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The Role of Community-Mindedness in the Self-Regulation of Drug Cultures

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ISBN: 9789400738607 Year: Pages: 379 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-3861-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Psychology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-05-21 00:00:00
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This book analyzes heroin users and the drug subculture on the Shetland Islands, an area known for its geographical remoteness, rural character and relative wealth. It fills the scientific gap created by the conventional research in heroin research, which is usually conducted in urban areas and relies on treatment and prison populations. Based on qualitative, in-depth interviews with twenty-four heroin users, this book depicts and analyzes the nature and historical development of the local heroin scene. It illustrates the features and internal structures of the subculture, and it examines the manner in which both are influenced by the location-specific geographical, cultural and socio-economic conditions. It thus reveals complex causal associations that are hard to recognize in urban environments. Complete with a list of references used and recommendations for future research, this book is a vital tool for progressive and pragmatic approaches to policy, intervention and research in the field of illicit drug use.

Vergleichsweise menschlich?: Ambulante Sanktionen als Alternative zur Freiheitsentziehung aus europäischer Perspektive

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Strafvollzugsarchivs ISSN: 23655178 ISBN: 9783658089641 9783658089658 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-08965-8 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-08 17:42:24
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Ambulante Sanktionen gelten oftmals als menschliche Alternative zur Freiheitsentziehung. Der eigene Eingriffscharakter, die Perspektive der Betroffenen und die Erweiterung des Netzes sozialer Kontrolle werden übersehen. Die Übertragung von Sanktionspraktiken zwischen Rechtskulturen erfordert menschenrechtliche Minimalstandards. Zudem fehlen Kontrollgruppen-Studien und insbesondere ein Vergleich zur Non-Intervention. Anstelle naiver Übertragung einer (vermeintlichen) „best practice“ wird empfohlen, den Blick von „nothing works“ auf eine Auseinandersetzung mit der Möglichkeit zu richten, dass „nothing works“.

Colonial Systems of Control

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Book Series: Alternative Perspectives in Criminology ISBN: 9780776606668 9780776617497 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627412 Language: English
Publisher: Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100671
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-05 11:01:53
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A pioneering book on prisons in West Africa, Colonial Systems of Control: Criminal Justice in Nigeria is the first comprehensive presentation of life inside a West African prison. Chapters by prisoners inside Kirikiri maximum security prison in Lagos, Nigeria are published alongside chapters by scholars and activists. While prisoners document the daily realities and struggles of life inside a Nigerian prison, scholar and human rights activist Viviane Saleh-Hanna provides historical, political, and academic contexts and analyses of the penal system in Nigeria. The European penal models and institutions imported to Nigeria during colonialism are exposed as intrinsically incoherent with the community-based conflict-resolution principles of most African social structures and justice models. This book presents the realities of imprisonment in Nigeria while contextualizing the colonial legacies that have resulted in the inhumane brutalities that are endured on a daily basis.

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