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Promoting Population Health and Equity In Europe: from evidence to policy

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Book Series: Outros Títulos ISBN: 9789892680215 Year: Pages: 104 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1500-4 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-23 16:21:06
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The EURO-HEALTHY project (Shaping EUROpean policies to promote HEALTH equitY) is a three-year Horizon 2020 research project launched in January 2015 aiming to advance knowledge of policies that have the highest potential to enhance health and health equity across European regions with particular focus on urban areas. Within the EU Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, the call “Foresight for health policy development and regulation” underpinned the need for more meaningful information, particularly on the regional health inequalities within the EU. Consequently, EURO-HEALTHY developed a comprehensive and structured framework of analysis, integrating and quantifying key factors impacting population health and health inequalities, taking the EU’s diversity into account and foreseeing the impact of policies. Following a socio-technical approach, the sound methods were built through highly participatory processes involving a large group of multidisciplinary experts and key stakeholders at different geographical levels. The methods were applied to analyse health and identify geographical health inequalities in 269 NUTS 2 regions, ten selected metropolitan areas and two city case studies. In this publication, we present some of the main findings, conclusions and recommendations of the EURO-HEALTHY project. The booklet consists of: I) Profiles of each Work Package summarizing their work and II) Fact sheets that present an overview of evidence on thematic areas going from the relationship between health status and a wide range of determinants, to specific methodological aspects including the evaluation of health and of policies with potential to promote health and health equity. Our desire is that the evidence shared in this informative booklet would be a starting point for policymakers and concerned stakeholders to enhance their understanding on what are the drivers of health inequalities in Europe and, thus be a trigger to an extended dialogue on what are the policies having the highest benefit in promoting more equitable and healthy environments at different levels (European, regional and local).

A Europe Apart

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ISBN: 9788883980978 Year: Pages: 356 Language: English
Publisher: European Press Academic Publishing (EPAP) Grant: University of Cagliari (Italy)
Subject: Political Science --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-08-02 13:53:14
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This book combines history and political analysis of monetary integration in the European Union (EU) and discusses the main consequences of the euro on both member states' domestic politics and the EU’s institutions and policies.

Critical Theories of Crises in Europe: From Weimar to the Euro

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781783487455 Year: Pages: 251 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_611731 Language: English
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield International Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 312331
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-14 11:01:17
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What is to be learned from the chaotic downfall of the Weimar Republic and the erosion of European liberal statehood in the interwar period vis-a-vis the ongoing Europeancrisis? This book analyses and explains the recurrent emergence of crises in European societies. It asks how previous crises can inform our understanding of the present crisis. The particular perspective advanced is that these crises not only are economic and social crises, but must also be understood as crises of public power, order and authority. In other words, it argues that substantial challenges to the functional and normative setup of democracy and the rule of law were central to the emergence and the unfolding of these crises.The book draws on and adds to the rich â crises literatureâ developed within the critical theory tradition to outline a conceptual framework for understanding what societal crises are. The central idea is that societal crises represent a discrepancy between the unfolding of social processes and the institutional frameworks that have been established to normatively stabilize such processes. The crises at issue emerged in periods characterized by strong social, economic and technological transformations as well as situations of political upheaval. As such, the crises represented moments where the existing functional and normative grid of society, as embodied in notions of public order and authority, were severely challenged and in many instances undermined. Seen in this perspective, the book reconstructs how crises unfolded, how they were experienced, and what kind of responses the specific crises in question provoked.

Europa, wie weiter?

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Europäische Horizonte ISBN: 9783837630107 9783839430101 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839430101 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103334
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:58
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Die Einigung Europas ist eine beispiellose Erfolgsgeschichte. Zu ihr gehörten stets auch Krisen, aus denen das europäische Projekt wieder gestärkt hervorgegangen ist. In der gegenwärtigen Finanz- und Staatsschuldenkrise scheint dies anders. Nun steht in den Augen vieler das Projekt selbst auf dem Spiel. Die Beiträge des Bandes rekapitulieren entscheidende Antriebskräfte und Etappen aus der Geschichte des europäischen Einigungsprojekts und beleuchten zentrale Aspekte der gegenwärtigen Lage in Europa. Der Band skizziert zudem Wege der Erneuerung und Weiterführung des europäischen Projekts.

