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The Standard Theory of Particle Physics:Essays to Celebrate CERN's 60th Anniversary

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Book Series: Advanced Series on Directions in High Energy Physics ISSN: 17931339 ISBN: 9789814733519 Year: Volume: 26 Pages: 484 DOI: 10.1142/9878 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-06 09:30:00
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The book gives a quite complete and up-to-date picture of the Standard Theory with an historical perspective, with a collection of articles written by some of the protagonists of present particle physics. The theoretical developments are described together with the most up-to-date experimental tests, including the discovery of the Higgs Boson and the measurement of its mass as well as the most precise measurements of the top mass, giving the reader a complete description of our present understanding of particle physics.

A Unifying Theory of Evolution Generated by Means of Information Modelling

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Book Series: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics ISSN: 09269630 18798365 ISBN: 9781614996873 9781614996880 Year: Volume: 230 Pages: 236 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-688-0-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Biology --- Genetics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-08 13:32:57
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"Stringent ways of thinking, ‘conceptual frameworks’, are necessary in science. The drawback is that the associated assumptions, concepts, rules and practice may become so deeply entrenched that they turn into tacit knowledge and hence give rise to constraints in scientific thought and practice – that is, a new kind of plethora that seriously blinds and thereby hampers scientific progress. This book, 'A Unifying Theory of Evolution Generated by Means of Information Modelling', presents a methodology for describing complex knowledge domains. It applies a template information model based on a dynamic structure of interrelated functions, called the Mereon Matrix. Application of this template model to the field of evolutionary theories enabled the unification of the sometimes chaotic and competing field of evolutionary theories, large and small, seamlessly in a shared framework. The author has Masters degrees in both biochemistry and computer science, as well as a European Doctorate and PhD in health informatics and has spent 35 years in full-time research. It is her particular combination of professional experience and expertise together with the template information model which has enabled her to write this book.Whilst primarily aimed at a scientific audience, and evolutionary biologists in particular, the book will be of interest to all those looking for new approaches to exploring and explaining phenomena in nature, and because the text is largely non-technical in nature, much of the content will also be accessible to a wider readership."

28 Basic Structures for a New Theory of Samhandling Under Risk (SUR) (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 22 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch28 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:07
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"This final chapter aggregates experiences and findings from the other
chapters of the book. The book’s overall research question is as follows: What are
the basic structures of the concept of samhandling under risk and how can samhandling
be created when the conditions are unpredictable? A number of SUR (Samhandling
Under Risk) structures are derived based on semantic theory construction,
and these are described in an overall definition and visualized in a model, which
in turn can form the basis of a SUR theory. These are organized under educational,
organizational and operational structures, as three superior competencies needed
to facilitate effective SUR. The essence is that there is a different basis for this type
of assessment than with traditional risk analysis, in order to achieve good samhandling
under risk and unforeseen conditions. This is concerned with what is needed
when little or nothing goes according to plan. It is then necessary to emphasize
on such matters more in depth and addition address other factors to achieve SUR
through samhandling where the conditions are predictable - where completed plans
and clear objectives work. For the learning level, valuation of inaccurate knowledge
and qualities is required to extract information from the disorder. For the
organizational level, it is important to create and/or maintain shared leadership
and at the operative level, improvisation is essential. When working with a SUR
paradigm, one must be able to accept unclear goals, be prepared to lose control
and create room for surprises. Leaders with SUR skills will be required to prepare organizations for this. Training and SUR should be incorporated into strategic
plans, management training and leadership development. An expansion of established
pedagogical models is also needed to achieve this aim. Invisible learning is
one approach. Samhandling does not simply happen in a vacuum, and the chapter
encourages further SUR research in a global perspective, where different languages
and cultures can contribute to enhanced understanding of SUR issues. As a starting
point for such an approach, we explore how the term is expressed in the Japanese
language. A more global approach to SUR structures can contribute to a deeper
understanding of what is needed, to avoid unwanted misunderstandings and crises,
learn from each other and solve complex and unforeseen situations through
samhandling."

The Immigrant Organising Process

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Book Series: IMISCoe Dissertations ISBN: 9789053568750 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.5117/9789053568750 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General) --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This study focuses on the emergence and persistence of immigrant organisations in host societies. The relevance of immigrant organisations for both the host society and the immigrants themselves has been effectively demonstrated in many different studies. However, the question why immigrant organisations emerge and why they often persist over a long period is not adequately answered. In this study a comparative approach is used to reveal the structural determinants of the immigrant organising process. Different theoretical perspectives are combined (immigration model, social movement theory and the organisational ecology model). It is this combination of models, which has not yet been done by other scholars, which determines the value of this study and the contribution to a better understanding of the immigrant organising process. A comparative method is used, analysing Turkish organisations in Amsterdam and Berlin and Surinamese organisations in Amsterdam (1960-2000), to explain the way in which the three explanatory models can be combined in one coherent explanation.

Evolution, Monitoring and Predicting Models of Rockburst: Precursor Information for Rock Failure

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ISBN: 9789811075476 9789811075483 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-7548-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: National Natural Science Foundation of China
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-26 16:34:23
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This open access book focuses on investigating predicting precursor information and key points of rockburst in mining engineering through laboratory experiment, theoretical analysis, numerical simulation and case studies. Understanding the evolution patterns for the microstructure instability of rock is a prerequisite for rockburst prediction. The book provides a guide for readers seeking to understand the evolution patterns for the microstrucure of rock failure, the predicting key point of rock failure and the rockburst predicting model. It will be an essential reference to understand mechanism of rockburst and sheds new light on dynamic disasters prediction. Chapters are carefully developed to cover (1) The evolution patterns for the microstructure instability of rock; (2) Rockburst hazard monitoring and predicting criterion and predicting models. The book addresses the issue with a holistic and systematic approach that investigates the occurrence mechanism of rockburst based on the evolution patterns for the microstructure of rock failure and establishes the predicting model of rockburst.This book will be of interest to researchers of mining engineering, rock mechanics engineering and safety engineering.

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