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The Collapse of a Pastoral Economy - The Datoga of Central and Northern Tanzania from the 1830s to the 2000s

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ISBN: 9783863954017 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-15 11:21:02
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This research unravels the economic collapse of the Datoga pastoralists of central and northern Tanzania from the 1830s to the beginning of the 21st century. The research builds from the broader literature on continental African pastoralism during the past two centuries. Overall, the literature suggests that African pastoralism is collapsing due to changing political and environmental factors. My dissertation aims to provide a case study adding to the general trends of African pastoralism, while emphasizing the topic of competition as not only physical, but as something that is ethnically negotiated through historical and collective memories. There are two main questions that have guided this project: 1) How is ethnic space defined by the Datoga and their neighbours across different historical times? And 2) what are the origins of the conflicts and violence and how have they been narrated by the state throughout history? Examining archival sources and oral interviews it is clear that the Datoga have struggled through a competitive history of claims on territory against other neighbouring communities. The competitive encounters began with the Maasai entering the Serengeti in the 19th century, and intensified with the introduction of colonialism in Mbulu and Singida in the late 19th and 20th centuries. The fight for control of land and resources resulted in violent clashes with other groups. Often the Datoga were painted as murderers and impediments to development. Policies like the amalgamation measures of the British colonial administration in Mbulu or Ujamaa in post-colonial Tanzania aimed at confronting the “Datoga problem,” but were inadequate in neither addressing the Datoga issues of identity, nor providing a solution to their quest for land ownership and control.

Keywords

Datoga --- Tanzania --- pastoral economy

Democracy under stress

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ISBN: 9783866494534 9783866495807 Year: DOI: 10.3224/86649453 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102388
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-07 11:21:06
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This book focuses on the global financial crisis of 2008-2009 and its implications for democracy. Why and how did the crisis come about? Are there any instructive lessons to be drawn from comparisons with the Great Depression of the 1930s? What are the democratic response mechanisms to cope with serious crises? Do they work? Is China a new trend setter? Do values matter? Are global democratic rules a possibility? These are some of the key questions addressed in the volume.

Commons

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783839428351 9783837628357 Year: Pages: 528 DOI: 10.14361/9783839428351 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-09 11:02:27
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Commons - the world belongs to us all! The never-ending global financial crisis shows: Market and state have failed. It is therefore not surprising that Commons, the idea of communal organization and use of common goods and resources, find strong support - not only since the Nobel Prize in Economics was awarded to Elinor Ostrom. Commons are more important than ever. They are not based on the idea of scarcity, but draw from abundance. This volume with contributions by 90 international authors from science, politics, and society introduces a modern concept of Commons that radically questions classic assumptions in theories of economy and property, and outlines a different culture of coexistence.

Die Welt der Commons

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783839432457 9783837632453 9783732832453 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.14361/9783839432457 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-03 11:01:16
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The logic of capitalism is that of dividing and sharing. Only that in capitalism, people do not share, but rather, they themselves are divided up. For this reason, the British historian E.P. Thompson claims that »it was always a problem to explain the commons with capitalist categories«. Whoever enters into the world of the commons encounters another logic, another language and other categories. In this volume, authors from all continents investigate the anthropological foundations of the commons, and propose them at the same time as concrete utopias (E. Bloch). They make it possible to understand that everything is, or can become, commons: through processes of shared responsibility, in laboratories for self-organization and through freedom in solidarity. Commoners realize that which is already possible today, and will become obvious tomorrow. This is shown by over 40 examples from across the world. This book expands our notions of the possible when it comes to the organization of economics and society. With contributions by Nigel Gibson, Marianne Gronemeyer, Helmut Leitner, Etienne Le Roy, Andreas Weber, Rosa Luxemburg, Anne Salmond, David Sloan Wilson and more.

Frei, fair und lebendig

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783839445303 9783837645309 Year: Pages: 400 DOI: 10.14361/9783839445303 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:09
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This book should give you courage. It unites meaningful thinking with a new way of acting. The goal: a free, fair and lively society. But the familiar has become deeply engraved in our minds, in our everyday lives, in the market and the state. Silke Helfrich and David Bollier reveal traditional ways of thinking and design a program for successful coexistence, a different understanding of politics and caring business. The focus is on commons practices. They show how we pursue common goals in diversity. Practically, houses and vehicles can be created in a similar way to Wikipedia. The book also suggests how to think like a "commoner". It offers a language for the world of tomorrow. It's not just changing the economy and politics - it's changing us.

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