Viticulture and Winemaking under Climate Change

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ISBN: 9783039219742 9783039219759 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-975-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Meteorology and Climatology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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The importance of viticulture and the winemaking socio-economic sector is acknowledged worldwide. The most renowned winemaking regions show very specific environmental characteristics, where climate usually plays a central role. Considering the strong influence of weather and climatic factors on grapevine yields and berry quality attributes, climate change may indeed significantly impact this crop. Recent trends already point to a pronounced increase in growing season mean temperatures, as well as changes in precipitation regimes, which have been influencing wine typicity across some of the most renowned winemaking regions worldwide. Moreover, several climate scenarios give evidence of enhanced stress conditions for grapevine growth until the end of the century. Although grapevines have high resilience, the clear evidence for significant climate change in the upcoming decades urges adaptation and mitigation measures to be taken by sector stakeholders. To provide hints on the abovementioned issues, we have edited a Special Issue entitled “Viticulture and Winemaking under Climate Change”. Contributions from different fields were considered, including crop and climate modeling, and potential adaptation measures against these threats. The current Special Issue allows for the expansion of scientific knowledge in these particular fields of research, as well as providing a path for future research.

Keywords

viticulture --- crop model --- phenology --- physiological processes --- climate --- micrometeorology --- microclimate --- climate change --- water limitation --- dry mass partitioning --- assimilation --- intercellular CO2 --- stomatal conductance --- leaf water potential --- Vitis vinifera L. --- production system --- S-ABA --- rate of anthocyanin accumulation --- CIRG --- bioactive compounds --- Botrytis cinerea --- low-input --- mechanical thinning --- viticultural training system --- yield formation --- leaf area --- table grapes --- photosynthesis --- berry composition --- phenolics --- natural hail --- grapevine --- phenology --- phenology modelling platform --- Touriga Franca --- Touriga Nacional --- climate change --- RCP4.5 --- EURO-CORDEX --- Douro wine region --- Portugal --- global warming --- technological and phenolic ripeness --- grape --- wine --- sensory analysis --- climate change --- elevated CO2 --- grapevine pest --- mealybug --- parasitoid --- FACE --- predawn water potential --- PRI --- remote sensing --- vineyards --- water status --- WI --- climate change --- Vitis vinifera L. --- general circulation model --- EURO-CORDEX --- phenological model --- grapevine --- Virtual Riesling --- climate change --- temperature --- plant architecture --- crop management --- modelling --- climate change --- viticulture --- adaptation --- temperature --- drought --- plant material --- rootstock --- training system --- phenology --- modeling --- Vitis vinifera --- autochthonous cultivar --- ’Uva Rey’ --- unmanned aerial vehicles --- vigour maps --- spatial variability --- normalized difference vegetation index --- crop water stress index --- crop surface model --- precision viticulture --- climate change --- multi-temporal analysis --- Vitis vinifera (L.) --- SO2 pads --- B. cinerea mold --- grape quality --- light micro-climates --- mitigation strategies --- kaolin --- irrigation --- Vitis vinifera L. --- grape berry tissues --- pulse amplitude modulated (PAM) fluorometry --- photosynthesis --- photosynthetic pigments --- viticulture --- winemaking --- climatic influence --- climate change --- adaptation measures

Extreme Floods and Droughts under Future Climate Scenarios

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039218981 9783039218998 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-899-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Meteorology and Climatology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Hydroclimatic extremes, such as floods and droughts, affect aspects of our lives and the environment including energy, hydropower, agriculture, transportation, urban life, and human health and safety. Climate studies indicate that the risk of increased flooding and/or more severe droughts will be higher in the future than today, causing increased fatalities, environmental degradation, and economic losses. Using a suite of innovative approaches this book quantifies the changes in projected hydroclimatic extremes and illustrates their impacts in several locations in North America, Asia, and Europe.

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