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The poor in England 1700-1850: An economy of makeshifts

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ISBN: 9781526137869 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This fascinating study investigates the experience of English poverty between 1700 and 1900 and in the ways in which the poor made ends meet. The phrase 'economy of makeshifts' has often been used to summarise the patchy, desperate and sometimes failing strategies of the poor for material survival. Incomes or benefits derived from such strategies allegedly ranged from wages supported by under-employment via petty crime through to charity, but allusions to this array of makeshifts usually fall short of answering vital questions about how and when the poor secured access to them. This book represents the single most significant attempt in print to supply the English 'economy of makeshifts' with a solid, empirical basis and to advance the concept of makeshifts from a vague but convenient label to a more precise yet inclusive definition. Individual chapters written by some of the leading, young historians of welfare examine how advantages gained from access to common land, mobilisation of kinship support, resorting to crime, and other marginal resources could prop up struggling households. They suggest how the balance of these strategies might change over time or be modified by gender, life-cycle and geography. A comprehensive introduction summarises the state of research on English poverty, and a thought-provoking conclusion makes valuable suggestions for the direction of future research. This book will be crucial for historians of social life and welfare, of interest to researchers working on eighteenth- /nineteenth- century England and will be useful to undergraduates seeking guidance on the historiography of poverty.

Keywords

history --- poor --- poverty --- england

1 Introduction (Book chapter)

Book title: Energy Poverty and Vulnerability

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781315231518 9781138294455 Year: Pages: 13 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-03 11:02:11
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This book aims to provide a global perspective on energy poverty, with the aid of novel theoretical approaches that disturb entrenched scientific preconceptions and policy prescriptions. We are particularly interested in deepening existing conceptualizations of the systemic drivers of energy poverty, by drawing attention to the manner in which the condition is embedded in deeper forms and practices of social exclusion and injustice. Starting from the fact that energy poverty is an inherently spatial phenomenon – it is both experienced in and caused by the entanglement of the socio-technical infrastructures of the home, while varying significantly across cities, regions and nations – there is a strong focus on the geographic processes and contingencies that underpin the emergence of this predicament. We draw together the findings of original research conducted by leading experts from a wide range of countries in order to capture the rapidly expanding corpus of scientific and policy expertise on energy poverty. By furthering knowledge on the driving forces of the condition, the book also produces policy-relevant insights that can aid decisionmaking on how domestic energy deprivation can be ameliorated.

Chapter 4 Development and poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9780367262297 9780429292125 Year: Pages: 54 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Migration --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-14 11:21:03
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This paper puts sub-Saharan Africa’s economic development into perspective. While much did not go as hoped for at independence, much of the region has been on a more promising development trajectory since the mid-1990s, as we illustrate using growth, poverty, and human development indicators. We identify key weaknesses, including lack of structural transformation and the slow rate of employment growth. We refer to global shocks that have played a critical role in sub-Saharan Africa’s economic performance alongside domestic events, policies, and governance. Finally, we discuss a set of critical challenges requiring effective management for sub-Saharan Africa to realize its considerable development potential.

Agriculture, peasantry and poverty in Turkey in the neo-liberal age

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ISBN: 9789086861927 9789086867486 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3920/978-90-8686-748-6 Language: English
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:01:31
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This book investigates recent policies introduced into Turkey which are designed to reduce state activities and open up the country to international investment and trade. This is done in the context of the UNs Millennium Development Goals continuing to stretch into the distant future amid the ongoing instability of the global financial system and economic pressures on the West. The focus is on agriculture and the major effects of a deliberate restructuring of an agrarian economy as seen through the lens of the peasant, the village and poverty. This unique socioeconomic review of Turkey, which is generally thought to be a contemporary success story of the neo-liberal paradigm, argues for a new understanding of the destructive effects of global capitalism. Some issues addressed are the effects on Turkey's countryside as its agricultural sector has been catapulted onto the world market, how farming has changed and what this has meant for small-scale enterprises. Also discussed is how rural communities have fared, capital relations have been transformed in the process and the impact this has had on the nation's poor. Finally, the ways in which neo-liberalism has guided government's response to the new social needs is discussed along with how Turkey's experience parallels similar developments worldwide. This serves as a window to the reality of development at a time when the philosophy for growth underpinning development is facing an increasingly profound crisis of confidence worldwide.

Community Nutrition for Developing Countries (a co-publication with UNISA Press)

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ISBN: 9781927356111 9781927356128 9781927356135 9781771990165 Year: Pages: 510 DOI: 10.15215/aupress/9781927356111.01 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-10 22:45:50
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Nutrition textbooks used by universities and colleges in developing countries have very often been written by scholars who live and work in North America or the United Kingdom. And while the research and information they present is sound, the nutrition-related health challenges with which developing countries must grapple differ considerably from those found in highly industrialized Western nations. The primary aim of Community Nutrition for Developing Countries is to provide a book that meets the needs of nutritionists and other health professionals living and working in developing countries. Written by both scholars and practitioners, the volume draws on their wealth of knowledge, experience, and understanding of nutrition in developing countries to provide nutrition professionals with all the information they require. Each chapter addresses a specific nutrition challenge currently faced by developing countries such as food security, food safety, disease prevention, maternal health, and effective nutrition policy. In addition, the volume serves as an invaluable resource for those developing and implementing nutrition education programmes. With an emphasis on nutritional education as a means to prevent disease and effectively manage health disorders, it is the hope of the nearly three dozen contributors to this work that it will enhance the health and well-being of low-income populations throughout the world.

