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Unpaid Work and the Economy

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Book Series: Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy ISBN: 9780203987285 9780415296946 9780415407069 9781134433551 9781134433544 9781134433506 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203987285 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:04
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In economics, the voluntary sector is surprisingly understudied. In order to fully understand economics, unpaid and voluntary work needs to be taken into account and afforded the same status as paid activities. This book constitutes a rigorous economic analysis with special emphasis on gender issues and covers every conceivable angle of unpaid work and all its ramifications for the modern economy. The unified vision offered by this group of leading contributors ensures this book is a work of excellent quality. There is every chance it will become a seminal study on unpaid work and as such will provide a useful reference for students and academics involved in gender studies, econometrics, and consumption studies.

Keywords

extended --- income --- equivalency --- scale --- womens --- labour --- market --- convenience --- consumption --- double

Natural Compounds as New Cancer Treatments

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ISBN: 9783039213658 9783039213665 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-366-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Cancer remains one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although many pharmacological and clinical advances have been made, there is a constant need for new molecules to improve the overall options for treatment. Natural compounds from animal, microbial, vegetal, or fungal origin represent countless sources of new compounds that can be used as anticancer drugs, provided their activity, bioavailability, and toxicity are adequate. This book aims to compile both original articles and reviews that cover the most recent advances in the use of natural compounds for cancer treatment, and provide new objectives and advice for future research in the field of biological activity of natural compounds.

Exploring the Future of Christian Monasticisms

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ISBN: 9783039280247 9783039280254 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-025-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The institution of monasticism in the Christian Church is in general decline, at least in so-called “first world” nations. Though there are many reasons for this, monastic leaders are confronted by the reality of fewer communities, monks, and nuns nonetheless. At the same time, many younger Christians are rediscovering the rich heritage of the monastic tradition. Though they themselves might not be called to join a traditional monastery, they are eager to appropriate monastic practices in their own lives. This had led to a movement known as the “new monasticism” or “secular monasticism.” Despite lacking a unified vision and any central organization, these new/secular monastics are attempting, in their own ways, to carry on the tradition and practices of Christian monasticism. As well, there is a movement within historical Christian monasteries to pour new wine into old wineskins. Traditional forms of monasticism are also generally flourishing in developing nations, breathing new life into monasticism. This volume looks at the current monastic landscape to assess where monasticism stands and to imagine ways in which it will grow in the future, leading not only to a renewed Christian monasticism but to new monasticisms.

Catalyzed Mizoroki–Heck Reaction or C–H activation

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ISBN: 9783039281381 9783039281398 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-139-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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In the last few decades, research on the elaboration by palladium-catalytic processes of C-C bonds or the activation of C–H bonds has increased considerably. Yet there is still room for much improvement in terms of selectivity, or enantioselectivity, via the development of new ligands or the study of the catalytic effect of other metals to carry out the same chemical transformations. In addition, the attention paid to environmentally friendly methods in terms of the quantities of catalysts, ligands, and solvents is currently indispensable. The Mizoroki-Heck reaction is one of these important catalytic methods which generates C-C bonds in organic synthesis and is also possible by C-H activation. This book, titled “Catalyzed Mizoroki-Heck Reaction or C-H activation” focuses on new advances in the formation of C-C bonds or new C-H activation methods. It contains original research papers and short reviews on the synthesis of biologically active compounds using these catalytic processes, the identification of new catalysts, of new conditions allowing selectivity or enantioselectivity, the activity and stability of catalyst under turnover conditions, and all improvements in catalytic processes.

Current Trends in New Testament Study

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ISBN: 9783039280261 9783039280278 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-027-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This book focuses on seven of the most important formal methods used to interpret the New Testament today. Several of the chapters also touch on Old Testament/Hebrew Bible interpretation. In line with the multiplicity of methods for interpretation of texts in the humanities in general, New Testament study has never before seen so many different methods. This situation poses both opportunities and challenges for scholars and students alike. The articles in this book introduce the latest methods and give examples of these methods at work. The seven methods are as follows: post-colonial, narrative, historical, performance, mathematical analysis of style; womanist; and ecological.

