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The Electoral Consequences of Third Way Welfare State Reforms

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Book Series: Changing Welfare States ISBN: 9789089644503 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_452435 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2013-08-30 21:36:10
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In all advanced Western nations, policy-makers have implemented encompassing welfare state reforms in recent decades breaking with past welfare arrangements. In particular, social democracy engaged in significant policy change under the Third Way paradigm and broke with its traditional reputation on welfare that had built the ties with the core constituency in the 20th century. The Electoral Consequences of Third Way Welfare State Reforms: Social Democracy’s Transformation and its Political Costs provides a comparative study of the electoral consequences of Third Way welfare state reforms. The book demonstrates that Third Way reforms went against the social policy preferences of social democracy’s core voters and indeed produced an electoral setback for social democrats at the ballots. Moreover, and accounting for cross-national variation, the analysis shows that the nature of the setback is contingent on the electoral system and the party competition social democrats face when reforming the welfare state.

Keywords

welfare state

Public Administration in an Information Age - A Handbook

Authors: ---
Book Series: Informatization Developments and the Public Sector ISSN: 09289038 22123709 ISBN: 9789051993950 9781607509523 Year: Volume: 6 Pages: 600 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-60750-952-3-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-08 18:06:28
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"This book is a joint effort of researchers who have been involved in research-projects and programmes that have been trying to chart and reflect upon the implications of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for Public Administration. Since the 1950s, computers had largely facilitated and the transformation of the minimal 'Night-Watch-state' into the modern 'Welfare-state', through their contribution to their effectivity, productivity and efficiency. In most Handbooks of Public Administration, computers are seen as neutral instruments and, most of the time, the role of computer technologies in the transformation of public administration is completely neglected. This 'deafening silence' is a great contrast with the way ICT's are actually changing public administration. The faster the developments in a field of study are, the more difficult it is to let the theories, related to that field of study, mature. In such circumstances, most statements will remain provisional and context-dependent. 25 years of research in Irvine (California) and Kassel (Germany) and more than 10 years of research in Tilburg/Rotterdam (The Netherlands) and about seven years of research in Glasgow/Nottingham (the United Kingdom) nonetheless enables the presentation of a modest image of public administration as it is entering the information age. Researchers in each of these groups have, nevertheless, not stopped trying to phrase theories about the implications of informatization for public administration with a more or less larges scope, that are robust in different contexts and over longer periods of time. These results and theories, covering a broad set of elements of the body of knowledge of public administration, are presented in this volume. As the authors try to demonstrate in this book, informatization developments in public administration do not only challenge the existing body of knowledge of the public administration discipline, but they are also opening up new perspectives and paradigms for the study of public administration."

Politiques d’éducation artistique et culturelle : rôle et action des collectivités locales

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ISBN: 9782111398962 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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Le développement de politiques d’éducation artistique et culturelle initiées par les collectivités territoriales depuis une vingtaine d’années donne lieu aujourd’hui à une mosaïque de dispositifs. À partir d’une observation menée en Nord – Pas-de-Calais et dans les Pays de la Loire, et après une présentation de la structuration de la politique d’éducation artistique et culturelle entre État et collectivités territoriales d’un point de vue historique, l’étude analyse les différentes configurations et stratégies développées à l’échelon territorial. Cinq configurations types sont identifiées : une politique d’éducation artistique et culturelle intégrée à la politique locale, une politique ciblée autour d’une discipline (spectacle vivant par exemple), une gouvernance multipolaire, une approche segmentée où acteurs et dispositifs se juxtaposent et enfin une mise en œuvre externalisée. Enfin, l’étude rappelle que le contexte de mutation politique et technologique est propice à une redéfinition du sens de l’action publique et de ses modalités en faveur notamment du développement des actions d’éducation artistique et culturelle.

La gratuité dans les musées et monuments en France : Quelques indicateurs de mobilisation des visiteurs

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782111398894 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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Au cours du premier semestre 2008, une expérimentation des effets de la gratuité totale sur la fréquentation et les publics a été menée auprès de quatorze institutions nationales, dix musées et quatre monuments dépendant du ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, des ministères de la Défense et de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche. Au-delà de l’augmentation de la fréquentation, l’enquête visait à évaluer l’effet de la gratuité sur la diversification des publics. Les résultats montrent que la gratuité a permis d’augmenter très significativement le nombre d’entrées, et que les étudiants, et plus généralement les jeunes âgés de moins de trente ans ont été les plus mobilisés, même si l’on observe un plébiscite de la gratuité auprès de tous les groupes sociaux. Qu’il s’agisse du public déjà familier des musées et plus encore des primo-visiteurs, l’effet accélérateur de la gratuité sur la démocratisation de l’accès aux institutions muséales est manifeste.

Breaking Down the State: Protestors Engaged

Authors: ---
Book Series: Protest and Social Movements ISBN: 9789089647597 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.5117/9789089647597 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 11:01:26
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In this important book, Jan Willem Duyvendak and James M. Jasper bring together an internationally acclaimed group of contributors to demonstrate the complexities of the social and political spheres in various areas of public policy. By breaking down the state into the players who really make decisions and pursue coherent strategies, these essays provide new perspectives on the interactions between political protestors and the many parts of the state—from courts, political parties, and legislators to police, armies, and intelligence services. By analyzing politics as the interplay of various players within structured arenas, Breaking Down the State provides an innovative look at law and order versus opposition movements in countries across the globe.

