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A more developed sign: interpreting the work of Jesper Hoffmeyer

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Book Series: Tartu Semiotics Library ISBN: 9789949199457 Year: Pages: 334 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_419651 Language: English
Publisher: University of Tartu Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2012-11-21 17:04:59
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For more than 40 years, Jesper Hoffmeyer has been committed to the idea of developing “a semiotics of nature, or biosemiotics as he chose to call this effort, that could intelligibly explain how all the phenomena of inherent meaning and signification in living nature – from the lowest level of sign processes in unicellular organisms to the cognitive and social behavior of animals – can emerge from a universe that was not so organized and meaningful from the very beginning” (Emmeche et al. 2002: 41). In this volume, over 80 world-class scholars from more than 20 countries select a short quotation taken from any of Jesper Hoffmeyer’s texts and provide their scholarly commentary upon that passage – whether in the form of an analytical explication, a critical disagreement or a conceptual extension – that as they feel asks the questions that need to be asked, proposes the ideas that need to be proposed, or that draws out the implications that need to be so explicitly drawn out, germane to the claims of the selected passage. At once a celebration and a serious academic development of the work of Jesper Hoffmeyer, this landmark volume marks the occasion of his 70th birthday on February 21, 2012.

Registers of Communication

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Linguistica ISBN: 9789518580174 9789522227980 9789522226730 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.21435/sflin.18 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation and SKS
Subject: Ethnology --- Social Sciences --- Science (General) --- Information theory --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-09 11:01:56
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In any society, communicative activities are organized into models of conduct that differentiate specific social practices from each other and enable people to communicate with each other in ways distinctive to those practices. The articles in this volume investigate a series of locale-specific models of communicative conduct, or registers of communication, through which persons organize their participation in varied social practices, including practices of politics, religion, schooling, migration, trade, media, verbal art, and ceremonial ritual. Drawing on research traditions on both sides of the Atlantic, the authors of these articles bring together insights from a variety of scholarly disciplines, including linguistics, anthropology, folklore, literary studies, and philology. They describe register models associated with a great many forms of interpersonal behavior, and, through their own multi-year and multi-disciplinary collaborative efforts, bring register phenomena into focus as features of social life in the lived experience of people in societies around the world.

Jeux de mots et créativité. Langue(s), discours et littérature

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Book Series: The Dynamics of Wordplay ISBN: 9783110519884 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: 293 DOI: 10.1515/9783110519884 Language: French
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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This volume seeks to shed light on the interdependencies between wordplay and language creativity. Contributions explore the most diverse genres and discourses throughout History —anagrams, medieval fatrasies, the works of Rabelais, children books, slam, riddles, and contemporary constrained writing—, trying to understand their theoretical, didactic and historical impact.

Conversations with Christian Metz. Selected Interviews on Film Theory (1970-1991)

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Book Series: Film Theory in Media History ISBN: 9789089648259 Year: Pages: 310 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:06
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From 1968 to 1991 the acclaimed film theorist Christian Metz wrote several remarkable books on film theory: Essais sur la signifi cation au cinéma, tome1 et 2; Langage et cinéma; Le signifiant imaginaire; and L’Enonciation impersonnelle. These books set the agenda of academic film studies during its formative period. Metz’s ideas were taken up, digested, refined,reinterpreted, criticized and sometimes dismissed, but rarely ignored.&#xD;&#xD;

&#xD;&#xD;This volume collects and translates into English for the first time a series of interviews with Metz, who offers readable summaries,elaborations, and explanations of his sometimes complex and demanding theories of film. He speaks informally of the most fundamental concepts that constitute the heart of film theory as an academic discipline – concepts borrowed from linguistics, semiotics, rhetoric, narratology, and psychoanalysis.&#xD;&#xD;

&#xD;&#xD;Within the colloquial language of the interview, we witness Metz’s initial formation and development of his film theory. The interviewers act as curious readers who pose probing questions to Metz about his books, and seek clarification and elaboration of his key concepts. We also discover the contents of his unpublished manuscript on jokes, his relation to Roland Barthes, and the social networks operative in the French intellectual community during the 1970s and 1980s.

Animal Umwelten in a Changing world: Zoosemiotic Perspectives

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Book Series: Tartu Semiotics Library ISBN: 9789949772810 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_620672 Language: English
Publisher: University of Tartu Press
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-06 11:01:04
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The book raises semiotic questions of human–animal relations: what is the semiotic character of different species, how humans endow animals with meaning, and how animal sign exchange and communication has coped with environmental change. The book takes a zoosemiotic approach and considers different species as being integrated with the environment via their specific umwelt or subjective perceptual world. The authors elaborate J. v. Uexküll’s concept of umwelt to make it applicable for analyzing complex and dynamical interactions between animals, humans, environment and culture. The opening chapters of the book present a framework for philosophical, historical, epistemological and methodological aspects of zoosemiotic research. These initial considerations are followed by specific case studies: on human–animal interactions in zoological gardens, communication in the teams of visually disabled persons and guiding dogs, semiotics of the animal condition in philosophy, historical changes in the role of animals in human households, the semiotics of predation, cultural perception of novel species, and other topics. The authors belong to the research group in zoosemiotics and human–animal relations based in the Department of Semiotics at the University of Tartu in Estonia, and in the University of Stavanger in Norway.

A Linguagem na Pólis

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Book Series: Investigação ISBN: 9789892611143 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1115-0 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-23 16:21:06
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Languages and cities are irreverent: they never let / have never let themselves be reduced to their materiality. Cities are not equivalent to cities and languages are not equivalent to languages. Languages and cities are undisciplined even in the face of any norm to which they are subjected, as thinking and language, by not being definitive, changes with each speaker, in the course of the exercise of their citizenship regardless of the age, wishes to affirm himself/herself as a free person and each linguistic community wishes to protect its identity. It is only through liberty that the knowledge and progress of humankind, unconditionally based on the exercise of verbal language, are accomplished.

