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24 Working Together in the Aftermath of an Unforeseen Event (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch24 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
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"The frame of this chapter is how clinicians and leaders employed in psychiatric&#xD;departments in hospitals experience and cope with patients who commit&#xD;suicide while undergoing treatment. The major focus is the phenomenon which in&#xD;the Bow-tie model is called “stabilization”. To explore this phenomenon in an empirical&#xD;analysis, two concepts of samhandling are introduced, these being coordination&#xD;and cooperation. These two concepts are used in an interpretation of what eight&#xD;leaders and clinicians report on how they handle working together after a patient&#xD;during treatment in a psychiatric hospital has unexpectedly committed suicide.&#xD;The findings are that leaders and clinicians have different views on what stabilization&#xD;is. Stabilization to the leaders seems to be something they can handle by using&#xD;mandatory organizational procedures of coordination. To the clinicians (psychologists&#xD;and psychiatrists) however, stabilization is less straightforward. Professional&#xD;stabilization is, to them, more important than organizational stabilization, and it&#xD;requires another form of interaction – namely, cooperation. Cooperation is, in its&#xD;simplest and purest form, a symmetrical way of working together, based on equality&#xD;in competence and an unforced relation between the parties. For the purpose of&#xD;professional stabilization, this is the form of interaction preferred by the clinicians.&#xD;However, these findings are tentative and more research is needed to elaborate why&#xD;leaders and clinicians respond as they do after a patient suicide."&#xD;

22 Learning from Sports (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch22 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
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"This study shows some generic characteristics from sports that are of relevance to&#xD;samhandling structures under risk. The findings are based on a case study of the&#xD;concept of “Total Football” and the Rosenborg Football Club (RBK) in Norway.&#xD;Football is a dynamic sport with several factors that come into play and where&#xD;flexible solutions are demanded. The case is also of relevance for organizations in&#xD;handling risk. RBK’s samhandling is based on “Total Football” and flow theory. In&#xD;analyzing RBK, we also apply theories of improvisation. RBK created a platform&#xD;that gave both direction to choices and a clear playing pattern. This platform further&#xD;ensured that tasks could be executed at high speed and high intensity, described as&#xD;“flow”. Flow contributed to both speed and precision in the playing pattern. It is&#xD;concluded that the following is relevant for other organizations: 1) Forming a deeper&#xD;understanding of samhandling and ensuring top management commitment; 2)&#xD;Creating, establishing and maintaining samhandling in a manner that suits the organization;&#xD;and 3) Minimal structures can be of great importance for organizations&#xD;in unforeseen and risky situations."&#xD;

13 Interaction and Risk Management in Shared Leadership (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 18 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch13 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
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"The chapter presents a case from a government agency in Norway, where&#xD;two assistant directors share a leadership position and must interact extensively. The&#xD;main purpose is to highlight some benefits and challenges related to shared leadership&#xD;when it comes to risk prevention and handling unforeseen events. The analysis&#xD;is based on a relational perspective that emphasizes that successful interaction between&#xD;people requires complementary skills, conceptualized as relational skills. The&#xD;chapter concludes that the patterns of interaction and relational skills that develop&#xD;during shared leadership can help prevent undesirable events. This is partly because&#xD;shared leadership can provide increased capacity in identifying risks. Common&#xD;experiences in handling risks and unforeseen events may contribute to learning&#xD;that in turn provides the potential for further development of the interactional and&#xD;relational skills in shared leadership. At the same time, shared leadership entails&#xD;some risks that may impact on the prevention and handling of such events. For&#xD;instance, interactional challenges that may arise in a shared leadership may prevent&#xD;leaders from discovering potential hazards."&#xD;

