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Access Denied

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Information Revolution and Global Politics ISBN: 9780262042451 9780262541961 Year: Pages: 472 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:37
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A study of Internet blocking and filtering around the world: analyses by leading researchers and survey results that document filtering practices in dozens of countries.Many countries around the world block or filter Internet content, denying access to information that they deem too sensitive for ordinary citizens—most often about politics, but sometimes relating to sexuality, culture, or religion. Access Denied documents and analyzes Internet filtering practices in more than three dozen countries, offering the first rigorously conducted study of an accelerating trend. Internet filtering takes place in more than three dozen states worldwide, including many countries in Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa. Related Internet content-control mechanisms are also in place in Canada, the United States and a cluster of countries in Europe. Drawing on a just-completed survey of global Internet filtering undertaken by the OpenNet Initiative (a collaboration of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School, the Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto, the Oxford Internet Institute at Oxford University, and the University of Cambridge) and relying on work by regional experts and an extensive network of researchers, Access Denied examines the political, legal, social, and cultural contexts of Internet filtering in these states from a variety of perspectives. Chapters discuss the mechanisms and politics of Internet filtering, the strengths and limitations of the technology that powers it, the relevance of international law, ethical considerations for corporations that supply states with the tools for blocking and filtering, and the implications of Internet filtering for activist communities that increasingly rely on Internet technologies for communicating their missions. Reports on Internet content regulation in forty different countries follow, with each two-page country profile outlining the types of content blocked by category and documenting key findings.ContributorsRoss Anderson, Malcolm Birdling, Ronald Deibert, Robert Faris, Vesselina Haralampieva [as per Rob Faris], Steven Murdoch, Helmi Noman, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Mary Rundle, Nart Villeneuve, Stephanie Wang, Jonathan Zittrain

Keywords

Internet --- filtering

La scienza e la rete

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Book Series: Strumenti per la didattica e la ricerca ISBN: 9788884535009 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_341473 Language: Italian
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Philosophy --- Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The advent and spread of Internet and the Web have radically transformed the modes of communication. This book considers a particular ambit of online communication, namely that of science. In the first place, the author reconstructs the circumstances that gave rise to the modern system of scientific communication, and the qualitative and quantitative tools for scientific evaluation. After this, the analysis concentrates on the history, philosophy and architecture of the Web from its inception through to the most recent developments of both a technical (Semantic Web) and a socio-cultural kind (Web 2.0). Finally an open and democratic model for scientific communication is projected and proposed, made possible through the use of transparent, accessible and distributed tools.

Keywords

internet --- web 2.0

(Open) Linked Data in Bibliotheken

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Book Series: Bibliotheks- und Informationspraxis ISSN: 2191-3587 ISBN: 9783110278736 9783110276343 Year: Volume: 50 Pages: vi, 244 DOI: 10.1515/9783110278736 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Information theory --- Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-13 09:23:05
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This book is an introduction to the subjects of linked data, open data and open linked data, and to their specific relevance for libraries. It illustrates these concepts through detailed descriptions of actual data projects. The volume will be useful to individuals involved in library practice and those in library management who have not yet become familiarized with these important contemporary fields.

Web Writing: Why and How for Liberal Arts Teaching and Learning

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ISBN: 9780472072828 9780472052820 9780472900121 9780472121359 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-01 17:16:12
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The essays in Web Writing respond to contemporary debates over the proper role of the Internet in higher education, steering a middle course between polarized attitudes that often dominate the conversation. The authors argue for the wise integration of web tools into what the liberal arts does best: writing across the curriculum. All academic disciplines value clear and compelling prose, whether that prose comes in the shape of a persuasive essay, scientific report, or creative expression. The act of writing visually demonstrates how we think in original and critical ways and in ways that are deeper than those that can be taught or assessed by a computer. Furthermore, learning to write well requires engaged readers who encourage and challenge us to revise our muddled first drafts and craft more distinctive and informed points of view. Indeed, a new generation of web-based tools for authoring, annotating, editing, and publishing can dramatically enrich the writing process, but doing so requires liberal arts educators to rethink why and how we teach this skill, and to question those who blindly call for embracing or rejecting technology.

Keywords

Internet --- web writing

The Public Core of the Internet: An international Agenda for Internet Governance

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Book Series: WRR Rapporten ISBN: 9789462981959 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_610631 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-17 11:01:06
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The growth and health of our digital economies and societies depend on the core protocols and infrastructure of the Internet. This technical and logical substructure of our digital existence is now in need of protection against unwarranted interference in order to sustain the growth and the integrity of the global Internet. The Internet's key protocols and infrastructure can be considered a global public good that provides benefits to everyone in the world. Countering the growing state interference with this 'public core of the Internet' requires a new international agenda for Internet governance that departs from the notion of a global public good. Core ingredients of this strategy are: - To establish and disseminate an international norm stipulating that the Internet's public core - its main protocols and infrastructure- should be considered a neutral zone, safeguarded against unwarranted intervention by governments.&#xD;- To advocate efforts to clearly differentiate at the national and international level between Internet security (security of the Internet infrastructure) and national security (security through the Internet).&#xD;- To broaden the arena for cyber diplomacy to include new coalitions of states (including the so called 'swing states') and private companies, including the large Internet companies as well as Internet intermediaries such as Internet Service Providers.

