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Le «borie» vichiane come paradigma euristico. Hybris dei popoli e dei saperi fra moderno e contemporaneo

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Book Series: I Quaderni del Lab ISBN: 9788890871290 Year: Pages: 500 Language: Italian
Publisher: Istituto per la storia del pensiero filosofico e scientifico moderno - National Research Council
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-18 10:54:41
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The essays included in this volume assume Giambattista Vico’s theory of the “conceits” (borie) as a heuristic paradigm for investigating different forms of arrogance by peoples and by kinds of knowledge. The book is made up of three sections. In the first one – “A possible Vichian paradigm” – Manuela Sanna’s essay examines the theme of the conceits in Vico’s writings, exploring it in all its ramifications. The essay by Giuseppe Cacciatore extrapolates the concept of conceit from Vico’s page and turns it into an useful tool for unmasking “other” kinds of arrogance. In the second section – “A retrospective” – a possible backwards path is outlined: various expressions of arrogance by peoples and by kinds of knowledge are investigated in authors closer to Vico or even more distant from him, like Molina, Montaigne and Diodorus, who was among Vico’s sources. The third section – “With Vico beyond Vico” – hosts contributions by scholars who tested the paradigm of the conceits in authors ranging from Descartes to Samuel Beckett. This results in a theoretical and historical framework that, without claiming to be exhaustive or organic, provides a varied and rich survey of the topic.

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Philosophy

Cultural Revolutions

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ISBN: 9780271025247 9780271030241 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625750 Language: English
Publisher: Penn State University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100091
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-18 11:01:17
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Cultural Revolutions argues that reason itself is cultural, but no less reasonable for it. Lawrence Cahoone systematically defines culture and gauges the consequences of the ineradicably cultural nature of cognition and action, yet argues that none of this implies relativism. Cahoone offers a definition of culture as teleologically organized practices, artifacts, and narratives and analyzes the notion of cultural membership in relation to race, ethnicity, and “primordialism.” He provides a theory of culture’s role in how we form our sense of reality and argues that the proper conception of culture dissolves “the problem” of cultural relativism. Applying this perspective to Islamic fundamentalism, Cahoone identifies its conflict with the West as representing the break between two of three historically distinctive forms of reason. Rather than being “irrational,” he shows, fundamentalism embodies a rationality only recently devalued—but not entirely abandoned—by the West.

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Philosophy

A Flourishing Practice?

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ISBN: 9780850843538 9780850843903 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625890 Language: English
Publisher: Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100363
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-28 11:01:24
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Peter Toon is the leading writer on primary care virtue ethics and this thought-provoking book builds on the thinking of philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre. A Flourishing Practice? looks at the moral problems that currently seem prevalent in health care. Common moral dilemmas highlighted by the media include threats to continuity of care, inappropriate care at the end of life, problems associated with commercialisation and privatisation of health care, defensiveness and risk aversion, and unrealistic expectations of care.The author argues that these all arise from a fundamental fragmentation of the value systems guiding our lives. The solution to these crises of professionalism and the pervading sense of moral crisis is the creation of a shared narrative. In this model of health care professionals and patients work together to cultivate the personal qualities that they need to flourish.

Keywords

Philosophy

Sovereignty in Ruins

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ISBN: 9780822363026 9780822373391 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100691
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:02:56
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Featuring essays by some of the most prominent names in contemporary political and cultural theory, Sovereignty in Ruins presents a form of critique grounded in the conviction that political thought is itself an agent of crisis. Aiming to develop a political vocabulary capable of critiquing and transforming contemporary political frameworks, the contributors advance a politics of crisis that collapses the false dichotomies between sovereignty and governmentality and between critique and crisis. Their essays address a wide range of topics, such as the role history plays in the development of a politics of crisis; Arendt's controversial judgment of Adolf Eichmann; Strauss's and Badiou's readings of Plato's Laws; the acceptance of the unacceptable; the human and nonhuman; and flesh as a biopolitical category representative of the ongoing crisis of modernity.

