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Religious Architecture

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ISBN: 9789089645111 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_456162 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2013-10-25 22:30:54
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Religious Architecture: Anthropological Perspectives develops an anthropological perspective on modern religious architecture, including mosques, churches and synagogues. Borrowing from a range of theoretical perspectives on space-making and material religion, this volume looks at how religious buildings take their place in opposition to the secular surroundings, how they, as evocations of the sublime, help believers to move beyond the boundaries of modern subjectivity, and how they, in their common sense definition, function as community centers in urban daily life. The volume includes contributions from a range of anthropologists working in the UK, Mali, Brazil, Spain and Italy.

Keywords

architecture --- religion

Romantic Modernism

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ISBN: 9789089641038 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.5117/9789089641038 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Construction --- History --- Architecture --- History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Is it possible for conservationists to approve of the reconstruction of old façades when virtually everything behind them is modern? Should they continue to protect the front façade, when the rest of the historic building has vanished? Is it socially responsible to spend government money on reconstructing a historic building that has been completely destroyed? Can one do such a thing fifty years on? According to reigning ideas in the world of conservation, the answer to all these questions is 'no'. It is felt that building a stage set is dishonest, and rebuilding something that no longer exists is labelled a lie against history. Where does this predilection for honesty originate? And why do people prefer modern architecture to the reconstruction of what has been lost? Perhaps we are witnessing the legacy of Functionalism here, a movement that denounced the building of pseudo-architecture. Functionalism originated in Romanticism, when architects turned their backs on academic formalism and strove to invent a new, rational form of building. This romantic hunger for honesty was adopted by the conservationists, giving rise to a new respect for the authentic art work and a rejection of historicist restorations. Among conservationists too, distaste arose for the cultivation of a harmonious urban image, because an urban image that is maintained artificially 'old' was seen as a form of fraud.

Indian Islamic Architecture

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789004163393 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101510
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-31 11:01:04
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The British scholar John Burton-Page contributed numerous formative articles on Indian Islamic architecture for the Encyclopaedia of Islam over a period of 25 years. Assembled here for the first time, these offer an insightful overview of the subject, ranging from the earliest mosques and tombs erected by the Delhi sultans in the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries, to the great monuments of the Mughal emperors dating from the 16th and 17th centuries. The articles cover the principal forms of Indian Islamic architecture -- mosques, tombs, minarets, forts, gateways and water structures -- as well as the most important sites and their monuments. Unsurpassed for their compression of information, these succinct articles serve as the best possible introduction to the subject, indispensible for both students and travellers. The articles are supplemented by a portfolio of photographs especially selected for the volume, as well as a glossary and up to date bibliography.

Keywords

Arts --- Arts --- architecture --- india --- islam --- Indian Islamic

L'insertion professionnelle des diplômés de l'enseignement supérieur Culture

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ISBN: 9782111399396 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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L’enseignement supérieur relevant du ministère de la Culture et de la Communication compte une centaine d’établissements dispensant des formations dans les domaines de l’architecture, de l’art, du spectacle, du patrimoine et du cinéma. Ces établissements supérieurs délivrent 44 diplômes de fin de cycle. Parmi les 5 500 étudiants sortants qui ont obtenu l’un de ces diplômes en 2011, l’enquête concerne ceux qui sont entrés dans la vie active. En 2014, trois ans après leur entrée sur le marché du travail, ils sont 86 % à travailler et huit diplômés sur dix exercent une activité dans le champ de leur diplôme. Le taux d’insertion diffère toutefois selon les filières : si 94 % des diplômés du spectacle sont actifs, ils sont 85 % dans le secteur de l’architecture et 82 % pour les diplômés des arts plastiques. De même, les conditions d’emploi ne sont pas identiques selon les filières. Trois ans après l’obtention de leur diplôme, les jeunes architectes exercent des emplois stables (71 % des actifs sont salariés), bien rémunérés (en moyenne 23 900 euros net annuels en 2014) et centrés sur leur cœur de métier. Les diplômés des arts plastiques, en revanche, ont des formes d’emploi plus précaires. Ils sont un sur deux à être salarié dont près de la moitié (46 %) sous contrat à durée déterminée. Les diplômés de la filière design et graphisme, les mieux rémunérés, perçoivent en moyenne 20 000 euros annuels nets en 2014, tandis que les diplômés en option art déclarent des revenus beaucoup plus faibles (12 000 euros annuels en moyenne). Dans le spectacle vivant, les conditions d’emploi varient d’une discipline à l’autre : si les diplômés de la filière musicale sont très majoritairement salariés du secteur public (69 %) et ne comptent que 16 % de bénéficiaires du régime de l’intermittence, ils sont 88 % à bénéficier de ce régime spécifique de protection sociale parmi les diplômés des arts du théâtre, du cirque et des marionnettes. Dans la filière du spectacle, les rémunérations moyennes sont plus faibles (17 200 euros nets annuels). Enfin, quelles que soient la filière de formation et l’activité exercée trois ans après l’obtention du diplôme, les diplômés de l’enseignement supérieur Culture sont 86 % à s’épanouir dans leur activité professionnelle.

