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International Handbook of Health Literacy

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ISBN: 9781447344520 9781447344513 9781447344537 Year: Pages: 764 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 11:21:03
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Health literacy addresses a range of social dimensions of health, including knowledge, navigation and communication, as well as individual and organizational skills for accessing, understanding, evaluating and using information. Particularly over the past decade, health literacy has globally become a major public health concern as an asset for promoting health, wellbeing and sustainable development.

Evidence-Based Health Informatics - Promoting Safety and Efficiency through Scientific Methods and Ethical Policy

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics ISSN: 09269630 18798365 ISBN: 9781614996347 9781614996354 Year: Volume: 222 Pages: 388 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-635-4-3 Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Medical technology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-09 15:21:12
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"Health IT is a major field of investment in support of healthcare delivery, but patients and professionals tend to have systems imposed upon them by organizational policy or as a result of even higher policy decision. And, while many health IT systems are efficient and welcomed by their users, and are essential to modern healthcare, this is not the case for all. Unfortunately, some systems cause user frustration and result in inefficiency in use, and a few are known to have inconvenienced patients or even caused harm, including the occasional death. This book seeks to answer the need for better understanding of the importance of robust evidence to support health IT and to optimize investment in it; to give insight into health IT evidence and evaluation as its primary source; and to promote health informatics as an underpinning science demonstrating the same ethical rigour and proof of net benefit as is expected of other applied health technologies. The book is divided into three parts: the context and importance of evidence-based health informatics; methodological considerations of health IT evaluation as the source of evidence; and ensuring the relevance and application of evidence. A number of cross cutting themes emerge in each of these sections.This book seeks to inform the reader on the wide range of knowledge available, and the appropriateness of its use according to the circumstances. It is aimed at a wide readership and will be of interest to health policymakers, clinicians, health informaticians, the academic health informatics community, members of patient and policy organisations, and members of the vendor industry."

Keywords

IT --- health --- healthcare --- policy --- policymakers --- health informatics

The South Texas Health Status Review: A Health Disparities Roadmap

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319002323 9783319002330 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-00233-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Law --- Public Health --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:11:16
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This book is a roadmap of the exact health disparities that burden the health of South Texas residents, especially Hispanics, compared to the rest of Texas and nation. This type of knowledge has the potential to fuel and motivate researchers and public health leaders to create and shape interventions to reverse those health disparities. Most notably, focus on obesity and diabetes prevention efforts and modifiable risk factors—such as nutrition, reproductive factors and access to health care—has significant potential to reduce the burden of disease in South Texas communities.South Texas, a 38-county region that spans 45,000 square miles along the Texas-Mexico border northward to the area around metropolitan Bexar County (home to San Antonio), is home to 18% of the state’s population. Yet South Texas residents, who are 68% Hispanic, struggle with lower educational levels, less income and less access to health care—and, as a result, suffer from a wide variety of health disparities. To study the health status and identify the exact health disparities that exist in the region, researchers from The UT Health Science Center at San Antonio teamed with researchers from the Texas Department of State Health Services to develop the South Texas Health Status Review.The Review team analyzed a variety of the latest county, state and national data to compare South Texas’ incidence, prevalence and mortality rates for more than 35 health indicators—from cancers to chronic diseases like diabetes to communicable diseases like HIV/AIDS to maternal health and even environmental health—to the rest of Texas and the nation by age, sex, race/ethnicity and rural/urban location.​

Public Health Ethics: Cases Spanning the Globe

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Public Health Ethics Analysis ISSN: 2211-6680 ISBN: 9783319238470 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 329 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-23847-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Biotechnology --- Medicine (General) --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-16 18:55:44
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This Open Access book highlights the ethical issues and dilemmas that arise in the practice of public health. It is also a tool to support instruction, debate, and dialogue regarding public health ethics. Although the practice of public health has always included consideration of ethical issues, the field of public health ethics as a discipline is a relatively new and emerging area. There are few practical training resources for public health practitioners, especially resources which include discussion of realistic cases which are likely to arise in the practice of public health. This work discusses these issues on a case to case basis and helps create awareness and understanding of the ethics of public health care. The main audience for the casebook is public health practitioners, including front-line workers, field epidemiology trainers and trainees, managers, planners, and decision makers who have an interest in learning about how to integrate ethical analysis into their day to day public health practice. The casebook is also useful to schools of public health and public health students as well as to academic ethicists who can use the book to teach public health ethics and distinguish it from clinical and research ethics.

Keywords

Public Health --- Ethics

The Handbook of Salutogenesis

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783319045993 9783319046006 Year: Pages: 461 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-04600-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Biotechnology --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-24 15:26:33
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This in-depth survey of salutogenesis shows the breadth and strengths of this innovative perspective on health promotion, health care, and wellness. Background and historical chapters trace the development of the salutogenic model of health, and flesh out the central concepts, most notably generalized resistance resources and the sense of coherence, that differentiate it from pathogenesis. From there, experts describe a range of real-world applications within and outside health contexts, from positive psychology to geriatrics, from small towns to corrections facilities, and from school and workplace to professional training. Perspectives from scholars publishing in languages other than English show the global relevance of the field.Among the topics in the Handbook:· Emerging ideas relevant to the salutogenic model of health· Specific resistance resources in the salutogenic model of health· The sense of coherence and its measurement· The application of salutogenesis in communities and neighborhoods· The application of salutogenesis to health development in youth with chronic conditions· The application of salutogenesis in mental health care settingsThe Handbook of Salutogenesis summarizes an increasingly salient field for graduate and professional students of public health, nursing, psychology, and medicine, and for their instructors. It will also appeal to health-related academicians and professionals who wish to have a thorough grounding in the topic.