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Philosophy

Tropes of Transport

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ISBN: 9780810127852 9780810165670 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_628773 Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100720
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-18 11:01:33
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Intervening in the multidisciplinary debate on emotion, Tropes of Transport offers a fresh analysis of Hegel’s work that becomes an important resource for Pahl’s cutting-edge theory of emotionality. If it is usually assumed that the sincerity of emotions and the force of affects depend on their immediacy, Pahl explores to what extent mediation—and therefore a certain degree of manipulation but also of sympathy—is constitutive of emotionality. Hegel serves as a particularly helpful interlocutor not only because he offers a sophisticated analysis of mediation, but also because, rather than locating emotion in the heart, he introduces impersonal tropes of transport, such as trembling, release, and shattering.

Keywords

Philosophy

The Middle Included

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Book Series: Rereading Ancient Philosophy ISBN: 9780810134010  9780810134027 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_628782 Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100717
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-18 11:01:33
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The Middle Included is a systematic exploration of the meanings of logos throughout Aristotle’s work. It claims that the basic meaning is “gathering,” a relation that holds its terms together without isolating them or collapsing one to the other. This meaning also applies to logos in the sense of human language. Aristotle describes how some animals are capable of understanding non-firsthand experience without being able to relay it, while others relay it without understanding. Aygün argues that what distinguishes human language, for Aristotle, is its ability to both understand and relay firsthand and non-firsthand experiences. This ability is key to understanding the human condition: science, history, news media, propaganda, gossip, utopian fiction, and sophistry, as well as philosophy. Ömer Aygün finds Aristotle’s name for this peculiar but crucial human ability of “gathering” both experiences is logos, and this leads to a claim about the specificity of human rationality and language.

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Philosophy

The Givenness of Desire

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Book Series: Lonergan Studies ISBN: 9781487500313 9781487514709 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Toronto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100134
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-15 11:01:39
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This book examines the human desire for God through the lens of Bernard Lonergan's 'concrete subjectivity.' With Lonergan as an integrating thread, the author engages a variety of thinkers, including Hans Urs von Balthazar, Jean-Luc Marion, Rene Girard, Lawrence Feingold, John Milbank, John Paul II, Benedict XVI, Pope France, among others. The Givenness of Desire investigates our paradoxical desire for God that is rooted in in both the natural and supernatural.

Keywords

Philosophy

All in the Family

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ISBN: 9780822351764 9780822395102 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100981
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-19 11:02:35
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Western political philosophers since Plato have used the family as a model for harmonious political and social relations. Yet, far from being an uncontentious domain for shared interests and common values, the family is often the scene of intense interpersonal conflict and disagreement. In All in the Family, the political theorist Kennan Ferguson reconsiders the family, in its varied forms, as an exemplar of democratic politics and suggests how real rather than idealized family dynamics can help us to better understand and navigate political conflict. By closely observing the attachments that arise in families despite profound disagreements and incommensurabilities, Ferguson argues, we can imagine a political engagement that accommodates radical differences without sacrificing community.

Keywords

Philosophy

A Theory of Regret

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ISBN: 9780822369363 9780822372394 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101000
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-19 11:02:35
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In A THEORY OF REGRET Brian Price takes up regret as a useful political emotion and, surprisingly, as a way to understand bureaucracy. Drawing on the work of Hannah Arendt, Aristotle, and Heidegger, as well as examples from film, Price presents a philosophical reflection on the transformative qualities of regret insofar as it provides opportunities to re-evaluate our commitments and to recognize that we are judging ourselves and others differently. According to Price, the impersonality and indifference of bureaucracy is often seen as a structure to forestall regret; however, interacting with bureaucrats can be a pathway for thinking about how to redress past wrongs.

Keywords

Philosophy

After Confucius

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ISBN: 9780824828424 9780824873998 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Hawai'i / Hawai‘i Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100425
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-01 16:09:38
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After Confucius is a collection of eight studies of Chinese philosophy from the time of Confucius to the formation of the empire in the second and third centuries B.C.E. As detailed in a masterful introduction, each essay serves as a concrete example of “thick description”—an approach invented by philosopher Gilbert Ryle—which aims to reveal the logic that informs an observable exchange among members of a community or society. To grasp the significance of such exchanges, it is necessary to investigate the networks of meaning on which they rely. Paul R. Goldin argues that the character of ancient Chinese philosophy can be appreciated only if we recognize the cultural codes underlying the circulation of ideas in that world. Thick description is the best preliminary method to determine how Chinese thinkers conceived of their own enterprise.

Keywords

Philosophy

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