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The Politics of Evidence

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Governance and Public Policy Learn ISBN: 9781138939400 9781315675008 Year: Pages: 182 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 282118
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-14 11:02:30
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There has been an enormous increase in interest in the use of evidence for public policymaking, but the vast majority of work on the subject has failed to engage with the political nature of decision making and how this influences the ways in which evidence will be used (or misused) within political areas. This book provides new insights into the nature of political bias with regards to evidence and critically considers what an ‘improved’ use of evidence would look like from a policymaking perspective. Part I describes the great potential for evidence to help achieve social goals, as well as the challenges raised by the political nature of policymaking. It explores the concern of evidence advocates that political interests drive the misuse or manipulation of evidence, as well as counter-concerns of critical policy scholars about how appeals to ‘evidence-based policy’ can depoliticise political debates. Both concerns reflect forms of bias – the first representing technical bias, whereby evidence use violates principles of scientific best practice, and the second representing issue bias in how appeals to evidence can shift political debates to particular questions or marginalise policy-relevant social concerns.&#xD;&#xD;Part II then draws on the fields of policy studies and cognitive psychology to understand the origins and mechanisms of both forms of bias in relation to political interests and values. It illustrates how such biases are not only common, but can be much more predictable once we recognise their origins and manifestations in policy arenas.&#xD;&#xD;Finally, Part III discusses ways to move forward for those seeking to improve the use of evidence in public policymaking. It explores what constitutes ‘good evidence for policy’, as well as the ‘good use of evidence’ within policy processes, and considers how to build evidence-advisory institutions that embed key principles of both scientific good practice and democratic representation. Taken as a whole, the approach promoted is termed the ‘good governance of evidence’ – a concept that represents the use of rigorous, systematic and technically valid pieces of evidence within decision-making processes that are representative of, and accountable to, populations served.

Schule der Gesellschaft: Wissensordnungen von Zürcher Unterrichtspraktiken zwischen 1771 und 1834

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ISBN: 9783034012997 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605210 Language: German
Publisher: Chronos Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163544
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-23 11:01:15
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“Schule der Gesellschaft” Knowledge systems in Zurich educational practices between 1771 and 1834&#xD;&#xD;The great social and political revolutions of 1798 and 1831 fueled efforts at radical restructuring of education policy. There were, however, gaps between the new norms and traditional local practices. Official and intellectual setting of new standards clashed with local and regional needs and conceptions of schooling. In a process of gradual adjustment, locally varying mixtures of new prescriptions and traditional approaches emerged.&#xD;Making use of voluminous source material, consisting principally of answers to school surveys from 1771 and 1779, as well as reports of school authorities from 1834, the study provides a comparative view across several hundred Zurich schools. The author conveys a nuanced portrayal of educational practices at the turn of the 19th century. The results of the study reveal similarities in schooling approaches across the region, and show the societal knowledge system underlying them. Investigating schools requires examining the surrounding society as well.

Saving for Development: How Latin America and the Caribbean Can Save More and Better

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781349949281 9781349949298 Year: Pages: 329 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-94929-8 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 17:56:51
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Why should people - and economies - save? This book on the savings problem in Latin America and the Caribbean suggests that, while saving to survive the bad times is important, saving to thrive in the good times is what really counts. People must save to invest in health and education, live productive and fulfilling lives, and make the most of their retirement years. Firms must save to grow their enterprises, employ more workers in better jobs, and produce quality goods. Governments must save to build the infrastructure required by a productive economy, provide quality services to their citizens, and assure their senior citizens a dignified, worry-free retirement. In short, countries must save not for the proverbial rainy day, but for a sunny day - a time when everyone can bask in the benefits of growth, prosperity, and well-being.

Chapter 13 The value of the imagined biological in policy and society (Book chapter)

Book title: Routledge Handbook of Genomics, Health and Society

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ISBN: 9781138211957 9781315451695 Year: Pages: 10 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-28 11:02:27
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Attending the World Economic Forum this past week, I was struck by two trends. The first was that brain research has emerged as a hot topic. Not only was brain science or brain health a new&#xD;theme at the meeting, research on the brain emerged in discussions about next generation&#xD;computing, global cooperation, and even models of economic development as well as being&#xD;linked to mental health or mindfulness. In a meeting frequented largely by economists&#xD;and business leaders, I was surprised by the number of non-scientists who have become&#xD;enchanted by brain science. Clearly this is the era of the brain, with mental health now part of a&#xD;much broader discussion.