Physical Metallurgy of High Manganese Steels

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039218561 9783039218578 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-857-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Mining and Metallurgy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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The Special Issue ‘Physical Metallurgy of High Manganese Steels’ addresses the highly fascinating class of manganese-alloyed steels with manganese contents well above 3 mass%. The book gathers manuscripts from internationally recognized researchers with stimulating new ideas and original results. It consists of fifteen original research papers. Seven contributions focus on steels with manganese contents above 12 mass%. These contributions cover fundamental aspects of process-microstrcuture-properties relationships with processes ranging from cold and warm rolling over deep rolling to heat treatment. Novel findings regarding the fatigue and fracture behavior, deformation mechanisms, and computer-aided design are presented. Additionally, the Special Issue also reflects the current trend of reduced Mn content (3-12 mass%) in advanced high strength steels (AHSS). Eight contributions were dedicated to these alloys, which are often referred to as 3rd generation AHSS, medium manganese steels or quenching and partitioning (Q&P/Q+P) steels. The interplay between advanced processing, mainly novel annealing variants, and microstructure evolution has been addressed using computational and experimental approaches. A deeper understanding of strain-rate sensitivity, hydrogen embrittlement, phase transformations, and the consequences for the materials’ properties has been developed. Hence, the topics included are manifold, fundamental-science oriented and, at the same time, relevant to industrial application.

Keywords

medium-manganese steel --- TRIP --- strain-rate sensitivity --- Lüders band --- serrated flow --- in-situ DIC tensile tests --- TWIP steel --- deformation twinning --- serrated flow --- dynamic strain aging --- damage --- fracture --- medium-manganese --- forging --- austenite reversion --- mechanical properties --- microstructure --- D&amp --- P steel --- processing --- microstructure --- phase transformation --- dislocation density --- mechanical properties --- MMn steel X20CrNiMnVN18-5-10 --- V alloying --- corrosion resistance --- precipitations --- ultrafine grains --- high-manganese steels --- high-entropy alloys --- alloy design --- plastic deformation --- annealing --- microstructure --- texture --- mechanical properties --- neutron diffraction --- austenite stability --- medium manganese steel --- double soaking --- localized deformation --- medium-Mn steel --- hot-stamping --- double soaking --- continuous annealing --- quenching and partitioning --- high strength steel --- high manganese steel --- crash box --- lightweight --- multiscale simulation --- high-Mn steels --- twinning induced plasticity --- cold rolling --- recrystallization annealing --- grain refinement --- strengthening --- austenitic high nitrogen steel (HNS) --- cold deformation --- fatigue --- high manganese steel --- warm rolling --- processing --- microstructure --- texture --- mechanical properties --- deformation behavior --- high-manganese steel --- deep rolling --- TWIP --- TRIP --- near surface properties --- residual stresses --- fatigue behavior --- intercritical annealing --- medium manganese steel --- phase field simulation --- medium-Mn steel --- austenite-reversed-transformation --- retained austenite --- hydrogen embrittlement --- ultrafine-grained microstructure --- strain-hardening behavior --- n/a

Colloids and Interfaces in Oil Recovery

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ISBN: 9783039211067 9783039211074 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-107-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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It is well-known that colloid and interface science and petroleum production are inextricably linked. Whether in the reservoir, with its porous structure, or during recovery, crude oil is intimately associated with rock surfaces and with water, often in the form of emulsions. This situation leads to highly complex systems, comprising multiple colloids and interfaces, which require to be optimized if oil is to be recovered efficiently, both in terms of economic cost and with due concern for the environment. This book contains a compilation of contemporary research topics which illustrate various aspects of the importance of colloids and interfaces in crude oil recovery through modifying conditions between the rock, crude oil, and water in the reservoir, in order to achieve improved oil recovery. The specific topics covered relate both to conventional oils, in which waterflooding is the most common secondary and tertiary means of recovery, and to non-conventional heavy oil and natural bitumen, which require thermal recovery methods, owing to their high viscosity.