Soziale Grundsicherung in der Weltgesellschaft

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Global Studies ISBN: 9783899424607 9783839404607 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839404607 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103278
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Auch Sozialpolitik globalisiert sich. Das Buch zeigt, dass sozialhilfe- und rentenartige Grundsicherungssysteme nicht nur in entwickelten, sondern auch in Entwicklungs- und Übergangsgesellschaften wirksame Instrumente der Armutsbekämpfung sein können. Direkte Geldleistungen etwa an von AIDS betroffene Familien, alleinerziehende Frauen und Alte können auch entwicklungspolitisch produktiv sein. Das Buch gibt erstmals einen weltweiten Überblick über monetäre Grundsicherungssysteme. Die Grundsicherungsstrategie markiert einen Paradigmenwechsel in der Entwicklungspolitik und stützt die These John W. Meyers einer sich verbreitenden universalistischen Weltkultur.

TafelGesellschaft

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783837615043 9783839415047 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839415047 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103231
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Die wohltätige Verteilung von Lebensmitteln steht für eine neue Polarisierung in den Überflussgesellschaften. Während Überangebot und individuelle Konsumentscheidungen systematisch Überschüsse hinterlassen, sind zugleich Menschen von Arbeit und Konsum so weit ausgeschlossen, dass sie nehmen, was die Tafeln und ähnliche Initiativen gerade verteilen können. Der transdisziplinäre Diskussionsband versammelt empirisch fundierte Analysen, theoretische Einsichten und politische Stellungnahmen zu dieser noch jungen Entwicklung. Ein breites Spektrum an Perspektiven auf ein aktuelles sozialpolitisches Phänomen, mit Beiträgen u.a. von Katrin Göring-Eckardt, Regina Görner, Gabriele Goettle, Marianne Gronemeyer, Fabian Kessl und Matthias Möhring-Hesse.

Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Routledge Studies in Ecosystem Services ISBN: 9781138580831 9781138580848 9780429507090 Year: Pages: 352 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-15 11:01:52
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Understanding how to sustain the services that ecosystems provide in support of human wellbeing is an active and growing research area. This book provides a state-of-the-art review of current thinking on the links between ecosystem services and poverty alleviation. In part it showcases the key findings of the Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) programme, which has funded over 120 research projects in more than 50 countries since 2010. ESPA’s goal is to ensure that ecosystems are being sustainably managed in a way that contributes to poverty alleviation as well as to inclusive and sustainable growth. As governments across the world map how they will achieve the 17 ambitious Sustainable Development Goals, most of which have poverty alleviation, wellbeing and sustainable environmental management at their heart, ESPA’s findings have never been more timely and relevant. The book synthesises the headline messages and compelling evidence to address the questions at the heart of ecosystems and wellbeing research. The authors, all leading specialists, address the evolving framings and contexts for the work, review the impacts of ongoing drivers of change, present new ways to achieve sustainable wellbeing, equity, diversity, and resilience, and evaluate the potential contributions from conservation projects, payment schemes, and novel governance approaches across scales from local to national and international. The cross-cutting, thematic chapters challenge conventional wisdom in some areas, and validate new methods and approaches for sustainable development in others. The book will provide a rich and important reference source for advanced students, researchers and policy-makers in ecology, environmental studies, ecological economics and sustainable development.

Urban Food Systems Governance and Poverty in African Cities

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Studies in Food, Society and the Environment ISBN: 9781138726758 9781138726758 9781315191195 Year: Pages: 290 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:32
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This book presents the findings of an international collaborative research project that aimed to improve our understanding of the connections between urban poverty, food systems, household food security and governance, by focusing on three secondary cities in Anglophone sub-Saharan Africa.

Multifunctional Land Uses in Africa

Authors: ---
Book Series: Earthscan Food and Agriculture Series ISBN: 9780367246440 9780429283666 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-10 11:21:13
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This book presents contemporary case studies of land use, management practices, and innovation in Africa with a view to exploring how multifunctional land uses can alleviate food insecurity and poverty. Food security and livelihoods in Africa face multiple challenges in the form of feeding a growing population on declining land areas under the impacts of climate change. The overall question is what kind of farming systems can provide resilient livelihoods? This volume presents a selection of existing farming systems that demonstrate how more efficient use of land and natural resources, labour and other inputs can have positive effects on household food security and livelihoods. It examines how aquaculture, integrated water management, peri-urban farming systems, climate-smart agriculture practices and parkland agroforestry contribute multiple benefits. Drawing on case studies from Kenya, Ethiopia, Nigeria and Burkina Faso, contributed by young African scientists, this book provides a unique perspective on multifunctional land use in Africa and illustrates how non-conventional uses can be profitable while promoting social and environmental sustainability. Tapping into the global discussion on land scarcity and linking food security to existing land use change processes, this volume will stimulate readers looking for diversified land uses that are compatible with both household and national food security ambitions. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of African development, agriculture, food security, land use and environmental management, as well as sustainable development more generally, in addition to policymakers and practitioners working in these areas.

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