3 Is It Possible to Prevent Unforeseen Events? (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 20 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch3 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
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"An unforeseen event may be defined as something that happens suddenly&#xD;and unexpectedly. Such events are seldom the result of an organisation’s operational&#xD;planning, but they can be side-effects of such planning. An unforeseen event may&#xD;have either positive or negative consequences. This chapter aims to discuss if it is&#xD;possible&#xD;to prevent unforeseen events. The major focus is on analysis and prevention&#xD;of unforeseen events with negative consequences, such as accidents, catastrophes&#xD;and acts of terror. Such events often take place in complex systems, and failures of&#xD;appropriate organisational interaction and communication among participants&#xD;with complementary competence in such systems may contribute to unforeseen&#xD;events. Risk-analysis methods and tools based on energy-barrier models, causal sequence&#xD;and process models, as well as information-processing models are presented&#xD;and their applicability to the prevention of unforeseen events is discussed. This also&#xD;includes the Bow-tie approach, as well as other approaches which take into consideration&#xD;organisational factors and social interaction (samhandling). The conclusion&#xD;is that unforeseen events can be prevented. However, in the aftermath of the implementation&#xD;of safety and security measures, it is not possible to know which events&#xD;they prevented, or to obtain knowledge about their efficiency. An additional strategy&#xD;for prevention of unforeseen events with negative consequences is proposed."&#xD;

1 Samhandling Under Risk (SUR) (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 20 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch1 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
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"The main objective of this chapter is to clarify some key and overall theoretical&#xD;and conceptual frameworks underlying the research project “Samhandling&#xD;Under Risk” (SUR), as discussed in the various chapters of this anthology. The overall&#xD;research question is: What are the basic structures of the concept of samhandling under&#xD;risk and how can samhandling be created when the conditions are unpredictable?&#xD;This chapter explains in particular the terms “samhandling” (SAM), “the Unforeseen”&#xD;(UN), “Risk” and “SUR structures”. Furthermore, these concepts are explored more&#xD;deeply in relation to each other, which also frames the main approach of the anthology.&#xD;As a basis, a specific understanding of “The Nature of the Unforeseen”, an expanded&#xD;and customized Bow-tie Model, as well as a clarification of the boundaries&#xD;enclosing the research field are compared to traditional risk analysis and training in&#xD;what is already known and in dealing with probable threats. Although the individual&#xD;studies reported in this anthology also have their own specific angles regarding these&#xD;concepts and models, they have nevertheless been based on these. The core focus is&#xD;also on learning in the light of organizational learning and SUR. The boundaries, challenges&#xD;and the anthology’s focus on learning are also expressed in the more general&#xD;and overall question: How can we as a society prepare ourselves for the unforeseen,&#xD;the events and threats at the outer reaches of what we have trained for? A more indepth&#xD;explanation about the background of this research project is also given in the&#xD;preface of the anthology."&#xD;

Ecological Risk Assessment for Chlorpyrifos in Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems in North America

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Book Series: Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology ISSN: 21976554 ISBN: 9783319038643 9783319038650 Year: Volume: 231 Pages: 282 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-03865-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Biotechnology --- Environmental Sciences --- Manufactures --- Pharmacy and materia medica
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-25 15:51:35
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This book attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Safer Healthcare: Strategies for the Real World

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ISBN: 9783319255576 9783319255590 Year: Pages: 157 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-25559-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Pharmacy and materia medica --- Medicine (General) --- Biotechnology --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Business and Management --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-27 16:39:43
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The authors of this book set out a system of safety strategies and interventions for managing patient safety on a day-to-day basis and improving safety over the long term. These strategies are applicable at all levels of the healthcare system from the frontline to the regulation and governance of the system.There have been many advances in patient safety, but we now need a new and broader vision that encompasses care throughout the patient’s journey. The authors argue that we need to see safety through the patient’s eyes, to consider how safety is managed in different contexts and to develop a wider strategic and practical vision in which patient safety is recast as the management of risk over time. Most safety improvement strategies aim to improve reliability and move closer toward optimal care. However, healthcare will always be under pressure and we also require ways of managing safety when conditions are difficult. We need to make more use of strategies concerned with detecting, controlling, managing and responding to risk. Strategies for managing safety in highly standardised and controlled environments are necessarily different from those in which clinicians constantly have to adapt and respond to changing circumstances.This work is supported by the Health Foundation. The Health Foundation is an independent charity committed to bringing about better health and health care for people in the UK.The charity’s aim is a healthier population in the UK, supported by high quality health care that can be equitably accessed. The Foundation carries out policy analysis and makes grants to front-line teams to try ideas in practice and supports research into what works to make people’s lives healthier and improve the health care system, with a particular emphasis on how to make successful change happen.A key part of the work is to make links between the knowledge of those working to deliver health and health care with research evidence and analysis. The aspiration is to create a virtuous circle, using what works on the ground to inform effective policymaking and vice versa. Good health and health care are vital for a flourishing society. Through sharing what is known, collaboration and building people’s skills and knowledge, the Foundation aims to make a difference and contribute to a healthier population.

