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The other empire: Metropolis, India and progress in the colonial imagination

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ISBN: 9780719060182 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This is a detailed study of the various ways in which London and India were imaginatively constructed by British observers during the nineteenth century. This process took place within a unified field of knowledge that brought together travel and evangelical accounts to exert a formative influence on the creation of London and India for the domestic reading public. Their distinct narratives, rhetoric and chronologies forged homologies between representations of the metropolitan poor and colonial subjects - those constituencies that were seen as the most threatening to imperial progress. Thus the poor and particular sections of the Indian population were inscribed within discourses of western civilization as regressive and inferior peoples. Over time these discourses increasingly promoted notions of overt and rigid racial hierarchies, the legacy of which remains to this day. This comparative analysis looks afresh at the writings of observers such as Henry Mayhew, Patrick Colquhoun, Charles Grant, Pierce Egan, James Forbes and Emma Roberts, thereby seeking to rethink the location of the poor and India within the nineteenth-century imagination. Drawing upon cultural and intellectual history it also attempts to extend our understanding of the relationship between 'centre' and 'periphery'. The other empire will be of value to students and scholars of modern imperial and urban history, cultural studies, and religious studies.

Keywords

india --- empire --- british --- colonial

The Corporation That Changed the World

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ISBN: 9780745331966 9781849646918 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625263 Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100046
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:31
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The English East India Company was the mother of the modern multinational. Its trading empire encircled the globe, importing Asian luxuries such as spices, textiles and teas. But the Company’s takeover of much of India was achieved by force and fraud; in China, the battering ram was opium. The East India Company’s corruption and violence shocked its contemporaries and still reverberates today. The Corporation That Changed the World is the first book to examine the Company’s enduring legacy as a corporation. It uncovers the factors that drove it to excess and eventual collapse. This expanded edition looks at recent activist and cultural responses to the Company in China and India, and the corporate reform agenda in light of the economic crisis. In his account of the Company's story Robins highlights enduring lessons on how to make global business accountable. This will be vital reading for students and academics in economics and history.

Social Media in South India

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Book Series: Why We Post ISBN: 9781911307969 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_630700 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 295486
Subject: Sociology --- Media and communication --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-16 11:01:39
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One of the first ethnographic studies to explore use of social media in the everyday lives of people in Tamil Nadu, Social Media in South India provides an understanding of this subject in a region experiencing rapid transformation. The influx of IT companies over the past decade into what was once a space dominated by agriculture has resulted in a complex juxtaposition between an evolving knowledge economy and the traditions of rural life. While certain class tensions have emerged in response to this juxtaposition, a study of social media in the region suggests that similarities have also transpired, observed most clearly in the blurring of boundaries between work and life for both the old residents and the new.

Keywords

india --- caste --- social media --- technology

India and the Patent Wars

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Book Series: ILR Press/Culture and Politics of Health Care Work ISBN: 9781501713460 9781501713972 9781501713989 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101567
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:47
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India and the Patent Wars examines struggles over patents and access to medicine among pharmaceutical producers, activists and others under a new global intellectual property regime. In the past two decades, intellectual property rights have expanded throughout the globe creating a world in which protections for patents and copyrights have increased and a growing range of knowledge and practices are claimed as property. Driving these changes are U.S. court decisions, the policies of multinational corporations, and the World Trade Organization (WTO). Resistance to this regime has emerged in low-income countries among public health activists concerned about the rising cost of medicines for HIV/AIDS and indigenous peoples who now see their knowledge as vulnerable and pursue ownership claims for their medical and cultural practices.

Spark of Light: Short Stories by Women Writers of Odisha

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Book Series: Mingling Voices ISSN: 1917-9413; 1917-9405 ISBN: 9781771991674 9781771991681 9781771991698 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.15215/aupress/9781771991674.01 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-06 23:22:02
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Spark of Light is a diverse collection of short stories by women writers from the Indian province of Odisha. Originally written in Odia and dating from the late nineteenth century to the present, these stories offer a multiplicity of voices—some sentimental and melodramatic, others rebellious and bold—and capture the predicament of characters who often live on the margins of society. From a spectrum of viewpoints, writing styles, and motifs, the stories included here provide examples of the great richness of Odishan literary culture. In the often shadowy and grim world depicted in this collection, themes of class, poverty, violence, and family are developed. Together they form a critique of social mores and illuminate the difficult lives of the subaltern in Odisha society. The work of these authors contributes to an ongoing dialogue concerning the challenges, hardships, joys, and successes experienced by women around the world. In these provocative explorations of the short-story form, we discover the voices of these rarely heard women.

