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Saving for Development: How Latin America and the Caribbean Can Save More and Better

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ISBN: 9781349949281 9781349949298 Year: Pages: 329 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-94929-8 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 17:56:51
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Why should people - and economies - save? This book on the savings problem in Latin America and the Caribbean suggests that, while saving to survive the bad times is important, saving to thrive in the good times is what really counts. People must save to invest in health and education, live productive and fulfilling lives, and make the most of their retirement years. Firms must save to grow their enterprises, employ more workers in better jobs, and produce quality goods. Governments must save to build the infrastructure required by a productive economy, provide quality services to their citizens, and assure their senior citizens a dignified, worry-free retirement. In short, countries must save not for the proverbial rainy day, but for a sunny day - a time when everyone can bask in the benefits of growth, prosperity, and well-being.

Emerging States at Crossroads

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Book Series: Emerging-Economy State and International Policy Studies ISBN: 9789811328596 Year: Pages: 293 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-2859-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Political Science --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:25
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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC-ND license. This volume analyzes the economic, social, and political challenges that emerging states confront today. Notwithstanding the growing importance of the ‘emerging states’ in global affairs and governance, many problems requiring immediate solutions have emerged at home largely as a consequence of the rapid economic development and associated sociopolitical changes. The middle-income trap is a major economic challenge faced by emerging states. This volume regards interest coordination for technological upgrading as crucial to avoid the trap and examines how various emerging states are grappling with this challenge by fostering public-private cooperation, voluntary associations of market players, and/or social networks. Social disparity is another serious problem. It is deeply rooted in history in the emerging states such as South Africa and many Latin American countries. However, income distribution is recently deteriorating even in East Asia that was once praised for its high economic growth with equity. Increasing pressure for political opening is another challenge for emerging states. This volume argues that the economic, social, and political problems are interwoven in the sense that the emerging states need to build political consensus in order to tackle the economic and social difficulties. Democratic institutions have not always been successful in this respect.

Developmental State Building

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Book Series: Emerging-Economy State and International Policy Studies ISBN: 9789811329043 Year: Pages: 185 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-2904-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:25
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This open access book modifies and revitalizes the concept of the ‘developmental state’ to understand the politics of emerging economy through nuanced analysis on the roles of human agency in the context of structural transformation. In other words, there is a revived interest in the ‘developmental state’ concept. The nature of the ‘emerging state’ is characterized by its attitude toward economic development and industrialization. Emerging states have engaged in the promotion of agriculture, trade, and industry and played a transformative role to pursue a certain path of economic development. Their success has cast doubt about the principle of laissez faire among the people in the developing world. This doubt, together with the progress of democratization, has prompted policymakers to discover when and how economic policies should deviate from laissez faire, what prevents political leaders and state institutions from being captured by vested interests, and what induce them to drive economic development. This book offers both historical and contemporary case studies from Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Rwanda. They illustrate how institutions are designed to be developmental, how political coalitions are formed to be growth-oriented, and how technocratic agencies are embedded in a network of business organizations as a part of their efforts for state building.

The Electrification of Russia, 1880-1926

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ISBN: 9781501707162 Year: Pages: 288 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-26 08:56:43
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≤p≥The Electrification of Russia, 1880–1926 is the first full account of the widespread adoption of electricity in Russia, from the beginning in the 1880s to its early years as a state technology under Soviet rule. Jonathan Coopersmith has mined the archives for both the tsarist and the Soviet periods to examine a crucial element in the modernization of Russia. Coopersmith shows how the Communist Party forged an alliance with engineers to harness the socially transformative power of this science-based enterprise. A centralized plan of electrification triumphed, to the benefit of the Communist Party and the detriment of local governments and the electrical engineers. Coopersmith's narrative of how this came to be elucidates the deep-seated and chronic conflict between the utopianism of Soviet ideology and the reality of Soviet politics and economics.

Governance der Kreativwirtschaft

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Book Series: Urban Studies ISBN: 9783899429961 9783839409961 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839409961 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103294
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:58
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Dieser Band diskutiert aktuelle und zukünftige Steuerungsoptionen der #on("i")#Kreativwirtschaft#off("i")#. Internationale Experten aus Forschung und Praxis stellen das Orientierungswissen zu neuen Institutionen, Wissensmanagement und vernetzten transnationalen Arbeitsformen vor und problematisieren die Frage der Steuerbarkeit dieses aufstrebenden Handlungsfeldes. Erstmalig für den deutschen Sprachraum werden substanzielle, passgenaue und tragfähige Verständnisse und Perspektiven zur Beförderung der #on("i")#Kreativwirtschaft#off("i")# präsentiert, kritisch bewertet sowie in einen übergeordneten fachlichen wie gesellschaftspolitischen Zusammenhang gestellt.

