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Compact Stars in the QCD Phase Diagram

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ISBN: 9783039219582 / 9783039219599 Year: Pages: 273 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-959-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Mathematics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The book edition of the Universe Special Issue “Compact Stars in the QCD Phase Diagram” is devoted to the overarching aspects shared between heavy-ion collisions and compact star astrophysics in investigating the hadron-to-quark matter phase transition in the equation of state of strongly interacting matter in different regions of the phase diagram of QCD. It comprises 22 review and research articles that, together, will serve as a useful guide in educating both young and senior scientists in this emerging field that represents an intersection of the communities of strongly interacting matter theory, heavy-ion collision physics and compact star astrophysics.

Keywords

heavy-ion collisions --- directed flow --- hydrodynamics --- deconfinement --- hybrid stars --- neutron stars --- equation of state --- ? meson condensation --- maximum mass --- ? resonances --- finite temperature --- finite density --- quark-gluon plasma --- finite size --- speed of sound --- neutron stars --- equation of state --- in-medium effects --- neutrino --- Quantum Chromodynamics --- dense matter --- vector interaction --- neutron stars --- equation of state --- QCD matter --- phase transition --- critical point --- modified excluded-volume mechanism --- dense matter --- equation of state --- stars: neutron --- pulsars: general, pulsars: PSR J0737 ? 3039A --- pulsars: PSR J1757 ? 1854 --- relativistic heavy-ion collisions --- monte carlo simulations --- transport theory --- strangeness --- neutron stars --- star oscillations --- hadron–quark continuity --- neutron stars --- QCD phase diagram --- neutron stars --- stellar magnetic field --- stellar structure --- stellar evolution --- neutron star --- equation of state --- phase transition --- quark matter --- pulsars --- quark stars --- general relativity --- Gravitational waves --- Gamma-ray bursts --- nuclear matter --- neutron stars --- quarks --- combustion --- neutron star --- QCD matter --- phase transition --- critical point --- neutron stars --- gravitational waves --- equation of state --- chiral symmetry --- axion QED --- quark-hole pairing --- cold-dense QCD --- magnetic DCDW --- quark matter --- hadronic matter --- quark deconfinement --- neutron star matter --- nuclear equation of state --- phase transition --- crystalline structure --- neutrino emissivities --- cluster virial expansion --- quark-hadron matter --- Mott dissociation --- Beth-Uhlenbeck equation of state --- heavy-ion collisions --- supernova explosions --- mass-twin stars --- nuclear symmetry energy --- heavy-ion collisions --- transport theory --- collective flow --- light cluster emission --- meson production --- quark-hadron phase transition --- pasta phases --- speed of sound --- hybrid compact stars --- mass-radius relation --- GW170817

Process Design, Integration, and Intensification

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038979821 / 9783038979838 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-983-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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With the growing emphasis on enhancing the sustainability and efficiency of industrial plants, process integration and intensification are gaining additional interest throughout the chemical engineering community. Some of the hallmarks of process integration and intensification include a holistic perspective in design, and the enhancement of material and energy intensity. The techniques are applicable for individual unit operations, multiple units, a whole industrial facility, or even a cluster of industrial plants. This book aims to cover recent advances in the development and application of process integration and intensification. Specific applications are reported for hydraulic fracturing, palm oil milling processes, desalination, reactive distillation, reaction network, adsorption processes, herbal medicine extraction, as well as process control.

There is a Crack in Everything—Education and Religion in a Secular Age

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ISBN: 9783039212774 / 9783039212781 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-278-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:39:37
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There are two constants in academic and theological discourse throughout history, they are the debate around secularization and the dialogue concerning the intersection of religion and education. Each age has had its debate about modernizing forces that drive concerns of impending secularization. In this publication this theme is approached from perspectives of teachers, of students, of policy makers and situated in a politico-historical context. Aware of the fact that in today’s plural societies one sacred canopy is non-existent anymore, cracks of the sacred canopy/canopies are described, as well as ‘the light that gets in’, the possible and challenging ways out are roughly sketched. We expect that each of the contributions of scholars of the East and the West, of the North and the South, and their presented examples and case studies, will stimulate the ongoing exploration and elaboration on the relationship between education and religion in todays’ and the coming world – work-in-progress for coming generations.

