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Les pêches côtières bretonnes

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782759203468 9782759214204 9782759203451 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-1420-4 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:33
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The book focuses on the situation of Brittany coastal fishing in the early 2000s. It addresses the question of regulated access to fishing resources. It examines the exploitation of main stocks and the characteristics of the fishing fleet. The economic efficiency of vessels is analysed, including the impact of increased fuel costs at the beginning of the decade. Fishing for pleasure is investigated through the results of a national survey which highlights the characteristics of yachtsmen enjoying this leisure activity in Brittany.

New Water Regimes

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038429630 9783038429647 Year: Pages: VIII, 126 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Law --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-22 09:04:54
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Water resource management challenges around the world are not just hydrological issues-- they are socio-legal in nature as well. This edited collection critically examines legal and administrative structures of water control, with the goal of imagining alternatives to entrenched systems of capitalist and anthropocentric water governance. The collection contributes to the areas of legal geography and water resource governance. The research presented in the collection draws from numerous theoretical perspectives, including decolonial and post-anthropocentric approaches to water governance; social and environmental justice in water management; and understanding legal ecologies. The collection addresses a variety of themes of water governance, including water allocation, groundwater management, collaborative governance, drought planning, and water quality. The papers describe and analyze water issues and new ideas in multiple countries, including Australia, Ecuador, New Zealand, India, and the United States.

Hillslope and Watershed Hydrology

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038429517 9783038429524 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-952-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-14 11:41:26
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Watershed hydrology is driven by climate forcing, near ground surface characteristics, and human activities, addressing a wide spectrum of environmental and water resource problems regarding both scientific-driven questions and practical engineering issues. This book collates watershed problems and solutions from around the world covering diverse climate types. These cases show complex interactions between hydrological processes and environmental conditions and scientific methods for understanding the hydrological regime and management of human activities. This book can be used as a state-of-the-art resource for academic researchers and water resource professionals, and will also appeal to students, scholars, and general readers interested in watershed models, water management, environmental management, climate change impact assessment, or ecohydrologic interactions.

Chapter 26 The Role of Pseudo-Commons in Post-Socialist Countries (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138060906 9781315162782 Year: Pages: 17 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:03
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If Hardin’s (1968) widely cited case of a pasture accessible to everyone were the standard for public natural resources, those resources would have the tendency to be depleted, degraded, destroyed or overexploited. Hardin explains that each herdsman found it more profitable to graze more animals than the pasture could support, since each took all the profit from an extra animal but bore only a fraction of the cost of overgrazing. Yet, what Hardin calls a “Tragedy of the Commons” is rather a “Tragedy of Open Access” (Feeny et al., 1990), since Hardin confuses the characteristics of a resource, such as low excludability and high rivalry in consumption, with its property rights regime which can take diverse forms. Hardin describes an open access system, meaning no rules and no property rights regime in place, that leads to overuse and degradation, instead of a resource that is held in common. Later, Hardin (1994) refers to the same case as an “unmanaged commons”. With his pasture example, he aimed to contradict the laissez-faire attitude shared by economists in the late 1800s, which was that if each man pursued his own interest then the interests of all would be best served in the long run. To motivate this chapter, I will recall four possible methods of natural resource management that can resolve this tragedy. I will also highlight the fourth, often overlooked approach, i.e. the public manager option. In fact, there is a continuum between the two polar ends of the spectrum, from governance enacted by a single central authority to a fully decentralized system of individual decision making. Between these two extremes lies a range of governance regimes that might involve higher levels of government along with local systems (Theesfeld, 2008a; Frey et al., 2016).

Energy, Wealth and Governance in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Authors: ---
Book Series: Central Asia Research Forum ISBN: 9780203099803 9780415372060 9780415405775 9781134194155 9781134194148 9781134194100 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203099803 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:26
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Drawing upon recent progress in development economics and political science, the book provides fresh analysis of the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries transition to a market economy by tracing the impact of natural resource endowment. The book examines the synergies between energy-rich and energy-poor states and highlights the practical consequences of both well-managed and poorly-managed deployment of energy. Featuring contributions from prominent specialists on resource-driven economies, the book argues that unless CCA elites change the way in which they deploy natural resource, revenues regional development will fall short of its potential with possible disastrous consequences. The contributors apply the experience of the developing market economies to demonstrate that the region still holds considerable potential to become an important, stable supplier of raw materials and a source of industrial demand to the global economy. However, the CCA is equally likely to become a threat to the global economy as a consequence of the misuse of energy revenues to promote the interests of predatory political elites.

Keywords

cca --- region --- resource --- poor --- countries --- growth --- collapse --- rent --- caspian --- sea

Proceedings of the International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata for e-Communities

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Book Series: Proceedings e report ISBN: 8884530431 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_345123 Language: English
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:09:33
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DC-2002 marks the tenth in the ongoing series of International Dublin Core Workshops, and the second that includes a full program of tutorials and peer-reviewed conference papers. Interest in Dublin Core metadata has grown from a small collection of pioneering projects to adoption by governments and international organizations worldwide. The greatest challenge of the current phase of metadata development is bringing together the diversity of local conventions, domain specific requirements, and different encoding conventions such taht cross-domain interoperability can be achieved.