Lord of the Wings - The Making of Free Form Architecture

Authors: ---
Book Series: Research in Architectural Engineering Series ISSN: 18736033 18798225 ISBN: 9781614995494 9781614995500 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-550-0-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 15:14:29
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Buildings are neither conceived nor realized by architects in a vacuum; the architect forms part of a larger team of builders, craftsmen, engineers and other experts who join forces to bring together their diverse fields of knowledge.This book describes the design and development of the building process for the wings at the Yitzhak Rabin Centre in Tel Aviv, and demonstrates how collaborative building, technical design and development can lead in an integrated and innovative, but risky process to an extreme innovation, an Octatube ‘Moonshot’. The challenge posed by the Rabin Centre wings was to develop an entirely novel technology for constructing free form shells. It is necessary for many disciplines to collaborate in such a process, and these must be coordinated throughout the entire process, including all of its unforeseen and experimental stages. The results of the process then have to be integrated into one technical artifact that satisfies all requirements and delivers effective answers or compromises in all of its life phases, be that conceptual design, material design, detail design, engineering, production, assembly, installation, loading behavior, functional use as a building, meaning of the building as an artifact (even as architecture) and, in both its local and global context, in its meaning as an integral part of the building.

Quality in Design and Execution of Engineering Practice

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Book Series: Research in Design Series ISSN: 15697258 18798233 ISBN: 9781614992516 9781614992523 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-252-3 Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2013-10-11 13:10:48
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Quality in Design and Execution of Engineering Practice is about quality management focused at fitness for purpose, rather than compliance with specifications, rules and regulations. The focus on getting execution in line with fitness for purpose is supported by a classification of seven different categories of quality, defined by their relevance for purpose, compliance with specifications, and actual execution. This classification facilitates decision making on desirable exemptions from specifications in the interest of both buyer and supplier. The author offers guidelines for quality management in different types of business units: License Giver, License Taker, Jobber and Consultant. Real life examples illustrate the author’s approach, which concerns a mindset rather than a recipe for effective quality management. The book is of interest to any manager who is striving for superior quality of products and services for his customers.

The House as a Product

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Book Series: Research in Architectural Engineering Series ISSN: 18736033 18798225 ISBN: 9781614995470 9781614995487 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-548-7-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 15:28:37
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Industrialized housing has been a common phenomenon in the building industry since the industrial revolution; the casting of iron components enabled Victorian iron casters to prefabricate entire buildings and to export them to all British colonies. It got a second boost from Modernist architects like Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Walter Gropius and Konrad Wachsmann; and a third boost in the US when the soldiers came back from the Second World War in 1945 and wanted to buy a ready-made house. In the later decades of the 20th century composite prototypes were built. Timber frame houses are extremely popular in low density areas worldwide. For densely populated areas housing is now firmly attached to reinforced concrete. The contracting industries have developed efficient building methods for the concrete structures on which separate systems of claddings are fixed to form a house.However, in the coming decades, designers, builders and scientists also have to keep the environment in mind, working with a minimal amount of materials, and for minimizing embodied energy and energy use. In the coming age minimal embodied energy and low ecological footprints are renewed values that will be added to energy-positive housing and that will have an influence on the building technology of the future. This will lead to a reformation of the building vocabulary. Other materials will have to be chosen and developed to function in building elements and components.

On the Jewish Legacy in Viennese Architecture

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ISBN: 9783205202653 Year: Pages: 256 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_612510 Language: English
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 269
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-22 11:01:14
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A survey of the role played by jewish architects working in Vienna in the period between 1868-1938.

Lectures on Innovation in Building Technology - Lecture Articles for Students of Architecture Delft 1992-2015 | Nottingham 2005-2011

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ISBN: 9781614995555 9781614995562 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-556-2-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-04 12:31:12
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This book is a collection of articles written in recent years and used in lectures for students at the Faculty of Architecture at Delft and at Nottingham University. The lectures and articles are based on a mixture of innovations in academia and industry. They elucidate the relationship between architecture and building technology, as well as high technology, transfer of technology, innovative design, development and research in the Chair of Product Development at TU Delft. With his experience in both industry and academia, Eekhout’s goal is to bridge the gap between the two worlds and to stimulate them both, to prepare students to be inventive, innovative and daring enough to materialize their own dreams in practice. The lecture articles are based on the adventures and experiences in Mick Eekhout’s design & build experimental laboratory cum factory, which works on projects all over the world, and for many interesting clients. Eekhout was able to develop an innovative technical vocabulary for lightweight structures and claddings in architecture and encourages students to attempt the same.

Exploring the Visual Landscape - Advances in Physiognomic Landscape Research in the Netherlands

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Research in Urbanism Series ISSN: 18750192 18798217 ISBN: 9781607508328 9781607508335 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 464 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-60750-833-5-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2012-11-23 16:28:12
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Exploring the Visual Landscape is about the combination of landscape research and planning, visual perception and Geographic Information Science. It showcases possible ways of getting a grip on themes like: landscape openness, cluttering of the rural landscape, high-rise buildings in relation to cityscape, historic landscapes and motorway panoramas. It offers clues for visual landscape assessment of spaces in cities, parks and rural areas. In that respect, it extends the long tradition in the Netherlands on physiognomic landscape research and shows the state of the art at this moment. Exploring the Visual Landscape offers important clues for theory, methodology and application in research and development of landscapes all over the world, from a specifically Dutch academic context. It provides a wide range of insights into the psychological background of landscape perception, the technical considerations of geomatics and methodology in landscape architecture, urban planning and design. Furthermore, there are some experiences worthwhile considering, which demonstrate how this research can be applied in the practice of landscape policy making.

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