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Emotional Minds

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ISBN: 9783110260908 9783110260922 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_626358 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100221
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:01:36
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The thoroughly contemporary question of the relationship between emotion and reason was debated with such complexity by the philosophers of the 17th century that their concepts remain a source of inspiration for today`s research about the emotionality of the mind. The analyses of the works of Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, and many other thinkers collected in this volume offer new insights into the diversity and significance of philosophical reflections about emotions during the early modern era. A focus is placed on affective components in learning processes and the boundaries between emotions and reason.

Health, Rights and Dignity

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ISBN: 9783110319262 9783110319712 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_626362 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100238
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:01:44
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The idea that there is such a thing as a human right to health has become pervasive. It has not only been acknowledged by a variety of international law documents and thus entered the political realm but is also defended in academic circles. Yet, despite its prominence the human right to health remains something of a mystery - especially with respect to its philosophical underpinnings. Addressing this unfortunate and intellectually dangerous insufficiency, this book critically assesses the stipulation that health is a human right which - as international law holds - derives from the inherent dignity of the human person. Scrutinising the concepts underlying this stipulation (health, rights, dignity), it shall conclude that such right cannot be upheld from a philosophical perspective.

Kant's Philosophy of the Unconscious

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ISBN: 9783110204032 9783110265408 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_626365 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100223
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:01:50
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In the 20th century, the role of the unconscious in Kant`s philosophy has been in great part neglected by Kant scholars. Nevertheless, the unconscious, the other of consciousness, is a key problem of the critical philosophy. The purpose of the volume is to fill a substantial gap in Kant research and to offer a complete survey of the topic in different areas of research, such as history of philosophy, philosophy of mind, aesthetics, moral philosophy, and anthropology.

Schriften zur Universitätsidee

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Book Series: Karl Jaspers Gesamtausgabe. Werke ISBN: 9783796535338 Year: Pages: 585 DOI: 10.24894/978-3-7965-3533-8 Language: German
Publisher: Schwabe Verlag
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-29 11:21:03
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For the first time, this volume gathers all of Jasper’s texts concerning university that had been published by himself. The annotations of the edition provide valuable insights into the meaning of specific passages, the historical and intellectual context of Jasper's ideas, and the genesis of his manuscripts.&#xD;

Homo absconditus

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ISBN: 9783110666373 9783110666397 9783110661422 Year: Pages: 673 DOI: 10.1515/9783110666397 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 11:21:03
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This volume examines the specifics of Plessner's philosophy in comparison with the conceptions of Dewey, Freud, Habermas, Heidegger, Jaspers, Kant, Nietzsche, v. Uexküll and today's brain, cognition and behavioral research. It shows how philosophical anthropology overcomes the speciesism, ethnocentrism, anthropocentrism of modernity in favour of a common and open future of personal life forms.

Kant und die Imagination der Tiere

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ISBN: 9783835391154 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.18148/KOPS/352-2-1M3CZBPI9A5B70 Language: German
Publisher: Konstanz University Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:04
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Kant's reflections on animals open up a hitherto overlooked approach to his conception of human intuition and imagination. In her book, Rahel Villinger shows how Kant's aesthetics, epistemology, and theory of history must be reread against the background of the assumption of sensible cognition in non-rational animals. Kant as a frigid thinker of human reason, who sees in the forces of sensibility nothing but immorality and animal baseness: this prejudice is still widespread. However, sensibility for Kant is first and foremost an autonomous and independent faculty of cognition through intuition and imagination. In this way, Kant’s account of sensibility differs radically from that of the rationalist school philosophy of his day and also from the newly emerging philosophy of German idealism. Furthermore, Kant thought that we need the imagination of other animals to be able to critically think our own. Therefore, an imagination of animals with Kant includes both: the notion of a superhuman power of purely sensible intuition and imagination whose singularity and immediacy reflect the perfection and infinity of divine intuition; and the specific imagination of rational animals, whose descriptive activity combines image and writing, intuition and concept, and which becomes possible only through the imagination of their prehistorical origin - their animal prototype. Kant’s reflections on animals thus reveal a hidden ambiguity in his thinking of sensible nature, which lives on in the foundations of modern aesthetics, poetics, and image theory.

Scham und Würde

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Book Series: Beitrage zu Friedrich Nietzsche ISBN: 9783796540141 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.24894/978-3-7965-4014-1 Language: German
Publisher: Schwabe Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-29 11:21:04
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This volume comprehensively analyses the key terms shame and dignity in Nietsche’s thinking and explores their importance to contemporary debates in ethics and moral philosophy.&#xD;

Fines Hominis?&#127; Zur Geschichte der philosophischen Anthropologiekritik

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Book Series: Edition Moderne Postmoderne ISBN: 9783837629569 9783839429563 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.14361/9783839429563 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Institut f&#129;ür Designforschung der ZHdK
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-09 11:01:15
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For a good 50 years now, theses of »vanishing humanity«, its »dissolution«, or its »end« have been haunting philosophy. People constantly speak of the »death of the subject«. From Kant, Hegel, and Marx to Nietzsche, Heidegger, Adorno, and Foucault, a philosophical skepticism is manifesting which concerns »man«, pointing beyond him. This volume sheds light on the backgrounds and meanings of these »post-modern« postulations without succumbing to polemic prejudice. The different contributions reconstruct the historically relevant criticisms that speak out against an anthropological exaltation and absolutization of »mankind«. At the same time, the volume takes a philosophical stance against the current trend of naturalist images of humanity being revived in biological sciences and brain research.

Nicht(s) sagen

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Book Series: Edition Moderne Postmoderne ISBN: 9783839408285 9783899428285 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.14361/9783839408285 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:10
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Das 20. Jahrhundert war durch eine radikale Rückbesinnung auf die Möglichkeiten und Grenzen von Sprache gekennzeichnet. Der neuzeitliche Traum einer restlosen Benennung des Weltganzen wird fraglich, wenn ihr Medium - die propositionale Aussagelogik - unter Verdacht gerät. Der Band wirft die brisante Frage auf, ob der für das Jahrhundert prägende linguistic turn nicht so sehr in einer Hinwendung, als vielmehr in einer »Abwendung« vom Sagen besteht, die sich in der Entsagungsgeste von Melvilles Bartleby emblematisch verkörpert. Einzelanalysen zu literarischen Strategien bei Mallarmé, Wittgenstein, Celan, Foucault, Adorno, Derrida, Lévinas u.a.m. führen vor, wie Unterlassen nicht nur ein kritisches, sondern auch stets ein schöpferisches Moment in sich birgt. Mit Beiträgen von Giorgio Agamben, Jean Clam, Rüdiger Zill u.v.a.m.

Ethik und Moral im Wiener Kreis

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ISBN: 9783205795339 Year: Pages: 450 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_480332 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 120
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-04 09:01:51
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This monograph undertakes a long-overdue revision of the prevailing view on the role and conception of ethics and morality in the Vienna Circle. This view is rejected as being too partial and undifferentiated.

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