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Education, Learning, Training

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Book Series: International Development Policy ISBN: 9789004281141 9789004281158 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: 240 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_613430 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 09:19:18
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In Education, Learning, Training: Critical Issues for Development, renowned scholars and practitioners examine shifts in global education policy and practice over the last 50 years.

Large-Scale Land Acquisitions

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Book Series: International Development Policy ISBN: 9789004304741 9789004304758 Year: Volume: 6 Pages: 320 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_613328 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 09:19:18
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This book examines large-scale land acquisitions, or

Life Cycle Management

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Book Series: LCA Compendium – The Complete World of Life Cycle Assessment ISSN: 2214-3505 ISBN: 9789401772204 9789401772211 Year: Pages: 353 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-7221-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-24 18:24:42
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This book provides insight into the Life Cycle Management (LCM) concept and the progress in its implementation. LCM is a management concept applied in industrial and service sectors to improve products and services, while enhancing the overall sustainability performance of business and its value chains. In this regard, LCM is an opportunity to differentiate through sustainability performance on the market place, working with all departments of a company such as research and development, procurement and marketing, and to enhance the collaboration with stakeholders along a company’s value chain. LCM is used beyond short-term business success and aims at long-term achievements by minimizing environmental and socio-economic burden, while maximizing economic and social value.

Enabling Asia to Stabilise the Climate

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ISBN: 9789812878250 9789812878267 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-287-826-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-27 11:08:44
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This book presents good practices in Asia and ASEAN countries for effectively promoting advances in response to climate change, which can help to achieve sustainable development in Asia and around the world. As a proposal, the aim is to influence the discussions at COP 21 by providing a positive agenda with concrete actions from an Asian perspective. The book is divided into three parts. Part 1 describes the greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction scenario from an Asian perspective and in line with global 2 ° targets. Based on modeling analysis, the studies demonstrate the theoretical potentials and send the policymakers at COP 21 the positive message that “Asia can reach the target.” As Asian countries vary in terms of their economic strength, country-specific scenario studies for the two giants China and India as well as for Japan and Vietnam are introduced to show the different approaches for each country. Part 2 shows successful examples of how modeling analysis are reflected in actual policy development, which provides practical guidelines to help policymakers develop their own roadmaps with stakeholder dialogue, not only in Asia but also in other regions of the world. The Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) roadmap development in Thailand as well as the Iskandar Malaysia project show at the country and city level how researchers and policymakers are working closely to succeed. Part 3 focuses on a number of sector-specific activities including transportation, forestry, capacity development, and inventory work in Asia. Rather than discussing the Low Carbon Society (LCS) concept in detail, the respective chapters highlight unique, concrete, and practically applicable examples from Asia, showing how Asian countries are addressing climate change mitigation issues in a collaborative manner, an approach that can be replicated in other regions. While the ultimate goal of this book is to facilitate international climate regime making, local government and international organizations (United Nations, World Bank, and others) officers, researchers, international NGO/NPOs, consultants, students (particularly those studying international relationships or environmental studies), as well as reporters will find this book useful in broadening their understanding of low-carbon development in Asia.

Taking Stock of Industrial Ecology

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ISBN: 9783319205700 9783319205717 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-20571-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-27 11:12:07
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How can we design more sustainable industrial and urban systems that reduce environmental impacts while supporting a high quality of life for everyone? What progress has been made towards reducing resource use and waste, and what are the prospects for more resilient, material-efficient economies? What are the environmental and social impacts of global supply chains and how can they be measured and improved?Such questions are at the heart of the emerging discipline of industrial ecology, covered in Taking Stock of Industrial Ecology. Leading authors, researchers and practitioners review how far industrial ecology has developed and current issues and concerns, with illustrations of what the industrial ecology paradigm has achieved in public policy, corporate strategy and industrial practice. It provides an introduction for students coming to industrial ecology and for professionals who wish to understand what industrial ecology can offer, a reference for researchers and practitioners and a source of case studies for teachers.

Bankieren voor een betere wereld. Nanno Kleiterp in gesprek met Marijn Wiersma

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ISBN: 9789462983502 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_624770 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-01 11:01:16
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In een wereld vol met grote uitdagingen als gevolg van klimaatverandering, economische ongelijkheid en migratie, biedt het boek Bankieren voor een betere wereld van Nanno Kleiterp en Marijn Wiersma een diep inzicht in de verbindende rol die ontwikkelingsbanken kunnen spelen bij duurzame ontwikkeling, welzijn en welvaart in de wereld. De publieke verontwaardiging over de financiële wereld behoort nog niet tot het verleden. Maar wat gebeurt er als banken investeren in duurzame en sociale ontwikkeling? Op een actuele en inspirerende wijze putten Kleiterp en Wiersma uit meer dan 45 jaar ervaring in ontwikkelingsbankieren en laten hun licht schijnen op de relevantie van ontwikkelingsbanken. Ze laten zien hoe ontwikkelingsbanken door een brug te slaan tussen overheid, bedrijfsleven en maatschappelijk middenveld de weg effenen voor noodzakelijke investeringen voor een betere toekomst. Lezers van het boek worden meegenomen in de ontwikkeling van FMO, de successen en de vele dilemma's. Soms vanuit een mondiaal perspectief, soms vanuit persoonlijke ervaring. Kleiterp en Wiersma verbinden op een openhartige wijze anekdotes over ontwikkeling, het bankwezen, ervaring met klanten en duurzaamheid tot een businessmodel dat winst door impact en impact door winst mogelijk maakt. Bankieren voor een betere wereld is een belangrijk en toegankelijk boek over duurzame, sociale ontwikkeling en verplichte literatuur voor bankiers, bedrijven, beleidsmakers en het maatschappelijk middenveld. Bankieren voor een betere wereld laat zien hoe ontwikkelingsbanken, de transitie naar een betere wereld versnellen.

