnational scale challenge ethnic and religious identifications? These questions are at the very heart of the debate on multiculturalism in present-day Europe. Through the lens of post-migrant societies, manifestations of identity appear in pluralized and deterritorialized forms. This calls into question the nature of boundaries between, as well as within various ethnic-religious groups. Although the contributions in this volume focus on Islam, attention is also paid to Christianity, Judaism, and Hinduism. The authors present empirical data from cases in Turkey, Germany, France, Spain, the United Kingdom, Poland, Norway, Sweden and Belgium, and sharpen the perspectives on the religious-ethnic manifestations of identity in 21st-century Europe.

Keywords

Sociology --- Islam studies --- Europe

Modern Islamic Thinking and Activism

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ISBN: 9789058679994 Year: DOI: 10.11116/MITA_CII Language: English
Publisher: Leuven University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102269
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-01 12:31:57
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Innovative research of 'Islam at work' in geographical and social contexts. 'Modern Islamic Thinking and Activism' presents a series of scholarly papers in relation to Islamic thinking, activism, and politics in both the West and the Middle East. The reader will apprehend that Islam is not the monolithic religion so often depicted in the media or (earlier) in the academic world. The Islamic world is more than a uniform civilization with a set of petrified religious prescriptions and an outdated view on political and social organization. The contributions show the dynamics of 'Islam at work' in different geographical and social contexts. By treating the working of Islamic thinking and of Islamic activism on a practical level, 'Modern Islamic Thinking and Activism' includes innovative research and fills a significant gap in existing work.

Keywords

Sociology --- Islam studies --- Europe

Women, Consumption, and the Circulation of Ideas in South-Eastern Europe, 17th - 19th Centuries

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Book Series: Balkan Studies Library ISBN: 9789004355095 9789004354982 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.1163/9789004355095 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 646489
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:10
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Women, fashion, consumption, luxury, and education are the main subjects of our researchers. The contributors of this volume accompanied women and objects in their travels across Modern Europe and offered thorough and diverse analyses connecting the circulation of people with the circulation of ideas. &#xD;Making use of the archive materials, visual sources and museum collections, the authors pointed out the richness of the region and the role of women in promoting new ideas of modernity. The information contained here will help the public to better know and understand the part of women's sociability in building new nations and constructing new identities along South-Eastern Europe and beyond.

Keywords

Women --- Modern Europe --- history

Gender and Christianity in Modern Europe

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ISBN: 9789058679123 Year: DOI: 10.11116/GCME_KAD Language: English
Publisher: Leuven University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102274
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-01 12:31:57
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Since the 1970s the feminization thesis has become a powerful trope in the rewriting of the social history of Christendom. However, this ‘thesis' has triggered some vehement debates, given that men have continued to dominate the churches, which have reacted to the association of religion and femininity by explicitly focusing their appeal to men. The authors critically reflect upon the use of concepts like feminization and masculinization in relation to Christianity. By presenting case studies that adopt different gendered approaches regarding Christian, mainly Catholic discourses and practices, they capture multiple ‘feminizations' and ‘masculinizations' in Europe during the 19th and 20th centuries. In particular, it becomes clear that the idea that Christianity took on ‘charicteristically feminine' values and practices cannot withstand the conclusion that what is considered ‘manly' or ‘feminine' depends on time, place, and context, and on the reasons why gendered metaphors are used.

Van Eeden tot heden

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Lage Landen Studies ISBN: 9789038220918 Year: Pages: 305 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_466591 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Academia Press
Subject: Arts in general --- Psychology --- Social Sciences --- History of arts --- Languages and Literatures --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-10 15:05:09
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Ranging from Polish inspirations in contemporary authors such as Bernlef, Frank Westerman and Erwin Mortier, over the Central European successes of the now forgotten Jo van Ammers-Küller, to the Bulgarian character Firmin Debeljanov in The Sorrow of Belgium: with its focus on the various interrelations between the contemporary literature of the Low countries and the so-called smaller literary cultures located between the German and the Russian language areas, the volume Van Eeden tot heden offers a multi-faceted perspective on a hitherto barely explored topic in twentieth-century European literature. Due to the academic background of the contributing authors the emphasis is on Polish, Hungarian and Czech case studies, though the Balkans are also being dealt with – albeit less prominently. Whereas some contributions search for contacts, links and influences between literatures and literators, some other chapters set up textual encounters in which authors and their works are compared from a thematic, poetic, stylistic or generic angle. Apart from these comparative endeavors, another group of contributors offer reception analysis regarding the overall topic. In the last part of the volume the focus is on issues of (national) representation and the discursive strategies that are used for it.

