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Everywhere Taksim: Sowing the Seeds for a New Turkey at Gezi

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Book Series: Protest and Social Movements ISBN: 9789089648075 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.5117/9789089648075 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-28 11:01:12
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In May 2013, a small group of protesters made camp in Istanbul's Taksim Square, protesting the privatisation of what had long been a vibrant public space. When the police responded to the demonstration with brutality, the protests exploded in size and force, quickly becoming a massive statement of opposition to the Turkish regime. This book assembles a collection of field research, data, theoretical analyses, and cross-country comparisons to show the significance of the protests both within Turkey and throughout the world.

Keywords

turkey --- protest --- social movements --- democracy

John Dewey

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ISBN: 9781526101020 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-26 11:01:19
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"This book argues that John Dewey should be read as a philosopher of globalization rather than as a 'local' American philosopher. Although Dewey's political philosophy was rooted in late nineteenth and early twentieth century America, it was more importantly about the role of America in a globalized world. In returning to, and recovering the neglected global dimensions of Dewey's political philosophy, the book highlights how his insights about globalization and democracy can inform present theoretical debates. John Narayan traces the emergence of Dewey as a global democrat through an examination of his work from The public and its problems (1927) onwards. Narayan shows how Dewey sets out an evolutionary form of global and national democracy in his work, that has not been fully appreciated even by contemporary scholars of pragmatism, and which offers valuable lessons for the twenty-first century and for our own hopes for global democracy."

Chapter 6. Partners into Competitors (Book chapter)

Book title: Nations and Citizens in Yugoslavia and the Post-Yugoslav States

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ISBN: 9781474221559 Year: Pages: 103-118 DOI: 10.5040/9781474221559.ch-007 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 230239
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-30 11:02:19
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The clash between civic and ethnic solidarity as well as diverse understanding of whom should be loyal to whom and who belong together turned decisive at the moment when the multi-party majority democracy was introduced in the Yugoslav republics. Democratic participation and political belonging clashed in Yugoslavia at the junction of Yugoslav citizenship, republican citizenship and ethnic membership. Yugoslavia’s initial democratization eventually exacerbated inter-republic and inter-ethnic conflicts which had been meticulously nurtured and controlled by those nationalist elites who were attempting to, by multi-party elections, accede to power or stay in power. In this context, messages sent from the West underscoring the importance of state consolidation for successful democratization did not pressure regional actors to redefine or reform their ethnically heterogeneous states towards greater pluralism. They reinforced the idea that a truly functional state could only be an ethnically homogenized nation-state. In multinational socialist federations, it ended up promoting ethnically based political communities in opposition to the existing civic-legal political communities at the republican level as basis for democracy. This chapter argues that this ethnocentric vision of citizenship immediately challenged the existing social realities and institutional settings, put in question the borders between the republics, and opened the doors for violence and war. In his book States and Power in Africa: Comparative Lessons in Authority and Control, Jeffrey Herbst describes the conflicts between the Zulu and early Dutch settlers over their opposing conceptions of sovereignty over territory and people. The Zulu believed that their political authority extended wherever people had pledged obedience to their king regardless of the territory where they happened to be. Also, ‘the Zulu believed that they could let the whites settle on land without giving up ownership’, whereas for the European whites, occupation over a certain territory also meant the ownership of that territory and control of the people that happened to be there (2000: 40–41). Extrapolated from its colonial context in which the Dutch colonizers wanted to absolutely dominate the colonized and take their land, the story could be interpreted as a clash between the conception of a political community based on ethnic, cultural, hereditary or maybe also declaratory loyalty and solidarity, regardless of existing political boundaries and polities in which the members of this community live, and a political community based on loyalty to the authorities governing a territory where one lives and, ideally, on solidarity with all those who happen to be on that territory under the same authorities. Modern states in reality often combine these two principles in a particular way: they often claim that their citizens or their ethnic kin abroad are bound to their polity and thus expect a loyalty and sometimes exercise an influence on diaspora members (who, in turn, are often interested in meddling in political affairs of the ‘old country’), but, internally, they always insist on undivided loyalty of the population they govern. Even further from its original South African situation, the clash between what we can generally call civic and ethnic solidarity, as well as different understandings of whom should be loyal to whom and who belonged together, turned crucial during the last years of Yugoslavia and decisive at the moment when the multi-party majority democracy was introduced in its republics.

Secularism or Democracy?