River Basin Development and Human Rights in Eastern Africa — A Policy Crossroads

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ISBN: 9783319504681 9783319504698 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-50469-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-14 12:38:17
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This book offers a devastating look at deeply flawed development processes driven by international finance, African governments and the global consulting industry. It examines major river basin development underway in the semi-arid borderlands of Ethiopia, Kenya and South Sudan and its disastrous human rights consequences for a half-million indigenous people. The volume traces the historical origins of Gibe III megadam construction along the Omo River in Ethiopia—in turn, enabling irrigation for commercial-scale agricultural development and causing radical reduction of downstream Omo and (Kenya's) Lake Turkana waters. Presenting case studies of indigenous Dasanech and northernmost Turkana livelihood systems and Gibe III linked impacts on them, the author predicts agropastoral and fishing economic collapse, region-wide hunger with exposure to disease epidemics, irreversible natural resource destruction and cross-border interethnic armed conflict spilling into South Sudan. The book identifies fundamental failings of government and development bank impact assessments, including their distortion or omission of mandated transboundary assessment, cumulative effects of the Gibe III dam and its linked Ethiopia-Kenya energy transmission 'highway' project, key hydrologic and human ecological characteristics, major earthquake threat in the dam region and widespread expropriation and political repression. Violations of internationally recognized human rights, especially by the Ethiopian government but also the Kenyan government, are extensive and on the increase—with collaboration by the development banks, in breach of their own internal operational procedures. A policy crossroads has now emerged. The author presents the alternative to the present looming catastrophe—consideration of development suspension in order to undertake genuinely independent transboundary assessment and a plan for continued development action within a human rights framework—forging a sustainable future for the indigenous peoples now directly threatened and for their respective eastern Africa states. Claudia Carr’s book is a treasure of detailed information gathered over many years concerning river basin development of the Omo River in Ethiopia and its impact on the peoples of the lower Omo Basin and the Lake Turkana region in Kenya. It contains numerous maps, charts, and photographs not previously available to the public. The book is highly critical of the environmental and human rights implications of the Omo River hydropower projects on both the local ethnic communities in Ethiopia and on the downstream Turkana in Kenya. David Shinn Former Ambassador to Ethiopia and to Burkina Faso Adjust Professor of International Affairs, The George Washington University, Washington D.C.

Economics of Land Degradation and Improvement – A Global Assessment for Sustainable Development

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ISBN: 9783319191676 9783319191683 Year: Pages: 686 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-19168-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Environmental Sciences --- Manufactures --- Business and Management --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-08 16:53:56
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This volume deals with land degradation, which is occurring in almost all terrestrial biomes and agro-ecologies, in both low and high income countries and is stretching to about 30% of the total global land area. About three billion people reside in these degraded lands. However, the impact of land degradation is especially severe on livelihoods of the poor who heavily depend on natural resources. The annual global cost of land degradation due to land use and cover change (LUCC) and lower cropland and rangeland productivity is estimated to be about 300 billion USD. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) accounts for the largest share (22%) of the total global cost of land degradation. Only about 38% of the cost of land degradation due to LUCC - which accounts for 78% of the US$300 billion loss – is borne by land users and the remaining share (62%) is borne by consumers of ecosystem services off the farm. The results in this volume indicate that reversing land degradation trends makes both economic sense, and has multiple social and environmental benefits. On average, one US dollar investment into restoration of degraded land returns five US dollars. The findings of the country case studies call for increased investments into the rehabilitation and restoration of degraded lands, including through such institutional and policy measures as strengthening community participation for sustainable land management, enhancing government effectiveness and rule of law, improving access to markets and rural services, and securing land tenure. The assessment in this volume has been conducted at a time when there is an elevated interest in private land investments and when global efforts to achieve sustainable development objectives have intensified. In this regard, the results of this volume can contribute significantly to the ongoing policy debate and efforts to design strategies for achieving sustainable development goals and related efforts to address land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Tracing the consequences of child poverty

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781447348368 Year: Pages: 204 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-15 11:21:03
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Using life course analysis from the Young Lives study of 12,000 children growing up in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam over the past 15 years, this book draws on evidence on two cohorts of children, aged from 1 to 15 and from 8 to 22. It examines how poverty affects children’s development in low and middle income countries, and how policy has been used to improve their lives, then goes on to show when key developmental differences occur. It uses new evidence to develop a framework of what matters most and when and outlines effective policy approaches to inform the no-one left behind Sustainable Development Goal agenda.&#xD;

Infrastructure and Economic Growth in Asia

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Book Series: Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being ISSN: 2364107X ISBN: 9783319031361 9783319031378 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-03137-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management --- Manufactures --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-10 16:18:02
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Public spending on infrastructure plays an important role in promoting economic growth and poverty alleviation. Empirical studies unequivocally show that under-investment in infrastructure limit economic growth. At the same time, numerous other studies have shown that investment in infrastructure can be a highly effective tool in fighting poverty reduction1. In that context, the financing of infrastructure has been a critical element of most economic growth and poverty reduction strategies in developing countries, since the start of this millennium. This book provides a comparative analysis of the aggregate and sectoral implications of higher spending on infrastructure in three very different Asian countries: China, Pakistan, and the Philippines. Particular attention is paid to the role of alternative financing mechanisms for increasing public infrastructure investment, namely distortionary and non-distortionary means of financing. The book will be of interest to scholars and policy-makers concerned with economic growth in developing countries.

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