Politischer Diskurs und Hegemonie

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783899424249 9783839404249 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839404249 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103271
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Wie entstehen dominante politische Sprach- und Denkmuster und wie hängen sie mit den gesellschaftlichen Machtverhältnissen zusammen? Diesen Fragen nach dem Funktionieren diskursiver Hegemonien will der vorliegende Band unter der Verknüpfung von Politik- und Diskurswissenschaft auf den Grund gehen. Anhand der Untersuchung des hegemonialen Projekts "Soziale Marktwirtschaft" werden die politisch-diskursiven Charakteristika und Strategien erfolgreicher Hegemonien rekonstruiert. Zudem veranschaulicht die exemplarische Analyse des westdeutschen wirtschaftspolitischen Diskurses der Nachkriegsjahre, wie die Politikwissenschaft von diskurswissenschaftlicher Forschung profitieren kann.

Great Policy Successes

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ISBN: 9780198843719 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198843719.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-13 11:21:03
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"With so much media and political criticism of their shortcomings and failures, it is easy to overlook the fact that many governments work pretty well much of the time. Great Policy Successes turns the spotlight on instances of public policy that are remarkably successful. It develops a framework for identifying and assessing policy successes, paying attention not just to their programmatic outcomes but also to the quality of the processes by which policies are designed and delivered, the level of support and legitimacy they attain, and the extent to which successful performance endures over time. The bulk of the book is then devoted to 15 detailed case studies of striking policy successes from around the world, including Singapore's public health system, Copenhagen and Melbourne's rise from stilted backwaters to the highly liveable and dynamic urban centres they are today, Brazil's Bolsa Familia poverty relief scheme, the US's GI Bill, and Germany's breakthrough labour market reforms of the 2000s. Each case is set in context, its main actors are introduced, key events and decisions are described, the assessment framework is applied to gauge the nature and level of its success, key contributing factors to success are identified, and potential lessons and future challenges are identified. Purposefully avoiding the kind of heavy theorizing that characterizes many accounts of public policy processes, each case is written in an accessible and narrative style ideally suited for classroom use in conjunction with mainstream textbooks on public policy design, implementation, and evaluation.

Emerging States and Economies

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Book Series: Emerging-Economy State and International Policy Studies ISBN: 9789811326349 Year: Pages: 177 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-2634-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:25
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This open access book asks why and how some of the developing countries have “emerged” under a set of similar global conditions, what led individual countries to choose the particular paths that led to their “emergence,” and what challenges confront them. If we are to understand the nature of major risks and uncertainties in the world, we must look squarely at the political and economic dynamics of emerging states, such as China, India, Brazil, Russia, and ASEAN countries. Their rapid economic development has changed the distribution of wealth and power in the world. Yet many of them have middle income status. To global governance issues, they tend to adopt approaches that differ from those of advanced industrialized democracies. At home, rapid economic growth and social changes put pressure on their institutions to change. This volume traces the historical trajectories of two major emerging states, China and India, and two city states, Hong Kong and Singapore. It also analyzes cross-country data to find the general patterns of economic development and sociopolitical change in relation to globalization and to the middle income trap.

Networks and institutions in Europe's emerging markets

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Book Series: Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics ISBN: 9781139381628 9781107031340 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-23 11:01:07
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Do ties between political parties and businesses harm or benefit the development of market institutions? The post-communist transition offers an unparalleled opportunity to explore when and how networks linking the polity and the economy support the development of func-tional institutions. A quantitative and qualitative analysis covering eleven post-socialist countries combined with detailed case studies of Bulgaria, Poland, and Romania documents how the most successful post-communist countries are those in which dense networks link polit-icians and businesspeople, as long as politicians are constrained by intense political competition. The comparison of original network data sets shows how this combination allowed Poland to emerge with stable institutions. Bulgaria, marred by weak institutions, corruption, and violence, cautions us that in developing economies intense political competition alone is harmful in the absence of dense personal and ownership networks. Indeed, as Romania illustrates, networks are so critical that their weakness is not mitigated even by low political competition. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Europa, wie weiter?

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Book Series: Europäische Horizonte ISBN: 9783837630107 9783839430101 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839430101 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103334
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:58
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Die Einigung Europas ist eine beispiellose Erfolgsgeschichte. Zu ihr gehörten stets auch Krisen, aus denen das europäische Projekt wieder gestärkt hervorgegangen ist. In der gegenwärtigen Finanz- und Staatsschuldenkrise scheint dies anders. Nun steht in den Augen vieler das Projekt selbst auf dem Spiel. Die Beiträge des Bandes rekapitulieren entscheidende Antriebskräfte und Etappen aus der Geschichte des europäischen Einigungsprojekts und beleuchten zentrale Aspekte der gegenwärtigen Lage in Europa. Der Band skizziert zudem Wege der Erneuerung und Weiterführung des europäischen Projekts.

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