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25 Military Strategies for Samhandling in Unforeseen Situations (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 14 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch25 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08

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"The purpose of this chapter is twofold. Firstly, a rather paradoxical situation
will be discussed. Even though most military practitioners seem to agree
on the characteristics of war, two almost diametrically-opposed norms for how to
samhandle have arisen: a centralized one and a decentralized one. We argue that the
decentralized approach, called Auftragstaktik, is the most effective. In the second
part of the chapter we discuss the pedagogical challenge of educating personnel to
thrive in a decentralized organization, which must operate effectively in unforeseen
and threatening environments. Based on the teachings of Moltke the Elder (1800–
1891) and the much more recent writings of Torgersen, Steiro and Saeverot (2015),
we argue that a crucial step in educating for the unforeseen is to give the students
the opportunity to solve new problems by themselves, gaining experience that is, as
far as possible, self-generated and thereby becoming more aware and confident in
dealing with new situations."

Understanding Society and Natural Resources: Forging New Strands of Integration Across the Social Sciences

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789401789592 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-8959-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 311819
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:22:42

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In this edited volume leading scholars from different disciplinary backgrounds wrestle with social science integration opportunities and challenges. This book explores the growing concern of how best to achieve effective integration of the social science disciplines as a means for furthering natural resource social science and environmental problem solving. The chapters provide an overview of the history, vision, advances, examples and methods that could lead to integration. The quest for integration among the social sciences is not new. Some argue that the social sciences have lagged in their advancements and contributions to society due to their inability to address integration related issues. Integration merits debate for a number of reasons. First, natural resource issues are complex and are affected by multiple proximate driving social factors. Single disciplinary studies focused at one level are unlikely to provide explanations that represent this complexity and are limited in their ability to inform policy recommendations. Complex problems are best explored across disciplines that examine social-ecological phenomenon from different scales. Second, multi-disciplinary initiatives such as those with physical and biological scientists are necessary to understand the scope of the social sciences. Too frequently there is a belief that one social scientist on a multi-disciplinary team provides adequate social science representation. Third, more complete models of human behavior will be achieved through a synthesis of diverse social science perspectives.

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