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Intrinsically Biocompatible Polymer Systems

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ISBN: 9783039284207 9783039284214 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-421-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Abstract

Biocompatibility refers to the ability of a biomaterial to perform its desired function with respect to a medical therapy, without eliciting any undesirable local or systemic effects in the recipient or beneficiary of that therapy, but generating the most appropriate beneficial cellular or tissue response in that specific situation, and optimizing the clinically relevant performance of that therapy, which reflects current developments in the area of intrinsically biocompatible polymer systems. Polymeric biomaterials are presently used as, for example, long-term implantable medical devices, degradable implantable systems, transient invasive intravascular devices, and, recently, as tissue engineering scaffolds. This Special Issue welcomes full papers and short communications highlighting the aspects of the current trends in the area of intrinsically biocompatible polymer systems.

Keywords

antimicrobial peptides --- biodegradable polymers --- biocompatible polymers --- drug delivery systems --- controlled release --- citropin --- temporin --- ionic liquids --- chitooligosaccharide --- polyurethane --- biodegradability --- physicochemical properties --- hemocompatibility --- biological activity --- crosslinking --- drug delivery --- cosmetic --- food-supplement --- functionalization --- hyaluronan applications --- hyaluronan derivatives --- hyaluronan synthases --- hyaluronic acid --- hyaluronidases --- physico-chemical properties --- cyclohexanone --- ?-butyrolactone --- chloroform --- extraction --- polyhydroxyalkanoates --- PHB --- electrospraying --- biodegradable nano/microparticles --- drug delivery --- septic arthritis --- release characteristics --- biopolymers --- silk fibroin --- konjac glucomannan --- porous beads --- scaffolds --- tissue engineering --- microcarriers --- Poly (l-lactic) acid --- Chitosan --- nanohydroxyapatite --- osteoblasts --- ion-releasing materials --- shrinkage stress --- water sorption --- hydroscopic expansion --- photoelastic investigation --- enzymatic polymerization --- chemical polymerization --- poly(benzyl malate) --- biocompatible nanoparticles --- cell uptake --- cytotoxicity --- HepaRG cells --- human macrophages --- star polymers --- solution behavior --- ATRP --- SPION --- contrast agent --- MRI --- cancer diagnosis --- folate receptor --- pluronic F127 --- polylactide --- hydrolytic degradation --- mechanical properties --- PEEK copolymer synthesis --- PEEK composite --- Spine cage application --- In vitro biosafety --- degradation --- saliva --- mechanical properties --- molecular weight --- thermal properties --- activation energy of thermal decomposition --- anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction --- bone tunnel enlargement --- X-ray microtomography --- polylactide --- n/a

Selected Papers from the 9th Symposium on Micro-Nano Science and Technology on Micromachines

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039216963 9783039216970 Year: Pages: 170 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-697-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Abstract

This Special Issue presents selected papers from the 8th

Keywords

vibration-induced flow --- micro-pillar --- numerical analysis --- micro-PIV --- acoustofluidics --- microscale thermophoresis --- multiphase flow --- microfluidic channels --- nano/microparticle separation --- micro-electro-mechanical-systems (MEMS) technologies --- magneto-impedance sensor --- thin-film --- high frequency --- logarithmic amplifier --- nondestructive inspection --- microfluidics --- biofabrication --- adipose tissue --- lipolysis --- tactile display --- thermal tactile display --- thermal sensation --- thermal conductivity --- liquid metal --- flexible device --- stretchable electronic substrate --- kirigami structure --- mechanical metamaterials --- surface mounting --- flexible electronic device --- contact resistance --- contact pressure --- myoblast --- skeletal muscle --- core-shell hydrogel fiber --- cyclic stretch --- engineered muscle --- laser direct writing --- femtosecond laser --- glyoxylic acid Cu complex --- reduction --- Cu micropattern --- near-infrared --- spectroscopy --- surface plasmon resonance --- Schottky barrier --- grating --- Si --- connector --- artificial blood vessel --- medical device --- blood coagulation --- implant --- artificial kidney --- biocompatible --- 4D printing --- 3D printing --- stimuli-responsive hydrogel --- electrical impedance measurement --- three-dimensional cell culture --- adipocyte --- lipid droplet --- 3T3-L1 --- functional surface --- condensation --- molecular dynamics --- wettability --- nanoscale structure --- n/a

Soft Material-Enabled Electronics for Medicine, Healthcare, and Human-Machine Interfaces

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039282821 9783039282838 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-283-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Abstract

Soft material-enabled electronics offer distinct advantage, over conventional rigid and bulky devices, for numerous wearable and implantable applications. Soft materials allow for seamless integration with skin and tissues due to enhanced mechanical flexibility and stretchability. Wearable devices, such as sensors, offer continuous, real-time monitoring of biosignals and movements, which can be applied in rehabilitation and diagnostics, among other applications. Soft implantable electronics offer similar functionalities, but with improved compatibility with human tissues. Biodegradable soft implantable electronics are also being developed for transient monitoring, such as in the weeks following surgery. To further advance soft electronics, materials, integration strategies, and fabrication techniques are being developed. This paper reviews recent progress in these areas, toward the development of soft material-enabled electronics for medicine, healthcare, and human-machine interfaces.