A Life Course Perspective on Health Trajectories and Transitions

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Life Course Research and Social Policies ISSN: 2211-7776 ISBN: 9783319204833 9783319204840 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: 213 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-20484-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Biotechnology --- Law --- Social Sciences --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-23 12:08:17
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This open access book examines health trajectories and health transitions at different stages of the life course, including childhood, adulthood and later life. It provides findings that assess the role of biological and social transitions on health status over time.The essays examine a wide range of health issues, including the consequences of military service on body mass index, childhood obesity and cardiovascular health, socio-economic inequalities in preventive health care use, depression and anxiety during the child rearing period, health trajectories and transitions in people with cystic fibrosis and oral health over the life course. The book addresses theoretical, empirical and methodological issues as well as examines different national contexts, which help to identify factors of vulnerability and potential resources that support resilience available for specific groups and/or populations.Health reflects the ability of individuals to adapt to their social environment. This book analyzes health as a dynamic experience. It examines how different aspects of individual health unfold over time as a result of aging but also in relation to changing socioeconomic conditions. It also offers readers potential insights into public policies that affect the health status of a population.

Global Health Economics:Shaping Health Policy in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: World Scientific Series in Global Health Economics and Public Policy ISBN: 9789813272378 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: 376 DOI: 10.1142/11045 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co. Grant: Centre for Health Economics, University of York
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-08 17:00:36
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This book contains a collection of works showcasing the latest research into global health economics conducted by leading experts in the field from the Centre for Health Economics (CHE) at the University of York and other partner research institutions. Each chapter focuses upon an important topic in global health economics and a number of separate research projects. The discussion delves into health care policy evaluation; economic evaluation; econometric and other analytic methods; health equity and universal health coverage; consideration of cost-effectiveness thresholds and opportunity costs in the health sector; health system challenges and possible solutions; and others. Case study examples from a variety of low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) settings are also showcased in the final part of this volume.The research presented seeks to contribute toward increasing understanding on how health policy can be enhanced to improve the welfare of LMIC populations. It is strongly recommended for public health policymakers and analysts in low- and middle-income country settings and those affiliated to international health organizations and donor organizations.

Self-Reported Population Health: An International Perspective based on EQ-5D

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789400775954 9789400775961 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7596-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Public Health --- Biotechnology --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-25 14:27:36
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The EQ-5D instrument, as a standardized, cross-culturally validated measure of self-assessed health has a hugely important role in understanding population health within and across countries. Over the past two decades a wealth of international population health survey data have been accumulated by the EuroQol Group from research conducted in many countries across four continents. One of the success factors of the EQ-5D instruments has been the easy availability of national or international sets of EQ-5D data, as well as clear explanations and guidance for users. There is an unmet need to produce a comprehensive book that captures up-to-date and expanded information of EQ-5D self-reported health and index values. EQ-5D population norms and cross-country analyses are provided from representative national surveys of 20 countries and additional regional surveys. This book will be a must for those who believe that how people report and value health is very important.

Secondary Analysis of Electronic Health Records

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ISBN: 9783319437408 9783319437422 Year: Pages: 427 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-43742-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Biotechnology --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Medical technology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-14 10:17:52
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This book trains the next generation of scientists representing different disciplines to leverage the data generated during routine patient care. It formulates a more complete lexicon of evidence-based recommendations and support shared, ethical decision making by doctors with their patients. Diagnostic and therapeutic technologies continue to evolve rapidly, and both individual practitioners and clinical teams face increasingly complex ethical decisions. Unfortunately, the current state of medical knowledge does not provide the guidance to make the majority of clinical decisions on the basis of evidence.The present research infrastructure is inefficient and frequently produces unreliable results that cannot be replicated. Even randomized controlled trials (RCTs), the traditional gold standards of the research reliability hierarchy, are not without limitations. They can be costly, labor intensive, and slow, and can return results that are seldom generalizable to every patient population. Furthermore, many pertinent but unresolved clinical and medical systems issues do not seem to have attracted the interest of the research enterprise, which has come to focus instead on cellular and molecular investigations and single-agent (e.g., a drug or device) effects. For clinicians, the end result is a bit of a “data desert” when it comes to making decisions. The new research infrastructure proposed in this book will help the medical profession to make ethically sound and well informed decisions for their patients.

Field Trials of Health Interventions, 3rd edition

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780198732860 Year: Pages: 480 DOI: 10.1093/med/9780198732860.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 063410
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-30 11:01:12
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Before new interventions can be used in disease control programmes, it is essential that they are carefully evaluated in “field trials”, which may be complex and expensive undertakings. Descriptions of the detailed procedures and methods used in trials that have been conducted in the past have generally not been published. As a consequence, those planning such trials have few guidelines available and little access to previously accumulated knowledge. In this book the practical issues of trial design and conduct are discussed fully and in sufficient detail for the text to be used as a “toolbox” by field investigators. The toolbox has now been extensively tested through use of the first two editions and this third edition is a comprehensive revision, incorporating the many developments that have taken place with respect to trials since 1996 and involving more than 30 contributors. Most of the chapters have been extensively revised and 7 new chapters have been added.

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