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Consciência e matéria: o dualismo de Bergson

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ISBN: 9788579831089 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.7476/9788579831089 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-27 17:03:15
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Este livro remete a três complexas questões filosóficas as quais abordaremos a partir do pensamento de Bergson: a natureza da consciência, a natureza da matéria e a relação entre consciência e matéria. Tendo em vista os objetivos do presente estudo apresentaremos essa temática, cuja história é longa e tortuosa, a partir daquela que pode ser considerada como a sua formulação paradigmática, a de Descartes, referência teórica fundamental com a qual a tradição filosófica posterior, inclusive contemporânea, dialoga e da qual não consegue se desvencilhar, em que pesem os grandes desenvolvimentos das ciências físicas e biológicas. É por meio de um exercício de aproximação e de distanciamento em relação ao pensamento de Descartes que buscaremos compreender os principais aspectos da filosofia de Bergson e refletir criticamente sobre os seus fundamentos.

Keywords

PHILOSOPHY

A literatura do outro e os outros da literatura

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ISBN: 9788579831119 Year: Pages: 91 DOI: 10.7476/9788579831119 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-27 17:03:15
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Os textos aqui reunidos se oferecem como possíveis leituras da problemática do Outro na literatura, pertencente a diversas esferas e recortado conforme a perspectiva crítica adotada em seu enfoque pelos autores. O propósito maior desta coletânea, portanto, é fornecer ao leitor reflexões e questionamentos sobre os aspectos implicados na relação eu x outro presentes nas manifestações literárias tomadas como objeto de análise. Desse modo, os gestos de escrita e leitura serão dimensões em relevo ao longo deste livro, complementando-se e coproduzindo-se no percurso crítico que vai do eu(s) ao outro(s).

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PHILOSOPHY

O problema da motivação moral em Kant

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ISBN: 9788579830167 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.7476/9788579830167 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-27 17:03:16
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Por que os homens são livres? No que consiste a liberdade humana? Como é possível a ação moral? Como um corpo submetido a leis naturais pode ser livre? Para responder perguntas simples como estas e outras não tão simples é que Hélio José dos Santos Souza se dedica a estudar a obra de Kant, especialmente a Fundamentação da metafísica dos costumes. Trata-se de saber se a moralidade e a ética são expressões de um princípio racional incondicionado igualmente presente nas leis imutáveis da natureza, e como é possível nos tornarmos homens melhores apesar de sermos homens. O autor apresenta ainda a discussão destes problemas por alguns dos grandes intérpretes da obra de Kant, o que enriquece filosoficamente a análise e as alternativas pertinentes. Este é um trabalho acadêmico que pode estabelecer a vocação filosófica de seus leitores: a reflexão sobre o que está em jogo é por si só um prazeroso exercício do filosofar.

Keywords

PHILOSOPHY

Psicologia social: estratégias, políticas e implicações

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ISBN: 9788599662861 Year: Pages: 62 DOI: 10.7476/9788599662861 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Centro Edelstein
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2015-04-03 11:23:27
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Este livro é um dos resultados do VIII Encontro Regional Sul da Associação Brasileira de Psicologia Social (ABRAPSO), realizado no campus da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.

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PHILOSOPHY

Uma superfície de gelo ancorada no riso: a atualidade do grotesco em Hilda Hilst

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ISBN: 9788578792848 Year: Pages: 324 DOI: 10.7476/9788578792848 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - EDUEPB
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-20 14:17:09
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A compreensão de Contos d’Escárnio não poderia restringir-se à construção do horizonte no qual nasce, o século XX. A intenção de escrever lixo e bestagem, anunciada pelo narrador, aos poucos, revela um grotesco vindo de um longínquo, de um aquém. Por isto, faz-se necessário também compreender o fluxo histórico-estético que encontra acolhida na imaginação de Hilda Hilst, cujo amparo conceitual buscou-se à estética da recepção e do efeito. Na Teoria Estética, o feio insurge como fenômeno da realidade artística contemporânea; refúgio de sobrevivência da arte e dos belos escritos, deixa livre à plasticidade do presente a tarefa da denúncia da realidade. Em protesto, o dissonante reivindica cidadania e se mantém como possibilidade da arte. Neste sentido, tem lugar em Hilda Hilst a atualidade do grotesco.

Keywords

PHILOSOPHY

Multicultural Dynamics and the Ends of History

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Book Series: Philosophica ISBN: 9780776606705 9780776617602 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_628397 Language: English
Publisher: University of Ottawa Press / Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101745
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-05 11:01:48
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Multicultural Dynamics and the Ends of History provides a strikingly original reading of key texts in the philosophy of history by Kant, Hegel, and Marx, as well as strong arguments for why these texts are still relevant to understanding history today. Réal Fillion offers a critical exposition of the theses of these three authors on the dynamics and the ends of history, in order to provide an answer to the question: "Where are we headed?" Grounding his answer in the twin observations that the world is becoming increasingly multicultural and increasingly unified, Fillion reasserts the task of the speculative philosophy of history as it had been understood by German philosophy: the articulation and understanding the historical process as a developmental whole.

