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Terrorismus

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ISBN: 9783706546041 Year: Pages: 636 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437170 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4038
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:08
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"Terrorism. 9/11 in Context" is an anthology of thematic priorities that aims to establish a better understanding of the complexities of terrorism aside from one-dimensional characterisations in media and politics. The main focal points are: The definition of terrorism, its causes, mythological charging and pop cultural realization. Reactions of the state towards the terrorist challenge - the political, military and security aspects as well as media counter strategies - are also of keen interest. Further, as case-studies from the US, Latin America and Europe clearly demonstrate the state can also be a perpetrator of terrorism, either during covert operations or by adopting the mirror image of guerrillas and terrorists in counter insurgency warfare. The main thread of "Terrorism. 9/11 in Context" is the analysis of the "superstructure"- the symbolic and ideological sources of terrorism. Terrorist violence is seen as commitment for radical political change, which is fuelled not only by political and social grievances, but also by the gratification of a radical-action identity. Thus, terrorism is most of all the product of a powerful idea, which motivates and stimulates activists, giving them the strong conviction needed to follow through their "project". It's the idea that not only is it possible to wage resistance against an alleged illegitimate, corrupt authority; it is also possible to inspire others to participate in an avant-garde armed struggle. On the other hand, the perspective of politicians and authorities on the terrorist enemy is also influenced to a certain degree by imagination and projection - this process is analysed through the depiction of terrorism in cinema, media and the imitationof terrorist tactics by counter terrorism forces.

Sakrale Geographie

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Book Series: Global Studies ISBN: 9783837616040 9783839416044 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839416044 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103235
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Sie sind weltweit vernetzt, technisch auf der Höhe der Zeit und attackieren entlang einer religiösen Geopolitik. Um zu begreifen, was Bin Laden, Zawahiri und Atta antreibt, wie sie denken und fühlen und warum sie sich die moderne Alltagstechnik als Schlachtfeld ausgesucht haben, müssen wir ihnen nahe kommen. In diesem Buch werden zum ersten Mal die technischen, sakralen und seelischen Räume islamistischer Terroristen erschlossen. Mit phänomenologischen und psychoanalytischen Mitteln zeigt Elisabeth Heidenreich, zu welchen geopolitischen Implikationen die sakrale Geographie des islamistischen Terrorismus führt.

Target Markets – International Terrorism Meets Global Capitalism in the Mall

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Book Series: Edition Cultural Studies ISBN: 9783837633528 9783839433522 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627662 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100579
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-20 11:01:33
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This ground-breaking book explores the points of convergence between corporate capitalism and terrorist practice. Assessing the increase in the number of terrorist attacks directed against commercial entities in urban areas, such as the Westgate mall in Nairobi or the Charlie Hebdo offices in Paris, Suzi Mirgani offers a fascinating and disturbing perspective on the spaces where supposedly oppositional ends of the spectrum meet on common ground. How is it that these urban commercial spaces provide ground zero for a conference between the most powerful forces of contemporary culture: the most mainstream and the most extreme?

Aut Dedere, aut Judicare: The Extradite or Prosecute Clause in International Law

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ISBN: 9782940415700 9782940415045 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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The aut dedere aut judicare, or “extradite or prosecute” clause is shorthand for a range of clauses that are almost compulsory in international treaties criminalizing conduct, obliging a State to either extradite or prosecute one accused of the crime the subject of the treaty. The obligation has become increasingly central in the emerging legal regime against impunity and has a role in States’ armoury of international criminal enforcement mechanisms. Yet there has been little academic consi...

The SWIFT Affair

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ISBN: 9782940415724 9782940415731 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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The story broke in 2006: Since 9/11, US intelligence services have had access to practically any international money transfer data by infiltrating the SWIFT (Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication) network. Banks worldwide transfer money orders and personal customer data through this network. While the surveillance was all-embracing in 2001, it was gradually limited over the course of the last few years. Revealed by the New York Times, the SWIFT affair has had global as w...