The Economy as a Complex Spatial System: Macro, Meso and Micro Perspectives

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Book Series: Springer Proceedings in Complexity ISSN: 2213-8684 / 2213-8692 ISBN: 9783319656267 9783319656274 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-65627-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 16:21:26
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This collected volume represents the final outcome of the COST Action IS1104 “The EU in the new complex geography of economic systems: models, tools and policy evaluation”.Visualizing the EU as a complex and multi-layered network, the book is organized in three parts, each of them dealing with a different level of analysis: At the macro-level, Part I considers the interactions within large economic systems (regions or countries) involving trade, workers migration, and other factor movements. At the meso-level, Part II discusses interactions within specific but wide-ranging markets, with a focus on financial markets and banking systems. Lastly, at the micro-level, Part III explores the decision-making of single firms, especially in the context of location decisions.

23 Care Coordination, Samhandling and Patient Safety (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 22 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch23 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
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"This chapter focus on Norwegian healthcare policies and regulations for&#xD;care coordination and patient safety. The Norwegian Coordination Reform implemented&#xD;in 2012 emphasizes patient engagement, care pathways, and competence&#xD;development in municipal healthcare services. Moreover, protocols for division of&#xD;work tasks and collaboration between specialist and municipal healthcare services&#xD;are key aspects. The reform identifies fragmented health services and the lack of&#xD;coordinated care as main challenges. The authors introduce the concepts of care&#xD;coordination, continuity of care and patient handovers, and relate these to patient&#xD;safety. Results from a Norwegian observational study, identifying factors affecting&#xD;care coordination and patient safety in care transitions between hospital and municipal&#xD;care, are presented. Finally, the authors introduce relevant measures to improve&#xD;care coordination and patient safety, including the regulatory work and follow-up&#xD;of health services through nationwide audits performed by the Norwegian Board of&#xD;Health Supervision."&#xD;

10 Weltbürger Perspectives and Samhandling (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 10 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch10 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
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"The chapter starts with a criticism of management and control concepts&#xD;that have been rooted in economic or psychological theories and models, although&#xD;society’s complexity and the pace of change will demand a broader and deeper foundation&#xD;for the development of effective management systems in the future. Other&#xD;voices need to be put forward. Immanuel Kant (1795/1991) argued for his idea of the&#xD;Weltbürger (“world citizen”), also known as “The Cosmopolitan Ideal”. His fundamental&#xD;philosophy is that all humans are welcome, regardless of time and place, and&#xD;that all humans are world citizens, regardless of nationality and cultural belonging&#xD;(Kant, 1795/1991). All people are co-citizens, independent of nationality and cultural&#xD;affiliation, and the Weltbürger is concerned with global problems and solutions.&#xD;Another central thinker is Jacques Derrida (1930–2004), a French philosopher and&#xD;writer particularly known for the term “Deconstruction”, which is about splitting up&#xD;words and phrases to find out what they really mean, in the light of the culture and&#xD;underlying attitudes. Human comprehension requires common words and phrases&#xD;(language), and a cultural and social context, both of which have formed the basis&#xD;for conceptual analysis of the terms “hospitality” and “threshold of tolerance”. The&#xD;conclusion is that the concepts of the Weltbürger and “hospitality” have important&#xD;values in and of themselves, and are ideas that are universal and timeless, providing&#xD;an important compass for samhandling."&#xD;

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