Keywords

soft materials --- flexible hybrid electronics --- wearable electronics --- stretchable electronics --- medicine --- healthcare --- human-machine interfaces --- point-of-care testing --- soft material-based channel --- PDMS optical filter --- smartphone-based biosensor --- chromogenic biochemical assay --- naked-eye detection --- implantable materials --- low-profile bioelectronics --- micro/nanofabrication --- medical devices --- biodegradable materials --- miniaturization --- bioresorbable electronics --- printing electronics techniques --- conductive inks --- flexible electronics --- carbon-based nano-materials --- bio-integrated electronics --- hardening sponge --- MR sponge --- 6 degrees-of-freedom (6-DOF) MR haptic master --- RMIS (robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery) --- implantable devices --- optical waveguides --- optical fibers --- biocompatible --- biodegradable --- electroactive hydrogel --- polyvinyl alcohol --- cellulose nanocrystals --- freeze–thaw method --- actuation --- biodegradable electronics --- transient electronics --- soft biomedical electronics --- biodegradable materials --- silver nanowire --- graphene oxide --- polymer-dispersed liquid crystal --- smart window --- hybrid transparent conductive electrode --- conductive textile --- capacitive pressure sensor --- gait --- monitoring --- phase coordination index --- stretchable --- polydimethylsiloxane --- liquid-metal --- capacitor --- dysphagia --- swallowing --- tongue --- nitinol --- superelastic --- prosthesis --- soft materials --- wearable electronics --- implantable electronics --- biodegradable --- medical devices --- diagnostics --- health monitoring --- human-machine interfaces

Biomaterials and Implant Biocompatibility

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039282166 9783039282173 Year: Pages: 420 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-217-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The scientific advances in life sciences and engineering are constantly challenging, expanding, and redefining concepts related to the biocompatibility and safety of medical devices. New biomaterials, new products, and new testing regimes are being introduced to

Keywords

carbonate apatite --- hydroxyapatite --- ?-tricalcium phosphate --- artificial bone substitute --- crystallite size --- dissolution rate --- hybrid dog --- bone levels --- dental implants --- neck design --- soft tissue dimensions --- peri-implantitis --- biofilm --- dental implants --- in vitro model --- MSN --- biopolymer --- drug delivery system --- in vitro kinetic studies --- articular cartilage defect --- bioplolymers --- C-reactive protein --- haptoglobin --- in vivo testing --- serum amyloid A --- serum protein fractions --- sheep --- contact lens --- materials --- biomedical implant --- smart dentin grinder --- autogenous particulate dentin graft --- tooth graft --- ground teeth --- human teeth --- bone grafts --- autologous graft --- dolomitic marble --- seashell --- CaCO3 derived-calcium phosphates --- modulated synthesis set-up --- SEM --- image analysis --- pre-osteoblasts --- titanium implants --- dental implants --- antibacterial coating --- gentamicin --- silver --- zinc --- cytotoxicity --- MC3T3-E1 --- Staphylococcus aureus --- plasma chemical oxidation --- bone infection --- local drug delivery --- bone graft --- demineralized bone matrix --- gentamicin --- regeneration --- colon cancer cells --- copper ions --- hydrogel sphere --- sodium alginate --- polyethyleneimine --- surface modification --- biocompatible metals --- coating techniques --- hydroxyapatite --- real-time live-cell imaging technology --- in vitro study --- biocompatibility --- 3D printing --- flow cytometry --- adipogenic mesenchymal stem cells --- porous SHS TiNi --- biocompatibility --- rheological similarity --- corrosion resistance --- bone substitution --- superparamagnetic scaffold --- composite --- laser direct writing --- static magnetic field --- extracellular matrix mineralization --- bone tissue engineering --- three-dimensional co-culture --- osteoblast --- endothelial cell --- microfiber scaffold --- osteogenesis --- angiogenesis --- tissue engineering --- diamond nanoparticles --- fish gelatin --- adipose-derived stem cells --- biocompatibility --- spaced TiO2 nanotubes --- osteoblast --- cell adhesion and morphology --- cell proliferation --- osteogenic differentiation --- protein–polymer matrices --- nanowelding --- single-walled carbon nanotubes --- point defects --- absorption --- laser radiation --- cell membrane --- mesenchymal stem cells --- osteogenic differentiation --- lactoferrin --- polymer composite --- bioceramics --- in vitro testing --- hydroxyapatite --- angiogenesis --- osteogenesis --- signaling pathways --- microRNA --- bioceramics --- bioactive glass --- hydroxyapatite --- root canal sealer --- bioactive glass --- mechanism --- caries --- review

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (4)


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english (4)


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2020 (3)

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