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Derecho natural, historia y razones para actuar: la contribución de Alasdair MacIntyre al pensamiento jurídico

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Book Series: Historia del Derecho ISSN: 22555137 ISBN: 9788415455561 Year: Volume: 12 Pages: 480 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-06-26 12:25:49
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This book, written by Rafael Ramis Barceló (University of Balearic Islands) aims to study orderly Alasdair MacIntyre's writings on Law. A way is proposed from the fifties until 2010. It may be interesting for moral and legal philosophers and for legal historians. It contains a set of thesis that claims for understanding the Philosophy of Law of MacIntyre it is necessary to know his philosophy of action. Following this analysis, it is studied his naturalistic turn in Ethics and its implications for the Theory of Justice and defense of Natural Law. MacIntyre defends a historicist vision of Law, according to traditions of thought, and accepting specially the custom as a legal source. Their position within the Natural Law debates differs from other opinions within the Aristotelianism and Thomism and it proposes an eclectic interpretation, although this is not without problems. = Este libro, escrito por Rafael Ramis Barceló, profesor de la Universidad de las Islas Baleares, pretende estudiar ordenadamente los escritos de Alasdair MacIntyre sobre el derecho. Puede resultar de interés para filósofos del derecho, moralistas e historiadores del derecho. Se propone un itinerario desde los años cincuenta hasta 2010. Se sostiene que para la comprensión de la filosofía del derecho de MacIntyre es necesario conocer su filosofía de la acción. Tras un análisis de ésta, se estudia su deriva naturalista en la ética, sus consecuencias en la teoría de la justicia y su defensa del derecho natural. MacIntyre defiende asimismo una visión historicista del derecho, construida a partir de tradiciones de pensamiento, en la que se valora especialmente la costumbre. Su postura en el marco del iusnaturalismo se distingue de otras corrientes en el seno del aristotelismo y del tomismo y propone una interpretación ecléctica, no exenta de problemas.

Australian Wage Policy: Infancy and Adolescence

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ISBN: 9781922064462 Year: Pages: 750 DOI: 10.20851/wage-policy Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2013-06-06 03:36:46
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The advent of industrial regulation by tribunal came close to the turn of the century. Wages boards began in Victoria in 1896 and courts of arbitration in 1900. The first day of the new century was also the first day of the Commonwealth of Australia, endowed with a Parliament that was empowered to institute its chosen models of conciliation and arbitration for the prevention and settlement of interstate industrial disputes.
This book is a study of the operation of conciliation and arbitration, especially by the Commonwealth Court of Conciliation and Arbitration, from the inception of the system until World War II. It is not, however, a general history of conciliation and arbitration.
It does not, for example, deal with the successes and failures of the tribunals in preventing strikes and lockouts; or with the manifold legal issues to which the system gave rise, unless they affected significantly the tribunals’ exercise of their power to fix wages and conditions.
Rather, it is about fixing the terms of employment; and it attempts to set the tribunals’ performance in an economic context. It is about ‘wage policy’, if the term is interpreted broadly enough to include both prescribed wages and other factors that affect the cost of labour, including working hours and leave.

L'Œuvre sans fin. Réception des romans de Monique Saint-Hélier par la critique française (1932-1955)

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Book Series: Histoire des Idées et Critique Littéraire ISBN: 9782600017626 Year: Pages: 494 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_579630 Language: French
Publisher: Librairie Droz Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163540
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Social Sciences --- Arts in general --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-21 11:01:11
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Monique Saint-Hélier became quite successful during the 1930s in particular because of the violent controversy that surrounded her second novel, Bois-Mort. How is it that Saint-Hélier’s work provoked such passionate criticism, but encountered nothing but disinterest after the war? Studying unpublished sources as well as a vast corpus of book reviews, the author explores by this quite particular literary path, as well as the variations in how a work is received over time.

agency@?

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ISBN: 9783205773276 Year: Pages: 320 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_477711 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3627
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-04 09:02:15
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Considering the abundant promises and euphoric expectations (as well as apocalyptic visions of technology) that still dominate discourses on media and technology my analysis focuses on their cultural and social condition, the specific moment of their emergence, their continuous persistence, their socio-symbolic function, and their implications for social contexts of thought and perception and for hegemonic relations. The techno-deterministic notion of a ‚paradigm change', the proclamation of a ‚radically new' definition of the subject and the idea of a technically conditioned abolition of traditional dichotomies is in fact contrasted by a striking adherence to conventional and dichotome models of thought and of representation, and to the idea of an autonomous and technologically perfectionable subject.My analysis will on the one hand focus on the function of exaggerated visions of technological development (predicating a dissolution of space, time, matter and identity) and the function of ideas of ‚alternative', ‚virtual' ‚spaces' for establishing specific notions of ‚society' - indicating a specific relation of phantasm and symptom as I will show. On the other hand I will develop the definition of a political subject - not conceived as a sovereign actor, nor as an arbitrary variety, but rather as constituted on the basis of a structural impossibility inherent in language and which alone can be, due to this very impossibility or antagonism a subject of the political. In the course of this argument the notion of sexual difference will be critically revised. Furthermore I will develop a definition of agency adequate to provide the grounds and the argumentative tools for the contestability of cultural and social constructs. My emphasis will be on the interdependencies of these questions and I will base my arguments on a notion of Cyberspace that defines it as a socio-symbolic construct comprising both technical implementations as well as the respective discourses and which continuously has to be negotiated. My approach combines structural psychoanalytical theory, hegemony studies, art theory, film theory, media studies, gender studies and cultural studies. As a transdisciplinary critical theory of representation and considering its statement of problems, as well as its focus, it differs from predominant approaches to current developments of technology to create perspectives on current technological dispositives and media constellations beyond prevalent techno-euphoric or pessimistic views.

