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Sicherheit als Grundsatz

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Book Series: Internet und Gesellschaft ISBN: 9783161555152 9783161568435 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103657
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:06
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In its basic rights doctrine, security takes on various different guises. However, the understandings of security as a legitimate aim, as a positive obligation to protect, or even as a fundamental right, do not do justice to its special need to be treated differently. How, then, might security be fundamentally re-thought?

Chapter 11 Governance of Dual Use Research in the EU (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780367368814 Year: Pages: 16 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: History --- Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-12 23:58:09
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This chapter focuses on the governance of dual-use research in neuroscience in the EU. At a time when many countries are making unprecedented investments in the field of neuroscience, which sometimes are described as the ‘gold rush’ or ‘golden age’ of neuroscience, the European Commission has been supporting neuroscience – or brain research as it is sometimes called – via its research and innovation FP. In the FP7 that lasted from 2007–2013, the Commission invested €3.1 billion in neuroscience. In the first five years (until November 2018) of the following Horizon 2020 programme, a similar sum of €3.2 billion was invested (European Commission 2019a). This funding supports a number of neuroscience research projects included within the Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) programme.

Keywords

EU --- cyber --- drones --- dual-use --- governance --- robotics --- security --- technologies

Real-Time Embedded Systems

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038975090 9783038975106 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-510-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-10 12:20:27
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Real-time and networked embedded systems are important bidirectional bridges between the physical and the information worlds. Embedded intelligence is increasingly pervading industry, infrastructure, and public and private spaces, being identified as an emerging societal and economic “neural system” that supports both societal changes and economic growth. As cost/performance improves, objects connected in everyday life increasingly rely on embedded intelligence in an ever-growing array of application fields, specialized technologies, and engineering disciplines.While this process gradually builds the IoT, it exposes a series of specific non-trivial timing and other extra-functional requirements and system properties that are less common in other computing areas. The ten articles in this book propose solutions to the specific open problems of cyber–physical and real-time embedded systems applicable to both traditional application domains, such as industrial automation and control, energy management, automotive, aerospace and defense systems, as well as emerging domains, such as medical devices, household appliances, mobile multimedia, gaming, and entertainment systems.]

Chapter 13 The Roles of ‘Old’ and ‘New’ Media Tools and Technologies in the Facilitation of Violent Extremism and Terrorism (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138624696 9780429460593 Year: Pages: 25 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Computer Science --- Philosophy --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-10 11:21:03
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This chapter describes and discusses the roles of media tools and technologies in the facilitation of violent extremism and terrorism. Rather than focusing on how media report on terrorism, we investigate how extremist and terrorist groups and movements themselves have exploited various “traditional” and “new” media tools, from print to digital, outlining the significance that they have had on extremists’ ability to mark territory, intimidate some audiences, connect with other (sympathetic) audiences, radicalize, and even recruit. Underlined is that violent extremists and terrorists of all stripes have, over time, used every means at their disposal to forward their communicative goals. Also worth noting is that ‘old’ media tools are not extinct and while ‘new’ media play a prominent role in contemporary violent extremism and terrorism, ‘old’ tools—everything from murals to magazines—continue to be utilized in tandem with the former.

Interventions to Reduce Bullying and Cyberbullying

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039213597 9783039213603 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-360-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This book, a Special Issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, has been curated by three leading international experts on the topic. Following their editorial, there are 14 contributions on the topic of interventions against bullying, including cyberbullying, and similar abusive behaviors such as dating violence. Some contributions also assess positive or protective factors such as well-being, self-efficacy, and school climate. Eight of the contributions directly assess the effects of an intervention, with pre/post test designs and experimental and control groups. The other contributions examine a range of relevant topics, such as teacher attitudes and pupils’ confidence in intervening rather than being passive bystanders. Ten countries are represented among the authors. Most of the articles are about secondary schools (pupils, or teachers), but there are also contributions on early childhood, primary school, and university. This book will be of interest and relevance not only to researchers but also to teachers and educational practitioners concerned with pupil safety and well-being in school, and provides practical ways to reduce bullying and its harmful effects.

Keywords

bullying --- intervention --- pre-service teachers --- special education needs students --- cyberbullying --- cybervictimization --- prevention program --- tabby intervention program --- risk factors --- threat assessment --- ecological system theory --- bullying --- intervention --- willingness to intervene --- verbal bullying --- relational bullying --- aggression --- school --- classroom climate --- classroom cohesion --- self-efficacy --- bullying --- martial arts --- mental health --- resilience --- self-efficacy --- wellbeing --- effectiveness --- moderators --- temperament --- anti-bullying --- subgroup analyses --- dating violence --- bullying --- prevention program --- Dat-e Adolescence --- Asegúrate program --- cyberbullying --- cyber-victim --- cyber-aggressor --- bullying --- cyberbullying --- prevention program --- Prev@cib --- adolescents --- bullying --- cyberbullying --- school climate --- intervention program --- cyberbullying --- intervention --- school --- minors --- families --- teachers --- successful educational action --- Bullying --- intervention --- young children --- South Korea --- hakkyo-pokryuk --- prevention --- cyberbullying --- coping strategies --- teacher based-intervention --- adolescents --- traditional victimization --- cyber victimization --- bullying --- teacher styles --- authoritative leadership --- warmth --- control --- class teacher --- cyberbullying --- peer support --- bystanders --- moral disengagement --- cyberbullying and the law --- mental health --- social environment --- cyberbullying interventions --- educational lifespan --- n/a