Witness to Marvels

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ISBN: 9780520973688 9780520306332 Year: Pages: 337 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.76 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-20 11:21:03
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Witness to Marvels traces the development of a unique genre of Sufi-inspired Bengali romances called pir kathas, whose protagonists and plots are wholly fictive. For five centuries these fabulations have parodied indigenous and Hindu textual traditions. Both mimicking and mocking, these parodies adopted a subjunctive tone, exploring a magical world of ‘what-if’. They created an Islam-inflected space within a traditional Bengali cultural environment without trying to legislate what ideally ‘should be’ according to tropes common to Islamic history, theology, and law. The tales’ discursive arena, the imaginaire, delineated the realm of possibility for how these tales might exercise the imagination to integrate Hindu and Islamic cosmologies. Tales insinuated themselves into locally relevant discourses through elaborate intertextual connections, subtly shifting presuppositions about the way the world works and what counts as religious authority. As Allah looked on from heaven, the tales routinely assigned Sufi saints, both pirs and bibis, to the pivotal role of avatar, the periodic descent of divinity, equating them to the Hindu god Narayan. Adopting a semiotic strategy to interpret these tales yields a bold new perspective on the subtle ways Islam assumed its distinctive form in Bengal and suggests how we need to reimagine conversion in this region.&#xD;

Keywords

avatar --- Bengali --- conversion --- katha --- Hindu --- Islam --- imaginaire --- imagination --- parody --- pir --- romance --- saint --- semiotics --- subjunctive --- Sufi

Beside You in Time

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ISBN: 9781478090045 9781478006350 9781478005049 9781478005674 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.1215/9781478090045 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press
Subject: Sociology --- Gender Studies --- Languages and Literatures --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:03
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In Beside You in Time Elizabeth Freeman expands biopolitical and queer theory by outlining a temporal view of the long nineteenth century. Drawing on Foucauldian notions of discipline as a regime that yoked the human body to time, Freeman shows how time became a social and sensory means by which people assembled into groups in ways that resisted disciplinary forces. She tracks temporalized bodies across many entangled regimes—religion, secularity, race, historiography, health, and sexuality—and examines how those bodies act in relation to those regimes. In analyses of the use of rhythmic dance by the Shakers; African American slave narratives; literature by Mark Twain, Pauline Hopkins, Herman Melville, and others; and how Catholic sacraments conjoined people across historical boundaries, Freeman makes the case for the body as an instrument of what she calls queer hypersociality. As a mode of being in which bodies are connected to others and their histories across and throughout time, queer hypersociality, Freeman contends, provides the means for subjugated bodies to escape disciplinary regimes of time and to create new social worlds.

The Models of Space, Time and Vision in V. Nabokov’s Fiction: Narrative Strategies and Cultural Frames

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Book Series: Tartu Semiotics Library ISBN: 9789949320684 9789949113064 Year: Pages: 322 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_421498 Language: English
Publisher: University of Tartu Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Languages and Literatures --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2012-11-21 17:05:16
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Marina Grishakova belongs to the younger generation scholars of the Tartu-Moscow school of semiotics. Her book is part of a semio-narratological tradition of a single author or a single work research that tackles issues of wider theoretical import: applicability of the concept of “modeling” in the humanities, theory of mimesis and the function of experimental literature in (post)modernist culture. By drawing on Y. Lotman’s conception of artistic models, the book adopts the semiotic perspective on modeling as an open-ended heuristic process underlying the logic of discovery and creative thinking. The book discusses the models of time and memory in modernist culture (Nietzsche’s and Bergson’s philosophy of time, Minkowski’s research on the psychopathological types of temporality) and their relevance to Nabokov’s fiction; popular-scientific notions of serialism and the fourth dimension; thematizations of the observer in modernist philosophy and arts; visual “prostheses” and “machines” (Eco), particularly the “camera vision” metaphor, its relation to Bergson’s notion of automatism and the popular idea of the criminal use of hypnosis. Vision is thematized also as a means of seduction and noncoercive control. Even before Foucault, Baudrillard and other critics of modernity, Nabokov noticed that advertising, political propaganda and erotic seduction alike employ implicit forms of suggestion. The book revises Rorty’s dilemma of “autonomy” and “solidarity” as applied to Nabokov’s work and offers new readings. It considers categories of narrative poetics as forms of cultural encoding that broaden and transform reader’s modes of perception and sense-making. Micro-models active in certain contexts or in the works of certain authors function as mobile interfaces between individual sensibilities and complex cultural chrono- and spatio-types where time and space take on conceptual meaning. (This title is the second revised edition, available online only. The web shop refers to the first edition, which is available as a paper monograph.)

State Martyr

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Book Series: Media and Religion | Medien und Religion ISBN: 9783845299372 Year: Volume: 2 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845299372 Language: en
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-05 10:54:38
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The politician Aldo Moro was abducted and killed in 1978 by the terrorist organisation the Red Brigades. The media then stylised Moro as a ‘state martyr’. This volume deals with the highly topical question concerning the performativity of this concept in the tension between democratic states and terrorism and reconstructs a crucial phase of post-war policy in Italy on the basis of media sources on the Moro case. What role does a term from Christian antiquity play within modern sociopolitical discourses? What changes has the term ‘martyr’ undergone in European religious and cultural history? On the basis of these questions, this study opens up an interdisciplinary theoretical horizon in order to understand the role of religious motifs in sociopolitical contexts. It brings a central new dimension to the secularisation debate, which sees secularisation as a new configuration of politics and religion.

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