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The Train Journey

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Book Series: War and Genocide ISBN: 9781571812681 9781785334771 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_629151 Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100273
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-18 11:01:33
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Abstract

Deportations by train were critical in the Nazis’ genocidal vision of the “Final Solution of the Jewish Question.” Historians have estimated that between 1941 and 1944 up to three million Jews were transported to their deaths in concentration and extermination camps. In his writings on the “Final Solution,” Raul Hilberg pondered the role of trains: “How can railways be regarded as anything more than physical equipment that was used, when the time came, to transport the Jews from various cities to shooting grounds and gas chambers in Eastern Europe?” This book explores the question by analyzing victims’ experiences at each stage of forced relocation: the round-ups and departures from the ghettos, the captivity in trains, and finally, the arrival at the camps. Utilizing a variety of published memoirs and unpublished testimonies, the book argues that victims experienced train journeys as mobile chambers, comparable in importance to fixed locations of persecution such as ghettos and camps.

Keywords

History

Driving Modernity

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Book Series: Explorations in Mobility ISBN: 9781785334498 9781785334726 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_632447 Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100113
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-21 11:02:05
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On March 26th, 1923, in a formal ceremony, construction of the Milan–Alpine Lakes autostrada officially began, the preliminary step toward what would become the first European motorway. That Benito Mussolini himself participated in the festivities indicates just how important the project was to Italian Fascism. This book recounts the twisting fortunes of the autostrada, which—alongside railways, aviation, and other forms of mobility—Italian authorities hoped would spread an ideology of technological nationalism. It explains how Italy ultimately failed to realize its mammoth infrastructural vision, addressing the political and social conditions that made a coherent plan of development impossible.

Keywords

History

Designing Worlds: National Design Histories in an Age of Globalization

Author:
Book Series: Making Sense of History ISBN: 9781785334467 Year: Pages: 296 Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Subject: Arts in general --- History --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-23 19:11:15
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From consumer products to architecture to advertising to digital technology, design is an undeniably global phenomenon. Yet despite their professed transnational perspective, historical studies of design have all too often succumbed to a bias toward Western, industrialized nations. This diverse but rigorously curated collection recalibrates our understanding of design history, reassessing regional and national cultures while situating them within an international context. Here, contributors from five continents offer nuanced studies that range from South Africa to the Czech Republic, all the while sensitive to the complexities of local variation and the role of nation-states in identity construction.

Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern Germany

Author:
Book Series: Studies in German History ISBN: 9781782382461 9781785336577 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101584
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-26 11:01:02
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The history of criminal justice in modern Germany has become a vibrant field of research, as demonstrated in this volume. Following an introductory survey, the twelve chapters examine major topics in the history of crime and criminal justice from Imperial Germany, through the Weimar and Nazi eras, to the early postwar years. These topics include case studies of criminal trials, the development of juvenile justice, and the efforts to reform the penal code, criminal procedure, and the prison system. The collection also reveals that the history of criminal justice has much to contribute to other areas of historical inquiry: it explores the changing relationship of criminal justice to psychiatry and social welfare, analyzes representations of crime and criminal justice in the media and literature, and uses the lens of criminal justice to illuminate German social history, gender history, and the history of sexuality.

Submerged on the Surface

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ISBN: 9781785334559 9781785334740 9781785334740 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101573
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-12 11:21:03
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"Between 1941 and 1945, some 6,500 Berlin Jews, in fear for their lives, made the choice to flee their impending deportations and live submerged in the shadows of the capital of Nazi Germany. The experience was brutally difficult, and most did not survive. Yet the experiences of 1,700 who did demonstrate a remarkable and hitherto unconsidered level of agency among the survivors. This book sheds light on the daily life of those who hid and on the city that was both the source of their persecution and the site of their survival."

Remapping Knowledge

Author:
Book Series: Making Sense of History ISBN: 9781845450816 9781785336614 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101589
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-19 11:01:53
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The growing interdependence of the local and the global demand innovative approaches to human development. Such approaches, the author argues, ought to be based on the emerging ethics of global intelligence, defined as the ability to understand, respond to, and work toward what will benefit all human beings and will support and enrich all life on this planet. As no national or supranational authority can predefine or predetermine it, global intelligence involves long-term, collective learning processes and can emerge only from continuing intercultural research, dialogue, and cooperation. In this book, the author elaborates the basic principles of a new field of intercultural studies, oriented toward global intelligence. He proposes concrete research and educational programs that would help create intercultural learning environments designed to stimulate sustainable human development throughout the world.

The Witness as Object

Author:
Book Series: Museums & Collections ISBN: 9781785336430 9781785336430 9781785336447 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101571
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-19 11:01:54
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Today more than ever before, the historical witness is now a “museum object” in the form of video interviews with individuals remembering events of historical importance. Such video testimonies now not only are part of the collections and research activities of museums, but become deeply intertwined with narrative and exhibit design. With a focus on Holocaust museums, this study scrutinizes for the first time this new global process of “musealisation” of testimony, exploring the processes, prerequisites, and consequences of the transformation of video testimonies into exhibits.

Diamonds and War

Author:
ISBN: 9781845456337 9781789201178 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102878
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-07 11:21:02
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Based on previously unexamined historical documents found in archives in Belgium, England, Israel, the Netherlands, and the United States, this book is the first in English to tell the story of the formation of one of the world’s main strongholds of diamond production and trade in Palestine during the 1930s and 1940s. The history of the diamond-cutting industry, characterized by a long-standing Jewish presence, is discussed as a social history embedded in the international political economy of its times; the genesis of the industry in Palestine is placed on a broad continuum within the geographic and economic dislocations of Dutch, Belgian, and German diamond-cutting centers. In providing a micro-historical and interdisciplinary perspective, the story of the diamond industry in Mandate Palestine proposes a more nuanced picture of the uncritical approach to the strict boundaries of ethnic-based occupational communities.

Weary Warriors

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781782383468 9781789201109 9781789201109 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102884
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-07 11:21:02
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As seen in military documents, medical journals, novels, films, television shows, and memoirs, soldiers’ invisible wounds are not innate cracks in individual psyches that break under the stress of war. Instead, the generation of weary warriors is caught up in wider social and political networks and institutions—families, activist groups, government bureaucracies, welfare state programs—mediated through a military hierarchy, psychiatry rooted in mind-body sciences, and various cultural constructs of masculinity. This book offers a history of military psychiatry from the American Civil War to the latest Afghanistan conflict. The authors trace the effects of power and knowledge in relation to the emotional and psychological trauma that shapes soldiers’ bodies, minds, and souls, developing an extensive account of the emergence, diagnosis, and treatment of soldiers’ invisible wounds.

A State of Peace in Europe

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ISBN: 9780857452931 9781789201079 9781789201079 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102871
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-07 11:21:02
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From the mid-1960s to the mid-1970s West German foreign policy underwent substantial transformations: from bilateral to multilateral, from reactive to proactive. The Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) was an ideal setting for this evolution, enabling the Federal Republic to take the lead early on in Western preparations for the conference and to play a decisive role in the actual East–West negotiations leading to the Helsinki Final Act of 1975. Based on extensive original research of recently released documents, spanning more than fifteen archives in eight countries, this study is a substantial contribution to scholarly discussions on the history of détente, the CSCE and West German foreign policy. The author stresses the importance of looking beyond the bipolarity of the Cold War decades and emphasizes the interconnectedness of European integration and European détente.

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