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Patterns of Change in 18th-century English. A sociolinguistic approach

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Book Series: Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics ISSN: 2214-1057 ISBN: 9789027201034 9789027263834 Year: Volume: 8 Pages: 323 DOI: 10.1075/ahs.8 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-24 14:35:22
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Eighteenth-century English is often associated with normative grammar. But to what extent did prescriptivism impact ongoing processes of linguistic change? The authors of this volume examine a variety of linguistic changes in a corpus of personal correspondence, including the auxiliary do, verbal -sand the progressive aspect, and they conclude that direct normative influence on them must have been minimal. The studies are contextualized by discussions of the normative tradition and the correspondence corpus, and of eighteenth-century English society and culture. Basing their work on a variationist sociolinguistic approach, the authors introduce the models and methods they have used to trace the progress of linguistic changes in the “long” eighteenth century, 1680–1800. Aggregate findings are balanced by analysing individuals and their varying participation in these processes. The final chapter places these results in a wider context and considers them in relation to past sociolinguistic work.One of the major findings of the studies is that in most cases the overall pace of change was slow. Factors retarding change include speaker evaluation and repurposing outgoing features, in particular, for certain styles and registers.

A Comparative Grammar of the Early Germanic Languages

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Book Series: Studies in Germanic Linguistics ISSN: 2452-2120 ISBN: 9789027263124 9789027263131 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 435 DOI: 10.1075/sigl.3 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-13 10:20:28
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Fulk’s Comparative Grammar offers an overview of and bibliographical guide to the study of the phonology and the inflectional morphology of the earliest Germanic languages, with particular attention to Gothic, Old Norse / Icelandic, Old English, Old Frisian, Old Saxon, and Old High German, along with some attention to the more sparsely attested languages. The sounds and inflections of the oldest Germanic languages are compared, with a view to reconstructing the forms they took in Proto-Germanic and comparing those reconstructed forms with what is known of the Indo-European protolanguage. Students will find the book an informative introduction and a bibliographically instructive point of departure for intensive research in the numerous issues that remain profoundly contested in early Germanic language history.

Constructicography: Constructicon development across languages

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Book Series: Constructional Approaches to Language ISSN: 1573-594x ISBN: 9789027201003 9789027263865 Year: Volume: 22 Pages: 321 DOI: 10.1075/cal.22 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-16 15:28:00
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In constructionist theory, a constructicon is an inventory of constructions making up the full set of linguistic units in a language. In applied practice, it is a set of construction descriptions – a “dictionary of constructions”. The development of constructicons in the latter sense typically means combining principles of both construction grammar and lexicography, and is probably best characterized as a blend between the two traditions. We call this blend constructicography.The present volume is a comprehensive introduction to the emerging field of constructicography. After a general introduction follow six chapters presenting constructicon projects for English, German, Japanese, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, and Swedish, respectively, often in relation to a framenet of the language. In addition, there is a chapter addressing the interplay between linguistics and language technology in constructicon development, and a final chapter exploring the prospects for interlingual constructicography.This is the first major publication devoted to constructicon development and it should be particularly relevant for those interested in construction grammar, frame semantics, lexicography, the relation between grammar and lexicon, or linguistically informed language technology.

Growing up on the Trobriand Islands in Papua New Guinea. Childhood and educational ideologies in Tauwema

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Book Series: Culture and Language Use. Studies in Anthropological Linguistics ISSN: 1879-5838 ISBN: 9789027200693 9789027264107 Year: Pages: 274 DOI: 10.1075/clu.21 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics Nijmegen
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-01 12:25:34
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This volume deals with the children’s socialization on the Trobriands. After a survey of ethnographic studies on childhood, the book zooms in on indigenous ideas of conception and birth-giving, the children’s early development, their integration into playgroups, their games and their education within their `own little community’ until they reach the age of seven years. During this time children enjoy much autonomy and independence. Attempts of parental education are confined to a minimum. However, parents use subtle means to raise their children. Educational ideologies are manifest in narratives and in speeches addressed to children. They provide guidelines for their integration into the Trobrianders’ “balanced society” which is characterized by cooperation and competition. It does not allow individual accumulation of wealth – surplus property gained has to be redistributed – but it values the fame acquired by individuals in competitive rituals. Fame is not regarded as threatening the balance of their society.

Jeux de mots et créativité. Langue(s), discours et littérature

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Book Series: The Dynamics of Wordplay ISBN: 9783110519884 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: 293 DOI: 10.1515/9783110519884 Language: French
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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This volume seeks to shed light on the interdependencies between wordplay and language creativity. Contributions explore the most diverse genres and discourses throughout History —anagrams, medieval fatrasies, the works of Rabelais, children books, slam, riddles, and contemporary constrained writing—, trying to understand their theoretical, didactic and historical impact.

Medizinische Gutachten des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts. Sprachhistorische Untersuchungen zu einer Textsortenklasse

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Book Series: Lingua Academica ISBN: 9783110555080 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 286 DOI: 10.1515/9783110555080 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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Medical reports were a major element of medical communication as early as the 17th and 18th centuries. What characterizes such texts? Using a broad-based analytic model from the field of text linguistics, the author investigates specific classes of texts – consultations, court reports, and autopsy reports – in terms of their cultural and scientific history while also identifying their particular linguistic hallmarks.

Sprache der Transzendenzerfahrungen

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Book Series: Religionswissenschaft ISBN: 9783839442265 9783837642261 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: 10.14361/9783839442265 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:01
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The relation between language and transcendental experiences has been newly defined in a qualitative exploration of paranormal experiences.

Metacognition in Language Learning and Teaching

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Applied Linguistics ISBN: 9781351049146 9781138633384 9781351049139 9781351049115 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9781351049146 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:17
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The Open Access version of this book, available at https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781351049139, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license. This volume offers an exhaustive look at the latest research on metacognition in language learning and teaching. While other works have explored certain notions of metacognition in language learning and teaching, this book, divided into theoretical and empirical chapters, looks at metacognition from a variety of perspectives, including metalinguistic and multilingual awareness, and language learning and teaching in L2 and L3 settings, and explores a range of studies from around the world. This allows the volume to highlight a diverse set of methodological approaches, including blogging, screen recording software, automatic translation programs, language corpora, classroom interventions, and interviews, and subsequently, to demonstrate the value of metacognition research and how insights from such findings can contribute to a greater understanding of language learning and language teaching processes more generally. This innovative collection is an essential resource for students and scholars in language teaching pedagogy, and applied linguistics.

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english (5)

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2018 (8)