Keywords

religious education --- secularization --- pluralism --- non-confessional --- classroom observation --- ethnography --- Christian --- university --- radicalization --- post-secular --- secular --- religion education --- secularity --- secularism --- religion in public life --- representation of religion --- Bible --- Qur’an --- Ubuntu --- orthodoxy --- orthokardia --- orthopraxis --- Weltanschauung --- inter-worldview education --- Europe --- tolerance --- inequality --- power --- state Jewish religious education --- state Jewish secular education --- state Arab Moslem education --- state Christian education --- state Druze education --- religious and heritage education --- citizenship education --- religious minorities --- secularism --- Muslim --- youth --- immigration --- social boundaries --- identification --- college --- Québec --- inclusion --- worldview education --- universal design for learning --- learning in the presence of the other --- reflexive inclusion --- secularization --- rationality --- medicine --- theology --- symbiotic relevance --- school identity --- secularization --- secondary education --- teachers --- worldviews --- morality --- spirituality --- religion --- religious education --- life-as --- subjective-life --- secularism --- religious education --- values education --- strong religious schools --- Dutch Bible Belt --- citizenship education --- religious education --- liberal society --- secularization --- symbolic language --- philosophy of life --- religious sources of meaning --- metaphoric sensitivity --- inventive imagination --- role playing/bibliodrama --- identity construction --- life orientation --- bibliodrama --- narratives --- interreligious encounters --- education --- image of imams --- secularization --- plurality --- spiritual religiosity --- popular religiosity --- radicalization --- n/a --- n/a

Religion, Welfare and Social Service Provision. Common Ground

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038977605 9783038977612 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-761-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Religion, Welfare, and Social Service Provision: Common Ground delves deeply into the partnerships forged between religious communities, government agencies and nonprofits to deliver social services to the needy. These pages offer a considered examination of how local faith entities have served those in their midst, and how the provision of those services has been impacted by evolving social policies. This foundational volume brings together the work of more than two dozen leading researchers, each providing long overdue scholarly inquiry into religiously affiliated helping and the many possibilities that it holds for effective cooperation.

Autonomous Control of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

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ISBN: 9783039210305 / 9783039210312 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-031-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are being increasingly used in different applications in both military and civilian domains. These applications include surveillance, reconnaissance, remote sensing, target acquisition, border patrol, infrastructure monitoring, aerial imaging, industrial inspection, and emergency medical aid. Vehicles that can be considered autonomous must be able to make decisions and react to events without direct intervention by humans. Although some UAVs are able to perform increasingly complex autonomous manoeuvres, most UAVs are not fully autonomous; instead, they are mostly operated remotely by humans. To make UAVs fully autonomous, many technological and algorithmic developments are still required. For instance, UAVs will need to improve their sensing of obstacles and subsequent avoidance. This becomes particularly important as autonomous UAVs start to operate in civilian airspaces that are occupied by other aircraft. The aim of this volume is to bring together the work of leading researchers and practitioners in the field of unmanned aerial vehicles with a common interest in their autonomy. The contributions that are part of this volume present key challenges associated with the autonomous control of unmanned aerial vehicles, and propose solution methodologies to address such challenges, analyse the proposed methodologies, and evaluate their performance.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

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ISBN: 9783039214532 / 9783039214549 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-454-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Climate change, urban air quality, and dependency on crude oil are important societal challenges. In the transportation sector especially, clean and energy efficient technologies must be developed. Electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have gained a growing interest in the vehicle industry. Nowadays, the commercialization of EVs and PHEVs has been possible in different applications (i.e., light duty, medium duty, and heavy duty vehicles) thanks to the advances in energy storage systems, power electronics converters (including DC/DC converters, DC/AC inverters, and battery charging systems), electric machines, and energy efficient power flow control strategies. This book is based on the Special Issue of the journal Applied Sciences on “Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)”. This collection of research articles includes topics such as novel propulsion systems, emerging power electronics and their control algorithms, emerging electric machines and control techniques, energy storage systems, including BMS, and efficient energy management strategies for hybrid propulsion, vehicle-to-grid (V2G), vehicle-to-home (V2H), grid-to-vehicle (G2V) technologies, and wireless power transfer (WPT) systems.