Keywords

the state --- protest --- social movements --- arenas --- strategy --- players

Late-career Risks in Changing Welfare States

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Book Series: Changing Welfare States ISBN: 9789089646774 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_621791 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-04 11:01:17
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Motivated by debates about welfare state retrenchment and growing economic insecurity, this book takes a closer look at the situation of older workers in Germany and the US. It first provides an in-depth account of country differences in key social programs - and of crucial changes since the 1980s. To better understand the impact of these changes on the lives of ordinary citizens, the second part of the book uses household panel data to examine the changing financial consequences of late-career job loss and retirement. Income losses due to men's retirement have grown in both countries, consistent with gradual declines in the generosity of public pension schemes and other public programs. In the US, income trajectories have also become more heterogeneous, with more workers suffering very large income losses and having low income after retirement. Changes in employer-sponsored pensions, in particular the rise of defined-contribution plans, appear to have been a major factor behind this trend. In Germany, where generous early retirement options were phased out after the mid-1990s, there is evidence that workers are paying a growing price for late-career job loss or health problems, which often lead to involuntary early retirement.

Plague, Quarantines and Geopolitics in the Ottoman Empire

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ISBN: 9780748646593 9781474423397 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_625255 Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100107
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:15
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Did you know that many of the greatest and most colourful Ottoman statesmen and literary figures from the 15th to the early 20th century considered plague as a grave threat to their empire? And did you know that many Ottomans applauded the establishment of a quarantine against the disease in 1838 as a tool to resist British and French political and commercial penetration? Or that later Ottoman sanitation effort to prevent urban outbreaks would help engender the Arab revolt against the empire in 1916? Birsen Bulmus explores these facts in an engaging study of Ottoman plague treatise writers throughout their almost 600-year struggle with this epidemic disease. Along the way, she addresses the political, economic and social consequences of the methods they used to combat it.

Religious minorities, integration and the State; État, minorités religieuses et intégration

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Religion and Law in Medieval Christian and Muslim Societies ISBN: 9782503564999 Year: Pages: 230 Language: English|French
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion --- Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-07 11:02:38
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Judaism, Christianity and Islam have coexisted in Europe for over 1300 years. The three monotheistic faiths differ in demography, in the moment of their arrival on the continent and in the unequal relations they maintain with power: Christianity was chosen by a large number of inhabitants and became — in spite of important differences according to place and time —a religion of state. The organization of the continent into states and the divisions within Christianity often placed minorities in an unstable and at times painful situation. This partially explains the fight against "heresies", the wars of religions, the expulsion of Jews from several European kingdoms (as well as the expulsion of Muslims from Sicily and the Iberian peninsula), the "Jewish question" in the 19th century up until the Holocaust. Since the 20th century, the debates concerning Islam and concerning public expression of religion are shaped in part by this past. The 13 studies gathered in this volume explore the ways in which states have treated their religious minorities. We study various policies — repression, supervision, integration, tolerance, secularization, indifference — as well as the many ways in which minorities have accommodated the majority’s demands. The relation is by no means one-sided: on the contrary, state policies have created resistance, negotiation (on the legal, political, and cultural fronts) or compromise. Through these precise and original examples, we can see how the protagonists (states, religious institutions, the elite, the faithful) interact, try to convince or influence each other in order to transform practices, invent and implement common norms and grounds, all the while knowing the confessional dimension of "religious" majority and minority does not fully embrace the identity of each citizen in full.

Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780748678662 9781474431200 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_625284 Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100155
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:03:11
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This book looks at how modern philosophers pass on myths about prehistory.Why do political philosophers talk so much about the Stone Age? The state of nature, the origin of property, the origin of government, and the primordial nature of inequality and war are popular topics in political philosophy, but are they being used as more than just illustrative examples? Does the best available evidence from archaeology and anthropology support or conflict with the stories being passed on by political philosophers?This book presents a philosophical look at the origin of civilization, examining political theories to show how claims about prehistory are used and presents evidence that much of what we think we know about human origins comes not from scientific investigation but from the imagination of philosophers.

Quel(s) territoire(s) pour les équipes artistiques de spectacle vivant

Author:
ISBN: 9782111399112 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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Comment les équipes artistiques de spectacle vivant déploient-elles leurs activités de création et de diffusion sur un territoire d’implantation ? Par quelles stratégies consolident-elles l’ancrage territorial ou favorisent-elles la mobilité, au sein et au-delà du territoire régional ? À partir de l’exploitation de données administratives et d’une enquête qualitative menée en Alsace et en Lorraine, l’étude distingue deux réseaux de diffusion qui structurent l’espace culturel régional : un réseau primaire qui regroupe les grandes salles privées et les salles labellisées par l’État, et un réseau secondaire où l’on retrouve des établissements soutenus par l’État et les collectivités territoriales et des salles privées de moindre envergure commerciale. En outre, un réseau qualifié de parallèle offre également des opportunités de diffusion aux artistes, à des conditions d’emploi et de rémunération satisfaisants : réseau scolaire et employeurs occasionnels du secteur privé, pour de l’animation musicale par exemple. Résidant majoritairement dans les métropoles régionales qui concentrent aussi équipements et employeurs culturels, les équipes artistiques de spectacle vivant déploient des logiques différenciées qui renforcent l’attachement ou la mobilité, subis ou choisis selon les cas. Alors que l’ancrage territorial des équipes artistiques est nécessaire pour solliciter l’obtention d’un financement auprès des collectivités territoriales et peut aussi être le signe d’un attachement positif, la mobilité au-delà du territoire d’implantation permet d’accéder au réseau primaire de diffusion, de diversifier les employeurs et d’élargir la notoriété.

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