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State-of-the-Art Materials Science in Belgium 2017

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ISBN: 9783038972426 9783038972433 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-243-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-17 12:18:12
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ca. 200 words; this text will present the book in all promotional forms (e.g. flyers). Please describe the book in straightforward and consumer-friendly terms.Belgium is a small country. The days of mining minerals and ores from the former colony, Congo, have long passed by and the last coal mine was closed 25 years ago. Now, there are hardly any physical resources in Belgium which can be exploited in materials research and development or industry. Materials research in Belgium bypasses this drawback by focussing on highly technological research fields, not requiring vast amounts of raw material. This approach includes the development of new analytical methods for the characterization of materials, research into new advanced functional materials as well as defining new industrial processes utilizing existing materials. This book compiles recent review and research papers from Belgian universities, covering a wide range of research disciplines in materials science. It thus presents a contemporary view on materials research activities in Belgium.

An Experimental Study on Adhesive or Anti-adhesive, Bio-inspired Experimental Nanomaterials

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ISBN: 9788376560823 9783110399295 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560823 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Chemical Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 13:38:27
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Adhesive abilities of insects, spiders and reptiles have inspired researchers for a long time. All these organisms show outstanding performance, particularly for force, adhesion and climbing abilities, relative to their size and weight. Scientists have focused on the gecko’s adhesive paw system and climbing abilities. Its adhesion mechanism has been an important topic of research for nearly 150 years. However, certain phenomena of geckos are still not fully understood and represent today the main challenge in several scientific discussions that aim to better understand their adhesive ability. The manuscript deals with the influence of surface roughness on the gecko’s adhesion on the inverted surface of Poly(methyl meth-acrylate) (PMMA) and glass, of PMMA with different surface roughness, on the gecko’s maximum normal adhesive force.In general, the adhesive structure and mechanism of an animal could be connected to the micro-structured roughness of natural substrata (e.g. plant surfaces) in the natural environment.This manuscript focuses on the nanometer scale, which is involved in everything from gecko spatulae to the waxy nanotubules of the lotus leaf, to the fibroin protein materials that constitute spider silks.In general, spider silks display superior mechanical properties, but only in the last few decades, researchers investigated various types of silks and evaluated their very different mechanical properties. The dragline and the flag silks (or radial and circumferential) of orb weaving spiders have been characterized in scientific literature while, to our knowledge, few studies have been conducted on bundles, which connect the cocoons of Meta menardi to the ceiling of caves.

ZnO and TiO2 Based Nanostructures

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ISBN: 9783038970132 9783038970149 Year: Pages: 380 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-014-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemical Technology --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-15 09:30:30
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Nowadays, transition metal-oxides can be considered the most investigated materials especially in their nanostructured forms thanks to their intrinsic smart properties and to the positive effects induced by scaling their dimension down to the nanoscale. Among them, ZnO and TiO2 have attracted particular interest mainly because of their multi-functionality applicable in an enormous range of research fields. The present Special Issue – composed by twenty-seven papers, both reviews and research articles - covers the most recent advances in ZnO and TiO2 nanostructures, concerning not only their synthesis and characterization, but also reports of the manner(s) in which their functional and smart properties can be applied in working devices. Applications of such nanostructures can range widely, from biomedical and drug delivery devices to piezoelectric and chemical sensors, and energy harvesting, conversion, and storage devices.

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ZnO --- TiO2 --- nanostructures --- smart materials

Rietveld Refinement in the Characterization of Crystalline Materials

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ISBN: 9783038975274 / 9783038975281 Year: Pages: 88 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-528-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General) --- Analytical Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-28 10:16:11
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This Special Issue serves as a crystallographic forum covering various aspects of material science that have in common the use of the powerful Rietveld method in the analysis of the powder XRD patterns of investigated compounds.

Miniaturization in Sample Preparation

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ISBN: 9783110410174 9783110427264 Year: Pages: 463 DOI: 10.2478/9783110410174 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Analytical Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2015-04-13 11:01:25
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Miniaturization is a challenge thrown down to analytical chemistry. The replacement of conventional analytical systems by miniaturized alternatives during the last years is noticeable. Specifically, the miniaturization of traditional sample preparation techniques (e.g., solid-phase extraction or solvent extraction) led to the development of environmentally benign analytical methods. This book aims to provide an overview of the challenges and achievements inthe application of the miniaturized sample preparation methods in analytical laboratories. It includes both theoretical and practical aspects of miniaturized sample preparation approaches and hence should be of interest to researchers, students and teachers of analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, environmental sciences and environmental engineering.

Advanced Asphalt Materials and Paving Technologies

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038428893 9783038428909 Year: Pages: VIII, 422 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-04 14:22:16
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There has been significant research progress in the area of pavement materials and paving technologies in the past decade. This includes the use of warm mix asphalt technologies, rubber asphalt, bio asphalt, nanomaterial applications, new construction technologies, innovative concrete materials, as well as the application of mechanistic–empirical pavement design. With all these developments, a collection of peer-reviewed articles with the theme of advanced asphalt materials and paving technologies is necessary for industry, researchers, government agencies, and other stakeholders. This collection promotes new technology, low costs, high durability, environmental friendliness, and effective resource usage in the area of advanced asphalt materials and paving technologies.

