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Mining Goes Digital

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Book Series: Proceedings in Earth and geosciences ISBN: 9780367336042 9780429320774 Year: Pages: 780 DOI: 10.1201/9780429320774 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-08 11:21:11
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The abbreviation “APCOM” stands for “Applications for Computers and Operations Research in the Minerals Industry”. When the conference started in 1964, it was an informal meeting of scientists from different universities in the USA together with the “Society of Mining Engineers” (SME) of the United States. During the years the APCOM conference was performed in a mostly bi-annual rhythm. Up to today APCOM maintained its original logo formed around a punch card clearly remembering the historic origin of the conference from the times prior to the revolution caused by the era of semiconductors. In the beginning, APCOM focused on the optimization of geostatistics and resource estimation and a number of methods used in these fields were initially presented and discussed on APCOM conferences. This field still today is an important part of any APCOM. During the years, information technology has dramatically developed, new algorithmic methods evolved and the entire fields of electronic communication, machine automation, autonomous machines and process optimization developed. Consequently, today, APCOM is much more than a meeting of specialists in geostatistics and resource estimation: The APCOM has expanded to a conference covering all kinds of Information and Communication Technology in the mineral industry: Already in 2005 on the conference in Tuscon/AZ, the term “Mining Process Optimization” was presented as the next paradigm shift in mining after mechanization and automation, which marked another example of the continued innovative impact of the APCOM. Well ahead of the current discussions about “Digital Transformation”.

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Computers --- mineral industry --- mining

12 Computer science (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Routledge International Handbooks ISBN: 9780415826266 9780203431405 Year: Pages: 13 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-26 11:21:02
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In this chapter we will explore the relationship between crime and computers and networks by answering the following questions: •• Which techniques from computer science can be used to prevent crime? •• Which techniques from computer science can be used to study crime? To address the first question we use the 25 techniques of situational crime prevention to provide a systematic assessment of how computer and network technology can be used to prevent crime. The second question will be addressed by discussing computer simulation methods in cases where real experiments with crime prevention would be too costly or impractical.

How the Computer went to School

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Book Series: Education ISBN: 9781922235169 9781925523850 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Monash University Publishing Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102630
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-15 11:21:02
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For more than 30 years, certain governments, individuals and organisations have actively promoted computers as learning technologies. Enormous amounts of money and time have been spent promoting specific kinds of educational computing, and policies by which these might be implemented. The view that computers can enhance student learning has gained broad acceptance. The computers should not automatically be associated with success in schools. The view that all school children will benefit equally from access to computers overlooks inequities associated with differing patterns of use. How the Computer Went to School gives an account of the origins and development of the computer industry in the United States and shows how these influenced educational computing in both the US and Australia. It explores government policy that prioritises the economic benefits of educational computing for the nation and questions the proper role of the computer in education more generally.

Rethinking Productivity in Software Engineering

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ISBN: 9781484242216 Year: Pages: 310 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4842-4221-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:04
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Get the most out of this foundational reference and improve the productivity of your software teams. This open access book collects the wisdom of the 2017 "Dagstuhl" seminar on productivity in software engineering, a meeting of community leaders, who came together with the goal of rethinking traditional definitions and measures of productivity. The results of their work, Rethinking Productivity in Software Engineering, includes chapters covering definitions and core concepts related to productivity, guidelines for measuring productivity in specific contexts, best practices and pitfalls, and theories and open questions on productivity. You'll benefit from the many short chapters, each offering a focused discussion on one aspect of productivity in software engineering. Readers in many fields and industries will benefit from their collected work. Developers wanting to improve their personal productivity, will learn effective strategies for overcoming common issues that interfere with progress. Organizations thinking about building internal programs for measuring productivity of programmers and teams will learn best practices from industry and researchers in measuring productivity. And researchers can leverage the conceptual frameworks and rich body of literature in the book to effectively pursue new research directions. What You'll Learn Review the definitions and dimensions of software productivity See how time management is having the opposite of the intended effect Develop valuable dashboards Understand the impact of sensors on productivity Avoid software development waste Work with human-centered methods to measure productivity Look at the intersection of neuroscience and productivity Manage interruptions and context-switching Who Book Is For Industry developers and those responsible for seminar-style courses that include a segment on software developer productivity. Chapters are written for a generalist audience, without excessive use of technical terminology. ; Collects the wisdom of software engineering thought leaders in a form digestible for any developer Shares hard-won best practices and pitfalls to avoid An up to date look at current practices in software engineering productivity

Text and Genre in Reconstruction: Effects of Digitalization on Ideas, Behaviours, Products and Institutions

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Book Series: Digital Humanities Series ISSN: 20542410 20542429 ISBN: 9781906924256 Year: Pages: 253 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0008 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 03:32:42
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In this broad-reaching, multi-disciplinary collection, leading scholars investigate how the digital medium has altered the way we read and write text. In doing so, it challenges the very notion of scholarship as it has traditionally been imagined. Incorporating scientific, socio-historical, materialist and theoretical approaches, this rich body of work explores topics ranging from how computers have affected our relationship to language, whether the book has become an obsolete object, the nature of online journalism, and the psychology of authorship. The essays offer a significant contribution to the growing debate on how digitization is shaping our collective identity, for better or worse. Text and Genre in Reconstruction will appeal to scholars in both the humanities and sciences and provides essential reading for anyone interested in the changing relationship between reader and text in the digital age.