Keywords

Philosophy --- Speculative philosophy --- History --- Kant --- Hegel --- Marx

Itinerant Philosophy: On Alphonso Lingis

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ISBN: 9780692253397 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0073.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:41
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Alphonso Lingis is the author of fourteen books and many essays. He is emeritus professor of philosophy at Pennsylvania State University. While many know him only as an eccentric ex-professor or as the translator of Emmanuel Levinas, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and Pierre Klossowski, he is arguably the most distinctive voice in American continental philosophy. This is no doubt due to the perpetual travel that fuels his arresting written prose and unorthodox public readings. Lingis’s lifelong itinerary includes visits — some brief, others extended or recurring — to 109 countries. Along the way he has photographed innumerable strangers whose faces adorn the pages of his books. Photography is as essential to Lingis’s multidisciplinary philosophical perspective as is his knowledge of phenomenology, anthropology, or psychoanalysis. Some of his photographs have been recently collected and published in the book Contact. Unlike most career academics, Lingis has made a name for himself collecting exotic birds and other creatures, staging performance readings at professional conferences, keeping up a diligent correspondence with friends at home and abroad, and splicing together high theory with intimate autobiography. Those who know him speak of his warmth, sincerity, and noncombative style of argumentation — rare traits among university scholars. Itinerant Philosophy: On Alphonso Lingis gathers a diverse collection of texts on Lingis’s life and philosophy, including poetry, original interviews, essays, book reviews, and a photo essay. It also includes an unpublished piece by Lingis, “Doubles,” along with copies of several of his letters to a friend.

Speculative Medievalisms: Discography

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ISBN: 9780615749532 Year: Pages: 316 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0021.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:45
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Proceedings from the two Speculative Medievalisms symposia, held at King’s College London (Jan. 2011) and The Graduate Center, City University of New York (Sep. 2011), and organized by The Petropunk Collective (Eileen Joy, Anna Klosowska, Nicola Masciandaro, and Michael O’Rourke). These interdisciplinary events were dedicated to dialogue and cross-contamination between traditional concepts of speculatio, present-minded premodern studies, and contemporary speculative realist and object-oriented philosophies. In its medieval formulation, speculatio signifies the essentially reflective and imaginative operations of the intellect. Here the world, books, and mind itself are all conceived as specula (mirrors) through which the hermeneutic gaze can gain access to what lies beyond it. “To know is to bend over a mirror where the world is reflected, to descry images reflected from sphere to sphere: the medieval man was always before a mirror, both when he looked around himself and when he surrendered to his own imagination” (Giorgio Agamben, Stanzas). Correlatively, speculative realism, as the term suggests, is characterized by the self-contradictory intensity of a desire for thought that can think beyond itself — a desire that proceeds, like all philosophy, in a twisted and productive relation to the phantasm of the word. Aiming to rise above and tunnel below the thought-being or self-world correlation, speculative realism “depart[s] from the text-centered hermeneutic models of the past and engage[s] in daring speculations about the nature of reality itself” (The Speculative Turn). Speculative Medievalisms, like some weird friar-alchemist in an inexistent romance, plays the erotic go-between for these text-centered and text-eccentric intellectual domains by trying to transmute the space between past and present modes of speculation from shared blindness to love at first sight. Possibly succeeding, the volume brings together the work of a motley crew of philosophers and premodernists into prismatic relation.

Philosophy for Militants

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ISBN: 9780998531823 Year: Pages: 80 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0168.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:34
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“No longer imminent, the End is immanent.” “Ends are ends,” Frank Kermode goes on to clarify, “only when they are not negative but frankly transfigure the events in which they were immanent.” From its imminence to its immanence, not “negative,” “no longer,” but transformative, how is “the End” in turn “transfigured”? In what may ending be said then to consist? To “the end times” of apocalypse and eschatology Giorgio Agamben, following Gianni Carchia, opposes messianism and “messianic time”—to the end of time, in a formula, the time of the end. To the writings of those for whom to philosophize is to learn how to die—from Plato to Montaigne and beyond—one may oppose, in like manner, the writings of Spinoza, who “thinks of death least of all things”—“for nature is Messianic by reason of its eternal and total passing away,” as Benjamin writes—and so in whose pages “wisdom,” transfigured, “is a meditation on life.”

Theory Is Like a Surging Sea

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ISBN: 9780692283950 Year: Pages: 104 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0108.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:38
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In a 1917 letter to Gershom Scholem, Walter Benjamin writes, “Theory is like a surging sea.” This small book takes more than its title from that line—it takes that line as a point of departure in Erich Auerbach’s sense, an Ansatzpunkt, as a compositional principle so that what follows can be read in its entirety as a gloss on the remainder of Benjamin’s sentence: “Theory is like a surging sea, but the only thing that matters to the wave […] is to surrender itself to its motion in such a way that it crests and breaks.” That motion, in the pages to follow, takes up in its sweep two threads: it folds an episodic meditation on the negative and the problematic into a series of singular interrogations exemplary of the positive being of the problematic, the objective being of problems and questions, in a movement of implication and explication between poetry and philosophy in the tradition of what’s come to be known as theory. Theory is like a surging sea because it’s as part of a revolutionary tradition that it crests and breaks.

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