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Firm Innovation and Productivity in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Engine of Economic Development

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ISBN: 9781349581504 9781349581511 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-58151-1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 17:53:00
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This volume uses the study of firm dynamics to investigate the factors preventing faster productivity growth in Latin America and the Caribbean, pushing past the limits of traditional macroeconomic analyses. Each chapter is dedicated to an examination of a different factor affecting firm productivity - innovation, ICT usage, on-the-job-training, firm age, access to credit, and international linkages - highlighting the differences in firm characteristics, behaviors, and strategies. By showcasing this remarkable heterogeneity, this collection challenges regional policymakers to look beyond one-size-fits-all solutions and create balanced policy mixes tailored to distinct firm needs.

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development --- economics

Peer Participation and Software

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ISBN: 9780262266567 9780262514613 Year: Pages: 112 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:35
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An examination of Mozilla's unique approach to software development considers how this model of participation might be applied to political and civic engagement.Firefox, a free Web browser developed by the Mozilla Foundation, is used by an estimated 270 million people worldwide. To maintain and improve the Firefox browser, Mozilla depends not only on its team of professional programmers and managers but also on a network of volunteer technologists and enthusiasts—free/libre and open source software (FLOSS) developers—who contribute their expertise. This kind of peer production is unique, not only for its vast scale but also for its combination of structured, hierarchical management with open, collaborative volunteer participation. In this MacArthur Foundation Report, David Booth examines the Mozilla Foundation's success at organizing large-scale participation in the development of its software and considers whether Mozilla's approach can be transferred to government and civil society. Booth finds parallels between Mozilla's collaboration with Firefox users and the Obama administration's philosophy of participatory governance (which itself amplifies the much older Jeffersonian ideal of democratic participation). Mozilla's success at engendering part-time, volunteer participation that produces real marketplace innovation suggests strategies for organizing civic participation in communities and government. Mozilla's model could not only show us how to encourage the technical community to participate in civic life but also teach us something about how to create successful political democracy.

La modélisation d'accompagnement

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ISBN: 9782759206216 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-0621-6 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-13 11:21:04
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"Sustainable development and its expression in terms of participation by local stakeholders in future choices in regions where they live or work have become topical issues. Companion modelling is particularly original among methods to set up participative approaches around the sustainable management of natural renewable resources. The aim of this book is to familiarise the reader with the companion modelling approach, by presenting the scientific posture that is its foundation, its methods and tools and the special place for models. It also explains how to incorporate several decision scales, take power games into account and lastly assess the effects on the people involved in using this approach.&#xD;This work is based on concrete examples taken from 27 cases studied by the researcher group and on educational tools. It is intended for researchers into rural development and renewable resources as well as students and teachers."&#xD;

Saving for Development: How Latin America and the Caribbean Can Save More and Better

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ISBN: 9781349949281 9781349949298 Year: Pages: 329 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-94929-8 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 17:56:51
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Why should people - and economies - save? This book on the savings problem in Latin America and the Caribbean suggests that, while saving to survive the bad times is important, saving to thrive in the good times is what really counts. People must save to invest in health and education, live productive and fulfilling lives, and make the most of their retirement years. Firms must save to grow their enterprises, employ more workers in better jobs, and produce quality goods. Governments must save to build the infrastructure required by a productive economy, provide quality services to their citizens, and assure their senior citizens a dignified, worry-free retirement. In short, countries must save not for the proverbial rainy day, but for a sunny day - a time when everyone can bask in the benefits of growth, prosperity, and well-being.

Banking for a Better World

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ISBN: 9789462983519 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_623377 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 11:01:15
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When we look at all the challenges facing the world, including inequality, population migration, and climate change, we can see a role for development banking in nearly all of them. But will that role be played for good or ill? This book brings together two people who collectively draw on their forty-five years of experience in that world to argue that development banking can-and must-play a constructive role.

We only need to read the news to find public outrage at tales of short-sighted greed in the financial world. But what happens when banks invest in long-term sustainability? Readers will find a fascinating example in the journey of the Dutch development bank FMO. At times global in perspective, at other moments intimately personal, Banking for a Better World interweaves candid anecdotes with development history, as well as banking lessons with client interviews, to deliver a powerful argument for a business model that generates profit through impact, and impact through profit.

