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Reciprocal Relationships and Well-being

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ISBN: 9781138645073 9780367431068 Year: Pages: 198 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-20 11:21:03
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This book provides a robust empirical and theoretical analysis of reciprocity and its implications for social work and social policy practices by discussing how ideas of reciprocity can be understood and applied to welfare policy and social care practices, as well as how the act of reciprocity supports the wellbeing of citizens.

Social accountability, citizenship and social protection in the MENA region: exploring the linkages (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781786431981 9781786431998 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.4337/9781786431998 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Sociology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-28 12:01:00
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This book presents a state of the art in the developing field of social policy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. It offers an up-to-date conceptual analysis of social policy programmes and discourses in the MENA region by critically reviewing the range of social insurance and social assistance schemes that are currently in existence there. It also analyses and offers suggestions on which of these policies can positively impact the region’s advancement in terms of human development and in addressing social and economic inequalities and exclusion.

The Politics of Evidence

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Governance and Public Policy Learn ISBN: 9781138939400 9781315675008 Year: Pages: 182 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 282118
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-14 11:02:30
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There has been an enormous increase in interest in the use of evidence for public policymaking, but the vast majority of work on the subject has failed to engage with the political nature of decision making and how this influences the ways in which evidence will be used (or misused) within political areas. This book provides new insights into the nature of political bias with regards to evidence and critically considers what an ‘improved’ use of evidence would look like from a policymaking perspective. Part I describes the great potential for evidence to help achieve social goals, as well as the challenges raised by the political nature of policymaking. It explores the concern of evidence advocates that political interests drive the misuse or manipulation of evidence, as well as counter-concerns of critical policy scholars about how appeals to ‘evidence-based policy’ can depoliticise political debates. Both concerns reflect forms of bias – the first representing technical bias, whereby evidence use violates principles of scientific best practice, and the second representing issue bias in how appeals to evidence can shift political debates to particular questions or marginalise policy-relevant social concerns. Part II then draws on the fields of policy studies and cognitive psychology to understand the origins and mechanisms of both forms of bias in relation to political interests and values. It illustrates how such biases are not only common, but can be much more predictable once we recognise their origins and manifestations in policy arenas. Finally, Part III discusses ways to move forward for those seeking to improve the use of evidence in public policymaking. It explores what constitutes ‘good evidence for policy’, as well as the ‘good use of evidence’ within policy processes, and considers how to build evidence-advisory institutions that embed key principles of both scientific good practice and democratic representation. Taken as a whole, the approach promoted is termed the ‘good governance of evidence’ – a concept that represents the use of rigorous, systematic and technically valid pieces of evidence within decision-making processes that are representative of, and accountable to, populations served.

The Generational Welfare Contract: Justice, Institutions and Outcomes

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781783471027 9781783471034 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.4337/9781783471034 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Social Sciences --- Social and Public Welfare --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-19 11:27:35
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This groundbreaking book brings together perspectives from political philosophy and comparative social policy to discuss generational justice. Contributing new insights about the preconditions for designing sustainable, inclusive policies for all of society, the authors expose the possibilities of supporting egalitarian principles in an ageing society through balanced generational welfare contracts. Welfare states are largely structured around social risks that appear in distinct phases of human life, including childhood, working age and old age. By empirically analysing the causes and consequences of social policy in a large number of countries, the authors show that balanced generational welfare contracts – in which age-related social protection is more evenly distributed across different stages of life – is to the advantage of all age groups, therefore contributing to social justice and welfare state sustainability. The authors offer a combination of descriptive data analysis and statistical regressions to provide robust evidence that countries can avoid generational trade-offs in policymaking and find positive-sum solutions.

Soziale Grundsicherung in der Weltgesellschaft

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Global Studies ISBN: 9783899424607 9783839404607 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839404607 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103278
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Auch Sozialpolitik globalisiert sich. Das Buch zeigt, dass sozialhilfe- und rentenartige Grundsicherungssysteme nicht nur in entwickelten, sondern auch in Entwicklungs- und Übergangsgesellschaften wirksame Instrumente der Armutsbekämpfung sein können. Direkte Geldleistungen etwa an von AIDS betroffene Familien, alleinerziehende Frauen und Alte können auch entwicklungspolitisch produktiv sein. Das Buch gibt erstmals einen weltweiten Überblick über monetäre Grundsicherungssysteme. Die Grundsicherungsstrategie markiert einen Paradigmenwechsel in der Entwicklungspolitik und stützt die These John W. Meyers einer sich verbreitenden universalistischen Weltkultur.

