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Computation and the Humanities: Towards an Oral History of Digital Humanities

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Book Series: Springer Series on Cultural Computing ISSN: 2195-9056 ISBN: 9783319201696 9783319201702 Year: Pages: 285 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-20170-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Arts in general --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-02 09:53:09
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This book addresses the application of computing to cultural heritage and the discipline of Digital Humanities that formed around it. Digital Humanities research is transforming how the Human record can be transmitted, shaped, understood, questioned and imagined and it has been ongoing for more than 70 years. However, we have no comprehensive histories of its research trajectory or its disciplinary development. The authors make a first contribution towards remedying this by uncovering, documenting, and analysing a number of the social, intellectual and creative processes that helped to shape this research from the 1950s until the present day.By taking an oral history approach, this book explores questions like, among others, researchers’ earliest memories of encountering computers and the factors that subsequently prompted them to use the computer in Humanities research.Computation and the Humanities will be an essential read for cultural and computing historians, digital humanists and those interested in developments like the digitisation of cultural heritage and artefacts.

Telecommunication Economics: Selected Results of the COST Action IS0605

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 03029743 ISBN: 9783642303814 9783642303821 Year: Volume: 7216 Pages: 265 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-30382-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Manufactures --- Business and Management --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Media and communication --- General and Civil Engineering --- Computer Science --- Transportation
Added to DOAB on : 2012-08-16 16:43:16
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This book constitutes a collaborative and selected documentation of the scientific outcome of the European COST Action IS0605 Econ@Tel "A Telecommunications Economics COST Network" which run from October 2007 to October 2011. Involving experts from around 20 European countries, the goal of Econ@Tel was to develop a strategic research and training network among key people and organizations in order to enhance Europe's competence in the field of telecommunications economics. Reflecting the organization of the COST Action IS0605 Econ@Tel in working groups the following four major research areas are addressed: - evolution and regulation of communication ecosystems; - social and policy implications of communication technologies; - economics and governance of future networks; - future networks management architectures and mechanisms.

Preparing for Life in a Digital Age: The IEA International Computer and Information Literacy Study International Report

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ISBN: 9783319142210 9783319142227 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 308 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-14222-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Education --- Business and Management --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-24 16:52:32
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Ability to use information and communication technologies (ICT) is an imperative for effective participation in today’s digital age. Schools worldwide are responding to the need to provide young people with that ability. But how effective are they in this regard? The IEA International Computer and Information Literacy Study (ICILS) responded to this question by studying the extent to which young people have developed computer and information literacy (CIL), which is defined as the ability to use computers to investigate, create and communicate with others at home, school, the workplace and in society.The study was conducted under the auspices of the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) and builds on a series of earlier IEA studies focusing on ICT in education.Data were gathered from almost 60,000 Grade 8 students in more than 3,300 schools from 21 education systems. This information was augmented by data from almost 35,000 teachers in those schools and by contextual data collected from school ICT-coordinators, school principals and the ICILS national research centers.The IEA ICILS team systematically investigated differences among the participating countries in students’ CIL outcomes, how participating countries were providing CIL-related education and how confident teachers were in using ICT in their pedagogical practice. The team also explored differences within and across countries with respect to relationships between CIL education outcomes and student characteristics and school contexts.In general, the study findings presented in this international report challenge the notion of young people as “digital natives” with a self-developed capacity to use digital technology. The large variations in CIL proficiency within and across the ICILS countries suggest it is naive to expect young people to develop CIL in the absence of coherent learning programs. Findings also indicate that system- and school-level planning needs to focus on increasing teacher expertise in using ICT for pedagogical purposes if such programs are to have the desired effect.The report furthermore presents an empirically derived scale and description of CIL learning that educational stakeholders can reference when deliberating about CIL education and use to monitor change in CIL over time.