Family, Bullying and Cyberbullying

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ISBN: 9783039210800 9783039210817 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-081-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Despite the significant decrease in bullying that has been reported in many countries during the last two decades, bullying continues to be a significant problem among young people. Given the increase of internet use among youth, researchers have started to pay attention to cyberspace, understanding that it may be a fertile ground for bullying behaviors, specifically, what is known as cyberbullying. “Family, Bullying and Cyberbullying” examines the association of several family variables with bullying in offline and online environments during childhood and adolescence. Contributors from the Americas, Canada, Asia, and Europe offer cutting-edge research on family dynamics, bystander behaviors, parents’ and educators’ perceptions, and bullying and cyberbullying prevention and intervention strategies of bullying for school and home. This book also provides an analysis of the current research on the influence of family in the electronic bullying. Research topics included in the book: 1) Parental education and bullying and cyberbullying; 2) Parental monitoring and cyberbullying; 3) Parental communication and feelings of affiliation; 4) Student and educator perspective on cyberbullying; 5) Parents’ responses to bullying; 6) Parental mediation and bystander behaviors; 7) Development of scales to measure cyberbullying and high internet risks. “Family, Bullying and Cyberbullying” is an essential resource for researchers, graduate students, families, and practitioners in social education, social work, teacher education, and psychology.

QoS in Wireless Sensor/Actuator Networks and Systems

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ISBN: 9783038973621 9783038973638 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-363-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-26 10:59:38
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Wireless sensor/actuators networks (WSANs) are being increasingly used in a panoply of applications, such as industrial automation, process control, ambient assisted living, structural health monitoring, and homeland security. Most of these applications require specific quality-of-service (QoS) guarantees from their underlying communication infrastructures (regardless of their wireless, wired, or hybrid nature).This book gathers together an extremely rich set of contributions, addressing several WSAN domains and sharing QoS as a common denominator. Eight papers have made it through a rigorous and iterative peer review process (three reviews per paper, at least two review rounds), involving 38 authors from all over the world (North and South America, Europe, Asia, and Australia) from academia, industry, and the military. Each paper features at least one reference author which is highly reputed in this scientific domain, totaling over 100,000 citations altogether.

Blockchain and Crypto Currency

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Economics, Law, and Institutions in Asia Pacific ISBN: 9789811533761 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-3376-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:29:47
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This open access book contributes to the creation of a cyber ecosystem supported by blockchain technology in which technology and people can coexist in harmony. Blockchains have shown that trusted records, or ledgers, of permanent data can be stored on the Internet in a decentralized manner. The decentralization of the recording process is expected to significantly economize the cost of transactions. Creating a ledger on data, a blockchain makes it possible to designate the owner of each piece of data, to trade data pieces, and to market them. This book examines the formation of markets for various types of data from the theory of market quality proposed and developed by M. Yano. Blockchains are expected to give data itself the status of a new production factor. Bringing ownership of data to the hands of data producers, blockchains can reduce the possibility of information leakage, enhance the sharing and use of IoT data, and prevent data monopoly and misuse. The industry will have a bright future as soon as better technology is developed and when a healthy infrastructure is created to support the blockchain market.

Sentiment Analysis for Social Media

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039285723 / 9783039285730 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-573-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:56
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Sentiment analysis is a branch of natural language processing concerned with the study of the intensity of the emotions expressed in a piece of text. The automated analysis of the multitude of messages delivered through social media is one of the hottest research fields, both in academy and in industry, due to its extremely high potential applicability in many different domains. This Special Issue describes both technological contributions to the field, mostly based on deep learning techniques, and specific applications in areas like health insurance, gender classification, recommender systems, and cyber aggression detection.

Open-Source Electronics Platforms

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ISBN: 9783038979722 9783038979739 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-973-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Open-source electronics are becoming very popular, and are integrated with our daily educational and developmental activities. At present, the use open-source electronics for teaching science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) has become a global trend. Off-the-shelf embedded electronics such as Arduino- and Raspberry-compatible modules have been widely used for various applications, from do-it-yourself (DIY) to industrial projects. In addition to the growth of open-source software platforms, open-source electronics play an important role in narrowing the gap between prototyping and product development. Indeed, the technological and social impacts of open-source electronics in teaching, research, and innovation have been widely recognized.

Keywords

human-computer interface (HCI) --- electrooculogram (EOG) --- electromyogram (EMG) --- modified sliding window algorithm --- piecewise linear approximation (PLA) --- support vector regression --- eye tracking --- blockchain --- ontology --- context --- cyber-physical systems --- robotics --- interaction --- coalition --- individual management of livestock --- momentum data sensing --- remote sensing platform --- sensor networks --- technology convergence --- industry 4.0 --- distributed measurement systems --- automation networks --- node-RED --- cloud computing --- OPC UA --- hardware trojan taxonomy --- thermal imaging --- side channel analysis --- infrared --- FPGA --- Internet of Things --- wireless sensor networks --- Cloud of Things --- virtual sensor --- sensor detection --- smart cities --- Internet of Things --- Raspberry Pi --- BeagleBoard --- Arduino --- Internet of Things --- open hardware --- smart farming --- teaching robotics --- science teaching --- STEM --- robotic tool --- Python --- Raspberry Pi --- PiCamera --- vision system --- service learning --- robotics --- open platform --- automated vehicle --- EPICS --- open-source platform --- visual algorithms --- digital signal controllers --- embedded systems education --- dsPIC --- Java --- smart converter --- maximum power point tracking (MPPT) --- photovoltaic (PV) system --- Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) --- Digital Signal Processor (DSP) --- interleaved --- DC/DC converter --- distributed energy resource --- n/a

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