Keywords

battery power --- convex optimization --- dynamic programming --- engine-on power --- plug-in hybrid electric vehicle --- simulated annealing --- electric vehicle --- open-end winding --- dual inverter --- voltage vector distribution --- power sharing --- energy management --- range-extender --- CO2 --- air quality --- mobility needs --- LCA --- Paris Agreement --- hybrid energy storage system --- lithium-ion battery --- lithium-ion capacitor --- lifetime model --- power distribution --- state of health estimation --- adaptive neuron-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) --- group method of data handling (GMDH) --- artificial neural network (ANN) --- electric vehicles (EVs) --- capacity degradation --- lithium-ion battery --- time-delay input --- interleaved multiport converte --- multi-objective genetic algorithm --- hybrid electric vehicles --- losses model --- wide bandgap (WBG) technologies --- Energy Storage systems --- LCA --- Well-to-Wheel --- electric vehicle --- plug-in hybrid --- electricity mix --- consequential --- attributional --- marginal --- system modelling --- energy system --- meta-analysis --- parallel hybrid electric vehicle --- regenerative braking --- fuel consumption characteristics --- energy efficiency --- state of charge --- lithium polymer battery --- electric vehicle --- Plugin Hybrid electric vehicle --- Li-ion battery --- modelling --- measurements --- state of charge --- strong track filter --- modified one-state hysteresis model --- Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O2 battery --- energy management strategy --- Markov decision process (MDP) --- plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) --- Q-learning (QL) --- reinforcement learning (RL) --- novel propulsion systems --- emerging power electronics --- including wide bandgap (WBG) technology --- emerging electric machines --- efficient energy management strategies for hybrid propulsion systems --- energy storage systems --- life-cycle assessment (LCA)

Brain-Computer Interfaces for Human Augmentation

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039219063 / 9783039219070 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-907-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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The field of Brain–Computer Interfaces (BCIs) has grown rapidly in the last few decades, allowing the development of faster and more reliable assistive technologies based on direct links between the brain and an external device. Novel applications of BCIs have also been proposed, especially in the area of human augmentation, i.e., enabling people to go beyond human limitations in sensory, cognitive and motor tasks. Brain-imaging techniques, such as electroencephalography, have been used to extract neural correlates of various brain processes and transform them, via machine learning, into commands for external devices. Brain stimulation technology has allowed to trigger the activation of specific brain areas to enhance the cognitive processes associated to the task at hand, hence improving performance. BCIs have therefore extended their scope from assistive technologies for people with disabilities to neuro-tools for human enhancement. This Special Issue aims at showing the recent advances in BCIs for human augmentation, highlighting new results on both traditional and novel applications. These include, but are not limited to, control of external devices, communication, cognitive enhancement, decision making and entertainment.

Energy Storage and Management for Electric Vehicles

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039218622 / 9783039218639 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-863-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This Special Edition of Energies on “Energy Storage and Management for Electric Vehicles” draws together a collection of research papers that critically evaluates key areas of innovation and novelty when designing and managing the high-voltage battery system within an electrified powertrain. The addressed topics include design optimisation, mathematical modelling, control engineering, thermal management, and component sizing.

Keywords

zinc–nickel single-flow battery --- equivalent circuit model --- self-discharge --- dynamic flow rate optimization --- genetic algorithm --- hybrid power system --- electric vehicle --- rule-based optimal strategy --- dynamic programming approach --- thermal modelling --- thermal behaviour --- lithium titanate oxide batteries --- optimal control --- supercapacitors --- batteries --- fuel cell --- hybrid vehicle --- battery degradation --- battery energy storage system --- charging scheme --- efficiency --- electric vehicle --- linear programming --- lithium ion battery --- operating expenses --- residential battery storage --- vehicle-to-building --- supercapacitor models --- parameter estimation --- ECE15 --- HPPC --- Simulink --- Simscape --- Matlab --- Identification --- regenerative energy --- timetable optimization --- energy storage system --- ?-constraint method --- improved artificial bee colony --- lithium-ion battery --- equivalent circuit model --- recursive least square --- adaptive forgetting factor --- parameter identification --- energy storage ageing and degradation --- life cycle assessment --- second-life energy storage applications --- Li-Sulfur batteries --- lithium-ion battery --- cell sorting --- multi-parameters sorting --- principal component analysis --- self-organizing maps clustering --- battery charging --- cycle-life --- state-of-health (SOH) --- battery cycle-life extension --- nonlinear battery model --- state of charge estimation --- lithium-ion battery --- Lipschitz nonlinear system --- Luenberger observer

Mercury and Methylmercury Toxicology and Risk Assessment

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ISBN: 9783038979708 / 9783038979715 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-971-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Mercury is a global pollutant that affects the health of both humans and ecosystems. This Special Issue collects three review papers and six research articles that report on the latest findings on the mechanisms of mercury toxicology and its impacts on environmental health. This collection of papers provides useful, new information on the mechanisms of mercury toxicity and methods of improving the risk assessment of mercury exposure.

Financial Econometrics

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ISBN: 9783039216260 / 9783039216277 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-627-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Financial econometrics has developed into a very fruitful and vibrant research area in the last two decades. The availability of good data promotes research in this area, specially aided by online data and high-frequency data. These two characteristics of financial data also create challenges for researchers that are different from classical macro-econometric and micro-econometric problems. This Special Issue is dedicated to research topics that are relevant for analyzing financial data. We have gathered six articles under this theme.

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