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Book Series: IMISCoe Research ISBN: 9789053569993 Year: Pages: 386 DOI: 10.5117/9789053569993 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Established institutions and policies of dealing with religious diversity in liberal democratic states are increasingly under pressure. Practical politics and political theory is caught in a trap between a fully secularized state (strict separation of state and politics from completely privatized religions based on an idealized version of American denominationalism or French republicanism) and neo-corporatist or 'pillarized' regimes of selective cooperation between states and organized religions. The book offers an original, comprehensive conceptual, theoretical and practical approach to problems of governance of religious diversity from a multi-disciplinary perspective combining moral and political philosophy, constitutional law, history, sociology and anthropology of religions and comparative institutionalism. Proposals of associative democracy - a moderately libertarian, flexible version of democratic institutional pluralism - are introduced and scrutinized whether they can serve as as plausible third way overcoming the inherent deficiencies of the predominant models in theory and practice.

Media and Participation: A site of ideological-democratic struggle

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ISBN: 9781841504070 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_606390 Language: English
Publisher: Intellect
Subject: Media and communication --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-20 11:01:14
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Participation has become fashionable again, but at the same time it has always played a crucial role in our contemporary societies, and it has been omnipresent in a surprisingly large number of societal fields. In the case of the media sphere, the present-day media conjuncture is now considered to be the most participatory ever, but media participation has had a long and intense history. To deal with these paradoxes, this book looks at participation as a structurally unstable concept and as the object of a political-ideological struggle that makes it oscillate between minimalist and maximalist versions. This struggle is analysed in theoretical reflections in five fields (democracy, arts, development, spatial planning and media) and in eight different cases of media practice. These case studies also show participation’s close connection to power, identity, organization, technology and quality.

Ripples of Hope: How Ordinary People Resist Repression Without Violence

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Book Series: Protest and Social Movements ISBN: 9789089647481 Year: Pages: 328 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_611225 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 11:01:28
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In Ripples of Hope, Robert M. Press tells the stories of mothers, students, teachers, journalists, attorneys, and many others who courageously stood up for freedom and human rights against repressive rulers — and who helped bring about change through primarily nonviolent means. Global in application and focusing on Kenya, Liberia and Sierra Leone, this tribute to the strength of the human spirit also breaks new ground in social movement theories, showing how people on their own or in small groups can make a difference.

Shifting Baselines of Europe

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: X-Texte zu Kultur und Gesellschaft ISBN: 9783839439548 9783837639544 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.14361/9783839439548_978-3-8394-3954-8_Shifting Baselines of Europe_Jonas Staal in conversation wi Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-01 11:01:53
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This book opens the often narrow discourse on the future of Europe and criticises the false dichotomy between nationalism on the one hand and a neoliberal version of Europe on the other. Existing emancipatory projects from across the continent are presented together with reflections on strategies to achieve a democratic Europe beyond the nation state: from the municipal level to the level of transnational media, from technology and counter-surveillance to the systemic change provided by the commons movement and more. The shift towards a new way of thinking and doing politics is possible! With contributions by Etienne Balibar, Ulrike Guérot, Gesine Schwan, Renata Avila, Barbara Spinelli, Andreas Karitzis, Lorenzo Marsili, Jonas Staal, among others, and interviews with city governors from Madrid to Naples. ''"Anyone interested in survival in today's Europe, should read this book." – Srecko Horvat, Philosopher, DIEM25 ''"The ideas and projects presented in this book are exactly what the debate on Europe needs right now." – Saskia Sassen, Professor of Sociology, Columbia University

Zwischen Apologie und Ablehnung

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Book Series: Zürcher Beiträge zur Geschichtswissenschaft ISBN: 9783412501334 Year: Pages: 490 DOI: 10.7788/9783412502577 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Media and communication --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-06 11:02:00
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Although the Spanish dictatorship became socially acceptable during the Cold War, it was increasingly questioned in Switzerland. Moisés Prieto examines the perception of the media, the social sensitization and the thematization of this epoch of Spanish history in the eyes of the Swiss public.

Otto Bauer (1881-1938)

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Book Series: Historical Materialism Book Series ISBN: 9789004325838 Year: Volume: 121 Pages: 443 Seiten DOI: 10.1163/9789004325838 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 37
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-08 11:01:29
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This work depicts Otto Bauer as the main politician of the SDAP and attempts a critical-analytical interpretation of his socio-political theories, which are shown against the background of the debates within the First and Second Internationals, political events within the SDAP, the international workers' movement, and the socio-historical processes in Austria and Europe at the time.

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