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Safer Healthcare: Strategies for the Real World

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ISBN: 9783319255576 9783319255590 Year: Pages: 157 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-25559-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Pharmacy and materia medica --- Medicine (General) --- Biotechnology --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Business and Management --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-27 16:39:43
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The authors of this book set out a system of safety strategies and interventions for managing patient safety on a day-to-day basis and improving safety over the long term. These strategies are applicable at all levels of the healthcare system from the frontline to the regulation and governance of the system.There have been many advances in patient safety, but we now need a new and broader vision that encompasses care throughout the patient’s journey. The authors argue that we need to see safety through the patient’s eyes, to consider how safety is managed in different contexts and to develop a wider strategic and practical vision in which patient safety is recast as the management of risk over time. Most safety improvement strategies aim to improve reliability and move closer toward optimal care. However, healthcare will always be under pressure and we also require ways of managing safety when conditions are difficult. We need to make more use of strategies concerned with detecting, controlling, managing and responding to risk. Strategies for managing safety in highly standardised and controlled environments are necessarily different from those in which clinicians constantly have to adapt and respond to changing circumstances.This work is supported by the Health Foundation. The Health Foundation is an independent charity committed to bringing about better health and health care for people in the UK.The charity’s aim is a healthier population in the UK, supported by high quality health care that can be equitably accessed. The Foundation carries out policy analysis and makes grants to front-line teams to try ideas in practice and supports research into what works to make people’s lives healthier and improve the health care system, with a particular emphasis on how to make successful change happen.A key part of the work is to make links between the knowledge of those working to deliver health and health care with research evidence and analysis. The aspiration is to create a virtuous circle, using what works on the ground to inform effective policymaking and vice versa. Good health and health care are vital for a flourishing society. Through sharing what is known, collaboration and building people’s skills and knowledge, the Foundation aims to make a difference and contribute to a healthier population.

19 Samhandling During Crisis Work (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch19 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
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"Samhandling is considered as a key solution when asymmetry occurs. An
expectation of seamless samhandling can be a special challenge to High Reliability
Organizations
which have mechanistic traditions in common, i.e. an assumption of
linearity and routine-based work. In this chapter, a model to operationalize samhandling
is presented. This conceptual study is based on observational data from an
inter-organizational exercise. A full-scale exercise of a train accident on the Öresund
Bridge between Sweden and Denmark was observed. The overall goal of the exercise
was to effectively solve the situation. However, different routines contributed to
confusion and misunderstandings in the meeting on how to act. The exercise was
dominated by a focus on linearity within the internal organizations, which hindered
samhandling. In order to conceptualize samhandling, a three-level model is presented.
It consists of “sequential samhandling”, i.e. a simplified, assembly-line type work
process, “parallel samhandling”, i.e. carrying out tasks simultaneously, and “synchronous
samhandling”, i.e. tasks performed at the same time in a spontaneous and natural
way. A three-level samhandling model such as the one presented can be a useful
tool for managing disasters."

Ship and Offshore Structure Design in Climate Change Perspective

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Climate Studies ISSN: 2213784X ISBN: 9783642341373 9783642341380 Year: Pages: 69 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-34138-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Transportation --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Environmental Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Materials --- Business and Management --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:15:49
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This book summarizes results of longstanding research and scientific contributions from many projects and relevant working groups. It collects and evaluates wind and wave climate projections under changing climate having design needs and marine safety in focus. Potential impact of projected climate change in met-ocean conditions on ships and offshore structures is discussed and illustrated by an example of the expected wave climate change on tanker design.

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