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Chapter 6 - Prevention and stigma (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526127365 Year: Pages: 25 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: European Commission’s OpenAIRE project
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-17 11:02:28
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This chapter investigates the use of quarantine as an instrument of social control and as dispositive for the construction and stigmatization of the Muslim ‘other’. The study takes the under-researched case of the Hajj to Mecca from the Balkans, hence focusing on Muslims from Bulgaria and Bosnia-Herzegovina (the latter under Austrian-Hungarian rule as from 1878). Both Bosnian and Bulgarian Muslim pilgrims experienced quarantine on their return from Mecca, yet in unequal measures. Bosnian hajjis were given a more lenient quarantine than their Bulgarian co-religionists by their separate sanitary authorities – with regard to the duration of isolation and the disinfection of their bodies and personal belongings. This was due to the different political and cultural attitudes towards their Muslim minorities by these two Balkan regimes.

Ordinary Jerusalem, 1840-1940

Authors: ---
Book Series: Open Jerusalem ISBN: 9789004375741 9789004375734 Year: Pages: 615 DOI: 10.1163/9789004375741 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 337895
Subject: Anthropology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:09
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In Ordinary Jerusalem, Angelos Dalachanis, Vincent Lemire and thirty-five scholars depict the ordinary history of an extraordinary global city in the late Ottoman and Mandate periods. Utilizing largely unknown archives, they revisit the holy city of three religions, which has often been defined solely as an eternal battlefield and studied exclusively through the prism of geopolitics and religion. At the core of their analysis are topics and issues developed by the European Research Council-funded project “Opening Jerusalem Archives: For a Connected History of Citadinité in the Holy City, 1840–1940.” Drawn from the French vocabulary of geography and urban sociology, the concept of citadinité describes the dynamic identity relationship a city’s inhabitants develop with each other and with their urban environment.

Chapter 3 - Mending “Moors” in Mogador (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526127365 Year: Pages: 41 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: European Commission’s OpenAIRE project
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-17 11:01:51
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This chapter deals with a rather unknown quarantine institution: the lazaretto of Mogador Island in Morocco. Specifically, the work explores the site’s centrality to the Spanish imperialist project of “regeneration” over of its southern neighbour. In contrast with the “civilisation” schemes deployed by the leading European imperial powers at the end of the nineteenth century, regeneration did not seek to construct a colonial Morocco but a so-called African Spain in more balanced terms with peninsular Spain. This project was to be achieved through the support and direction of ongoing Moroccan initiatives of modernisation, as well as through the training of an elite of “Moors” who were to collaborate with Spanish experts sent to the country, largely based in Tangier. Within this general context, the Mogador Island lazaretto became a key site of regeneration projects. From a sanitary and political point of view, it was meant to define a Spanish-Moroccan space by marking its new borders and also to protect “Moorish” pilgrims against both the ideological and health-related risks associated with the Mecca pilgrimage.

Chapter 1 - Quarantine and territory in Spain during the second half of the nineteenth century (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526127365 Year: Pages: 32 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: European Commission’s OpenAIRE project
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-17 11:01:59
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This chapter provides a thorough investigation of the modes by which the sanitary administration coevolved coherently with and inseparably from the Spanish state’s modern transport-communication and economic-industrial infrastructures throughout the nineteenth century. It also investigates examines how quarantine institutions functioned as sanitary gateways or entry checkpoints at borders, physically marking and consolidating while protecting the national territorial space. The paper traces the ideas underpinning the configuration and development of the sanitary network on Spanish national territory, which occurred unevenly – with the most evolved parts depending on certain strategic ports and on links with the railway transport infrastructure that was still under construction. It also suggests that the gradual relaxation of quarantine in liberal Spain was periodically called into question by economic and political policies that defined the relation between the coastal and inland regions of the country.

Chapter 8 - Quarantine sanitization, colonialism and the construction of the ‘contagious Arab’ in the Mediterranean, 1830s–1900 (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526127365 Year: Pages: 35 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: European Commission’s OpenAIRE project
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-17 11:01:59
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This chapter investigates the setting up of a network of lazarettos along the southern and eastern littorals of the Mediterranean during the nineteenth century. The fundamental thesis is that these lazarettos, constructed and frequently directed by Europeans, sustained the expansion of Western colonialism in the region. Starting with an investigation of the workings of the first Sanitary Councils – in North Africa and Ottoman-ruled ports – which preceded the International Sanitary Conferences, the study then goes on to show how maritime quarantine catered for the European powers’ commercial, shipping and imperial interests in the region. By examining the regulations and the actual practices of disinfection adopted in these lazarettos, this chapter also shows how these institutions constructed and/or consolidated stereotypes of the ‘Muslim Arab’ as a ‘threatening contagious body.’

Strukturen und Netzwerke

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783737009164 Year: Language: German
Publisher: V&R unipress Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103651
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:08
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Die Geschichte der medizinischen Forschung und Praxis in Wien wird erst im Kontext ihrer Strukturen und Netzwerke verständlich. Die Analyse der lokalen und internationalen Beziehungen der »Wiener Medizin« im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert und ihrer Netzwerkstrukturen stellt seit langem ein Forschungsdesiderat dar. Dieser Band erforscht diese Beziehungen mit dem Ziel, die Geschichte medizinischer Forschung und Praxis zu re-kontextualisieren. Die Beiträge beleuchten Mobilität, Wissenstransfers, Standards und Richtlinien, soziale und berufliche Netzwerke, Transformationen politischer und kultureller Konzepte zwischen Zentren der Medizin, wie auch Formen des Austauschs zwischen künstlerischen und medizinischen Sphären und Memorialformen – als transnationale Phänomene sowie in ihrer Prägekraft für medizinische Forschung und Praxis in Wien.

Anarchistische Uhrmacher in der Schweiz

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Book Series: Histoire ISBN: 9783839439319 Year: Pages: 630 DOI: 10.14361/9783839439319 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:04
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Abstract

Anarchic clockmakers as alternative globalizers: a book about the attempt to establish a new world order.

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Manchester University Press (4)

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CC by-nc-nd (7)


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english (5)

german (2)


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2018 (7)