Feature Papers for Celebrating the Fifth Anniversary of the Founding of Processes

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ISBN: 9783038975250 / 9783038975267 Year: Pages: 372 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-526-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemical Engineering --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-24 12:02:18
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Processes” is a commonly used term to describe engineered systems such as oil refineries, polymer production plants, and pharmaceutical manufacturing processes that serve a commercial and societal purpose. However, the term can also capture the underlying processes that drive the behavior of complex natural systems such as communities of different organisms in the environment and networked collections of neurons in the human brain. This book provides a representative overview of current challenges and recent advances in the broadly-defined “processes” field. Contributions from leading researchers in the field are conveniently ordered according to five applications domains: chemical systems, biological systems, materials processes, computational methods, and other related topics. The 19 contributions demonstrate the broad range of application domains within the process field, including fluid flow systems, fuel gases, chemical production, polymer manufacturing, food processing, protein synthesis and separation, pharmaceutical production, and water systems. This collection shows that “processes” remain a vibrant area of research, and continued advances in the field can be expected to have a positive impact on our economy, environment, and quality of life.

Electrochemically Engineering of Nanoporous Materials

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ISBN: 9783038972686 9783038972693 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-269-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-10 11:46:51
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ca. 200 words; this text will present the book in all promotional forms (e.g. flyers). Please describe the book in straightforward and consumer-friendly terms.Electrochemical engineering of nanoporous materials is a cost-effective and facile synthesis approach that enables the production of a range of nanoscale materials with controllable dimensions and properties. Recent decades have witnessed extensive research activity into the advanced engineering of nanoporous materials, from fundamental studies to applied science. These nanomaterials offer a set of unique and exclusive advantages for a wealth of applications, including catalysis, energy storage and harvesting, electronics, photonics, sensing, templates, and membranes.This Special Issue is dedicated to recent research advances in electrochemical engineering of nanoporous materials and their application across several disciplines and research fields. The broad and interdisciplinary applicability of these nanomaterials will be of profound and immediate interest for a broad audience, ranging from physicists, chemists, engineers, materials scientists, bioengineers, and nanomedicine experts.

Photovoltaic Materials and Electronic Devices

ISBN: 9783038422167 9783038422174 Year: Pages: XIV, 198 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-15 09:10:33
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Given the state-of-the-art in solar photovoltaic (PV) technology and favorable financing terms, it is clear that PV has already obtained grid parity in specific locations [1]. Advances in the next generation of photovoltaic materials and photovoltaic devices can further reduce costs to enable all of humanity to utilize sustainable and renewable solar power [2]. This Special Issue of Materials will cover such materials, including modeling, synthesis, and evaluation of new materials and their solar cells.Specifically, this Special Issue will focus on five material technologies for advanced solar cells:1. New Concepts in PV Materials: Nanostructured materials, low-dimensional physics, multiple charge generation, up/down converters, thermophotovoltaics, low-cost III-V materials, bandgap engineering, hot-carrier effects, plasmonics, metamorphic materials, perovskite and related novel PV materials, novel light trapping, rectennas, quantum dots, carbon nanotubes, and graphene composites.2. Organic PV Materials: Polymer, hybrid and dye sensitized solar cells, high performance contacts, and lifetime degradation and mechanisms.3. Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) Materials: Recent developments in dyes, working electrodes, technologies for device fabrications, and advances in new electrolytes.4. Amorphous, Nanostructured, and Thin Film Silicon PV Materials: Microstructure characterization, light induced degradation (SWE), large area and high deposition rates, novel processing routes, light trapping, multi-layers, and multi-junction devices.5. Passive Materials for all PV: Transparent conductive oxides (TCOs), encapsulation, connections, optics, glass, anti-reflection coatings (ARCs), alternative buffer layer materials, and contacts.

Optically Induced Nanostructures. Biomedical and Technical Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110354324 9783110383508 Year: Pages: xl, 329 DOI: 10.1515/9783110354324 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Optics and Lights --- Electricity
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-03 15:22:51
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Nanostructuring of materials is a task at the heart of many modern disciplines in mechanical engineering, as well as optics, electronics, and the life sciences. This book includes an introduction to the relevant nonlinear optical processes associated with very short laser pulses for the generation of structures far below the classical optical diffraction limit of about 200 nanometers as well as coverage of state-of-the-art technical and biomedical applications. These applications include silicon and glass wafer processing, production of nanowires, laser transfection and cell reprogramming, optical cleaning, surface treatments of implants, nanowires, 3D nanoprinting, STED lithography, friction modification, and integrated optics.The book highlights also the use of modern femtosecond laser microscopes and nanoscopes as novel nanoprocessing tools.

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