New Horizons for a Data-Driven Economy: A Roadmap for Usage and Exploitation of Big Data in Europe

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ISBN: 9783319215686 9783319215693 Year: Pages: 303 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-21569-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Media and communication --- Business and Management --- Information theory --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-08 17:30:33
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In this book readers will find technological discussions on the existing and emerging technologies across the different stages of the big data value chain. They will learn about legal aspects of big data, the social impact, and about education needs and requirements. And they will discover the business perspective and how big data technology can be exploited to deliver value within different sectors of the economy.

The Future Internet: Future Internet Assembly 2011: Achievements and Technological Promises

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 03029743 ISBN: 9783642208973 9783642208980 Year: Volume: 6656 Pages: 465 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-20898-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Media and communication --- Manufactures --- Transportation --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-08-16 16:43:16
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Irrespective of whether we use economic or societal metrics, the Internet is one of the most important technical infrastructures in existence today. It will be a catalyst for much of our innovation and prosperity in the future. A competitive Europe will require Internet connectivity and services beyond the capabilities offered by current technologies. Future Internet research is therefore a must. This book is published in full compliance with the Open Access publishing initiative; it is based on the research carried out within the Future Internet Assembly (FIA). It contains a sample of representative results from the recent FIA meetings spanning a broad range of topics, all being of crucial importance for the future Internet. The book includes 32 contributions and has been structured into the following sections, each of which is preceded by a short introduction:Foundations: architectural issues; socio-economic issues; security and trust; and experiments and experimental design. Future Internet Areas: networks, services, and content; and applications.

The Future Internet: Future Internet Assembly 2013: Validated Results and New Horizons

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 03029743 ISBN: 9783642380815 9783642380822 Year: Volume: 7858 Pages: 369 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-38082-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:15:49
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Opening Science: The Evolving Guide on How the Internet is Changing Research, Collaboration and Scholarly Publishing

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ISBN: 9783319000251 9783319000268 Year: Pages: 339 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-00026-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-13 10:39:36
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Modern information and communication technologies, together with a cultural upheaval within the research community, have profoundly changed research in nearly every aspect. Ranging from sharing and discussing ideas in social networks for scientists to new collaborative environments and novel publication formats, knowledge creation and dissemination as we know it is experiencing a vigorous shift towards increased transparency, collaboration and accessibility. Many assume that research workflows will change more in the next 20 years than they have in the last 200. This book provides researchers, decision makers, and other scientific stakeholders with a snapshot of the basics, the tools, and the underlying visions that drive the current scientific (r)evolution, often called ‘Open Science.’

Preparing for Life in a Digital World

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783030387815 Year: Pages: 297 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38781-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-17 00:00:07
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This Open Access book summarizes the key findings from the second cycle of IEA’s International Computer and Information Literacy Study (ICILS), conducted in 2018. ICILS seeks to establish how well schools around the globe are responding to the need to provide young people with the necessary digital participatory competencies. Effective use of information and communication technologies (ICT) is an imperative for successful participation in an increasingly digital world. ICILS 2018 explores international differences in students’ computer and information literacy (CIL), namely their ability to use computers to investigate, create, and communicate at home, at school, in the workplace, and in the community. Participating countries also had an option to administer an assessment of students’ computational thinking (CT), focused on their ability to recognize aspects of real-world problems appropriate for computational formulation, and to evaluate and develop algorithmic solutions to those problems, so that the solutions could be operationalized with a computer. The data collected by ICILS 2018 show how digital competencies can be assessed using instruments representing authentic contexts for ICT use, and how students’ CIL and CT skills relate to school learning experiences, out-of-school contexts, and student characteristics. Those data also show how learning technologies are used in classrooms around the world. Background questionnaires asked students about their use of ICT, and collected information from teachers, schools, and national education systems about the resourcing and teaching of CIL (and CT) within their countries. The results of ICILS 2018 will enable policymakers and education systems to develop a better understanding of the contexts and outcomes of CIL (and CT) education programs.

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