Zivile Sicherheit

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783837614350 9783839414354 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839414354 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103237
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Terrorismus, Kriminalität oder Katastrophen - Gefährdungen, Bedrohungen und Risiken heterogener Herkunft werden zunehmend 'auf einer Linie' gedacht. Diese unter dem Schlagwort "Zivile Sicherheit" firmierende Rationalität ist zu einem Kernkonzept sicherheitspolitischer Strategie avanciert. Der Band nimmt Fragen nach den Voraussetzungen, Bedeutungen und Folgen dieser Sicherheitsstrategie auf. Aus unterschiedlichen disziplinären Perspektiven werden grundlegende Aspekte der Konstitution und des Wandels im Sicherheitsbewusstsein, der Transformation der Sicherheitsarchitektur sowie der Ambivalenzen einer Technisierung von Sicherheit dargelegt und kritisch diskutiert.

Terrorismus und moderne Kriegsführung

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783837633269 9783839433263 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839433263 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103348
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-07 11:02:07
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Der Begriff "Terrorismus" ist definitorisch uneindeutig - und das macht jeden Akteur zu einem bestimmten Grad zum Terroristen. Dieses Paradox zieht Eva-Maria Heinke als Ausgangspunkt für eine tiefgreifende Analyse der Strategien moderner Kriegsführung heran und löst es durch die gegenwärtig einmalige Verwendung von sogenannten Fuzzy-Inferenzsystemen zum Zwecke der Typisierung politischer Gewalt auf. Die intensive Verbindung von soziologischer Gewaltforschung mit der Mathematik unscharfer Mengen macht den Grad der Verwendung politischer Gewaltstrategien erstmalig berechenbar - und ermöglicht somit einen völlig neuartigen Blick auf den strategischen Kontext des Handelns politischer Gewaltakteure.

Foreign Intervention in Africa after the Cold War

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ISBN: 9780896803206 9780896803213 9780896805040 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Ohio University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102818
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:06
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Poverty, corruption, and conflictsa ffect many parts of Africa, but the source of these problems is widely misunderstood. Many challenges today are rooted in colonial political and economic practices, Cold War alliances, and attempts by outsiders to influence political and economic systems during the decolonization and postindependence periods. This book provides a new framework for foreign political and military intervention in Africa, its purposes. It focuses on the 25 years following the Cold War, when neighboring states and subregional, regional, and global organizations and networks joined extracontinental powers in support of diverse forces in the war-making and peace-building processes. Two rationales were used to justify intervention: a response to instability (and the responsibility to protect) and the war on terror. Intended for nonpecialists, the book offers a new continentwide perspective, illuminated by case studies synthesized from previously published works.

Law, Liberty, And The Pursuit Of Terrorism

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ISBN: 9780472029662 9780472119097 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.1965125 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-12 11:01:06
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It is commonly believed that a state facing a terrorist threat responds with severe legislation that compromises civil liberties in favour of national security. Roger Douglas compares responses to terrorism by five liberal democracies— the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand— over the past 15 years. He examines each nation’s development and implementation of counterterrorism law, specifically in the areas of information gathering, the definition of terrorist offenses, due process for the accused, detention, and torture and other forms of coercive questioning. Douglas finds that terrorist attacks elicit pressures for quick responses, which often allow national governments to accrue additional powers. But emergencies are neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for such laws, which may persist even after fears have eased. He argues that responses are influenced by institutional interests and prior beliefs and are complicated when the exigencies of office and beliefs point in different directions. He also argues that citizens are wary of government’s impingement on civil liberties and that courts exercise their capacity to restrain the legislative and executive branches. Douglas concludes that the worst anti-terror excesses have taken place outside of, rather than within, the law and that the legacy of 9/11 includes both laws that expand government powers and judicial decisions that limit those very powers. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

A Theory of ISIS

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ISBN: 9780745399119 9781786801692 9781786801708 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100922
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:47
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The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria has been the subject of intense scrutiny in the West. Considered by many to be the most dangerous terrorist organisation in the world, it has become shrouded in numerous myths and narratives, many emanating from the US, which often fail to grasp its true nature.Against these narratives, Mohammad-Mahmoud Ould Mohamedou presents a bold new theory of ISIS. By tracing its genealogy and documenting its evolution in Iraq and Syria, he argues that ISIS has transcended Osama Bin Laden’s original project of Al Qaeda, mutating into an unprecedented hybrid form that distils postcolonial violence, postmodernity and the emerging post-globalisation international order.This book analyses ISIS from a social sciences perspective and unpacks its dynamics by looking beyond superficial questions such as its terrorist nature and religious rhetoric. It transforms our understanding of ISIS and its profound impact on the very nature of contemporary political violence.

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