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El conocimiento como práctica: Investigación, valoración, ciencia y difusión

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Book Series: Estudios / Investigaciones ISSN: 15140075 ISBN: 9789503411018 Year: Volume: 48 Pages: 268 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2015-08-03 15:25:52
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Presentamos en este volumen una serie de trabajos en los que se reflexiona sobre el problema del conocimiento desde una perspectiva filosófica. En muchos de ellos se parte de la formulación de diversas críticas a las concepciones tradicionales del conocimiento en general y del conocimiento científico en particular. En varios de los aportes incluidos se identifican y exploran las consecuencias de sus limitaciones, inconsistencias o debilidades y se recurre a nuevos modos de abordaje que no desconocen su deuda con la tradición filosófica misma. Todo esto para llegar a nuevas y más adecuadas respuestas desde la filosofía hacia las problemáticas específicas que plantea nuestro tiempo, para dar cuenta de una mejor comprensión de la actividad cognoscitiva humana y científica en particular.

El mundo amenazado : Las crisis globales y su repercusión en las ciencias, la filosofía y la literatura en el primer tercio del siglo XX

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ISBN: 9789874960139 DOI: 10.4000/books.eunrn.2934 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Editorial UNRN
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures --- Philosophy --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
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Esta obra indaga acerca del impacto de las crisis mundiales sobre diversas áreas de la cultura, en especial, el pensamiento económico, las ciencias naturales, la filosofía y la literatura. Los estudios reunidos se centran en las primeras décadas del siglo XX, etapa en la que la interdependencia de las diversas regiones del planeta –acompañada por la de las distintas esferas de la vida– alcanzó el estatus de global, es decir, constituyó un único mundo. Es entonces cuando las crisis históricas precedentes convergen con las nuevas crisis mundiales y la percepción de los cambios se modifica sustancialmente. De ahí la importancia de los seis ensayos que este volumen ofrece al lector para comenzar a comprender las transformaciones en las ciencias y el campo cultural dentro de un marco conceptual común, conformado por los modelos de espacios controversiales y crisis de mundo del reconocido filósofo de la ciencia Oscar Nudler.

Naturwissenschaft

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Book Series: Bibliothek dialektischer Grundbegriffe ISBN: 9783839400951 Year: Pages: 52 DOI: 10.14361/9783839400951 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Science (General) --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-23 11:21:04
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Im Mittelpunkt dieses Bandes steht das Verhältnis von Naturwissenschaft und Dialektik. Er entwirft eine Skizze der Entwicklung des Naturbegriffs von der Antike bis zur Neuzeit, um den Umbruch in der Auffassung der Natur als Substanz zu der als Funktion aufzuzeigen. So kann das Prinzip naturwissenschaftlicher Erfahrung deutlich gemacht werden. Sie ist keine empiristische Beschreibung, sondern ein Bestimmen von Bewegungen in der Natur durch Messung und Experiment. In beiden verbergen sich epistemologische und damit philosophische Grundlagen. Die Naturwissenschaft selbst denkt ihre Erfahrung in Gestalt spezifischer Dualismen, die die Dialektik als messtheoretische Fassung des als Bewegung daseienden Widerspruchs begreift. Sie führt so das naturwissenschaftlich Getrennte wieder zu einem Ganzen zusammen.

Thinking the Problematic

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Book Series: Edition Moderne Postmoderne ISBN: 9783839446409 Year: Pages: 200 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Niedersächsisches Ministerium für Wissenschaft und Kultur - [grantnumber unknown]||[grantnumber unknown]
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:22:52
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The notion of »the problematic« has changed its meaning within the history of power and knowledge since the early 20th century, leading up to today's performative, neocybernetic fascination with generalized management ideas and technocratic models of science. This book explores central scenes, conceptual elaborations, and practical affiliations of what historically has been called »the problem« or »the problematic«. By way of considering modes of problematization as modes of inhabitation, intervention, and transformation the contributions map its current conceptual-political uses as well as onto-epistemological challenges. Thus, »problematization« is positioned as a critical concept that links, often in intricate ways, several currents from speculative philosophy to the formation of interdisciplinary fields. The »problematic«, as it turns out, has been the source of change in philosophy and the sciences all along.

Embodiment in Evolution and Culture

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ISBN: 9783161547362 9783161549014 Year: DOI: 10.1628/9783161549014 Language: English
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101760
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-26 11:01:50
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From its beginnings, the theory of evolution has unsettled fundamental anthropological assumptions about the place of human beings in nature. The integration of human origins into natural history by Darwinism was countered by the philosophical anthropologies of the 20th century. Their attempts were to hold on even more resolutely to the special status of humans as beings 'open towards the world'. Today, evolutionary and philosophical anthropology have moved closer together via the paradigm of embodiment. Building on embodied cognitive science, this volume aims to establish how far the human mind and human cultural cognition can be attributed to the structures of human existence, structures which have emerged in the course of evolution and have in turn been affected by culture. The traditional dualism of nature and culture is transformed into an explanation of an evolutionary process in which body and mind are understood to be intertwined and mutually constitutive.

