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The biology of the first 1000 days

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Oxidative stress and disease ISBN: 9781498756792 Year: Pages: 518 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:45:55
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Abstract

The first 1,000 days, from conception to 2 years of age, is a critical window of growth and development. Exposures to dietary, environmental, hormonal, and other stressors
during this period have been associated with an increased risk of adverse health
outcomes. Researchers using cell culture, animal models, and humans have identified
this time as a period of rapid physiological change and plasticity with significant
potential for lasting effects. As such, interventions during the first 1,000 days will
have the greatest impact on outcomes, particularly in low- and middle-income countries
where the need is greatest.
To date, there is no single resource that compiles our knowledge of the biology
of the first 1,000 days. Our knowledge and understanding of the biology behind
the first 1,000 days is still limited. This greater understanding is helping us inform
effective nutrition policy and programming. The strength of this book lies in its
cross- disciplinary nature that encompasses the full range of human biology, providing
a more holistic perspective during this critical time frame. Moreover, we have
broadened the scope and included important periods before and after the 1,000 days.
We have designed this book as a comprehensive resource for those involved in
global health and nutrition policy, strategy, programming, or research. This book
will also be a resource for students learning about nutrition and health across the
1,000 days. The book includes an exceptional group of contributors who are experts
in their given fields. As biology underlies the core of each discussion, it allows
the readers to answer the what and why, and, we hope, the how for new discovery
research and more effective interventions.
Each chapter in this volume provides insight into a specific life stage, disease
state, nutrient, and stressor in the first 1,000 days. As such, each chapter can be read
independently, providing a comprehensive overview of that subject. However, there
is continuity between chapters allowing this collection of chapters to be read cover
to cover. The first chapters set the stage, providing a succinct resource to understand
the well-established biological mechanisms that underlie growth regulation and
nutrient recommendations throughout the first 1,000 days. The next chapters move
on to the evidence behind nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions
to combat adverse outcomes and disease states in the first 1,000 days. This book
also features emerging research areas, such as the gut microbiome, environmental
enteric dysfunction, and the role of epigenetics in health and development. The final
chapter pushes the boundaries of discovery research, exploring novel areas such as
proteomics and metabolomics, and how insults such as environmental enteric dysfunction
affect metabolism in the first 1,000 days.
We approached this book with the ambition to shed more light on the biology during
1,000 days, but there was also a need to put the biology into a broader context of
nutrition and health. There are still many gaps in our understanding of the biology
of the first 1,000 days. It is only by bridging this knowledge gap through research
that we can inform effective interventions to improve outcomes during the first 1,000
days.

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