&#xD;This is an important and accessible must-read for anyone involved in banking, business, policy making, and civil society as a whole. Banking for a Better World challenges us to start finding overlaps between our own lives and global issues and to bridge the distance between our personal needs and those of our planet.

Data Information Literacy

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Book Series: Purdue Information Literacy Handbooks ISBN: 9781557536969 9781557538987 9781612493527 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626975 Language: English
Publisher: Purdue University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100724
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-07 11:01:22
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Given the increasing attention to managing, publishing, and preserving research datasets as scholarly assets, what competencies in working with research data will graduate students in STEM disciplines need to be successful in their fields? And what role can librarians play in helping students attain these competencies? In addressing these questions, this book articulates a new area of opportunity for librarians and other information professionals, developing educational programs that introduce graduate students to the knowledge and skills needed to work with research data. The term “data information literacy” has been adopted with the deliberate intent of tying two emerging roles for librarians together. By viewing information literacy and data services as complementary rather than separate activities, the contributors seek to leverage the progress made and the lessons learned in each service area.

Career development in context

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Book Series: Investigação ISBN: 9789892614502 Year: Pages: 316 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1451-9 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-23 16:21:06
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The biography and work of Fred Vondracek are inseparable. The contributions of the authors who have had the privilege of being close to the research and the life of Fred Vondracek provide a clear picture of him as an exemplary paradigm of the concept of person in context. His agency in contexts of dramatic structural changes and transitions in society are representative of both his personal experience and his scientific position. Fred ‘s ability to bring new insights into the field of developmental psychology has opened our minds to the need for new research paradigms, which his colleagues and followers testify to in this book. Combining classical approaches to human development with ecological and living systems emergent models, Fred Vondracek’s work reveals a modern and harmonious view of life. Individuals and social structures are no longer separate pieces in an unresolved puzzle, but instead produce developmental synergies. In the elegance and rigor of his writings we perceive his impetus to advance the theoretical and conceptual development, as well as the methodologies to guide research and practical intervention, always illuminated by his magnificent soul - a true representative of the “alma mater conimbrigensis”.

Chapter 3 Global migration governance, civil society and the paradoxes of sustainability (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Rethinking Globalizations ISBN: 9780367147266 Year: Pages: 18 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:03
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Against the presentation of an asymmetric global governance, this article&#xD;analyzes the formation of global migration governance with its focus on the&#xD;politics of migration and development. It traces the marginalization of a&#xD;rights-based approach to migration and the streamlining of migration&#xD;governance into business-friendly migration management and a geopolitical&#xD;securitization agenda. It also reviews the trajectory towards factoring&#xD;migration into a global development policy discourse as formulated in the&#xD;UN 2030 Development Agenda. Specifically, it indicates that the inclusion of&#xD;migration into the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) may promote&#xD;migrant workers’ rights because several of these invoke universal human&#xD;rights instruments, social protection and the observance of the ILO decent&#xD;work agenda. However, this will only be possible if civil society critically&#xD;engages powerful state and non-state actors in the process of monitoring the&#xD;SDGs’ implementation, and resists their streamlining into investment and free&#xD;trade neoliberal development regimes.

Decentralisation Hybridized

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ISBN: 9782940503025 9782940503032 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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South Sudan is undergoing a process of internationally-supported state building of which decentralisation forms part. For the people, decentralisation is understood as a right to self-rule based on native–stranger dichotomies and as a means of appropriating and incorporating an abstract and distant state into the local context. The South Sudanese government, in contrast, sees decentralisation primarily as a tool for service delivery and development. Conversely, the international community, in...

Indian Villages

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ISBN: 9782940503643 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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This book presents a unique testimony on the evolution of the Indian peasant's world over more than sixty years. Its originality lies in part in the unique trajectory of its author, Gilbert Étienne, an exceptional man, all at once scientific traveller, thinker of the North/South relationships and economist concerned by sociology and history inputs. In unfolding the story of his passionate relationship with India, the author offers a very personal look which takes into account not only crop di...

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