Alberta Oil and the Decline of Democracy in Canada

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ISBN: 9781771990295 9781771990301 9781771990325 9781771990318 Year: Pages: 440 DOI: 10.15215/aupress/9781771990295.01 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-10 20:03:30
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Prior to May 2015, the oil-rich jurisdiction of Alberta had, for over four decades, been a one-party state. During that time, the rule of the Progressive Conservatives essentially went unchallenged, with critiques of government policy falling on deaf ears and Alberta ranking behind other provinces in voter turnout. Given the province’s economic reliance on oil revenues, a symbiotic relationship also developed between government and the oil industry. Cross-national studies have detected a correlation between oil-dependent economies and authoritarian rule, a pattern particularly evident in Africa and the Middle East. Alberta Oil and the Decline of Democracy in Canada sets out to test the “oil inhibits democracy” hypothesis in the context of an industrialized nation in the Global North.In probing the impact of Alberta’s powerful oil lobby on the health of democracy in the province, contributors to the volume engage with an ongoing discussion of the erosion of political liberalism in the West. In addition to examining energy policy and issues of government accountability in Alberta, they explore the ramifications of oil dependence in areas such as Aboriginal rights, environmental policy, labour law, women’s equity, urban social policy, and the arts. If, as they argue, reliance on oil has weakened democratic structures in Alberta, then what of Canada as whole, where the short-term priorities of the oil industry continue to shape federal policy? In Alberta, the New Democratic Party is in a position to reverse the democratic deficit that is presently fuelling political and economic inequality. The findings in this book suggest that, to revitalize democracy, provincial and federal leaders alike must find the courage to curb the influence of the oil industry on governance.

Recent Advances in Cellular D2D Communications

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038427384 9783038427377 Year: Pages: 182 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 13:18:28
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Device-to-device (D2D) communications have attracted a great deal of attention from researchers in recent years. It is a promising technique for offloading local traffic from cellular base stations by allowing local devices, in physical proximity, to communicate directly with each other. Furthermore, through relaying, D2D is also a promising approach to enhancing service coverage at cell edges or in black spots. However, there are many challenges to realizing the full benefits of D2D. For one, minimizing the interference between legacy cellular and D2D users operating in underlay mode is still an active research issue. With the 5th generation (5G) communication systems expected to be the main data carrier for the Internet-of-Things (IoT) paradigm, the potential role of D2D and its scalability to support massive IoT devices and their machine-centric (as opposed to human-centric) communications need to be investigated. New challenges have also arisen from new enabling technologies for D2D communications, such as non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) and blockchain technologies, which call for new solutions to be proposed. This edited book presents a collection of ten chapters, including one review and nine original research works on addressing many of the aforementioned challenges and beyond.

Heterogeneity, High Performance Computing, Self-Organization and the Cloud

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Digital Business & Enabling Technologies ISBN: 9783319760377 9783319760384 Year: Pages: 165 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76038-4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: European Commission; Irish Centre for Cloud Computing and Commerce
Subject: Business and Management --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-20 18:56:40
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This open access book addresses the most recent developments in cloud computing such as HPC in the Cloud, heterogeneous cloud, self-organising and self-management, and discusses the business implications of cloud computing adoption. Establishing the need for a new architecture for cloud computing, it discusses a novel cloud management and delivery architecture based on the principles of self-organisation and self-management. This focus shifts the deployment and optimisation effort from the consumer to the software stack running on the cloud infrastructure. It also outlines validation challenges and introduces a novel generalised extensible simulation framework to illustrate the effectiveness, performance and scalability of self-organising and self-managing delivery models on hyperscale cloud infrastructures. It concludes with a number of potential use cases for self-organising, self-managing clouds and the impact on those businesses.

Governing Extractive Industries

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9780198820932 9780198820932 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198820932.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-25 11:01:02
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Proposals for more effective natural resource governance emphasize the importance of institutions and governance, but say less about the political conditions under which institutional change occurs. This book synthesizes findings regarding the political drivers of institutional change in extractive industry governance. The authors analyse resource governance from the late nineteenth century to the present in Bolivia, Ghana, Peru, and Zambia. They focus on the ways in which resource governance and national political settlements interact. Special attention is paid to the nature of elite politics, the emergence of new political actors, forms of political contention, changing ideas regarding natural resources and development, the geography of natural resource deposits, and the influence of the transnational political economy of global commodity production. National elites and subnational actors are in continuous contention over extractive industry governance. Resource rents are used by elites to manage this contention and incorporate actors into governing coalitions and overall political settlements. Periodically, new resource frontiers are opened, and new political actors emerge with the power to redefine how extractive industries are governed and used as instruments for development. Colonial and post-colonial histories of resource extraction continue to give political valence to ideas of resource nationalism that mobilize actors who challenge existing institutional arrangements. The book is innovative in its focus on the political longue durée, and the use of in-depth, comparative, country-level analysis in Africa and Latin America, to build a theoretical argument that accounts for both similarity and divergence between these regions.

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