TafelGesellschaft

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783837615043 9783839415047 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839415047 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103231
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Die wohltätige Verteilung von Lebensmitteln steht für eine neue Polarisierung in den Überflussgesellschaften. Während Überangebot und individuelle Konsumentscheidungen systematisch Überschüsse hinterlassen, sind zugleich Menschen von Arbeit und Konsum so weit ausgeschlossen, dass sie nehmen, was die Tafeln und ähnliche Initiativen gerade verteilen können. Der transdisziplinäre Diskussionsband versammelt empirisch fundierte Analysen, theoretische Einsichten und politische Stellungnahmen zu dieser noch jungen Entwicklung. Ein breites Spektrum an Perspektiven auf ein aktuelles sozialpolitisches Phänomen, mit Beiträgen u.a. von Katrin Göring-Eckardt, Regina Görner, Gabriele Goettle, Marianne Gronemeyer, Fabian Kessl und Matthias Möhring-Hesse.

Was kann der Staat?

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837623123 9783839423127 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839423127 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103270
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Fragen zur Handlungsfähigkeit des Staates sind zentraler Bestandteil der gesellschaftlichen Debatten. Angesichts der im deutschen politischen System wirkenden institutionellen Schranken wird insbesondere problematisiert, wie Reformblockaden überwunden werden können. In diesem Kontext lohnt sich ein Blick auf die Renten- und Arbeitsmarktreformen der rot-grünen Regierung unter Gerhard Schröder. Ihre Untersuchung bietet sich vor allem deshalb an, weil das Zustandekommen der Sozialreformen überraschen muss. Anhand einer Analyse der Entscheidungsprozesse zeigt Hendrik Meyer auf, was die wesentlichen Bedingungen staatlicher Handlungsfähigkeit im deutschen Sozialstaat sind.

Workfare in den USA

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783837610383 9783839410387 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839410387 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103290
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Das "Sozialhilfeproblem" scheint in den USA - anders als in Europa - gelöst, worauf anhaltend hohe Beschäftigungsquoten verweisen. Die Studie stellt diesen Konsens in Frage. Sie untersucht die bislang nur unzureichend verstandenen Hintergründe und Konsequenzen der US-Sozialhilfereform von 1996, die einen radikalen Arbeitszwang für alle Bedürftigen einführte. Es wird erklärt, warum sich mit dieser 'Workfare-Politik' die Armut noch verschärft hat. Zudem wird gezeigt, wie Gewerkschaften und soziale Bewegungen auf diese Politik reagiert haben und vor welchen sozialpolitischen Herausforderungen Städte wie New York und Los Angeles zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts stehen.

Sosiaalipolitiikan lumo

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789520301149 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_608311 Language: Finnish
Publisher: Tampere University Press
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-22 11:01:22
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Social and the ecological welfare should be taken as the main aim of all politics. This is the message of this book titled The Enchantment of Social Policy. Basic social security system needs to be rebuilt and grounded on the universal basic income that everyone can top up by participating to the society in different ways. Universal basic income can be seen as a mean to recognize all valuable participation to for example voluntary work or care of elderly people. In conditions of high unemployment, this kind of universalistic social security would weaken the nexus between employment and welfare. It would promote a society and culture that is less dependent on the exploitation of natural resources. This book describes building blocks that are needed to reconstitute the enchantment of social policy – the utopian that we should collectively pursue.

Speaking Power to Truth: Digital Discourse and the Public Intellectual

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Book Series: Cultural Dialectics ISSN: 19158378 ISBN: 9781771990332 9781771990349 9781771990356 9781771990363 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.15215/aupress/9781771990332.01 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-10 20:14:58
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Online discourse has created a new media environment for contributions to public life, one that challenges the social significance of the role of public intellectuals—intellectuals who, whether by choice or by circumstance, offer commentary on issues of the day. The value of such commentary is rooted in the assumption that, by virtue of their training and experience, intellectuals possess knowledge—that they understand what constitutes knowledge with respect to a particular topic, are able to distinguish it from mere opinion, and are in a position to define its relevance in different contexts. When intellectuals comment on matters of public concern, they are accordingly presumed to speak truth, whether they are writing books or op-ed columns or appearing as guests on radio and television news programs. At the same time, with increasing frequency, discourse on public life is taking place online. This new digital environment is characterized by abundance—an abundance of speakers, discussion, and access. But has this abundance of discourse—this democratization of knowledge, as some describe it—brought with it a corresponding increase in truth?Casting doubt on the assertion that online discourse, with its proliferation of voices, will somehow yield collective wisdom, Speaking Power to Truth raises concerns that this wealth of digitally enabled commentary is, in fact, too often bereft of the hallmarks of intellectual discourse: an epistemological framework and the provision of evidence to substantiate claims. Instead, the pursuit of truth finds itself in competition with the quest for public reputation, access to influence, and enhanced visibility. But as knowledge is drawn into the orbit of power, and as the line between knowledge and opinion is blurred, what role will the public intellectual play in the promotion and nurturing of democratic processes and goals? In exploring the implications of the digital transition, the contributors to Speaking Power to Truth provide both empirical evidence of, and philosophical reflection on, the current and future role of the public intellectual in a technologically mediated public sphere.

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