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Biodiversity Conservation and Phylogenetic Systematics: Preserving our evolutionary heritage in an extinction crisis

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Book Series: Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation ISSN: 1875-1288 ISBN: 9783319224602 9783319224619 Year: Volume: 14 Pages: 390 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-22461-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:10:30
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This book is about phylogenetic diversity as an approach to reduce biodiversity losses in this period of mass extinction. Chapters in the first section deal with questions such as the way we value phylogenetic diversity among other criteria for biodiversity conservation; the choice of measures; the loss of phylogenetic diversity with extinction; the importance of organisms that are deeply branched in the tree of life, and the role of relict species. The second section is composed by contributions exploring methodological aspects, such as how to deal with abundance, sampling effort, or conflicting trees in analysis of phylogenetic diversity. The last section is devoted to applications, showing how phylogenetic diversity can be integrated in systematic conservation planning, in EDGE and HEDGE evaluations. This wide coverage makes the book a reference for academics, policy makers and stakeholders dealing with biodiversity conservation.

Rewilding European Landscapes

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ISBN: 9783319120386 9783319120393 Year: Pages: 227 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-12039-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-12 16:41:24
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Some European lands have been progressively alleviated of human pressures, particularly traditional agriculture in remote areas. This book proposes that this land abandonment can be seen as an opportunity to restore natural ecosystems via rewilding. We define rewilding as the passive management of ecological successions having in mind the long-term goal of restoring natural ecosystem processes. The book aims at introducing the concept of rewilding to scientists, students and practitioners. The first part presents the theory of rewilding in the European context. The second part of the book directly addresses the link between rewilding, biodiversity, and habitats. The third and last part is dedicated to practical aspects of the implementation of rewilding as a land management option. We believe that this book will both set the basis for future research on rewilding and help practitioners think about how rewilding can take place in areas under their management.

Managing Protected Areas in Central and Eastern Europe Under Climate Change

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ISSN: 15740919 ISBN: 9789400779594 9789400779600 Year: Volume: 58 Pages: 308 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7960-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Biotechnology --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Meteorology and Climatology --- Environmental Sciences --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 13:08:59
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Beginning with an overview of data and concepts developed in the EU-project HABIT-CHANGE, this book addresses the need for sharing knowledge and experience in the field of biodiversity conservation and climate change. There is an urgent need to build capacity in protected areas to monitor, assess, manage and report the effects of climate change and their interaction with other pressures. The contributors identify barriers to the adaptation of conservation management, such as the mismatch between planning reality and the decision context at site level. Short and vivid descriptions of case studies, drawn from investigation areas all over Central and Eastern Europe, illustrate both the local impacts of climate change and their consequences for future management. These focus on ecosystems most vulnerable to changes in climatic conditions, including alpine areas, wetlands, forests, lowland grasslands and coastal areas. The case studies demonstrate the application of adaptation strategies in protected areas like National Parks, Biosphere Reserves and Natural Parks, and reflect the potential benefits as well as existing obstacles. A general section provides the necessary background information on climate trends and their effects on abiotic and biotic components. Often, the parties to policy change and conservation management, including managers, land users and stakeholders, lack both expertise and incentives to undertake adaptation activities. The authors recognise that achieving the needed changes in behavior – habit – is as much a social learning process as a matter of science-based procedure. They describe the implementation of modeling, impact assessment and monitoring of climate conditions, and show how the results can support efforts to increase stakeholder involvement in local adaptation strategies. The book concludes by pointing out the need for more work to communicate the cross-sectoral nature of biodiversity protection, the value of well-informed planning in the long-term process of adaptation, the definition of acceptable change, and the motivational value of exchanging experience and examples of good practice.

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