Secession and Security

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Book Series: Cornell Studies in Security Affairs ISBN: 9781501713941 9781501713958 9781501713965 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101565
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:47
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Since World War II, separatist conflicts have been the most common and deadly types of war in international politics. Such wars result from a simple incongruity: ethno-nationalist groups desire a homeland, but on territory that is controlled by states unwilling to give it up. This book examines states’ strategies, particularly their use of violence, when confronted by separatist movements. Using more than 110 interviews, American and British diplomatic archives, and newspaper archives, this book’s emphasis on external security can account for separatist violence, or its lack thereof, in a variety of historical contexts including Pakistan's treatment of Bengali secessionists; India’s treatment of separatism in Assam, Punjab, and Jammu and Kashmir; interactions between the Ottoman Empire and Armenia; and Israel's attitudes toward Palestine.

Keywords

History --- Security --- History --- Diplomacy --- Pakistan --- India --- Ottoman Empire

Embodying the Vedas. Traditional Vedic Schools of Contemporary Maharashtra

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ISBN: 9783110517323 9783110517316 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1515/9783110517323 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-19 13:34:29
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Popularly Hinduism is believed to be the world’s oldest living religion. This claim is based on a continuous reverence to the oldest strata of religious authority within the Hindu traditions, the Vedic corpus, which began to be composed more than three thousand years ago, around 1750–1200 BCE. The Vedas have been considered by many as the philosophical cornerstone of the Brahmanical traditions (āstika); even previous to the colonial construction of the concept of “Hinduism.” However, what can be pieced together from the Vedic texts is very different from contemporary Hindu religious practices, beliefs, social norms and political realities. This book presents the results of a study of the traditional education and training of Brahmins through the traditional system of education called gurukula as observed in 25 contemporary Vedic schools across the state of Maharasthra. This system of education aims to teach Brahmin males how to properly recite, memorize and ultimately embody the Veda. This book combines insights from ethnographic and textual analysis to unravel how the recitation of the Vedic texts and the Vedic traditions, as well as the identity of the traditional Brahmin in general, are transmitted from one generation to the next in contemporary India.

The Dutch and English East India Companies

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789462983298 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102509
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-01 12:31:57
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A ground-breaking collection of essays that explores the place of the Dutch and English East India Companies in Asia and the nature of their interactions with Asian rulers, officials, merchants, soldiers and brokers.The Dutch and English East India Companies were formidable organizations that were gifted with expansive powers that allowed them to conduct diplomacy, raise armies and seize territorial possessions. But they did not move into an empty arena in which they were free to deploy these powers without resistance. Early modern Asia stood at the center of the global economy and was home to powerful states and sprawling commercial networks. With contributions from the most innovative historians working on the companies today, this book presents new ways to understand these organizations by focusing on their diplomatic, commercial and military interactions with Asia.

Keywords

History --- East India Companies --- Empire --- Trade --- Diplomacy --- Warfare

Of Gods and Books. Ritual and Knowledge Transmission in the Manuscript Cultures of Premodern India

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Book Series: Studies in Manuscript Cultures ISSN: 2365-970X ISBN: 9783110478815 9783110477764 Year: Volume: 8 Pages: xi, 477 DOI: 10.1515/9783110478815 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion --- Languages and Literatures --- Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-25 13:33:32
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India has been the homeland of diverse manuscript traditions that do not cease to impress scholars for their imposing size and complexity. Nevertheless, many topics concerning the study of Indian manuscript cultures still remain to receive systematic examination. Of Gods and Books pays attention to one of these topics - the use of manuscripts as ritualistic tools. Literary sources deal quite extensively with rituals principally focused on manuscripts, whose worship, donation and preservation are duly prescribed. Around these activities, a specific category of ritual gift is created, which finds attestations in pre-tantric, as well as in smārta and tantric, literature, and whose practice is also variously reflected in epigraphical documents. De Simini offers a first systematic study of the textual evidence on the topic of the worship and donation of knowledge. She gives account of possible implications for the relationships between religion and power. The book is indsipensible for a deeper understanding of the cultural aspects of manuscript transmission in medieval India, and beyond.

Hindu Pluralism: Religion and the Public Sphere in Early Modern South India

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ISBN: 9780520293014 9780520966291 9780520966291 9780520966291 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.24 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:01:24
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In Hindu Pluralism, Elaine M. Fisher complicates the traditional scholarly narrative of the unification of Hinduism. By calling into question the colonial categories implicit in the term “sectarianism,” Fisher’s work excavates the pluralistic textures of precolonial Hinduism in the centuries prior to British intervention. Drawing on previously unpublished sources in Sanskrit, Tamil, and Telugu, Fisher argues that the performance of plural religious identities in public space in Indian early modernity paved the way for the emergence of a distinctively non-Western form of religious pluralism. This work provides a critical resource for understanding how Hinduism developed in the early modern period, a crucial era that set the tenor for religion’s role in public life in India through the present day.

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