Keywords

internet --- cybercrime --- online

Cyberpragmatics

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Book Series: Pragmatics & Beyond New Series ISBN: 9789027256195 Year: Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101141
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-04 11:02:16
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Cyberpragmatics is an analysis of Internet-mediated communication from the perspective of cognitive pragmatics. It addresses a whole range of interactions that can be found on the Net: the web page, chat rooms, instant messaging, social networking sites, 3D virtual worlds, blogs, videoconference, e-mail, Twitter, etc. Of special interest is the role of intentions and the quality of interpretations when these Internet-mediated interactions take place, which is often affected by the textual properties of the medium. The book also analyses the pragmatic implications of transferring offline discourses (e.g. printed paper, advertisements) to the screen-framed space of the Net. And although the main framework is cognitive pragmatics, the book also draws from other theories and models in order to build up a better picture of what really happens when people communicate on the Net.

Young People, Social Media and Health

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Studies in Physical Education and Youth Sport ISBN: 9781138493957 9781351026987 Year: Pages: 232 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sports Science --- Biology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:02
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The pervasiveness of social media in young people’s lives is widely acknowledged, yet there is little evidence-based understanding of the impacts of social media on young people’s health and wellbeing.&#xD;&#xD;Young People, Social Media and Health draws on novel research to understand, explain, and illustrate young people’s experiences of engagement with health-related social media; as well as the impacts they report on their health, wellbeing, and physical activity. Using empirical case studies, digital representations, and evidence from multi-sector and interdisciplinary stakeholders and academics, this volume identifies the opportunities and risk-related impacts of social media.&#xD;&#xD;Offering new theoretical insights and practical guidelines for educators, practitioners, parents/guardians, and policy makers; Young People, Social Media and Health will also appeal to students and researchers interested in fields such as Sociology of Sport, Youth Sports Development, Secondary Physical Education, and Media Effects.

Keywords

Social media --- medicine --- internet --- teenagers

Automatisierte Wahl von Kommunikationsprotokollen für das heutige und zukünftige Internet

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ISBN: 9783866449169 Year: Pages: XXIII, 260 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000029916 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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Das erfolgreiche Internet basiert auf einer großen Anzahl unterschiedlicher Kommunikationsprotokolle. Diese erfüllen wesentliche Aufgaben, wie Adressierung, Datentransport oder sichere Kommunikation. Wählt man die richtigen Protokolle aus, so können gewünschte Eigenschaften der Kommunikation erreicht werden. Die vorliegende Arbeit betrachtet die automatisierte Wahl von Kommunikationsprotokollen und die damit erreichbare Verbesserung von zum Beispiel Sicherheit.

The Hyperlinked Society: Questioning Connections in the Digital Age

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Book Series: The New Media World ISBN: 9780472070435 9780472050437 9780472024537 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 14:29:55
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""Links"" are among the most basic—and most unexamined—features of online life. Bringing together a prominent array of thinkers from industry and the academy, The Hyperlinked Society addresses a provocative series of questions about the ways in which hyperlinks organize behavior online. How do media producers' considerations of links change the way they approach their work, and how do these considerations in turn affect the ways that audiences consume news and entertainment? What role do economic and political considerations play in information producers' creation of links? How do links shape the size and scope of the public sphere in the digital age? Are hyperlinks ""bridging"" mechanisms that encourage people to see beyond their personal beliefs to a broader and more diverse world? Or do they simply reinforce existing bonds by encouraging people to ignore social and political perspectives that conflict with their existing interests and beliefs? This pathbreaking collection of essays will be valuable to anyone interested in the now taken for granted connections that structure communication, commerce, and civic discourse in the world of digital media.

Ethical Programs: Hospitality and the Rhetorics of Software

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ISBN: 9780472072736 9780472052738 9780472900084 9780472121236 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-01 17:02:26
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Living in a networked world means never really getting to decide in any thoroughgoing way who or what enters your “space” (your laptop, your iPhone, your thermostat…your home). With this as a basic frame-of-reference, James J. Brown’s Ethical Programs examines and explores the rhetorical potential and problems of an hospitality ethos suited to a new era of hosts and guests. Brown reads a range of computational strategies and actors including the general principles underwriting the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), which determines how packets of information can travel through the internet, to the Obama election campaign’s use of the power of protocols to reach voters, harvest their data, incentivize and, ultimately, shape their participation in the campaign. In demonstrating the kind of rhetorical spaces networked software establishes and the access it permits, prevents, and molds, Brown makes a major contribution to the emergent discourse of software studies as a major component of efforts in broad fields including media studies, rhetorical studies, and cultural studies.

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