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Construire des politiques alimentaires urbaines

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9782759226184 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-2618-4 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-10 11:21:03
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This book describes the existing conceptual frameworks for an analysis of urban food policies at the crossroads of food system and sustainable city concepts. It serves as a basis to identify research issues in relation to local city government initiatives in the North and South.

Border Deaths

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789048550203 9789463722322 Year: Pages: 175 DOI: 10.5117/9789463722322 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 11:21:03
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Border deaths are a result of dynamics involving diverse actors, and can be interpreted and represented in various ways. Critical voices from civil society (including academia) hold states responsible for making safe journeys impossible for large parts of the world population. Meanwhile, policy-makers argue that border deaths demonstrate the need for restrictive border policies. Statistics are widely (mis)used to support different readings of border deaths. However, the way data is collected, analysed, and disseminated remains largely unquestioned. Similarly, little is known about how bodies are treated, and about the different ways in which the dead - also including the missing and the unidentified - are mourned by familiars and strangers. New concepts and perspectives contribute to highlighting the political nature of border deaths and finding ways to move forward. The chapters of this collection, co-authored by researchers and practitioners, provide the first interdisciplinary overview of this contested field.

Keywords

Border --- deaths --- migration --- border policies

De la literatura latinoamericana a la literatura (latinoamericana) mundial. Condiciones materiales, procesos y actores

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Book Series: Latin American Literatures in the World / Literaturas Latinoamericanas en el Mundo ISSN: 2513-0757 ISBN: 9783110622096 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 253 DOI: 10.1515/9783110622096 Language: Spanish
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 15:10:51
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What is World Literature? To answer this question, this book asks another one: How is it produced, that is, what are the material conditions, processes, and actors, which enable Latin-American Literature to circulate internationally and become (Latin-American) World Literature? Exploring the tension between literature for and of the world, the volume also intend to give visibility—and value as World Literature— to local forms of expression.

Usage Policies for Decentralised Information Processing

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ISBN: 9783866449879 Year: Pages: XIII, 174 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000032891 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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Owners impose usage restrictions on their information, which can be based e.g. on privacy laws, copyright law or social conventions. Often, information is processed in complex constellations without central control. In this work, we introduce technologies to formally express usage restrictions in a machine-interpretable way as so-called policies that enable the creation of decentralised systems that provide, consume and process distributed information in compliance with their usage restrictions.

Cooperation and Conflict the Nordic Way. Work, Welfare, and Institutional Change in Scandinavia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110444285 9783110436891 Year: Pages: 310 DOI: 10.1515/9783110436891 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-07 14:46:59
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The Nordic model attracts attention in a mixture of applause and disbelief. Among its merits, but also a precondition to its future survival, is its capacity to modify and adapt to changing circumstances. This book scrutinizes Nordic – in particular Norwegian – working life and welfare states from the perspective of institutional change. The analyses range from property rights, boardroom politics and wage formation to old-age pensions, care work and childcare policies. What emerges is a picture of societies characterized by ongoing, often incremental, social and political reform processes. Tripartite relations of coordination and negotiation in the labor market and beyond, give shape to power relations and political processes in particular ways. The close connections between labour market, welfare state, family and gender policies work to create institutional bundles – in an even stronger way than assumed in the Varieties of Capitalism literature.The book is written for students and scholars with an interest in Nordic societies, in corporatism and political processes, as well as readers interested in theoretical debate on varieties of capitalism and institutional change.

Naturvetarna, ingenjörerna och valfrihetens samhälle: Rekrytering till teknik och naturvetenskap under svensk efterkrigstid