Das Weltsozialforum

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Book Series: Global Studies ISBN: 9783837629675 9783839429679 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839429679 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103331
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:57
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Das Weltsozialforum (WSF) ist #on("i")#das#off("i")# Relikt globalisierungskritischer Bewegungen der Jahrtausendwende. Auch über ein Jahrzehnt nach dem ersten WSF 2001 in Porto Alegre (Brasilien) ziehen die Protest-Events zehntausende Gegner_innen neoliberaler Weltordnung an. Mit seiner umfassenden ethnografischen Forschung verfolgt Christian Schröder die Spuren des WSF vom Ursprung bis zum WSF 2013 in Tunesien. Im Mittelpunkt steht dabei die Frage, wie es dem WSF - anders als vielen anderen Bewegungen - gelingt, so lange fortzubestehen, ohne seinen Bewegungscharakter zu verlieren. Basierend auf umfangreichen Analysen wird das Prinzip der Transpoiesis herausgearbeitet, demzufolge Bewegungen dann überdauern, wenn sie zwischen Zerfall und Institutionalisierung oszillieren.

Global Player EU?

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837631159 9783839431153 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839431153 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103335
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:58
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Die EU wäre gerne ein "global player", der auf dem Spielfeld von Weltwirtschaft und Weltpolitik den großen Jungs den Ball abnimmt. In Politik und Medien wollen die meisten die EU als globalen Spieler sehen, und zwar unabhängig von ihrer parteipolitischen und weltanschaulichen Positionierung. Doch was bedeutet diese Metapher? Welche Assoziationen weckt sie und welche Annahmen liegen ihr zugrunde? In ihrer gesellschaftstheoretisch fundierten und multidisziplinären Analyse dechiffriert Karin Bischof den "global player" als Verkörperung neoliberaler Sachzwanglogik und hegemonialer Männlichkeit und macht "neue" neoliberale Mechanismen von Inklusion und Exklusion (migrantischer) Anderer sichtbar. Die Metaphernanalyse zeigt: Politische Rhetorik wirkt - und Metaphern des Politischen sind alles andere als bloßes Ornament.

Un mouvement contre le jeu d’argent. D’un loisir controversé à un problème public (Vancouver 1994-2004)

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ISBN: 9782889301133 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_624510 Language: French
Publisher: Editions Alphil Presses universitaires suisses Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170343
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-11 11:01:29
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Gambling is now a legitimate sector of the entertainment industry. In the 1990s, opposition emerged in North America but failed to build a social movement on a large scale. This book specifically examines one of these coalitions in Vancouver, Cana-da. The local anti-gambling movement is analyzed as an expression of civic and political engagement. The study focuses specifically on the process of denouncing gambling practices and their conversion into a "public issue." The author analyzes a highly relevant current social debate.

Fines Hominis? Zur Geschichte der philosophischen Anthropologiekritik

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Book Series: Edition Moderne Postmoderne ISBN: 9783837629569 9783839429563 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.14361/9783839429563 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Institut für Designforschung der ZHdK
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-09 11:01:15
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For a good 50 years now, theses of »vanishing humanity«, its »dissolution«, or its »end« have been haunting philosophy. People constantly speak of the »death of the subject«. From Kant, Hegel, and Marx to Nietzsche, Heidegger, Adorno, and Foucault, a philosophical skepticism is manifesting which concerns »man«, pointing beyond him. This volume sheds light on the backgrounds and meanings of these »post-modern« postulations without succumbing to polemic prejudice. The different contributions reconstruct the historically relevant criticisms that speak out against an anthropological exaltation and absolutization of »mankind«. At the same time, the volume takes a philosophical stance against the current trend of naturalist images of humanity being revived in biological sciences and brain research.

The Sacred & the Digital. Critical Depictions of Religions in Video Games

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ISBN: 9783038978305 9783038978312 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-831-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Video game studies are a relative young but flourishing academic discipline. But within game studies, however, the perspective of religion and spirituality is rather neglected, both by game scholars and religion scholars. While religion can take different shapes in digital games, ranging from material and referential to reflexive and ritual, it is not necessarily true that game developers depict their in-game religions in a positive, confirming way, but ever so often games approach the topic critically and disavowingly. The religion criticisms found in video games can be categorized as follows: religion as (1) fraud, aimed to manipulate the uneducated, as (2) blind obedience towards an invisible but ultimately non-existing deity/ies, as (3) violence against those who do not share the same set of religious rules, as (4) madness, a deranged alternative for logical reasoning, and as (5) suppression in the hands of the powerful elite to dominate and subdue the masses into submission and obedience. The critical depictions of religion in video games by their developers is the focus of this special issue.

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