Muslims in Interwar Europe: A Transcultural Historical Perspective

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Muslim Minorities ISBN: 9789004301979 9789004287839 Year: Volume: 17 Pages: 200 DOI: 10.1163/9789004301979 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 336608
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 09:19:18
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Muslims in Interwar Europe provides a comprehensive overview of the history of Muslims in interwar Europe. Based on personal and official archives, memoirs, press writings and correspondences, the contributors analyse the multiple aspects of the global Muslim religious, political and intellectual affiliations in interwar Europe. They argue that Muslims in interwar Europe were neither simply visitors nor colonial victims, but that they constituted a group of engaged actors in the European and international space. Contributors are Ali Al Tuma, Egdūnas Račius, Gerdien Jonker, Klaas Stutje, Naomi Davidson, Pieter Sjoerd van Koningsveld, Umar Ryad, Zaur Gasimov and Wiebke Bachmann.

Erica Tietze-Conrat, Tagebücher (1923-1926)

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ISBN: 9783205795452 Year: Pages: 458 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574661 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 174
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:02
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In her early diaries the art historian Erica Tietze-Conrat discribes her eventfull life in Vienna in the 1920ies, were she had been in touch with all the important art circles of the time..

Chapter 8. Enemies (Book chapter)

Book title: Nations and Citizens in Yugoslavia and the Post-Yugoslav States

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ISBN: 9781474221559 Year: Pages: 133-148 DOI: 10.5040/9781474221559.ch-009 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 230239
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-30 11:01:51
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Chapter 8 shows the connection between a certain vision of citizenship – in this context, ethnonationally defined – and violence, and how citizenship is crucial though under-researched trigger of violence. To examine why and how this violence happened, and what was the role of citizenship, the chapter examines the whole post-socialist post-partition European states. It argues that the fate of many citizens of the former socialist federations in the context of their imminent disintegration was determined by their answers to the following questions: Did the incipient states (republics) and the federal centre accept the separation and the existing borders? Did all groups and all regions accept independence and the authorities of the new states? The analysis of the possible answers to these questions across post-socialist Europe brings us to three decisive triggers of violence: citizenship, borders and territories, and, finally in the early 1990s, the role of the military apparatus of defunct federations. One could safely conclude that there is an intimate historic affinity between citizenship and war. From the antique city-states where full citizenship status was acquired by serving in war (Anderson 1996: 28, 33; Pocock 1998), via the traditional military draft for men (and in some places for women) to contemporary practices that enable immigrants and foreigners serving in the armed forces, such as the US army or in the Légion étrangère, an easier access to citizenship. There is a historic relationship between ‘blood’, either inherited or spilled (one’s own or of other people), and citizenship. However, violence related to citizenship is not only physical but often invisible. It is the violence of administrative decisions, hierarchy of different statuses, ‘wrong’ passports and ‘papers’ or deprivations of citizenship. In the following chapter, I will also tackle the issue of physically invisible but nonetheless effective violence caused by the post-Yugoslav citizenship regimes. In this chapter though, I will turn to the outbreak of that ‘visible’ violence that spread across almost all corners of the former Yugoslavia. To examine why and how this violence happened, and what was the role of citizenship, we need to cast the net more widely all over post-socialist post-partition European states.

Boii – Taurisci

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783700177401 Year: Pages: 274 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_615395 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 264
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-19 11:01:24
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This volume is the result of a conference, which was held from June 14–15, 2012 at the Event Centre Schüttkasten in Klement-Oberleis, Lower Austria. The thematic focus of the contributions was the nature of contacts and relations between the settlement areas of the La Tène culture, which are associated with the Celtic tribes of the Boii and Taurisci on the basis of numismatic and written sources. The paradigm shifts in Iron Age archaeology and the veritable explosion of new archaeological materials and find contexts (coins, fibulae, Knotenringe, architecture and settlement features) have found their expression in this volume.

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