Environments of Intelligence

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Book Series: History and Philosophy of Technoscience ISBN: 9781315408101 9781138222328 9780367348717 9781315408095 9781315408071 Year: Pages: 231 DOI: 10.4324/9781315408101 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Computer Science --- Science (General) --- Philosophy --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:25
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What is the role of the environment, and of the information it provides, in cognition? More specifically, may there be a role for certain artefacts to play in this context? These are questions that motivate "4E" theories of cognition (as being embodied, embedded, extended, enactive). In his take on that family of views, Hajo Greif first defends and refines a concept of information as primarily natural, environmentally embedded in character, which had been eclipsed by information-processing views of cognition. He continues with an inquiry into the cognitive bearing of some artefacts that are sometimes referred to as 'intelligent environments'. Without necessarily having much to do with Artificial Intelligence, such artefacts may ultimately modify our informational environments. With respect to human cognition, the most notable effect of digital computers is not that they might be able, or become able, to think but that they alter the way we perceive, think and act. The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.tandfebooks.com/doi/view/10.4324/9781315401867, has been made available under a Creative Commons CC-BY licence

Computerexperimente

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Book Series: Science Studies ISBN: 9783839409862 Year: Pages: 316 DOI: 10.14361/9783839409862 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:29
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Seit der Einführung des Computers als Forschungs-, Experimentier- und Prognoseinstrument erleben die Wissenschaften einen tief greifenden Wandel. Nicht nur die Praktiken und Infrastrukturen wissenschaftlichen Arbeitens verändern sich, sondern auch die Logik der Forschung unterliegt einer grundlegenden Transformation. Neben Theorie, Experiment und Messung eröffnen Computerexperimente ein neues Feld der Wissensproduktion und verändern radikal die Experimentalkultur der Naturwissenschaften. Am Beispiel der Klimaforschung rekonstruiert das Buch diesen Wandel der Wissenschaften »from science to computational sciences«.

Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies - Part 1

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ISBN: 9783038978220 9783038978237 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-823-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Modern information communication technology eradicates barriers of geographic distances, making the world globally interdependent, but this spatial globalization has not eliminated cultural fragmentation. The Two Cultures of C.P. Snow (that of science–technology and that of humanities) are drifting apart even faster than before, and they themselves crumble into increasingly specialized domains. Disintegrated knowledge has become subservient to the competition in technological and economic race leading in the direction chosen not by the reason, intellect, and shared value-based judgement, but rather by the whims of autocratic leaders or fashion controlled by marketers for the purposes of political or economic dominance. If we want to restore the authority of our best available knowledge and democratic values in guiding humanity, first we have to reintegrate scattered domains of human knowledge and values and offer an evolving and diverse vision of common reality unified by sound methodology. This collection of articles responds to the call from the journal Philosophies to build a new, networked world of knowledge with domain specialists from different disciplines interacting and connecting with other knowledge-and-values-producing and knowledge-and-values-consuming communities in an inclusive, extended, contemporary natural–philosophic manner. In this process of synthesis, scientific and philosophical investigations enrich each other—with sciences informing philosophies about the best current knowledge of the world, both natural and human-made—while philosophies scrutinize the ontological, epistemological, and methodological foundations of sciences, providing scientists with questions and conceptual analyses. This is all directed at extending and deepening our existing comprehension of the world, including ourselves, both as humans and as societies, and humankind.

Keywords

n/a --- compositional hierarchy --- development --- dissipative structures --- final cause --- internalism --- Second Law of thermodynamics --- subsumptive hierarchy --- agonism --- apophasis --- autocatalysis --- centripetality --- contingency --- endogenous selection --- heterogeneity --- indeterminacy --- process --- mathematics --- physics --- philosophical foundations --- natural philosophy --- the logic of nature --- ontology --- epistemology --- in the name of nature --- philosophy of information --- natural philosophy --- metaphysics --- physics --- problem of induction --- physicalism --- theoretical unity --- philosophy of science --- scientific method --- scientific progress --- pessimistic induction --- awareness --- cognition --- computation --- cybernetics --- differentiation --- fitness --- holographic encoding --- memory --- perception --- quantum information --- signal transduction --- spatial representation --- thermodynamics --- unitarity --- Leibniz --- monad --- internal quantum state --- relational biology --- reflexive psychology --- self --- induction --- naturalism --- evidence and justification --- epistemic norms --- induction and concept formation --- induction and discovery of laws --- natural philosophy --- R.M. Unger --- L. Smolin --- Aristotle --- F.W.J. Schelling --- Naturphilosophie --- A.N. Whitehead --- Ivor Leclerc --- dialectics --- discourse --- discursive space --- information --- knowledge --- humanistic management --- language --- natural philosophy --- subjective experience --- process --- dual aspects --- consciousness --- information-theory --- theoretical biology --- 1st-person and 3rd-person perspectives --- hylomorphism --- mind --- form --- matter --- neurodynamics --- natural philosophy --- philosophy of science --- Jungian psychology --- depth psychology --- analytical psychology --- phenomenological psychology --- evolutionary psychology --- active imagination --- Aristotle’s four causes --- aesthetics in science --- philosophy as a way of life --- common good --- contradiction --- ethics --- information --- logic --- naturalization --- realism --- science --- synthesis --- natural philosophy --- philosophy of nature --- naturalism --- unity of knowledge --- qualitative ontology --- intentionality --- dispositions --- qualia --- abduction --- agent-based reasoning --- creativity --- eco-cognitive model --- eco-cognitive openness --- fallacies --- errors of reasoning --- third-way reasoning --- naturalization of logic --- causality --- embodiment --- measurement --- regulation --- retrocausality --- second-person description --- symmetry breaking --- temporality --- natural philosophy --- cosmology --- emptiness --- vacuum --- void --- dark energy --- space flight --- exoplanet --- big freeze --- big crunch --- everyday lifeworld --- digitization --- computability --- complexity --- reverse mathematics --- quantum computing --- real computing --- theory of everything --- acategoriality --- state-space approach --- mental representation --- dual-aspect monism --- exceptional experiences --- intentionality --- mind-matter relations --- category theory --- memory evolutive system --- emergence --- emergentist reductionism --- anticipation --- creativity --- info-computational model

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