Digital Divas

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Book Series: Education ISBN: 9781922235879 9781922235862 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605039 Language: English
Publisher: Monash University Publishing Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103466
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-23 11:01:33
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The geek is male. Or so it seems. As is well documented, there is a distinct under-representation of girls studying computing at high school level and, correspondingly, going on to have careers in IT. To address this problem, in 2007 the authors of this book, with backgrounds in secondary teaching or IT, trialled a new and revolutionary program in schools: ‘Digital Divas’. The Digital Divas program, based on the idea that it was possible to change girls’ perceptions of IT careers with educationally sound materials that tapped into their interests and were delivered in all-girl classes within the school curriculum, was a great success. In 'Digital Divas: Putting the Wow into Computing for Girls', Fisher, Lang, Craig and Forgasz recount what they did and how they did it, and reflect on the significance of this program, which has indisputably led to an increased self-sufficiency with IT amongst girls, challenged stereotypical understandings of IT as a male activity, and increased the pursuit of IT careers by young women. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Text and Genre in Reconstruction

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Book Series: Digital Humanities Series ISBN: 9781906924263 Year: Pages: 253 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0008 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Philosophy --- Social Sciences --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-04 11:02:31
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In this broad-reaching, multi-disciplinary collection, leading scholars investigate how the digital medium has altered the way we read and write text. In doing so, it challenges the very notion of scholarship as it has traditionally been imagined. Incorporating scientific, socio-historical, materialist and theoretical approaches, this rich body of work explores topics ranging from how computers have affected our relationship to language, whether the book has become an obsolete object, the nature of online journalism, and the psychology of authorship. The essays offer a significant contribution to the growing debate on how digitization is shaping our collective identity, for better or worse. Text and Genre in Reconstruction will appeal to scholars in both the humanities and sciences and provides essential reading for anyone interested in the changing relationship between reader and text in the digital age.

Ganzheitliche Digitalisierung von Prozessen

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ISBN: 9783658226480 Year: Pages: 254 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-22648-0 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:21
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In diesem Open-Access-Buch wird das Geschäftsprozessmanagement als ein ganzheitlicher Prozess begriffen, der der Mitwirkung aller Stakeholder bedarf. Denn das traditionelle Business Process Engineering stößt heute angesichts der Digitalisierung und der dynamischen Entwicklung von Organisationen immer mehr an seine Grenzen, beispielsweise bezüglich Agilität. Um nun das Wesen von Aufgaben und Abläufen in Organisationen zu erfassen, schlagen die Autoren einen Perspektivwechsel vor: das Denken in Kommunikationsprozessen. Dieses Konzept lässt sich wirtschaftlich, organisatorisch und technisch ohne einschlägige Vorkenntnisse umsetzen. Leserinnen und Leser finden in dem Buch konkrete Handlungsanleitungen für die Digitalisierung von organisationsrelevanten Abläufen. Daneben liefern die Autoren Einblicke in die Systemtheorie und in das Design Thinking. Ihr Ziel ist, Konzepte einfach und verständlich zu erläutern, ohne dabei komplexe Zusammenhänge zu vernachlässigen. Dank ausführlicher Konzeptdarstellung und Ausflüge in die Theorie mit Beispielen aus der Praxis, eignet es sich für Studierende und für Wissenschaftler genauso wie für Praktiker. Entwickler und andere Fachkräfte aus den Bereichen Operatives Management, Geschäftsprozessmanagement, Organisationsentwicklung, Qualitätsmanagement, Wissensmanagement werden sich von der Übersichtlichkeit und dem Nutzwert angesprochen fühlen.

Pro TBB

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ISBN: 9781484243985 Year: Pages: 754 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4842-4398-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:04
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This open access book is a modern guide for all C++ programmers to learn Threading Building Blocks (TBB). Written by TBB and parallel programming experts, this book reflects their collective decades of experience in developing and teaching parallel programming with TBB, offering their insights in an approachable manner. Throughout the book the authors present numerous examples and best practices to help you become an effective TBB programmer and leverage the power of parallel systems. Pro TBB starts with the basics, explaining parallel algorithms and C++'s built-in standard template library for parallelism. You'll learn the key concepts of managing memory, working with data structures and how to handle typical issues with synchronization. Later chapters apply these ideas to complex systems to explain performance tradeoffs, mapping common parallel patterns, controlling threads and overhead, and extending TBB to program heterogeneous systems or system-on-chips. What You'll Learn Use Threading Building Blocks to produce code that is portable, simple, scalable, and more understandable Review best practices for parallelizing computationally intensive tasks in your applications Integrate TBB with other threading packages Create scalable, high performance data-parallel programs Work with generic programming to write efficient algorithms Who This Book Is For C++ programmers learning to run applications on multicore systems, as well as C or C++ programmers without much experience with templates. No previous experience with parallel programming or multicore processors is required. ;

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