Marine Natural Products and Obesity

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039211913 9783039211920 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-192-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Obesity and related co-morbidities are increasing worldwide and pose a serious health problem. Changes in lifestyle and diet would be the best remedies to fight obesity; however, many people will still rely on medical aid. Marine organisms have been prolific in the production of bioactive compounds for many diseases, e.g., cancer, and promise to be an excellent source for natural-derived molecules and novel nutraceuticals. Bioactive compounds with beneficial activities towards obesity have been described from diverse marine organism including marine algae, bacteria, sponges, fungi, crustaceans or fish. This Special Issue will highlight the progress in the following topics: Bioactive compounds for the treatment of obesity and obesity-related co-morbidities (diabetes, fatty liver, hyperlipidemia) from marine organisms; the isolation of novel compounds, the bioactivity screening of marine organisms and the elucidation of molecular mode of action of marine bioactive compounds.

Natural Stone and Architectural Heritage

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039215508 9783039215515 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-551-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This book is made up of contributions dealing with heritage stones from different countries around the world. The stones are described, as well as their use in vernacular and contemporaneous architecture. Heritage stones are those stones that have special significance in human culture. Examples include some very important stones that have been either neglected because they are no longer extracted, or stones that have great significance in commercial terms but knowledge of their national and/or international heritage has not been well documented. In this collection of articles, we have tried to spread awareness of architectural heritage around the world, the natural stones that have been used in its construction, and the need to preserve historical quarries that once provided the source of such stones. Historical quarries are linked to regional culture and tradition. Because of the specific technical and aesthetical characteristics of heritage stones, which have lasted for centuries, these historical quarries should be preserved to be able to use the stones for the proper restoration of monuments and historical buildings to avoid negative actions that can be observed in many places in the restoration of buildings, which are some times part of World Heritage sites. The final intention of this book is to continuosly grow the interest on this fascinating subject of heritage stones.

Keywords

Gyeongju Historic Areas --- 2016 Gyeongju Earthquake --- site characterisation --- site-specific ground response analysis --- stone architectural heritage --- dynamic centrifuge test --- Cheomseongdae --- ancient seismic design technique --- serpentinites --- rocks characterization --- dimension stone --- architectural heritage --- pyroclastic rock --- dimension stone --- Sardinia --- geoheritage --- market --- houses based on natural stone --- architectural heritage --- the bay of Kotor --- UNESCO cultural heritage --- Studenica --- Sopo?ani --- marble deposits --- quarry characterisation --- restoration --- sustainability --- management --- cultural heritage conservation --- sustainability --- architectural conservation --- stone architecture heritage --- modern principles of double-layered ventilated roofs --- conservation requirements --- UNESCO World Heritage List --- marble --- wettability properties --- hydrophobicity --- laser surface texturing --- multiscale roughness --- cultural heritage --- ultrafast pulse laser --- dolostone --- quarries --- Coimbra Formation --- heritage --- Chianocco marble --- heritage stone --- archaeometry --- Western Alps --- isotopic analysis --- SEM-EDS --- heritage stone --- quartzite --- Bargiolina --- quarries --- dimension stone --- kaolin --- industrial minerals --- natural stone --- fracturing pattern --- quarrying --- geoheritage --- Unesco World Heritage Site --- building stones --- Guadeloupe --- Martinique --- French West Indies --- eastern Caribbean --- cultural heritage --- geological heritage --- historical and Archaeological sites --- Candoglia marble --- Duomo di Milano --- petrographic analysis --- geoheritage --- cultural stone

Novel Non-Precious Metal Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Electrode Reactions

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039215409 9783039215416 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-541-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Research on alternative energy harvesting technologies, conversion and storage systems with high efficiency, cost-effective and environmentally friendly systems, such as fuel cells, rechargeable metal-air batteries, unitized regenerative cells, and water electrolyzers has been stimulated by the global demand on energy. The conversion between oxygen and water plays a key step in the development of oxygen electrodes: oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER), processes activated mostly by precious metals, like platinum. Their scarcity, their prohibitive cost, and declining activity greatly hamper large-scale applications. This issue reports on novel non-precious metal electrocatalysts based on the innovative design in chemical compositions, structure, and morphology, and supports for the oxygen reaction.

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