Keywords

policy --- society --- mental health

Successful Public Policy

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760462789 Year: Pages: 550 DOI: 10.22459/SPP.2019 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 694266
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-21 11:21:02
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In Australia and New Zealand, many public projects, programs and services perform well. But these cases are consistently underexposed and understudied. We cannot properly ‘see’—let alone recognise and explain—variations in government performance when media, political and academic discourses are saturated with accounts of their shortcomings and failures, but are next to silent on their achievements. Successful Public Policy: Lessons from Australia and New Zealand helps to turn that tide. It aims to reset the agenda for teaching, research and dialogue on public policy performance. This is done through a series of close-up, in-depth and carefully chosen case study accounts of the genesis and evolution of stand-out public policy achievements, across a range of sectors within Australia and New Zealand. Through these accounts, written by experts from both countries, we engage with the conceptual, methodological and theoretical challenges that have plagued extant research seeking to evaluate, explain and design successful public policy. Studies of public policy successes are rare—not just in Australia and New Zealand, but the world over. This book is embedded in a broader project exploring policy successes globally; its companion volume, Great Policy Successes (edited by Paul ‘t Hart and Mallory Compton), is published by Oxford University Press (2019).&#xD;

Keywords

Public Policy --- government

Was kann der Staat?

Author:
Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837623123 9783839423127 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839423127 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103270
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Fragen zur Handlungsfähigkeit des Staates sind zentraler Bestandteil der gesellschaftlichen Debatten. Angesichts der im deutschen politischen System wirkenden institutionellen Schranken wird insbesondere problematisiert, wie Reformblockaden überwunden werden können. In diesem Kontext lohnt sich ein Blick auf die Renten- und Arbeitsmarktreformen der rot-grünen Regierung unter Gerhard Schröder. Ihre Untersuchung bietet sich vor allem deshalb an, weil das Zustandekommen der Sozialreformen überraschen muss. Anhand einer Analyse der Entscheidungsprozesse zeigt Hendrik Meyer auf, was die wesentlichen Bedingungen staatlicher Handlungsfähigkeit im deutschen Sozialstaat sind.

Entspannung in Europa. Die Bundesrepublik Deutschland und der Warschauer Pakt 1966 bis 1975

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Book Series: Zeitgeschichte im Gespräch ISSN: 2190-2054 ISBN: 9783486856361 Year: Volume: 19 Pages: 131 DOI: 10.1524/9783486856361 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 14:06:11
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Gottfried Niedhart analyzes the key role played by West Germany in the process of dètente in Europe, which was understood by the West German political coalitions in power during this period as a means of transcending the status quo. At the same time, he explains the policies of the Warsaw Pact, whose members, unlike West Germany, saw dètente as a means of preserving the status quo.

Alberta's Day Care Controversy: From 1908 to 2009 and Beyond

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ISBN: 9781926836027 9781926836034 9781926836317 Year: Pages: 425 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2012-03-29 16:37:58
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Day care in Alberta has had a remarkably durable history as a controversial issue. Since the late 1950s, disputes over day care programs, policies, and funding have been a recurring feature of political life in the province. Alberta’s Day Care Controversy traces the development of day care policies and programs in Alberta, with particular emphasis on policy decisions and program initiatives that have provoked considerable debate and struggle among citizens. For most of Alberta’s first fifty years as a province, day care was treated as a private rather than a public issue. Beginning in the late 1950s, however, debates about day care began to appear regularly on the public record. Dr. Tom Langford brings to light the public controversies that occurred during the last four decades of the twentieth century and the first decade of the new millennium, placing contemporary issues in historical context and anticipating the elements of future policy struggles.

Coopérations, territoires et entreprises agroalimentaires

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782759207572 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-0757-2 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-13 11:21:04
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The Cota, territorialised food-processing cooperation partnerships, are made up of groups of SME which apply pioneering collective strategies to improve their competitiveness by using the region as a decisive variable. The study of some fifteen cases suggests two analysis paths. The first covers the building up of these new forms of cooperation by highlighting organisational trajectories. The second puts forward thoughts on the role of the territory variable in the Cota dynamics through original territorialisation strategies. The Cota are not just an analysis tool for new forms of cooperation in the food-processing industry. They are also of interest politically, as they constitute an experimental laboratory for public action by putting forward outline recommendations for good support practices.&#xD;

20 Jahre Asylkompromiss

Authors: ---
Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837624878 9783839424872 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839424872 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103324
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:57
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In der politischen Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland gilt der Asylkompromiss von 1992/93 als höchst kontroverse Entscheidung, die bis heute, rund 20 Jahre später, Auswirkungen auf die Asylmigration hat. In diesem Band analysieren Wissenschaftler das damalige Flüchtlingsgeschehen, die Interessen der politischen Akteure sowie die Europäisierung der Flüchtlingspolitik. Zeitzeugen aus der Politik und Journalisten diskutieren, inwieweit die angestrebten Ziele erreicht wurden oder ob sich die Kritik an der Entscheidung als gerechtfertigt erwiesen hat. Vertreter von Flüchtlingsorganisationen sowie des Bundesamtes für Migration und Flüchtlinge zeigen Perspektiven des Flüchtlingsschutzes auf.

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