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ISBN: 9789188168276 9789188168733 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.21525/kriterium.7 Language: Swedish
Publisher: Kriterium
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General) --- Political Science --- Education --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-11 11:01:47
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"Scientists, engineers, and a free-choice society is a book about control, largely the governing of children and young people in Sweden and the efforts made to persuade them to choose careers—and identities—in science and technology in the period 1950–2000. It is very much part of an interdisciplinary research tradition in which perspectives taken from the history of science and education are combined with theories from the field of governmentality studies. The book begins by describing a new societal problem that confronted Sweden, like so many other Western countries, in the immediate post-war years, namely a lack of engineers and scientists. The period from the outbreak of the Second World War to the mid fifties saw a new appreciation for scientific research and its application in both the military and civilian sectors. With the reconstruction of Europe and the Marshall Plan at its height in the fifties, technology and science became gradually associated with rising industrial productivity and with economic growth in general. By the sixties this had left national employment policy with some markedly pronounced objectives. By the end of the decade, it was obvious that the determination to increase student numbers in science and engineering ran contrary to other political ambitions, and did not sit well with the right of the individual to freedom of choice in education. The attempt to respect people’s autonomy while at the same time enabling more of them study these particular disciplines shaped a distinct set of strategies that made up the ‘positive exercise of power’—what might also be called liberal governing—in which the main idea was to encourage students to come to science and engineering of their own free will. The book goes on to demonstrate how this strategy of governing through individual autonomy would result in a series of specific measures in the seventies and on, including changes to the curricula and teaching materials, which were matched by activities outside the traditional bounds of learning such as a travelling science shows, advertising campaigns, and the construction of science and technology centres. The book also spells out the sheer reach of this recruitment policy. Many leading figures in Sweden set out to encourage people to become scientists and engineers—these were voices heard not only from government quarters, but also from industry and special interest groups. Scientists, engineers and a free-choice society does not set out to answer the question of how best to set about attracting young people into science and technology; rather, it is concerned with how that question has been answered by others, and what impact their responses have had on power relations between society and the individual, and indeed on the place of science and engineering education in the present.

Decentralisation Hybridized

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ISBN: 9782940503025 9782940503032 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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South Sudan is undergoing a process of internationally-supported state building of which decentralisation forms part. For the people, decentralisation is understood as a right to self-rule based on native–stranger dichotomies and as a means of appropriating and incorporating an abstract and distant state into the local context. The South Sudanese government, in contrast, sees decentralisation primarily as a tool for service delivery and development. Conversely, the international community, in...

Indian Villages

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ISBN: 9782940503643 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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This book presents a unique testimony on the evolution of the Indian peasant's world over more than sixty years. Its originality lies in part in the unique trajectory of its author, Gilbert Étienne, an exceptional man, all at once scientific traveller, thinker of the North/South relationships and economist concerned by sociology and history inputs. In unfolding the story of his passionate relationship with India, the author offers a very personal look which takes into account not only crop di...

Responsible Innovation and Responsible Research and Innovation (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781784715939 9781784715946 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.4337/9781784715946 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-11 16:48:25
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This chapter describes the evolution of Responsible Innovation (RI) and Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) as two significant discourses emerging over the last decade. RI is a discourse with strong academic roots. Anchored in a future-oriented notion of responsibility, it envisions the integration and embedding of capacities for anticipation, reflexivity, inclusive deliberation and responsiveness in and around the processes of innovation and techno-visionary science aimed at this. RRI emerged in contrast as a policy discourse from the European Commission’s Science in Society programme. While its early formulation shared much with the discourse of RI, over time it has become more instrumentally and prosaically framed around a package of five ‘EC RRI’ keys – gender, ethics, public engagement, open access and science education. After analysing and critiquing the main features of these discourses we consider their translation into policy and practice, before concluding with research gaps for future study.

The Transformation of Welfare States?

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ISBN: 9780203099490 9780415142502 9780415142519 9781134765706 9781134765690 9781134765652 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203099490 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:06
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This accessible work provides a ‘political sociology’ of welfare states in industrial societies, with both historical and contemporary perspectives. Ellison focuses on the social and political underpinnings of a number of welfare regimes and looks at the transformations they have undergone and the challenges they face. This book assesses current debates about the role of ‘globalization’ in welfare state change, paying particular attention to contemporary views about the capacity of embedded institutional structures to limit the effects of global economic pressures. Ellison assesses the changing nature of social policies in nine OECD countries – selected to include ‘liberal, ‘social democratic’ and ‘continental’ welfare regimes. Taking labour market and pension policies as the main areas of investigation, this volume provides ‘snapshots’ of welfare reform in each case, charting the ways in which different regimes ‘manage’ the range of challenges with which they are confronted. Ultimately, the book suggests that all contemporary welfare regimes are experiencing a level of ‘neoliberal drift’. As yet, this trend towards liberalization remains constrained in those countries with more ‘coordinated’ economies and institutionalized forms of social partnership – but the question is for how long? This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of International Politics, Sociology and Social Policy.

Keywords

regime --- continental --- regimes --- labour --- market --- policies --- flexibility --- occupational --- schemes --- social

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