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Formational Units in Sign Languages

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Book Series: Sign Language Typology [SLT] ISSN: 2192-5186 ISBN: 9781614510680 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 352 DOI: 10.1515/9781614510680 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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Abstract

Sign languages and spoken languages have many fascinating differences, caused primarily by the reaction of the human mind to different modalities, but also by some important social differences. This book examines the effects of these and other differences on sign language phonology and phonetics using observation, experimentation and theory. Languages examined include Asian, Middle Eastern, European and American sign languages, and language situations include home signers and small village signers, children, gesturers, adult signers and non-native signers.

Acoustics of the Vowel - Preliminaries

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ISBN: 9783034320313 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.3726/978-3-0343-2391-8 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163510
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-08 11:01:17
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It seems as if the fundamentals of how we produce vowels and how they are acoustically represented have been clarified: we phonate and articulate. Using our vocal chords, we produce a vocal sound or noise which is then shaped into a specific vowel sound by the resonances of the pharyngeal, oral, and nasal cavities, that is, the vocal tract. Accordingly, the acoustic description of vowels relates to vowel-specific patterns of relative energy maxima in the sound spectra, known as patterns of formants. The intellectual and empirical reasoning presented in this treatise, however, gives rise to scepticism with respect to this understanding of the sound of the vowel. The reflections and materials presented provide reason to argue that, up to now, a comprehensible theory of the acoustics of the voice and of voiced speech sounds is lacking, and consequently, no satisfying understanding of vowels as an achievement and particular formal accomplishment of the voice exists. Thus, the question of the acoustics of the vowel—and with it the question of the acoustics of the voice itself—proves to be an unresolved fundamental problem.

Keywords

acoustics --- phonetics --- phonology --- vowel --- language

Origins of Human Language

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Book Series: Speech Production and Perception ISBN: 9783631737262 9783631738078 9783631738085 Year: DOI: 10.3726/b12405 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103091
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:07
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This book proposes a detailed picture of the continuities and ruptures between communication in primates and language in humans. It explores a diversity of perspectives on the origins of language, including a fine description of vocal communication in animals, mainly in monkeys and apes, but also in birds, the study of vocal tract anatomy and cortical control of the vocal productions in monkeys and apes, the description of combinatory structures and their social and communicative value, and the exploration of the cognitive environment in which language may have emerged from nonhuman primate vocal or gestural communication.

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